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©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Overview of the Nusach for the whole year [UK edition] Dr Annette M. Boeckler Based on a previous version.

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2 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Overview of the Nusach for the whole year [UK edition] Dr Annette M. Boeckler Based on a previous version “Overzicht van alle noesach variaties” developed by me for Het Levisson Instituut with Rabbijn David Lilienthal and Prof. Dr. Eli Schleifer Sacred Jewish Music Course UK Version: April 2, 2014 Please click the left button of YOUR MOUSE to start the slide show. [or press the enter key.]

3 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Important Notes on usage This overview is made for the Anglo-Jewish tradition and reflects its customs and traditions. (It can therefore not simply be adapted to any other country’s traditions.) It reflects the customs of the Askenazi tradition. (The Spanish and Portuguese tradition is based on different principles, not this nusach system.) A specific of Anglo-Jewry is a mixture of Eastern and Western European liturgical traditions. Our leyning follows a Western European tradition; the davvening follows the Eastern European cantorial tradition (as does the majority of congregations in the USA and Israel). By clicking on the left mouse button or by pressing the enter key you can move to the next information. If you want to go back, press the return key on your keyboard. For each page there is a print version at the very back of this slide show. You can also open the print-version of a certain slide by clicking on “print” at the top of the slide. By clicking on “HOME” at the top right corner of each slide you open the content page. From here you can directly go to a certain service-overview. Just click on what you want. If you click on “colour overview” on the right bottom of each slide, you see the meaning of each colour used in this show. 2 Here will be the print button of the slides.

4 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview colours used BASIC MODES (or “steygers”)Congregational MELODIES Ahawa Rabba Nusach Magein Avot NusachNot Nusach Motives, but melodies in Minor Adonai Malach Nusach Not Nusach Motives, but melodies in Major COMPOSED MODES Yishtabach Mode Psalm Modes (a family of modes that include Hallel, Amidah for Festivals and High Holidays, Kerovah mode, Selichah mode containing time bound motives) Several High Holiday Motives (it’s too complicated to differentiate in this basic overview, there are different nuschaot in Shacharit, special ones for Selichot and Vidui, etc.) Shlosh Regalim Nusach (a very special version of the Psalm mode) Shabbat Mincha Nusach Weekday Nusach (Pentatonic) TUNES Mi Sinai Tunes (medieval compositions strongly attached to certain times and festivals, known all over Ashkenaz) Minhag HaMakom Tunes (only fixed in a special congregation or country, are as holy as Mi Sinai) Compositions (that means composed tunes which don’t care about any nusach) OTHER read or in silence marks the special parts for the special event, after mouse click or “enter”key 3

5 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview content Click on the topic you want and you’ll be lead to the slide. Erev Shabbat Shacharit Shabbat Shabbat Mincha Erev Shelosh Regalim on a weekday / on Shabbat Shacharit Shelosh Regalim Erev Shabbat Chol HaMo’ed Shacharit Shabbat Chol HaMo’ed Erev Rosh haShana on a weekday / on Shabbat Shacharit Rosh haShana Kol Nidre on a weekday / on Shabbat Shacharit Yom Kippur Mussaf Yom Kippur Mincha Yom Kippur Neila Weekday evening Weekday morning Print VersionsPrint Versions How to wave the Lulav?How to wave the Lulav? 4 By clicking on “home”, you always get back to this page.

6 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Erev Shabbat IF it’s a Festival evening, go to Erev 3Regalim / Rosh haShana / Kol NidreErev 3Regalim Rosh haShana Kol Nidre [if Candle lighting is done in shul: don’t use a Chanukka tune if it’s not Chanukka, but a tune leading to Kabbalat Shabbat] Ma Tovu and/or songscompositions (free style) KABBALAT SHABBAT Psalms 95-99, 29Kabbalat Shabbat (Adonai Malach Nusach) Lecha Dodi composition(s) (if Nusach, mostly Adonai Malach) Ps (= liturgical beginning of shabbat) Magein Avot [=Eastern tradition ] [ but Adonai Malach in Belsize Square Synagogue = Western tradition ) MA’ARIV LE-SHABBAT BARCHU and Shema and itsspecial Shabbat nusach with identifying motives Blessings VeShamruoften composition (Shabbat motives) Chatzi Kaddishspecial Shabbat nusach with its identifying motives Silent Amida Me’en Sheva (Magein Avot)Shabbat Evening Nusach (Magein Avot Nusach) Kaddish TitkabbalAdonai Malach Nusach KiddushAdonai Malach Nusach AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition Mourner’s Kaddishread Adon Olam or Yigdalcomposition 5 Note: During the 3 weeks before 9Av and in some traditions during the weeks of Sefirat haOmer it is traditional to use a melody in minor for Lecha Dodi. Everything is completely different from a Weekday Evening ServiceWeekday Evening Service print

7 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Birchot haShacharspecial Shabbat Psalm mode in Major Pesuke deZimraspecial Shabbat Psalm mode in Major (similar to Birchot haShachar) may contain some compositions for some parts, pay attention that they are fitting tunes in Major. Nishmat (nusach changes already here preparing congregation for Barchu and Shema) till beginning of Yotzer Or Yishtabach Mode [= THE festival/shabbat sound] [leaders sometimes change for SHOCHEN AD as this is the beginning of the main cantorial role] End of Yotzer Or (after El Adon), Ahava Rabba Ahava Rabba Mode (Shabbat Morning style) ShmaAhavah Rabba ( only in Belsize Square, Liberal congregations and some Reform congregations: melody in Major = Western ), torah trope (Western trad.) Ge’ula Ahavah Rabbah (Shabbat Morning style) Personal/Silent Amida Most Liberal and Reform Congregations say the Amidah loud together (then all read or all chant or a mixture of both.) Loud Amida if chanted: Beginning till Yimloch Adonai: Adonai Malach LeDor vaDor till end: Ahavah Rabbah [if Rosh Chodesh or Festival: Half Hallel or Hallel, if it is Sukkot use Lulav in Hallel; some congregations do Hakkafot with Lulav here.] Kaddish Titkabbalin Major, leading to Torah Service [if this is a Shabbat during Pesach or Sukkot: read Shir haShirim/Kohelet here/ if 1 st day of Pesach/Sukkot falls on Shabbat, chant Shir haShirim/Kohelet on the last day of Pesach / on Shemini Azeret.] Shabbat Morning Service (Birchot haShachar – End of Amida) 6 Everything completely different from Weekday Morning ServiceWeekday Morning Service For Shabbat Chol HaMoed see special slide.special slide print It is a Liberal custom (since 19 th cent.) to stand for the first section of the Shema as a witness and as in the Amidah.

