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Presentation on Key Success Factors for National SME Development Program 3rd Working Session: The Role of Chambers of Commerce and Industry in Promotion.

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Presentation on theme: "Presentation on Key Success Factors for National SME Development Program 3rd Working Session: The Role of Chambers of Commerce and Industry in Promotion."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Presentation on Key Success Factors for National SME Development Program 3rd Working Session: The Role of Chambers of Commerce and Industry in Promotion of SMEs 6 th and Final Meeting of the OIC Task Force on SMEs Bangkok August 15-17, 2008

3 IMPORTANCE OF SMEs Engine of Economic growth. Reduction in Economic Risk. Constructing Peripheral business activities. Reduction in disparities through trickle down effects. Poverty Reduction through employment generating fiscal mechanism. Constructing Healthy competition. Developers of entrepreneurial culture. Promotion of Learning Environment Economic Externalities.

4 ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION OF SMEs IN OIC STATES 75% contribution in Developing Countries GDP In Bangladesh 80 per cent of industrial employment. In Indonesia, –Two thirds of small businesses in the agricultural sector –17 per cent in trading (including restaurants and hotels) –7 per cent in processing industries –5 per cent in the service sector. In Malaysia, –15 per cent of total output –18 per cent of value addition –17 per cent of employment in the manufacturing sector. In Pakistan, –Contribution to GDP is more than 30 percent; –80 per cent Employment of the industrial labor force –60 per cent Employment of the manufacturing sector.

5 SME SHARE IN EXPORT OF OIC COUNTRIES Positive impact on the trade balances by: Generating Exports from OIC countries. Low-cost and labor-intensive products. Less capital-intensive imports In Malaysia, –20 per cent in exports; In Bangladesh –70 percent in exports In Jordan –29 percent in exports, In Turkey –30 percent in exports In Pakistan, –80 per cent of the total exports of manufactured products. In Indonesia, (only for direct exports) –less than 2 per cent are involved in exports,

6 STRATEGIC ISSUES/PROBLEMS SMEs related problems are almost same for all OIC countries: Capital Raising Funds for S T Financing Politico-economic conditions Government Regulations Competitiveness factors Marketing and image Building Infrastructure Human Resource Biasness in industrial policies Labor Laws Governance and entrepreneurship Lack of harmonization and vertical integration with the large scale enterprise Lack of technological advancement

7 Cross Border business and Financing activities Access to global markets Possibilities to exploit scale advantages; Upgrading of technological capability; Ways of spreading risk; lowering and sharing costs, Including R&D costs; Improving access to finance. Branding Campaign for image building Acquisition of Trademarks Development of Websites Participation in fairs and exhibitions Cont….. PRE-REQUISITE FACTORS

8 To Prosper SMEs requires: –Conducive Business Environment and regulations –Adequate basic infrastructure services –Access to short and long-term funding at reasonable cost –Equity and Venture Capital –Advisory Assistance –Knowledge about market opportunities. To Succeed, Sustainable SMEs Synchronisation between: –Commercial Banks –Specialized Financial Institutions –Leasing Companies and equity providers –Consulting and training firms –Internet provider –Local business associations.

9 ROLE OF THE CCI TO ENHANCE SMEs IN OIC COUNTRIES ROLE OF CHAMBERS AS : (i)Associations of entrepreneurs (ii)Think tank (iii)Liaison Institution FUNCTIONS OF CHAMBERS: (i)To create awareness (ii)Policy advocacy (iii)Lobbying Business sectors Development (iv)Facilitation Services. Cont…..

10 In Pakistan, FPCCI has been participating in the development of SMEs sector by different ways. - Standing committee on SMEs related issues. -Recommendation of policy measures to the fiscal and monetary authorities for enhancement the role and share of SMEs in the economy. -On FPCCI recommendation, commercial banks have been directed by the State Bank of Pakistan to establish separate windows and allocate separate funds for financing to the SMEs. -In collaboration with FPCCI, the USAID Business Support Fund has been granting the financial assistance to the SMEs for developing of websites, branding, campaign for image building, acquisition of trademarks, participation in fairs and exhibitions and many other such activities. -Competitiveness Support Funds( FPCCI, USAID and WEF)

11 Private sector in the economy Investment commitments in Infrastructure projects with private participation" Countries Domestic credit to private sectorBusinesses registered Micro small, and medium-size enterprises %of GDPNew 2005Total 2005Total per 1,000 people b Afghanistan.. Albania21.82,38816,42338, Algeria12.512,164103,482580, Angola7.5.. Argentina1353,000450,535.. Armenia8.89,667123,95199, Australia ,079935,0471,269, Austria ,669172,602252, Azerbaijan ,5276 Bangladesh36.25,32867,459177, Belarus , Belgium83.325,492343,761686, Benin Bolivia36.11,62524,649.. Bosnia and Herzegovina 48.41,40934,03514, Botswana19.67,30179,54313, Cont…..

