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Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 8.3–1 Si (if) clauses express a condition or event upon which another condition or event depends.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 8.3–1 Si (if) clauses express a condition or event upon which another condition or event depends."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 8.3–1 Si (if) clauses express a condition or event upon which another condition or event depends. Sentences with si clauses are often hypothetical statements. They contain a subordinate clause (si clause) and a main clause (result clause).

2 Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 8.3–2 The si clause may be the first or second clause in a sentence. Note that a comma is used only when the si clause comes first. Si tienes tiempo, ven con nosotros.Iré con ustedes si no trabajo. If you have time, come with us.Ill go with you if I dont work.

3 Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 8.3–3 Hypothetical statements about the future In hypothetical statements about possible or probable future events, the si clause uses the present indicative. The result clause may use the present indicative, the future indicative, ir a + [infinitive], or a command.

4 Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 8.3–4 Si salgo temprano del trabajo, PRESENT TENSE voy al cine con Andrés. If I finish work early,Im going to the movies with Andrés. Si usted no mejora su currículum, FUTURE TENSE nunca conseguirá empleo. If you dont improve your résumé,youll never get a job. Si la jefa me pregunta, IR A + [INFINITIVE] no le voy a mentir. If the boss asks me,Im not going to lie to her. Si hay algún problema, COMMAND háganos saber de inmediato. If there is a problem,let us know right away. Si clause: PRESENT INDICATIVE Main clause

5 Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 8.3–5

6 Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 8.3–6 Hypothetical statements about the present In hypothetical statements about improbable or contrary-to-fact present situations, the si clause uses the past subjunctive. The result clause uses the conditional. ¡Si ustedes no fueran tan incapaces,ya lo tendrían listo! If you werent all so incapable,youd already have this ready! Si sacaras un préstamo a largo plazo,pagarías menos por mes. If you took out a long-term loan,youd pay less each month. Si no estuviera tan cansada,saldría a cenar contigo. If I werent so tired,Id go out to dinner with you. Si clause: PAST SUBJUNCTIVE Main clause: CONDITIONAL

7 Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 8.3–7 A contrary-to-fact situation is one that is possible, but will probably not happen and/or has not occurred.

8 Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 8.3–8

9 Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 8.3–9 Habitual conditions and actions in the past In statements that express habitual past actions that are not contrary-to-fact, both the si clause and the result clause use the imperfect. Si Milena tenía tiempo libre,siempre iba a la playa. If Milena had free time,she would always go to the beach. Si mi papá salía de viaje de negocios,siempre me traía un regalito. If my dad went on a business trip,he always brought me back a little present. Si clause: IMPERFECT Main clause: IMPERFECT

10 Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 8.3–10


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