8 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Ein KamochaAdonai Malach Nusach or composition Av haRachamimMinor or composition Vayehi binsoaMajor or composition Shema / echad / gadluMajor or composition Lecha AdonaiMajor or composition Bracha before the readingin Weekday [study] Minor Bar/Bat Mitzvah in UK: Major from Portuguese tradition) Calls (ya’amod / ta’amod), misheberachs should be in Major, but usually is in Minor Bracha after the readingMajor (anticipates call for next one) [ Chatzi Kaddish before Maftir: study mode (or Ahavah Rabbah) not in Liberal/Reform] (various traditions here! Often Friday evening is used) Vezot hatorahmelody in Major Bracha before Haftarain Haftara trop (or read if Haftarah is read) Bracha after Haftaraspecial melody [ Misheberach for congregation Minor not done in Liberal ] [ AshreMajornot done in Liberal and Reform ] Yehallelu and Hodo al eretzMajor Psalm 29Major / or composition Uvnucho yomarMajor ; mumbled silently / composition (BSS, Liberal, Reform) Shabbat Morning Service 2 (Tora Reading Shabbat Morning) 7 If last Shabbat in the month: p. 336 Mevarchin haChodesch, use typical melody of an event in the next month for Yechadshehu in the last passage. Note: on special Shabbatot (Shabbat Shekalim, Zachor, Para, and Hachodesh there are special Maftir and Haftara readings, special Haftara readings are on Shabbat HaGadol, Shabbat and Rosh Chodesh and the Shabbat immediately before Rosh Chodesh, the 3 Shabbatot before 9Av and the 7 Shabbatot after 9Av. Different Readings are on Shabbat Chanukka. Klick here to hear on websiteprint

9 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview MATERIALS: Mi shebeirach for Olim and Chatzi Kaddish before Maftir 8 MI SHEBEIRACH in major CHATZI KADDISH BEFORE MAFTIR in Ahavah Rabbah Samples taken from: Andrew Bernard, The Sound of Sacred Time, Charlotte, NC: Andrew Bernard, 2005, p. 118) NOTE: Both are usually not done in Liberal congregations, seldom in Reform congregations, because Mi Shebeirach interrupts the listening to the torah and Maftir is linked to mussaf which is linked to the tradition of sacrifices, whose mentioning was abolished by Classical Reform.

10 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview MATERIALS: Mevarchim hachodesh (Rosh Chodesh Bentshing / Birkat haChodesh) Note: this is NOT done ON Rosh Chodesh itself! but on the SHABBAT BEFORE ROSH CHODESH after the prayers for the government, Israel and congregation. 1 st passage: Yehi ratzon milfanechaMinor with modulation into Ahavah Rabba Mode 2 nd passage: Mi she’asah nisimAdonai Malach Mode 3 rd passage: anouncementSaid Congregation repeats [one could play with motives here, for example include melodies, nusach or trop typical for the festival in that month.) 4 th passage: Yechad’sheihuIN LEITMELODY OF FESTIVAL in the new month or in Adonai Malach Mode 9 My suggestions for tunes for the month to chant Yechad’sheihu (usually the congregation recognizes the tune quickly and joins in.) NissanMelody of Adir Hu (= Leitmotiv for Pessach) IyarMelody of Israel National Anthem SivanMelody of Akdamut (= Leitmotiv for Shavuot) TammuzEkha Trop or Adonai Malach Mode AvMelody of eli tzion (piyyut for Tisha beAv) EllulSelicha Mode TishriHigh Holiday Mi Sinai tune of Evening Service Cheshvan-- no festival in this month, use Adonai Malach Mode or just read KislevMelody of Maoz Tzur TevetEkha Trop or Adonai Malach Mode ShevatMelody of a known Tu BiShevat Song (TubiShevat higia….) AdarMelody of a known Purim Song (Ani Purim….) print

11 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Shabbat Morning Service 3 ([Mussaf] and end) Chatzi KaddishAdonai Malach Beginning of Mussaf Amida till yimloch adonai Adonai Malach leDor vaDor till end of AmidaAhavah Rabba (same as in Shacharit, but of course with different text) Kaddish TitkabbalMajor AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition Mourner’s Kaddishread Final songcomposition 10 If you don’t have Mussaf, skip this and continue with Aleinu. print

12 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Ashre (Psalm 145)Magein Avot Chatzi KaddishMagein Avot with Mincha Leitmotiv short Torah-Reading (as on weekday)melodies as on Shabbat or with Mincha Leitmotiv Chatzi KaddishMagein Avot (study mode) Amida beginning till yimlochas on Weekdays (pentatonic) leDor vaDor till endShabbat Mincha mode Kaddish titkabbalMajor (if not special occasion) AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition Mourner’s Kaddishread final song Shabbat Mincha 11 print Note: torah reading is before the Amida in Mincha services.

13 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview For Printing 12

14 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Erev Shabbat [if Candle lighting is done in shul: don’t use a Chanukka tune if it’s not Chanukka, but a tune leading to Kabbalat Shabbat] Ma Tovu and/or songscompositions (free style) KABBALAT SHABBAT Psalms 95-99, 29Kabbalat Shabbat (Adonai Malach Nusach) Lecha Dodi composition(s) (if Nusach, mostly Adonai Malach) Ps (= liturgical beginning of shabbat) Magein Avot [=Eastern tradition ] [ but Adonai Malach in Belsize Square Synagogue = Western tradition ) MA’ARIV LE-SHABBAT BARCHU and Shema and itsspecial Shabbat nusach with identifying motives Blessings VeShamruoften composition (Shabbat motives) Chatzi Kaddishspecial Shabbat nusach with its identifying motives Silent Amida Me’en Sheva (Magein Avot)Shabbat Evening Nusach (Magein Avot Nusach) Kaddish TitkabbalAdonai Malach Nusach KiddushAdonai Malach Nusach AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition Mourner’s Kaddishread Adon Olam or Yigdalcomposition 13 Note: During the 3 weeks before 9Av and in some traditions during the weeks of Sefirat haOmer it is traditional to use a melody in minor for Lecha Dodi.

