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Research Design and Methods Postgraduate Research Induction Programme Jill Pearson.

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1 Research Design and Methods Postgraduate Research Induction Programme Jill Pearson

2 Your research will take you on a journey to find out: l What is already known l What is still unknown l What is worth knowing l What is knowable l What is the best way of designing a study in order to find answers to what is: Unknown, Worth knowing and Knowable

3 Literature Review l You must recognise the contributions of others l You must recognise that the contributions of others are limited – that there is a gap in the literature

4 Do you agree? l “…what you learn in university is …full of generalisations, dates rapidly and always has to be questioned.” (Luck 1999, p.12) l 50% of what is taught at university is wrong

5 How do you criticise Giants when you’re standing on their shoulders?

6 Double Entry Note Taking l Take out a blank piece of paper l Divide the page in half by drawing a vertical line down the middle l Write “Paraphrase” at the top of the first column l Write “React” at the top of the second column l Then put down your pens

7 Binge drinking among college students is significantly higher in States that have relaxed alcohol policies and high rates of adult binge drinking, according to a recent study conducted by the Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study (CAS) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The CAS defines binge drinking as “a risky pattern of alcohol use” in which men consume five or more drinks in a row and women consume four or more.

8 Double Entry Note Taking l Any plagiarising? l Could just mean a good memory! l Advantages of Double Entry Note Taking –Own words – you understand it –You’re less likely to plagiarise –You’re getting curious –You’re starting the dialogue with the experts

9  Some Questions to ask yourself during Double Entry Note Taking What were the most important points? Do I understand this point? Does this make sense? Do I agree? Should I read more on this particular topic? I wonder if this holds true in other situations, like… I would like to know more about this.

10 More questions/reactions · This is a load of rubbish because… · This can’t be true because… · This is trivial/boring/unimportant because… · I’m curious about this area and would like to know more because… · This raises other questions/issues such as… · This might make a potentially interesting research topic because…

11 Final Comment on Being Critical l “Change is happening at a faster pace than at any time in the past.” l Pick your battles In other words, decide on YOUR contribution

12 Doing your chosen method “right” l Guidance from research methods texts l Guidance from journal articles –Within your subject area –Outside your subject area –Specialist methodology journals l Guidance from academic networks l Guidance from those whose work you’re citing l Guidance from the Statistical Consulting Unit l Other sources?

13 Your Challenge – I Dare You l Be creative before you finalise your choice of methods l Go to your favourite database and type in a method AND your subject area (e.g. finance AND experiments) l Open up before you close off, but… l Once you’ve chosen, move forward with developing your expertise and PLANNING your research l If you want to use multiple methods – have a major method and a minor method

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