3OBJECTIVES: STANDARDS: Examine the 5 themes of geography. Identify various maps and their usage.Identify ways in which the geography of the United States has affected its development.STANDARDS:Standard: Understand how to use maps, globes, and other geographic representations, tool, and technologies to acquire process and report information from a spatial perspective.Standard: 3.02 – Know the location of places and geographic features, both physical and human, in Tennessee and in the United States.Standard: 3.03 – Recognize the interaction between human and physical systems.
4plateau Prairie Cliff Flood Plain Desert Sea Level Oasis Swamp Mesa You need to know the following landforms. Define each, use in a sentence, and draw a small picture.plateauPrairieDesertOasisMesaMountainCanyonGlacierCliffFlood PlainSea LevelSwampDeltaMarshHarborCapeValley
5Geography is the study of people, their environment, and their resources. The best place to begin a study of American History is by studying its geography.Geographers help historians understand the past by showing how people and the land are related.
6Five Themes of Geography LocationPlaceRegionsMovementHuman-Environment Interaction
7LocationABSOLUTE - Using latitude and longitude to give the coordinates of a place. The purpose of latitude and longitude is to find the exact location of a place.RELATIVE - Describes where a certain area is in relation to another area.
8North Pole90 degrees NorthEquator0 degreesLatitudeNEWSouth PoleS90 degrees South
14Latitude and Longitude When finding latitude and longitude if the location is in North America it will always be North latitude and West Longitude.Latitude first then longitudeEx) 37’N / 144’ W
15Time ZonesThe Earth is divided into 24 time zones, corresponding to 24 hours in a day.As the earth rotates, the sun shines in different areas, moving from east to west during the course of a day.Places that have the same longitude will be in the same time zone.
19Relative LocationsWhen finding relative locations you write down North, South, East, West, Northwest, Northeast, Southeast, or Southwest.Ex) Clarksville is northwest of Nashville.Ex) Boston is _________ of New York City (northeast) or I live outside of Boston.
20Map BasicsPhysical Maps shows land or physical features. Examples mountains, rivers, plains, islands, valley, oasis, etc.Political Maps shows countries, states, towns, etc.Historical Maps illustrate things like economic actives, battles, migration, etc.
21Map BasicsCompass RoseMap ScalesMap key or legend.
22Source: http://aerocompass.larc.nasa.gov Compass RoseThe needle on a compass is magnetized to point to the earth's north magnetic pole. Thus with a compass, a person can roughly tell which direction they are headed.There are four major or cardinal directions on a compass- north, south, east & west. In between are the directions northeast, northwest, southeast, southwest.Source:
23Directions The cardinal directions are north, south, east, and west. The intermediate directions are northeast, southeast, southwest and northwest.They help describe the location of places in relation to other places.
24ScaleMaps are made to scale; that is, there is a direct connection between a unit of measurement on the map and the actual distance.For example, each inch on the map represents one mile on Earth. So, a map of a town would show a mile-long strip of fast food joints and auto dealers in one inch.
36REGIONS ARE Areas that share common characteristics. Political division, climate, language, religion.Regions can be as large as a continent or as small as your neighborhood.
37MOVEMENTThe shifting of people, goods, and ideas from one place to another.
38MovementReasons for human movement includes things like jobs, natural disasters, death, political unrest, climate.Movement also deals with trading goods between countries, like the U.S. exporting goods to Mexico or trying to spread DEMOCRACY in Iraq.Travel by plane, ship, railroad deals with the theme of MOVEMENT.
39Human-Environment Interaction Refers to ways people interact with their environment.
40Human-Environment Interaction The environment effects people by determining the type of clothes one wears because of the climate, the type of foods one eats, and your housing.Humans also effect the environment by changing things like building a dam to provide electricity or water to an area. Humans also pollute water, air, and land. Humans also build things like railroads, streets, that change the environment.
41Location worksheet due Tuesday HomeworkFinish vocabulary - define the word in your own words and come up with a clue to help you remember the term.Location worksheet due Tuesday
42Match the term with its definition Dry area where few plants grow.Flat land near rivers, formed by mud.Wide, flat topped mountain.Large, level grassland with few or no trees.Fertile land in a desert.Steep, almost vertical edge of hill, mountain, or plain.Soft, wet, low-lying grassland.Flat area of land higher than the land around it.Pointed piece of land extending into water.Narrow, deep valley with steep sides.plateauPrairieDesertOasisMesaCapeCanyonMarshCliffFlood Plain