15 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Birchot haShacharspecial Shabbat Psalm mode in Major Pesuke deZimraspecial Shabbat Psalm mode in Major (similar to Birchot haShachar) may contain some compositions for some parts, pay attention that they are fitting tunes in Major. Nishmat (nusach changes already here preparing congregation for Barchu and Shema) till beginning of Yotzer Or Yishtabach Mode [= THE festival/shabbat sound] [leaders sometimes change for SHOCHEN AD as this is the beginning of the main cantorial role] End of Yotzer Or (after El Adon), Ahava Rabba Ahava Rabba Mode (Shabbat Morning style) ShmaAhavah Rabba ( only in Belsize Square, Liberal congregations and some Reform congregations: melody in Major = Western ), torah trope (Western trad.) Ge’ula Ahavah Rabbah (Shabbat Morning style) Personal/Silent Amida Most Liberal and Reform Congregations say the Amidah loud together (then all read or all chant or a mixture of both.) Loud Amida if chanted: Beginning till Yimloch Adonai: Adonai Malach LeDor vaDor till end: Ahavah Rabbah [if Rosh Chodesh or Festival: Half Hallel or Hallel, if it is Sukkot use Lulav in Hallel; some congregations do Hakkafot with Lulav here.] Kaddish Titkabbalin Major, leading to Torah Service [if this is a Shabbat during Pesach or Sukkot: read Shir haShirim/Kohelet here/ if 1 st day of Pesach/Sukkot falls on Shabbat, chant Shir haShirim/Kohelet on the last day of Pesach / on Shemini Azeret.] Shabbat Morning Service (Birchot haShachar – End of Amida) 14 For Shabbat Chol HaMoed see special slide.special slide It is a Liberal custom (since 19 th cent.) to stand for the first section of the Shema as a witness and as in the Amidah.

16 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Ein KamochaAdonai Malach Nusach or composition Av haRachamimMinor or composition Vayehi binsoaMajor or composition Shema / echad / gadluMajor or composition Lecha AdonaiMajor or composition Bracha before the readingin Weekday [study] Minor Bar/Bat Mitzvah in UK: Major from Portuguese tradition) Calls (ya’amod / ta’amod), misheberachs should be in Major, but usually is in Minor Bracha after the readingMajor (anticipates call for next one) [ Chatzi Kaddish before Maftir: study mode (or Ahavah Rabbah) not in Liberal/Reform] (various traditions here! Often Friday evening is used) Vezot hatorahmelody in Major Bracha before Haftarain Haftara trop (or read if Haftarah is read) Bracha after Haftaraspecial melody [ Misheberach for congregation Minor not done in Liberal ] last shabbat in month: Blessing for new month [ AshreMajornot done in Liberal and Reform ] Yehallelu and Hodo al eretzMajor Psalm 29Major / or composition Uvnucho yomarMajor ; mumbled silently / composition (BSS, Liberal, Reform) Shabbat Morning Service 2 (Tora Reading Shabbat Morning) 15 Klick here to hear on websiteprint

17 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview MATERIALS: Mi shebeirach for Olim and Chatzi Kaddish before Maftir 16 MI SHEBEIRACH in major CHATZI KADDISH BEFORE MAFTIR in Ahavah Rabbah Samples taken from: Andrew Bernard, The Sound of Sacred Time, Charlotte, NC: Andrew Bernard, 2005, p. 118) NOTE: Both are usually not done in Liberal congregations, seldom in Reform congregations, because Mi Shebeirach interrupts the listening to the torah and Maftir is linked to mussaf which is linked to the tradition of sacrifices, whose mentioning was abolished by Classical Reform.

18 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview MATERIALS: Mevarchim hachodesh (Rosh Chodesh Bentshing / Birkat haChodesh) Note: this is NOT done ON Rosh Chodesh itself! but on the SHABBAT BEFORE ROSH CHODESH after the prayers for the government, Israel and congregation. 1 st passage: Yehi ratzon milfanechaMinor with modulation into Ahavah Rabba Mode 2 nd passage: Mi she’asah nisimAdonai Malach Mode 3 rd passage: anouncementSaid Congregation repeats [one could play with motives here, for example include melodies, nusach or trop typical for the festival in that month.) 4 th passage: Yechad’sheihuIN LEITMELODY OF FESTIVAL in the new month or in Adonai Malach Mode 17 Suggestions for tunes for the month to chant Yechad’sheihu: Nissan: Melody of Adir Hu (= Leitmotiv for Pessach); Iyar: Melody of Israel National Anthem; Sivan: Melody of Akdamut (= Leitmotiv for Shavuot); Tammuz: Ekha Trop or Adonai Malach Mode; Av: Melody of eli tzion (piyyut for Tisha beAv); Ellul: Selicha Mode; Tishri: High Holiday Mi Sinai tune of Evening Service ; Cheshvan: -- no festival in this month, use Adonai Malach Mode or just read ; Kislev: Melody of Maoz Tzur; Tevet: Ekha Trop or Adonai Malach Mode ; Shevat: Melody of a known Tu BiShevat Song (TubiShevat higia….); Adar: Melody of a known Purim Song (Ani Purim….)