12 Countries Domestic credit to private sector Businesses registered Micro small, and medium-size enterprises %of GDPNew 2005Total 2005Total per 1,000 people b Brazil ,903, Bulgaria , Burkina Faso Burundi21.. Cambodia9.11,55110,349.. Cameroon9.. Canada ,0831,357,8812,245, Central African Republic6.6.. Chad2.5.. Chile82.431,088170,636700, China ,000, HongKong,China ,122557,002263, Colombia ,026664,00015 Congo, Dem. Rep Congo, Rep.2.22,16034,514.. Costa Rica39.144,301392,72640, Cote d'ivoire Croatia68.78,733113,70894, Cuba.. Czech Republic40.930,945273,688.. Cont….. Private sector in the economy

13 Countries Domestic credit to private sector Businesses registered Micro small, and medium-size enterprises %of GDPNew 2005Total 2005Total per 1,000 people b Denmark ,047234,432257, DominicanRepublic Ecuador24.. 1,043, Egypt, Arab Rep.55.39,595367,559.. EI Salvador42.92,61740,739461, Eritrea29.. Estonia78.49,94573,99965, Ethiopia Finland77.87,710114,061221, France ,5211,225,2912,612, Gabon9.3.. Gambia,The Georgia19.55,03556,84033, Germany ,747465,6153,162, Ghana186,189100,27225, Greece72.32,38133,839771, Guatemala26.84,25168,451.. Guinea5.. Guinea-Bissau4.. Haiti Cont….. Private sector in the economy

14 Countries Domestic credit to private sector Businesses registered Micro small, and medium-size enterprises %of GDPNew 2005Total 2005Total per 1,000 people b Honduras , Hungary55.422,251240,556.. India4538,129712,800.. Indonesia24.619,851259,79941,362, Iran, Islamic Rep Iraq.. Ireland ,234160,70797, Israel89.614,687379,503468, Italy ,3641,688,1984,486, Jamaica Japan182114,0132,572,0885,712, Jordan987,706102,716141, Kazakhstan47.83,30232,150.. Kenya27.77,371125,1022,800, Korea, Dem. Rep... Korea, Rep ,998, Kuwait Kyrgyz Republic , Lao PDR6.. Latvia86.810,856193,89332, Cont….. Private sector in the economy

15 Countries Domestic credit to private sector Businesses registered Micro small, and medium-size enterprises %of GDPNew 2005Total 2005Total per 1,000 people b Lebanon77.93,12763,423.. Lesotho8.9.. Liberia8.4.. Libya Lithuania50.64,50771,08556, Macedonia, FYR30.210,814157,97355, Madagascar10.21,23419,305.. Malawi ,595747, Malaysia , Mali Mauritania.. Mauritius , Mexico ,4004,290,0002,891, Moldova27.95,03361,33325, Mongolia Morocco58.113,407155,947450, Mozambique Myanmar5.6.. Namibia Nepal , Cont….. Private sector in the economy

16 Countries Domestic credit to private sector Businesses registered Micro small, and medium-size enterprises %of GDPNew 2005Total 2005Total per 1,000 people b Netherlands ,0001,030,000735,16045 New Zealand ,695388,846334, Nicaragua Niger8.3.. Nigeria15.. Norway..47,436298,360316, Oman , Pakistan294,22744,8972,956,70419 Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay , Peru17.833,349554,135658, Philippines3013, , Poland33.623,864509,8941,654, Portugal ,770262,686693, Puerto Rico.. 2, Romania26.391,386851,562392, Russian Federation ,6054,767,3006,891, Rwanda Saudi Arabia Cont….. Private sector in the economy

17 Countries Domestic credit to private sector Businesses registered Micro small, and medium-size enterprises %of GDPNew 2005Total 2005Total per 1,000 people b Senegal ,000.. Serbia and Montenegro26.814,608270,87268, Sierra Leone4.4.. Singapore98.619,501102,662136, Slovak Republic39.27,50781,77570, Slovenia68.83,23740,56091, Somalia.. South Africa ,356553,425.. Spain ,1192,193,6913,168,73573 Sri Lanka32.84,75458,518121, Sudan , Swaziland Sweden ,695301,814898, Switzerland174.38,998140,580344, Syrian Arab Republic ,268.. Tajikistan , Tanzania12.23,93359,1632,700, Thailand , Private sector in the economy Cont…..

