3A “Radiologic Technologist” (or Radiographer) medical professionaltrained to safely use x-ray radiation to image different parts of patients’ bodiesProvide diagnostic images so the physician can make a diagnosis
4Medical Radiographer (X-ray Technologist) use sophisticated imaging equipment to image parts of the human bodychallenging fieldassist physicians by producing images of diagnostic qualityresponsibility to explain the process to the patientsposition them and the equipment correctlyand adhere to the principles of radiation protection.know how to maintain equipment, process images and keep patient records.
6Radiologic Technologist is a licensed professional This program here is for an entry level into the professionBoth Radiation Therapy and Nuclear Medicine would require additional educationCertification/licensesARRT— American Registry of Radiologic TechnologiesProvides national certificationAfter taking the examCRT-- California Registered TechnologistAfter completing ARRT exam you pay a fee and get your California license to practiceA separate test is taken for fluoroscopy
7Radiologic Technologists All types of EXAMS & PEOPLE HEAD TO TOESTRAUMASPECIAL PROCEDURESCRITICAL PATIENTSWALK INSSURGERYPATIENTS ARE:INFANTSELDERLYALL CLASSESALL ETHICITYALL BACKGROUND
11Patient Communication Interacting with the patientInteracting with family and friendsMethods of Effective CommunicationAge as a factor in Patient Interactions
12Communication & Adapting to Special Condition Patients Traumatized PatientsVisually Impaired PatientsSpeech and Hearing Impaired PatientsNon-English Speaking PatientsMentally Impaired PatientsSubstance Abusers
13Education in the Radiologic Sciences DIDACTIC – CurriculumSpecifically describes the objectivesWhat the students will learn …..Instructional Activities – LECTURECLINICAL - HospitalSee and do ….
14Types of Diagnostic Exams CHESTEXTREMITIESSKULL / FACIALSPINEGASTROINTESTINALINTERVENTIONALRADIOGRAPHY
15LEARNING COGNITIVE – thought / knowledge PSYCHOMOTOR – physical actionsAFFECTIVE – guided by feelings
16RT Programs Didactic and Clinical Education FIG. 5–1 The articulation of didactic, laboratory, and clinical instruction.(From Ford C, ed: Clinical education for the allied health professions, St Louis, 1978, Mosby.)
17Some studies of spinal trauma have recorded a missed injury rate as high as 33%.
26ARRT Standards Accrediting Agencies Joint Review Committee on Educational Programs in Nuclear Medicine Technology (JRCNMT)Committee on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP) in collaboration with the Joint Review Committee on Education in Diagnostic Medical Sonography (JRC-DMS)Regional Institutional Accrediting Agencies (degree-granting divisions) WSACConjoint Accreditation Services of the Canadian Medical AssociationAustralian Institute of Radiography
27Accrediting Agencies SCHOOLS/PROGRAMS Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology (JRCERT)HOSPITAL ACCREDITATION –JCAHOJoint Commission on Accreditation ofHealthcare (Hospital) Organizations
28“Alphabet Soup” NATIONAL & STATE LICENSES ARRT = (R.T.)American Registry of Radiologic TechnologyR.T. – Certification in Radiologic TechnologyCRT – Certified Radiologic Technology State of California, Dept of Health - Radiation Health BranchLicensing to practice in CaliforniaC.R.T. (R) (F) (M)Radiography, Fluoroscopy, Mammography
295 Primary Exams Radiography (R) Nuclear Medicine Technology (NM) Radiation Therapy (T)Sonography (US) (RDMS)Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MR)candidates must have successfully completed a formal educational program in the respective discipline that is accredited by a mechanism acceptable to ARRT.
30Post PrimaryCardiovascular-Interventional Radiography (Note: No longer available for new candidates)MammographyComputed TomographyMagnetic Resonance Imaging (Note: Both a primary and post-primary track)Quality ManagementSonography (Note: Both a primary and post-primary track)Bone DensitometryVascular SonographyCardiac-Interventional RadiographyVascular-Interventional RadiographyBreast SonographyRegistered Radiologist Assistant
31“Alphabet Soup” KNOW THESE! J.R.C.E.R.T -Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic TechnologyJ.C.A.H.O –Joint Commission of Accreditation of Healthcare OrganizationsA.R.R.T-American Registry of Radiologic Technologists
40Computed Tomography Kelly Clark, RT (R) (CT) 1995 began post primary exam
41(Courtesy of Philips Medical Systems.) CT SCANNERUSESRADIATION – AND A COMPUTERTO RECONSTRUCTIMAGES3-DFIG. 1–9 A computed tomographic technologist uses a computerized x-ray system to produce sectional anatomic images of the body.(Courtesy of Philips Medical Systems.)
58PET Scan showing diffuse spread of prostate cancer to bone PET Scan showing diffuse spread of prostate cancer to bone. PET has the advantage over traditional bone scanning in its ability to differentiate active from dormant disease.
80RADIATION THERAPY R.T.(T) 2 YRS ADDITIONAL EDUCATIONCITY OF HOPELLUCAL STATE LONG BEACHThe branch of Radiology that involves the treatment of disease by means of high energy x-rays or radioactive substances
99New - RA Radiology Assistant (Like PA) Weber State (On line – Utah) LLU3 others in US (2007 – more)$$$$ NEW GRADS = 100 K/YEAR (?)PART OF RADIOLOGIST GROUPAs of 2007 – NOT APPROVED BY STATE to Work as RA in California
100Additional Opportunities EducationAdministrationManagement (QM)CommercialRadiologist Assistant = RA
101RADIOLOGY ASSISTANT RA LLU2 YRS RTBA DEGREEWEBER STATE6YR RT
103TRAVELING TECHNOLOGIST = SEE THE WORLD AND GET $$$
104Other working opportunities… Registry (local)Registry (out of state)X rays taken around the world !!
105Variety of Work Settings physicians offices,clinical outpatient facilities,free standing imaging centers,mobile imaging centersportable services to rehabsMammo’s to under privileged areasUrgent care
106SALARY RANGES RT’s NEW R.T. = $ 25 -$38 PER HOUR ON-CALL + O.T. $45,000 – $60,000 YRADVANCE SPECIALTIES$ 30 - $50 PER HOURA GREAT SHORTAGE IN ALL HEALTH CARE – A GREAT NEED TO AQUIRE NEW TECHNOLOGIST TO THIS AREA
107Professional Organizations ASRT – American Society of Radiologic TechnologisCSRT – California SocietySociety of Radiologic TechnologistsRTEC – Radiologic Technology Educators of CaliforniaInternational Societies, other state societies, other modalities