19 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Shabbat Morning Service 3 ([Mussaf] and end) Chatzi KaddishAdonai Malach Beginning of Mussaf Amida till yimloch adonai Adonai Malach leDor vaDor till end of AmidaAhavah Rabba (same as in Shacharit, but of course with different text) Kaddish TitkabbalMajor AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition Mourner’s Kaddishread Final songcomposition 18 If you don’t have Mussaf, skip this and continue with Aleinu. print

20 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Ashre (Psalm 145)Magein Avot Chatzi KaddishMagein Avot with Mincha Leitmotiv short Torah-Reading (as on weekday)melodies as on Shabbat or with Mincha Leitmotiv Chatzi KaddishMagein Avot (study mode) Amida beginning till yimlochas on Weekdays (pentatonic) leDor vaDor till endShabbat Mincha mode Kaddish titkabbalMajor (if not special occasion) AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition Mourner’s Kaddishread final song Shabbat Mincha 19 print Note: torah reading is before the Amida in Mincha services.

21 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview The following slides are under construction NOT FOR USAGE IN THE UK YET ! 20

22 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview 3Regalim Avonddienst avond weekdag [if Candle lighting: don’t use a Chanukka tune, but a tune leading to the Festival. The candles are “ner shel yom tov”.] 180blueMa Tovucomposition copyShemot 23:14-17 (Shalosh regalim tachog / Driemaal per jaar …) 188blueCandlelighting tune as on Shabbat (if you use one) Shehecheyanu (if you have 2 days, you say it both evenings) blueBarchu, Shma and its blessingsFestival Evening Nusach (Adonai Eloheichem emet and Emet ve’emuna in Festival Ev. Nusach) 24Bentsh-book Vayedaber MosheFestival Evening Nusach Chatzi-KaddishFestival Evening Nusach blueSilent Amida beginsilent blue for 4th beracha for Festival, use text „ weekday version“ (on Shavuot add yourself the needed wording) complete text is found in green temporary siddur silent blueContinue with Retze till end of Amidasilent 21 On 1 st evening of Sukkot ( IF there is no morning service in the congregation): 546blue/262GREEN Beracha for Lulav 1 st time shaking blue/ GREENHallel -- /264GREEN Hakafot with Lulav 242blue/ 98GREEN Kaddish titkabbal (It’s a custom to use elaborate melodies) Bentsh-bookKiddush [On Sukkot in the Sukkah, on Pesach at the Seder, both after Aleinu, on Shavuot at the meal and study session if there is one.)Festival Melody 246blue/140GREENAleinu (Adonai Malach or comp.), Kaddish Yatom (read), Adon Olam (composition) On Erev Simchat Torah: Often a shortened Torah service specially tailored to the children, check local minhag. 266green Ata horeta lada‘at Hakafot On 1 st evening of Pesach: Keep service short (if there is a cong.service), people want to start the seder. On Erev Shavuot: Nothing special in the service for Shavuot (the service may be before, after or in the middle of the study session [Tikkun Leil Shavuot]) On Erev Simchat Torah: Year‘s Kaddish Klick here to hear on websiteprint

23 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview 3Regalim Avonddienst avond weekdag (simple overview traditional) Intro BARCHU3Regalim Evening Nusach Shma and its blessings3Regalim Evening Nusach Mi kamocha in special melody for the festival: Pesach : Adir huh tune Shavuot : Akdamut tune Sukkot : Lulav tune Vayedaber Moshe3Regalim Nusach Chatzi Kaddish3Regalim Evening Nusach Silent Amida Kiddush3Regalim tune AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition Mourner’s Kaddishread Adon Olamcomposition 22 Klick here to hear on website print

24 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview 3Regalim Avonddienst avond Sjabbat (3 additions) [if Candle lighting: don’t use a Chanukka tune, but a tune leading to the Festival. The candles are “ner shel shabbat ve yom tov”.] 180blueMa Tovu (= Grote Ma tovu by Lewandowski) copyShemot 23:14-17 (Shalosh regalim tachog / Driemaal per jaar …) 188blueCandlelighting tune as on Shabbat (if you use one) Shehecheyanu (if you have 2 days, you say it both evenings, except on RH) bluePsalm 92 and 93as on Shabbat blueBarchu, Shma and its blessings Festival Evening Nusach (Adonai Eloheichem emet and Emet ve’emuna in Festival Ev. Nusach) 220blueVeshamruas on Shabbat 24Bentsh-book Vayedaber MosheFestival Evening Nusach Chatzi-KaddishFestival Evening Nusach blueAmida beginsilent blue4th beracha for Festival, use text „ weekday version“ (on Shavuot add yourself the needed wording) complete text is found in green temporary siddur silent blueRetze till end of Amidasilent 240Me’en Sheva (Magein Avot)Shabbat Evening Nusach (Magein Avot Nusach) 23 On 1 st evening of Sukkot ( IF there is no morning service in the congregation): 546blue/262GREEN Beracha for Lulav 1 st time shaking blue/ GREENHallel --/264GREEN Hakafot with Lulav 242blue/ 98GREENKaddish titkabbalstudy mode Bentsh-bookKiddush Festival Melody 246blue/140GREENAleinu (Adonai Malach or comp.), Kaddish Yatom (read), Adon Olam (composition) [On Sukkot Kiddush in the Sukkah (after...leishev baSukka and Shehecheyanu / on Pesach at the Seder after service / on Shavuot at the meal and study session if there is one] On Erev Simchat Torah: Often a shortened Torah service specially tailored to the children, check local minhag. 266green Ata horeta lada‘at Hakafot On 1 st evening of Pesach: Keep service short (if there is a cong.service), people want to start the seder. On Erev Simchat Torah: Year‘s Kaddish Note: this slide is not for Chol haMoed, but for the festival falling on Shabbat. Klick here to hear on websiteprint On Erev Shavuot: Nothing special in the service for Shavuot (the service may be before, after or in the middle of the study session [Tikkun Leil Shavuot])