18 Countries Domestic credit to private sector Businesses registered Micro small, and medium-size enterprises %of GDPNew 2005Total 2005Total per 1,000 people b Timor-Leste.. 4, Togo Trinidad and Tobago , Tunisia656,35362,563.. Turkey34.186,900593,166210, Turkmenistan.. Uganda7.98,09689,503160, Ukraine44.928,716471,839343, United Arab Emirates United Kingdom ,7002,160,0004,415, United States ,8305,156,0005,868,73720 Uruguay , Uzbekistan.. 212, Venezuela, RB , Vietnam , West Bank and Gaza8.. 97, Yemen, Rep.6.91,80021,332310, Zambia9.73,38965,155.. Zimbabwe Private sector in the economy Source: World Bank

19 Business environment: enterprise surveys Countries Survey year Regulations and tax Permits and licenses Corrup tionCrimeInformalityGenderFinance Infrastr ucture Innov ationTrade Work force Time dealing with officials % of management time Average number of times manage ment met with tax officials Time require d to obtain operati ng license days Unoffic ial payme nts to public official s % of firms Losses due to theft, robber y, vandal ism and arson % of Sales Firms that do not report all sales for tax purposes % of firms Firms with female partici pation in owners hip % of firms Firms using banks to finance investm ent % of firms Value lost due to electrica l outages % of Sales ISO certifi cation owner ship % of firms Avera ge time to clear export s throug h custo ms days Firms offeri ng form al traini ng % of firms Afghanistan.. Albania Algeria Angola Argentina Armenia Australia.. Austria.. Azerbaijan Bangladesh Belarus Belgium.. Benin Bolivia Cont…..

20 Countries Surve y year Regulations and tax Permits and licenses Corr uptio nCrime Infor malit y Gen der Finan ce Infrastr ucture Innov ationTrade Work force Time dealing with officials % of managem ent time Aver age num ber of times mana geme nt met with tax offici als Time required to obtain operating license days Unof ficial pay ment s to publ ic offici als % of firms Losses due to theft, robber y, vandal ism and arson % of Sales Firms that do not report all sales for tax purpo ses % of firms Firm s with fema le parti cipat ion in own ershi p % of firms Firms using bank s to finan ce inves tment % of firms Value lost due to electric al outages % of Sales ISO certifi cation owner ship % of firms Avera ge time to clear export s throu gh custo ms days Firms offeri ng form al traini ng % of firms Bosnia & H Botswana Brazil Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada.. C.A. Rep... Chad.. Chile China H.K, China.. Colombia Cont….. Business environment: enterprise surveys

21 Countries Surve y year Regulations and tax Permits and licenses Corr uptio n Crime Infor mality Gend er Finan ce Infrastr ucture Innova tion Trade Work force Time dealing with officials % of manageme nt time Avera ge numb er of times mana geme nt met with tax offici als Time required to obtain operating license days Unof ficial paym ents to publi c offici als % of firms Losses due to theft, robbery, vandali sm and arson % of Sales Firms that do not report all sales for tax purpo ses % of firms Firms with femal e partic ipati on in owne rship % of firms Firms using banks to financ e invest ment % of firms Value lost due to electric al outages % of Sales ISO certific ation owner ship % of firms Avera ge time to clear export s throug h custo ms days Firms offeri ng forma l traini ng % of firms Congo, Dem Congo, Rep... Costa Rica Cote d'ivoire.. Croatia Cuba.. Czech Rep Denmark.. Domin. Rep Ecuador Egypt, Arab Rep EI Salvador Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Cont….. Business environment: enterprise surveys

22 Countries Surve y year Regulations and tax Permits and licenses Corr uptio n Crime Infor malit y Gen der Finan ce Infrastr ucture Innov ation Trade Work force Time dealing with officials % of managem ent time Aver age num ber of times mana geme nt met with tax offici als Time required to obtain operating license days Unof ficial pay ment s to publ ic offici als % of firms Losses due to theft, robber y, vandali sm and arson % of Sales Firms that do not report all sales for tax purpo ses % of firms Firm s with fema le parti cipat ion in own ershi p % of firms Firms using bank s to finan ce inves tment % of firms Value lost due to electric al outages % of Sales ISO certifi cation owner ship % of firms Avera ge time to clear export s throug h custo ms days Firms offeri ng forma l traini ng % of firms Finland.. France.. Gabon.. Gambia, The Georgia Germany.. Ghana Greece.. Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Haiti.. Honduras Hungary Cont….. Business environment: enterprise surveys

23 Countries Surv ey year Regulations and tax Permits and licenses Corr upti on Crime Infor malit y Gen der Fina nce Infrast ructure Innov ation Trade Workf orce Time dealing with officials % of managem ent time Aver age num ber of time s man agem ent met with tax offici als Time required to obtain operating license days Uno ffici al pay men ts to publ ic offic ials % of firm s Losses due to theft, robber y, vandal ism and arson % of Sales Firms that do not repor t all sales for tax purp oses % of firms Firm s with fem ale parti cipat ion in own ersh ip % of firm s Firm s usin g bank s to finan ce inves tmen t % of firms Value lost due to electric al outage s % of Sales ISO certifi cation owne rship % of firms Avera ge time to clear expor ts throu gh custo ms days Firms offerin g formal trainin g % of firms India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Rep... Malawi Malaysia Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Moldova Mongolia Morocco Mozambique.. Myanmar.. Business environment: enterprise surveys Cont…..

24 Countries Surve y year Regulations and tax Permits and licenses Corr uptio n Crime Infor malit y Gen der Finan ce Infrastr ucture Innov ation Trade Work force Time dealing with officials % of managem ent time Aver age num ber of times mana geme nt met with tax offici als Time required to obtain operating license days Unof ficial pay ment s to publ ic offici als % of firms Losses due to theft, robber y, vandali sm and arson % of Sales Firms that do not report all sales for tax purpo ses % of firms Firm s with fema le parti cipat ion in own ershi p % of firms Firms using bank s to finan ce inves tment % of firms Value lost due to electric al outages % of Sales ISO certifi cation owner ship % of firms Avera ge time to clear export s throug h custo ms days Firms offeri ng forma l traini ng % of firms Namibia Nepal.. Netherlands.. New Zealand.. Nicaragua Niger Nigeria.. Norway.. Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea.. Paraguay Peru Cont….. Business environment: enterprise surveys

25 Countries Survey year Regulations and tax Permits and licenses Corr upti on Crime Infor malit y Gen der Fina nce Infrastru cture Inno vati on Trade Workf orce Time dealing with officials % of managem ent time Aver age num ber of times mana geme nt met with tax offici als Time required to obtain operating license days Unof ficial pay ment s to publ ic offic ials % of firm s Losses due to theft, robber y, vandal ism and arson % of Sales Firms that do not repor t all sales for tax purp oses % of firms Firm s with fema le parti cipat ion in own ershi p % of firm s Firm s using bank s to finan ce inves tmen t % of firms Value lost due to electrica l outages % of Sales ISO certi ficat ion own ersh ip % of firm s Avera ge time to clear export s throu gh custo ms days Firms offerin g formal trainin g % of firms Philippines Poland Portugal.. Puerto Rico.. Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saudi Arabia.. Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Sierra Leone.. Singapore.. Slovak Rep Business environment: enterprise surveys Cont…..

26 Countries Surve y year Regulations and tax Permits and licenses Corru ption Crime Infor malit y Ge nde r Finan ce Infrastr ucture Innov ation Trade Work force Time dealing with officials % of managem ent time Aver age num ber of times mana geme nt met with tax offici als Time required to obtain operating license days Unoffi cial payme nts to public officia ls % of firms Losses due to theft, robbery, vandali sm and arson % of Sales Firm s that do not repo rt all sales for tax purp oses % of firm s Fir ms wit h fem ale part icip atio n in ow ner shi p % of fir ms Firms using bank s to finan ce inves tment % of firms Value lost due to electric al outages % of Sales ISO certifi cation owner ship % of firms Avera ge time to clear export s throu gh custo ms days Firms offeri ng form al traini ng % of firms Slovenia Somalia.. South Africa Spain.. Sri Lanka Sudan.. Swaziland Sweden.. Switzerland.. Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Business environment: enterprise surveys Cont…..

27 Countries Survey year Regulations and tax Permits and licenses Corru ption Crime Info rmal ity GenderFinance Infrastr ucture Innova tion Trade Workfo rce Time dealing with officials % of manage ment time Aver age num ber of time s man age ment met with tax offic ials Time required to obtain operating license days Unoff icial paym ents to publi c offici als % of firms Losses due to theft, robber y, vandal ism and arson % of Sales Fir ms that do not repo rt all sale s for tax pur pose s % of firm s Firms with female particip ation in ownersh ip % of firms Firms using banks to finance investm ent % of firms Value lost due to electric al outage s % of Sales ISO certific ation owner ship % of firms Avera ge time to clear export s throug h custo ms days Firms offering formal training % of firms Tanzania Thailand Timor-Leste.. Togo.. Trinidad and Tobago.. Tunisia.. Turkey Turkmenistan.. Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates.. Business environment: enterprise surveys Cont…..

28 Countries Survey year Regulations and tax Permits and licenses Corrupt ion Crime Informal ity GenderFinance Infrastr ucture Innov ation Trade Workforc e Time dealing with officials % of manage ment time Ave rage nu mbe r of time s man age men t met wit h tax offi cials Time required to obtain operating license days Unoffici al paymen ts to public officials % of firms Losses due to theft, robber y, vanda lism and arson % of Sales Firms that do not report all sales for tax purposes % of firms Firms with female particip ation in owners hip % of firms Firms using banks to finance investm ent % of firms Value lost due to electric al outages % of Sales ISO certifi cation owner ship % of firms Averag e time to clear exports through customs days Firms offering formal training % of firms U.K... United States.. Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela, RB Vietnam West Bank and Gaza Yemen, Rep... Zambia Zimbabwe.. Source: World Bank Business environment: enterprise surveys