25 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview 3Regalim Ochtenddienst 1 (Birchot haShachar – End of Hallel) 32-38greenBirchot haShacharas on Shabbat (Psalm mode) 38-58greenPsuke deZimraas on Shabbat (Psalm mode) weekday/shabbat have different texts but all sung in shabbat nusach UNTIL 58greenHA-EL BETA’ATZUMOTspecial melody for 3Regalim continued for shochen and befi yesharim (= Western tradition) 58-76greenYishtabach till BARCHU andnusach as on Shabbat (Yishtabach Mode) Shma and its blessings weekday/shabbat have different texts in JOTZER but all sung in Yishtabach Mode) 78-80Amida Avot and Gevurot as on Shabbat (Adonai Malach Nusach) 84Kedusha (na’aritzcha… leDor)begin as on Shabbat, at leDor vaDor switch to Festival Nusach green4 th beracha Kedushat Hayom for FestivalFestival Nusach 88-92greenRetze till end of AmidaFestival Nusach on Sukkot: 546blue/262GREEN Beracha for Lulav 1st time shaking (some congr. don‘t shake on Shabbat) greenHallel melodies with special seasonal melodies for Ps 118: 1-4 and 25 Pesach : Adir huh tune Shavuot : Akdamut tune Sukkot : Lulav tune / and shake Lulav (note: on Pesach (except 1 st day) skip Psalm 115:1-11 and 116:1-11) --IF Bracha after Hallel: end with 3Regalim Cadence 264on Sukkot: if Hakafot with Lulav (“Hoshanot”) here OR after Mussaf 98Kaddish Titkabbalas on Shabbat / on Simchat Torah: Year’s Kaddish 24 Klick here to hear on websiteprint

26 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview 3Regalim Ochtenddienst 2 (Torah Service and Mussaf) 100greenTorah Service can be as on Shabbat, except adonai adonai el rachum vechanun (same melody for all festivals) on Simchat Torah expanded and with 266green Ata horeta lada‘at Hakafot on weekdays Ps 24 /// on Shabbat Ps 29 copies→ [ADD on 7 th day of Pesach, Shavuot, Shemini Azeret YISKOR with its own melodies] greenYehallelu and end of torah service as on Shabbat 25 JUST FOR GENERAL KNOWLEDGE - IF THERE IS MUSSAF: 118greenChatzi Kaddish for Mussaf as on Shabbat (but some use special melodies) on 1st day Pesach/Sh’mini Azeret Tal/Geshem melody greenMussaf Amida: beginning (Avot, Gevurot) Adonai Malach, on 1 st Pesach/ShemAz: Tal/Geshem Mi Sinai Melody 272green Tefillat Tal [on 1 st Pesach]; (Geshem [on ShemAz.] not in book) Replace p126 with Kedusha till yimloch adonai as on Shabbat le dor va dor till end 3Regalim Nusach → [on Sukkot: Hoshanot / Simchat Tora Hakkafot with their own melodies] 138greenKaddish titkabbal as on Shabbat (or elaborate one) but on Simchat Torah may be Year’s Kaddish 270greenOn Simchat Torah: Leshoni Konanta 140greenAleinu (Adonai Malach or comp.), Mourner’s Kaddish (read), Ein Kelohenu (comp) as on Shabbat 274greenKiddush (on Sukkot in Sukkah, on Pesach with Matzot) Festival Melody end of service) Klick here to hear on websiteprint

27 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Sjabbat Chol Hamo’ed Avonddienst [if Candle lighting: don’t use a Chanukka tune, but a tune leading to the Festival. The candles are “ner shel shabbat”.] Ma Tovu and songscompositions (free style) KABBALAT SHABBAT Psalms 95-99, 29Kabbalat Shabbat (Adonai Malach Nusach) Lecha Dodi composition (if Nusach, mostly Adonai Malach) Ps (= liturgical beginning of shabbat) Adonai Malach (= Western tradition) MA’ARIV LE-SHABBAT BARCHU and Shema and itsspecial Shabbat nusach with festival identifying motives Blessings 220VeShamruoften composition (Shabbat nusach) 220Chatzi Kaddishspecial Shabbat nusach with festival identifying motives Silent Shabbat Amida 240Me’en Sheva (Magein Avot)Shabbat Evening Nusach (Magein Avot Nusach) 242Kaddish TitkabbalAdonai Malach Nusach 244Kiddush for ShabbatAdonai Malach Nusach AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition Mourner’s Kaddishread 254Adon Olam or Yigdalcomposition 26 The service is a regular Shabbat Service with only the addition of Ya’ale veyavo [p. 228 blue] into the Amida. Insert Ya’ale veyavo, p. 228 blue into silent Amida Kiddush after service Is normal Shabbat one. print

28 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Shabbat Chol Hamo’ed Ochtenddienst 32greenAdon Olam[0n Pesach to melody Adir Huh] 34-38greenBirchot haShacharspecial Shabbat Psalm mode in Major as every Shabbat 38greenBaruch she’amarspecial Shabbat Psalm mode in Major as every Shabbat 48greenPsalm 92as on Shabbat (skip p [Psalm 150, Baruch Adonai le’olam, Ki L’Adonai, Nishmat in a Chol haMoed Service!) greenPsalm 136 as on Shabbat 58green HA-EL BETA’ATZUMOTspecial melody for 3Regalim continued for shochen and befi yesharim (= Western tradition) 58-76greenYishtabach till BARCHU andnusach as every Shabbat (Yishtabach Mode) Shma and its blessings but Shma 1 st line sung to Festival tune, rest torah trope Mi chamocha to seasonal melody of Festival (see below) 78ffSilent Amida Amida is not repeated if there is a Mussaf (Dutch Minhag). If there is no Mussaf: repeat: 78-80greenAmida Avot and Gevurot as on Shabbat (Adonai Malach Nusach) 84greenKedusha (na’aritzcha… leDor)begin as on Shabbat, at leDor vaDor switch to Ahavah Rabba as on Shabbat green4 th beracha Kedushat Hayom for Shabbat Ahavah Rabba as on Shabbat BUT INSERT YA’ALE VEYAVOin Festival Nusach 88-92greenRetze till end of AmidaAhavah Rabba as on Shabbat greenHallel melodies with special seasonal melodies for Ps 118: 1-4 and 25 Pesach : Adir huh tune Shavuot : Akdamut tune Sukkot : Lulav tune / and shake Lulav (note: on Pesach skip Psalm 115:1-11 and 116:1-11) --IF Bracha after Hallel: end with 3Regalim Cadence 98greenKaddish Titkabbalas on Shabbat on Pesach or Sukkot: read Shir haShirim/Kohelet here greenToraservice as on Shabbat (but special readings) 120ff, replace IF Mussaf, chant beginning as on Shabbat, but say atta vechartanu text for Shabbat with Festival p. 126 with Nusach and continue till end in Festival nusach greenAleinu, Kaddish, Ein Kelohenu as on Shabbat 27 Show pages in BLUE book Show pages in GREEN book If your congregation uses the lulav on shabbat, click to see the next slide. Kiddush after service Is normal Shabbat one. 34 blue blue 40 blue 50 blue 260 (ha-el) blue blue blue 288 blue blue 298 blue blue 348, but go to for Atavechartanu, don’t say Ya’ale veYavo, continue with Reze on p blue It’s a Shabbat that happens to be during a Festival, the Shabbat is more important than the Festival, that means we recite the normal Shabbat Amida in Shabbat Nusach, but insert YA’ALE VEYAVO ( ) in Festival Nusach. We do the Mussaf of the Festival as on all other Chol haMoed days (IF the congr. is used to have Mussaf), but only Kedushat haYom is chanted in Festival Nusach, the rest as on shabbat. print