29 Countries Starting a business Registering property Dealing with licenses Employing workers Enforcing contracts Protecting Investors Closing a business Num ber of proce dures (June 2007) Time Requ ired days (June 2007) Cost % of per capita incom e (June 2007) Num ber of proce dures (June 2007) Time requ ired days (Jun e 2007) Number of procedures to build a warehouse (June 2007) Time required to build a warehous e days (June 2007) Rigidity of employment index (least to most rigid) (June 2007) Num ber of proce dures (June 2007) Tim e requ ired days (Jun e 2007) Disclosure index 0-10 (least to most disclosure) (June 2007) Time to resolve insolvenc y years (June 2007) Afghanistan , Albania Algeria Angola , Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bangladesh ,44264 Belarus Business environment: Doing Business indicators Cont…..

30 Countries Starting a business Registering property Dealing with licenses Employing workers Enforcing contracts Protectin g Investors Closing a business Number of procedu res (June 2007) Time Requi red days (June 2007) Cost % of per capita income (June 2007) Nu mb er of pro ced ures (Jun e 200 7) Time requir ed days (June 2007) Number of procedu res to build a wareho use (June 2007) Time require d to build a wareho use days (June 2007) Rigidity of employmen t index (least to most rigid) (June 2007) Nu mb er of pro ced ures (Jun e 200 7) Time requir ed days (June 2007) Disclosu re index 0-10 (least to most disclosur e) (June 2007) Time to resolve insolvenc y years (June 2007) Belgium Benin Bolivia Bosnia & Herz Botswana Brazil Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cen. A.Rep Chad Business environment: Doing Business indicators

31 Countries Starting a business Registering property Dealing with licenses Employi ng workers Enforcing contracts Protectin g Investors Closing a business Number of procedu res (June 2007) Time Requ ired days (June 2007) Cost % of per capita inco me (June 2007) Number of procedu res (June 2007) Time requi red days (June 2007) Numbe r of procedu res to build a wareho use (June 2007) Time require d to build a wareho use days (June 2007) Rigidity of employm ent index (least to most rigid) (June 2007) Number of procedu res (June 2007) Time requi red days (June 2007) Disclosur e index (least to most disclosur e) (June 2007) Time to resolve insolvency years (June 2007) Chile China H.K., China Colombia ,34683 Congo, Dem Congo, Rep Costa Rica Cote d'ivoire Croatia Cuba.. Czech Rep Denmark Dom. Rep Ecuador Cont….. Business environment: Doing Business indicators

32 Countries Starting a business Registering property Dealing with licenses Employi ng workers Enforcing contracts Protectin g Investors Closing a business Number of procedu res (June 2007) Time Requ ired days (June 2007) Cost % of per capita income (June 2007) Num ber of proce dures (June 2007) Tim e req uire d day s (Jun e 2007 ) Numbe r of proced ures to build a wareho use (June 2007) Time require d to build a wareho use days (June 2007) Rigidity of employ ment index (least to most rigid) (June 2007) Number of procedu res (June 2007) Time requi red days (June 2007) Disclosur e index (least to most disclosur e) (June 2007) Time to resolve insolvency years (June 2007) Egypt , EI Salvador Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Finland France Gabon ,07065 Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Business environment: Doing Business indicators Cont…..

33 Countries Starting a business Registering property Dealing with licenses Employing workers Enforcing contracts Protectin g Investors Closing a busines s Number of procedu res (June 2007) Time Requir ed days (June 2007) Cost % of per capita income (June 2007) Number of procedu res (June 2007) Time requir ed days (June 2007) Number of procedu res to build a wareho use (June 2007) Time require d to build a wareho use days (June 2007) Rigidity of employmen t index (least to most rigid) (June 2007) Number of procedur es (June 2007) Time requi red days (June 2007) Disclosur e index (least to most disclosur e) (June 2007) Time to resolve insolven cy years (June 2007) Guatemala ,45933 Guinea Guinea- Biss ,1406 Haiti , Honduras Hungary India , Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy , Jamaica Cont….. Business environment: Doing Business indicators

34 Countries Starting a business Registering property Dealing with licenses Employing workers Enforcing contracts Protecting Investors Closi ng a busin ess Number of procedur es (June 2007) Time Requir ed days (June 2007) Cost % of per capita incom e (June 2007) Number of procedu res (June 2007) Time requir ed days (June 2007) Number of procedu res to build a warehou se (June 2007) Time require d to build a wareho use days (June 2007) Rigidity of employment index (least to most rigid) (June 2007) Number of procedu res (June 2007) Time requi red days (June 2007) Disclosure index 0-10 (least to most disclosure) (June 2007) Time to resol ve insol vency years (June 2007) Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, D.R... Korea, Rep Kuwait Kyrg Rep Lao PDR Latvia Lebanon Business environment: Doing Business indicators Cont…..