29 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Additional remarks on Shabbat Chol Hamo’ed Ochtenddienst  LULAV ON SHABBAT  It depends on local minhag, if the lulav is taken on Shabbat. If so, use it before Hallel and then during Hallel. You may do the Hakkafot before Kaddish Titkabbal, if you did not do them on the 1 st day. Beracha for Lulav: p. 262 green Hakkafot with Lulav: p. 264green  MEGILLAH  The Megilla is read on Shabbat Chol haMoed, but if there is none, that is, if the 1 st day of Pesach/Sukkot falls on Shabbat, chant Shir haShirim/Kohelet on the last day of Pesach/on Shemini Atzeret.]  KIDDUSH  The Kiddush on Chol haMoed Shabbat is said as on a regular Shabbat (also on Friday night.) 28

30 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview How to wave the lulav  While standing, hold the lulav with the spine (the long green thicker line) towards you, the 2 willows (aravim) should be at your left, the 3 myrtles (hadassim) at your right. While saying the blessing, hold the pitom (the tip) pointing down. After the blessing turn it over, so that the pitom is on top.  Wave the lulav after the bracha after the Amida and during Hallel for some verses in Psalm 118 (1-2, 25, and 29). Start wawing it 3 times in to your front (= east, as you are facing east) and continue clockwise. Never wave at “adonai”. 29 HODU LADONAI KI TOV KI LEOLAM HASDO Front -- right back left up down YOMAR NA YISRAEL KI LEOLAM HASDO Front right back left up down ANA ADONAI HOSHIANA NA, ANA ADONAI HATSLICHA NA. Front -- right back left -- up down print 3x

31 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Notes on Chol Chol Hamo’ed Weekdag Avonddienst As on all weekday evenings; however in the silent Weekday Amidah add YA’ALEH veYAVO. Ochtenddienst Till end of Amida as on all weekday mornings; however in the Weekday Amidah add YA’ALEH veYAVO. [IF tefillin are worn, they are removed after the Amidah. [On Sukkot: use the lulav.] Chant Hallel after Weekday Amida./ On Pesach Half-Hallel. On Sukkot: If you don’t do Mussaf, do Hoshanot after Hallel. Conclude this part with Kaddish Titkabal.) There is a Torah reading for Chol hamoed (4 aliyot). IF you do Mussaf, recite the Festival Mussaf. [On Sukkot: After Mussaf do Hoshanot.] 30

32 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Rosj Hasjana Avonddienst avond weekdag [if Candle lighting: don’t use a Chanukka tune, but a tune preparing the athmosphere of the day. The candles are “ner shel yom tov”.] 9Ma tovucomposition (Grote Ma tovu by Lewandowski) 12BarchuMi Sinai High Holiday tune for Evenings 12-13Maariv Aravim - Ahavat OlamAdonai Malach nusach for High Holidays, the chatimot use Mi Sinai HH evening leitmotiv 14ShemaHigh Holiday melody Veahavta etc.High Holiday torah trope if possible, otherwise regular trop, or silent 16-19Adonai elohechem emet till Hashkiveinu Adonai Malach nusach for High Holidays, p. 18 mi kamocha in Mi Sinai HH Evening leitmotiv 20Tik’u bachodesh shofar composition (Adonai Malach) 20Chatzi KaddishHigh Holiday Nusach with Mi Sinai HH Evening leitmotiv 21-30silent High Holiday Amida 30Kiddush3Regalim Nusach, may change to a HHtune at end or composition 31AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition (but NOT the “great Alenu”) 33-34Mourner’s Kaddishread 34-35Adon Olamcomposition/note High Holidays melodies 31 Klick here to hear on websiteprint

33 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Rosj Hasjana Avonddienst avond Sjabbat (3 additions) [if Candle lighting: don’t use a Chanukka tune, but a tune preparing the athmosphere of the day. The candles are “ner shel shabbat ve yom tov”.] 9Ma tovucomposition (Grote Ma tovu by Lewandowski) 9-11Ps (= liturgical beginning of shabbat) Adonai Malach (= Western tradition) 12BarchuMi Sinai High Holiday tune for Evenings 12-13Maariv Aravim - Ahavat OlamAdonai Malach nusach for High Holidays, the chatimot use Mi Sinai HH evening leitmotiv 14ShemaHigh Holiday melody Veahavta etc.High Holiday torah trope if possible, otherwise regular trop, or silent 16-19Adonai elohechem emet till Hashkiveinu Adonai Malach nusach for High Holidays, p. 18 mi kamocha in Mi Sinai HH Evening leitmotiv 20VeshamruAs on Shabbat (Magein Avot Nusach Shabbat Evening Nusach) 20Tik’u bachodesh shofar Composition (Adonai Malach) 20Chatzi KaddishHigh Holiday Nusach with Mi Sinai HH Evening leitmotiv 21-30silent High Holiday Amida 30VayechuluShabbat Evening Nusach (Magein Avot Nusach) 30Kiddush3Regalim Nusach, may change to a HHtune at end 31AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition (but NOT the “great Alenu”) 33-34Mourner’s Kaddishread 34-35Adon Olamcomposition/note High Holidays melodies 32 Note: there is no “Kabbalat Shabbat” part, and therefore no Lecha Dodi on High Holidays on Shabbat. Klick here to hear on websiteprint