35 Countries Starting a business Registering property Dealing with licenses Employing workers Enforcing contracts Protect ing Invest ors Closing a business Number of procedur es (June 2007) Time Requi red days (June 2007) Cost % of per capit a inco me (June 2007) Number of procedu res (June 2007) Time requir ed days (June 2007) Number of procedu res to build a wareho use (June 2007) Time require d to build a wareho use days (June 2007) Rigidity of employmen t index (least to most rigid) (June 2007) Number of procedu res (June 2007) Time requi red days (June 2007) Disclo sure index 0-10 (least to most disclos ure) (June 2007) Time to resolve insolvenc y years (June 2007) Lesotho Liberia , Libya.. Lithuania Macedonia Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Moldova Mongolia Cont….. Business environment: Doing Business indicators

36 Countries Starting a business Registering property Dealing with licenses Emplo ying worke rs Enforcing contracts Protecting Investors Closing a business Number of procedur es (June 2007) Time Requir ed days (June 2007) Cost % of per capita income (June 2007) Number of procedur es (June 2007) Time requir ed days (June 2007) Numbe r of procedu res to build a wareho use (June 2007) Time require d to build a wareho use days (June 2007) Rigidi ty of emplo yment index (least to most rigid) (June 2007) Number of procedur es (June 2007) Time requir ed days (June 2007) Disclosur e index (least to most disclosure ) (June 2007) Time to resolve insolvenc y years (June 2007) Morocco Mozambique ,01055 Myanmar.. Namibia Nepal Netherlands N. Zealand Nicaragua Niger Business environment: Doing Business indicators Cont…..

37 Countries Starting a business Registering property Dealing with licenses Employi ng workers Enforcing contracts Protecting Investors Closing a business Number of procedu res (June 2007) Time Required days (June 2007) Cost % of per capita inco me (June 2007) Numbe r of procedu res (June 2007) Time requir ed days (June 2007) Number of procedu res to build a wareho use (June 2007) Time require d to build a wareho use days (June 2007) Rigidity of employ ment index (least to most rigid) (June 2007) Number of procedu res (June 2007) Time requi red days (June 2007) Disclosur e index (least to most disclosure ) (June 2007) Time to resolve insolvenc y years (June 2007) Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua N. G Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russian Fed Cont….. Business environment: Doing Business indicators

38 Countries Starting a business Registering property Dealing with licenses Employ ing workers Enforcing contracts Protecting Investors Closing a business Number of procedur es (June 2007) Time Requ ired days (June 2007) Cost % of per capita inco me (June 2007) Number of procedu res (June 2007) Time requi red days (June 2007) Number of procedur es to build a warehou se (June 2007) Time require d to build a wareho use days (June 2007) Rigidity of employ ment index (least to most rigid) (June 2007) Number of procedu res (June 2007) Time requi red days (June 2007) Disclosur e index (least to most disclosure ) (June 2007) Time to resolve insolvency years (June 2007) Rwanda Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Sierra Leone 926 1, Singapore Slovak Rep Slovenia , Somalia.. South Africa Business environment: Doing Business indicators Cont…..

39 Countries Starting a business Registering property Dealing with licenses Employing workers Enforcing contracts Protecting Investors Closing a business Number of procedur es (June 2007) Time Required days (June 2007) Cost % of per capita income (June 2007) Number of procedur es (June 2007) Time requir ed days (June 2007) Number of procedur es to build a warehou se (June 2007) Time required to build a warehou se days (June 2007) Rigidity of employme nt index (least to most rigid) (June 2007) Number of procedur es (June 2007) Time require d days (June 2007) Disclosure index 0-10 (least to most disclosure) (June 2007) Time to resolve insolvenc y years (June 2007) Spain Sri Lanka , Sudan Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Rep Spain Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Timor-Leste ,8003 Togo Trinidad and Tobago ,3404 Business environment: Doing Business indicators Cont…..

40 Countries Starting a business Registering property Dealing with licenses Employi ng workers Enforcing contracts Protecting Investors Closing a business Number of procedur es (June 2007) Time Requi red days (June 2007) Cost % of per capita incom e (June 2007) Number of procedur es (June 2007) Time requi red days (June 2007) Number of procedu res to build a wareho use (June 2007) Time require d to build a wareho use days (June 2007) Rigidity of employ ment index (least to most rigid) (June 2007) Numbe r of proced ures (June 2007) Time requir ed days (June 2007) Disclosur e index (least to most disclosure ) (June 2007) Time to resolve insolvency years (June 2007) Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan.. Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela, RB Business environment: Doing Business indicators Cont…..

41 Countries Starting a business Registering property Dealing with licenses Employing workers Enforcing contracts Protecting Investors Closing a business Number of procedur es (June 2007) Time Requi red days (June 2007) Cost % of per capita incom e (June 2007) Number of procedure s (June 2007) Time requir ed days (June 2007) Number of procedu res to build a wareho use (June 2007) Time require d to build a wareho use days (June 2007) Rigidity of employmen t index (least to most rigid) (June 2007) Nu mb er of pro ced ure s (Ju ne 200 7) Time requir ed days (June 2007) Disclosur e index (least to most disclosure ) (June 2007) Time to resolve insolvenc y years (June 2007) Vietnam West Bank and Gaza Yemen, Rep Zambia Zimbabwe Source: World Bank Business environment: Doing Business indicators

42 CONCLUSION Basic aspects of SMEs Development Strategies: –Determining the desirable outcome and level of SMEs development. –SMEs should promote collaborations, regional cooperation, joint ventures and integrations between the various geographical regions of Muslim World. They must not lead the segmentation or isolation of Muslim societies. –SMEs must not compete with the MNCs and transnational corporations. The importance of transnational and big corporations should not be undermined. They are important inseparable requirement of the R & D activities, innovations, inventions, technological advancement and macroeconomic development. SMEs should work as corresponding part of the big corporations and as engine of growth.

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44 Private sector in the economy Investment commitments in Infrastructure projects with private participation" Countries $ millions TelecommunicationsEnergyTransport Water and sanitation Afghanistan Albania Algeria..4, , Angola Argentina10, , , , , , Armenia1, Australia.. Austria.. Azerbaijan Bangladesh438.12, Belarus Belgium.. Benin Bolivia , Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil45, , , , , , , , Bulgaria202.52, , Cont….. (Appendix-I)

45 Countries $ millions TelecommunicationsEnergyTransportWater and sanitation Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada.. Central African Republic Chad Chile3, , , , , , , , China5, , , , , , , HongKong, China.. Colombia1, , , , Congo, Dem. Rep Congo, Rep Costa Rica Cote d'ivoire Croatia9781, Cuba Czech Republic6, , , Denmark.. DominicanRepublic , , Ecuador , Egypt, Arab Rep.1, , Cont…..

46 Countries $ millions TelecommunicationsEnergyTransportWater and sanitation EI Salvador610.51, Eritrea Estonia] Ethiopia.. Finland.. France.. Gabon Gambia,The Georgia Germany.. Ghana Greece.. Guatemala1, , Guinea Guinea-Bissau Haiti Honduras Hungary6, , , , , India7, , , , , , Indonesia8, ,108,19, ,485,71, ,400, Iran, Islamic Rep Cont…..

47 Countries $ millions TelecommunicationsEnergyTransportWater and sanitation Iraq..1, Ireland.. Israel.. Italy.. Jamaica Japan.. Jordan39.91, Kazakhstan1, , , Kenya1932, Korea, Dem. Rep... Korea, Rep... Kuwait.. Kyrgyz Republic Lao PDR , Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya.. Lithuania832.71, Macedonia, FYR Cont…..

48 Countries $ millions TelecommunicationsEnergyTransportWater and sanitation Madagascar Malawi Malaysia4, , , , , , , Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mexico10, , , , , , Moldova Mongolia Morocco1, , , , , Mozambique , Myanmar Namibia Nepal Netherlands.. New Zealand.. Nicaragua Niger Nigeria699, , , Norway.. Oman..1, , Cont…..

49 Countries $ millions TelecommunicationsEnergyTransportWater and sanitation Pakistan75.59, , Panama1, Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru4, , , , , Philippines5, , , , , , , Poland6, , , , Portugal.. Puerto Rico.. Romania2, , , , Russian Federation5, , , , Rwanda Saudi Arabia.. Senegal Serbia and Montenegro1, , Sierra Leone Singapore.. Slovak Republic488.52, , Slovenia.. Somalia South Africa2, , , , , Cont…..

50 Countries $ millions TelecommunicationsEnergyTransportWater and sanitation Spain.. Sri Lanka Sudan18.31, Swaziland Sweden.. Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Tanzania100.26, Thailand2, , , , Timor-Leste..0 Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia..3, Turkey3, , , , , Cont…..

51 Countries $ millions TelecommunicationsEnergyTransportWater and sanitation Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine1, , United Arab Emirates.. United Kingdom.. United States.. Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela, RB4, , Vietnam , West Bank and Gaza Yemen, Rep Zambia Zimbabwe Source: World Bank

52 Country Risk OVERALL RESULTS March Sept Country Overall score Political risk Econo mic perfor mance Debt indica tors Debt in default or resched uled Credit rating Access to bank finance Access to short- term finance Access to capital markets Forfait ing (100)(25) (10) (5) 11Luxembourg Norway Switzerland Denmark Sweden Ireland Austria Finland Netherlands United States United Kingdom Germany Canada France Australia Iceland Belgium Singapore Cont….. (Appendix-II)