34 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Rosj Hasjana Ochtenddienst 1 (Birchot haShachar – End of Amida) 39-40Adon Olam, composition (there are special High Holiday compositions) shachar avakeshchacomposition 41-46Birchot haShacharpsalm mode as on Shabbat 46-57Psuke deZimraHH shacharit nusach 57HAMELECHMi Sinai tune 58YishtabachHH shacharit nusach 58BARCHUHH shacharit nusach 58-61Yotzer, Ahavah RabbahHH shacharit nusach 62Shemaspecial melodie as on evening 62-65Veahavta etc.Torah trop or silent 65-66Adonai elohechem emet etcHH shacharit nusach 67-82silent High Holiday Amida 82Avinu Malkenucomposition as minhag hamakom 85Kaddish TitkabalMajor (before Torareading) 33 Klick here to hear on websiteprint

35 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Rosj Hasjana Ochtenddienst 2 (Torah service) 87-89opening Torah serviceas on Shabbat BUT note: before Shema: Adonai Adonai in tune as Minhag haMakom Chant Shma in High Holiday Tune Gadlu and Havu L’Adonai by Sulzer (not by Lewand. as on Shabbat) 89-90there are special melodies for Brachot before Aliyot, but most people don’t use them use special High Holiday trope for Torah reading Haftarah is chanted/read as normal prayers after Torah reading as normal on Shabbat TEKIYOT: 126shofar blessingsspecial Nusach 127shofar callsspecial melody 128Psalm 145as on shabbat (by Sulzer) 130end of Torah serviceas on shabbat Yehallelu and Hodo (by Sulzer) 34 Klick here to hear on websiteprint

36 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Rosj Hasjana Ochtenddienst 3 (Mussaf till end) 131Chatzi Kaddish before Mussaf (in nusach leading to Amida) Rosh HaShana Mussaf Amida several High Holiday Nusschaot with Tekiyot Here (p. 144) – only here - is the place for the “Great Alenu”.) 155Mourner’s Kaddishread 157Ein Kelohenucomposition 35 Klick here to hear on websiteprint

37 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Jom Hakipoeriem Avonddienst avond weekdag [if Candle lighting: don’t use a Chanukka tune, but a tune preparing the athmosphere of the day. The candles are “ner shel yom tov”.] In some congregation: introduction 136 Kol NidreMi Sinai Tune Venislach – shehecheyanu Adonai Malach for HH, use: tunes as minhag hamakom 167BarchuMi Sinai High Holiday leitmotiv for Evenings Maariv Aravim - Ahavat OlamAdonai Malach nusach for High Holidays, chatimot in HH evening Mi Sinai leitmotiv 169ShemaHigh Holiday melody Veahavta etc.HH torah trope if possible, or normal trop, or silent Adonai elohechem emet till Hashkiveinu Adonai Malach nusach for High Holidays, p. 171 mi kamocha in Mi Sinai HH Evening leitmotiv 172Ki vayom hazeh Adonai Malach for High Holidays 173Chatzi KaddishHigh Holiday Nusach with Mi Sinai Evening HH Leitmotiv silent High Holiday Amida Slichot and Vidui special nusach for Slichot and special nusach for Vidui AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition (but NOT the “great Alenu”) Mourner’s Kaddishread Adon Olamcomposition/note High Holidays melodies 36 With the exception of Kol Nidre all the melodies are the same as on Rosj Hasjana Avonddienst. Klick here to hear on websiteprint

38 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Jom Hakipoeriem Avonddienst avond Sjabbat (3 additions) [if Candle lighting: don’t use a Chanukka tune, but a tune preparing the athmosphere of the day. The candles are “ner shel shabbat ve yom tov”.] In some congregation: introduction 136 Kol NidreMi Sinai Tune Venislach – shehecheyanu Adonai Malach for HH, use: tunes as minhag hamakom Ps (= liturgical beginning of shabbat) Adonai Malach (= Western tradition) 167BarchuMi Sinai High Holiday leitmotiv for Evenings Maariv Aravim - Ahavat OlamAdonai Malach nusach for High Holidays, chatimot in HH evening Mi Sinai leitmotiv 169ShemaHigh Holiday melody Veahavta etc.HH torah trope if possible, or normal trop, or silent Adonai elohechem emet till Hashkiveinu Adonai Malach nusach for High Holidays, p. 171 mi kamocha in Mi Sinai HH Evening leitmotiv 172VeshamruMagein Avot (Shabbat Evening Nusach) 172Ki vayom hazeh Adonai Malach for High Holidays 173Chatzi KaddishHigh Holiday Nusach with Mi Sinai Evening HH Leitmotiv silent High Holiday Amida Slichot and Vidui special Nusach for Slichot and special Nusach for Vidui AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition (but NOT the “great Alenu”) Mourner’s Kaddishread Adon Olamcomposition/note High Holidays melodies 37 Klick here to hear on websiteprint With the exception of Kol Nidre all the melodies are the same as on Rosj Hasjana Avonddienst falling on a Shabbat.