53 March Sept Country Overall score Politica l risk Economi c performa nce Debt indicat ors Debt in default or resche duled Credit rating Access to bank finance Access to short- term finance Access to capital market s Forfaiting (100)(25) (10) (5) 19 New Zealand Japan Spain Italy Hong Kong Portugal Slovenia Greece Kuwait Malta Taiwan U.A.E Cyprus Bermuda Bahamas Bahrain Qatar S. Arabia Cont….. Country Risk: OVERALL RESULTS

54 Cont….. Country Risk: OVERALL RESULTS March Sept Country Overall score Political risk Economic performa nce Debt indicato rs Debt in default or resched uled Credit rating Access to bank finance Access to short- term finance Access to capital markets Forfaiting (100)(25) (10) (5) 3739Israel Czech Republic Oman Korea South Hungary Poland Chile Slovak Republic Barbados Brunei Lithuania Botswana Malaysia Estonia Mexico Trinidad & Tobago

55 Cont….. March Sept Country Overall score Political risk Economic performa nce Debt indica tors Debt in default or resche duled Credit rating Access to bank finance Access to short- term finance Access to capital markets Forfaiting (100)(25) (10) (5) 5348Latvia China South Africa Croatia Thailand Bulgaria India Romania Russia Tunisia Brazil Mauritius Kazakhstan Morocco Antigua & Barbuda Egypt Tu rkey Panama Colombia Country Risk: OVERALL RESULTS

56 Cont….. March Sept Country Overall score Politica l risk Econo mic perfor mance Debt indicat ors Debt in defaul t or resche duled Credit rating Access to bank finance Access to short- term finance Access to capital market s Forfaiting (100)(25) (10) (5) 7275Peru50.41l Costa Rica Jordan Azerbaijan Ukraine Philippines Vietnam Macedonia (FYR) Algeria Indonesia Guatemala EI Salvador Macau St Vincent & the Grenadines Uruguay Albania Serbia Ghana Dominican Republic Country Risk: OVERALL RESULTS

57 Cont….. March Sept Country Overall score Politic al risk Econo mic perfor mance Debt indicat ors Debt in default or resche duled Credit rating Access to bank finance Access to short- term finance Access to capital market s Forfaiting (100)(25) (10) (5) 91109Argentina St Lucia Armenia Honduras Mongol ia Gabon Sri Lanka Pakistan Mozambique Cape Verde Jamaica IIILesotho Papua New Guinea Bhutan Nigeria Bosnia- Herzegovina Belarus Seychelles Maldives Country Risk: OVERALL RESULTS

58 Cont….. March Sept Country Overall score Politic al risk Econo mic perfor mance Debt indicat ors Debt in default or resche duled Credit rating Access to bank finance Access to short- term finance Access to capital markets Forfaiting (100)(25) (10) (5) Equatorial Guinea Uganda Senegal Venezuela Yemen Tanzania Cameroon Kenya Vanuatu Syria Fiji Paraguay Swaziland Tonga Grenada Iran Georgia Lebanon Turkmenistan Country Risk: OVERALL RESULTS

59 Cont….. March Sept Country Overall score Political risk Economic performa nce Debt indicat ors Debt in default or resche duled Credit rating Access to bank finance Access to short- term finance Access to capital markets Forfaiting (100)(25) (10) (5) Dominica Angola Burkina Faso Zambia Bangladesh Mali Samoa Benin Cambodia Djibouti Madagasca r Belize Moldova Uzbekistan Nepal Bolivia Niger Ecuador Ethiopia Country Risk: OVERALL RESULTS

60 March Sept Country Overall score Political risk Economic performan ce Debt indicato rs Debt in default or resched uled Credit rating Access to bank finance Access to short- term finance Access to capital markets Forfaiting (100)(25) (10) (5) Mauritania Gambia Nicaragua Cote d'ivoire Togo Kyrgyz Republic Guyana Chad Sudan Rwanda Laos C. African S. Leone Myanmar Namibia Congo N. Ca led Tajikistan Country Risk: OVERALL RESULTS Cont…..

61 March Sept Country Overall score Political risk Economic performa nce Debt indicat ors Debt in default or resche duled Credit rating Access to bank finance Access to short- term finance Access to capital markets Forfaiting (100)(25) (10) (5) Haiti S.T. &Principe Guinea Libya G. Bissau Eritrea Burundi Suriname Malawi S. Islands Micronesia Zimbabwe Zaire Liberia Cuba M. Islands Somalia Iraq North Korea Afghanistan Source: EUROMONEY Country Risk: OVERALL RESULTS

62 Business Support Network in Pakistan (Appendix-III)

63 SME Policy Recommendations SME Development Vision SME led economic growth resulting in poverty reduction, creation of jobs and unleashing the entrepreneurial potential of the people of Pakistan (Appendix-IV)


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