39 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Jom Hakipoeriem Ochtenddienst 1 (Birchot haShachar – End of Amida) Shachar avakeshcha, Adon Olamcomposition Birchot haShacharpsalm mode as on Shabbat Psuke deZimraHH shacharit nusach HAMELECHMi Sinai tune 253YishtabachHH shacharit nusach 254BARCHUHH shacharit nusach Yotzer, Ahava RabbahHH shacharit nusach 259Shemaspecial melodie as on evening Veahavta etc.Torah trop or silent 262Adonai elohechem emet etcHH shacharit nusach silent High Holiday Amida Chazarat HaTefillahseveral HH nuschaot 85Kaddish TitkabalMajor (before Torareading) 38 The text is different, but the melodies are the same as in Rosj Hasjana Ochtenddienst. Klick here to hear on websiteprint

40 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Jom Hakipoeriem Ochtenddienst 2 (Torah service) opening Torah serviceas on Shabbat BUT note: before Shema: Adonai Adonai in tune as Minhag haMakom Chant Shma in High Holiday Tune Gadlu and Havu L’Adonai by Sulzer (not by Lewand. as on Shabbat) 328there are special melodies for Brachot before Aliyot, but most people don’t use them use special High Holiday trope for Torah reading Haftarah is chanted/read as normal prayers after Torah reading as normal on Shabbat Psalm 145as on shabbat (by Sulzer) 347end of Torah serviceas on shabbat Yehallelu and Hodo (by Sulzer) 39 The text is different, but the melodies are the same as in Rosj Hasjana Ochtenddienst. Klick here to hear on websiteprint

41 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Jom Hakipoeriem Mussaf 361Chatzi Kaddish before Mussaf (in nusach leading to Amida) silent Amida Chazarat Hatefillah Mussaf Amida for Yom Kippur several High Holiday Nuschaot with Avodah with special melodies 432Mourner’s Kaddishread Continues with Mincha (starting with Torahreading p. 433, see next slide) 40 This is the most important part of the whole day ! Be aware of that when you do it. Klick here to hear on websiteprint

42 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Jom Hakipoeriem Mincha 432Chatzi Kaddish Magein Avot with Shabbat Mincha Leitmotiv Torah Serviceas on Shabbat Mincha but with Haftara (Jonah) [often lead by the youth in the congregation] 452Chatzi KaddishMagein Avot silent High Holiday Amida Chazarat HaTefillahseveral High Holiday Nuschaot 507Kaddish TitkabbalMajor 41 Mincha prepares us for the normal life AFTER this day. print

43 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Yizkor Yizkor is often inserted before Neila, although it originally belonged to Torah Service (remember Lecture by Eli about Yizkor.) Has special melodies/compositions. Klick here for the website Yom Kippur Yizkor. Klick here for lecture about Yizkor. 42

44 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Jom Hakipoeriem Neila 510El Norah Alilatraditional Portuguese melody AshreMagein Avot for High Holidays Uvah leZionMagein Avot for High Holidays Yah shimchacomposition 517Chatzi Kaddish for NeilaNeila Mi Sinai Tune Silent Neila Amida Chazarat haTefillahAvot and Gevurot in Neila Tune Rest Nusach as in other HHservices BUT NOTE DIFFERENT TEXT ! and special traditions as Amsterdam (Deutsche) Kedusha, melodies for Ptach Lanu Sha’ar and other Piyutim Avinu Malkenucomposition 567Kaddish TitkabbalMajor / “Sukkot Kaddish” in preparation for the next festival (special Dutch tradition) 569FINALspecial Havdalah as on end of Shabbat (Weekday mode) 43 The whole Neila service is special, we have nowhere else a 4 th prayer time, there are, however, several TYPICAL Neila features not used during the day so far, and these are: The purpose of this service is to create a smooth transition between Yom Kippur and normal life. It’s as important as Kol Nidre. Klick here to hear on websiteprint

45 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Avonddienst voor Weekdagen → On special days start with special readings, overview see p Intro 120BarchuAhava Rabba Ma’ariv aravim and Ahavat Olam Ahava Rabba Shema Major (= liberal tradition), and torah trope Adonai elohechem emet, Geula Eastern Ahava Rabba and Hashkivenu 130Chatzi Kaddish Eastern Ahava Rabba Silent Weekday-AmidaSilent 154Kaddish TitkabbalMagein Avot (study mode) → On Purim: Megillat Ester, on Tisha beAv: Echa and Kinot, between Pesach and Shavuot: count the omer, on Chanukkah: light candles; on Saturday evening make Havdalah. special readings on special days, Yom HaShoa (and 4 May), Yom HaZikaron and Yom HaAtzmaut, overview see p. 154, in Elul add Psalm AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition 116Mourner’s KaddishRead → for Shiva Service: see p. 618 or (preferably) use special book. 44 Note: Our Nusach for Weekdays is a combination between Eastern and Western traditions, as it was the case in many places of the Western Tradition already in the early 20 th century. Only very few places preserved a pure Western Weekday tradition (Basel, Colmar). On Chanukka, Purim, Yom HaAtzmaut don’t forget to insert Al hanissim into the silent Amida (p. 162,164). On Rosh Chodesh don’t forget to insert Ya’ale veyavo (p. 164). Klick here to hear on websiteprint

46 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Ochtenddienst voor Weekdagen 32-34Ma Tovu/ Yigdal/ Adon Olam/ Shachar avakeshcha composition 36-40Birchot haShacharMagein Avot Study mode (as Brachot before 40-56Pesuke deZimraMagein Avot Study mode Torahreading) 58End of Pesuke deZimra: Yishtabach Ahavah Rabba mode, but simpler than Shab. 58Chazi KaddishAhavah Rabba mode, but simpler than Shab. 60Barchu Ahavah Rabba mode, but simpler than Shab. 60Yotzer Ahavah Rabba mode, but simpler than Shab. 62Ahava Rabbah Ahavah Rabba mode, but simpler than Shab. 64Shema Major (=liberal tradition) and Torah Trop Adonai elohechem Ahavah Rabba mode, but simpler than Shab. Geula Ahavah Rabba mode, but simpler than Shab Weekday Amida 72-90Amida is repeated by ChazzanWeekday Nusach (pentatonic) 45 → On Monday and Thursday and on Rosh Chodesh: 94 Short Torah Reading, see slide. → On Rosh Chodesh / Chanukka: 682 [Half] Hallel (half = RCh, full = Ch.) 110Kaddish TitkabbalMagein Avot Study mode 112AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition 116Mourner’s KaddishRead → On Purim and Tisha beAv: Megillat Esther/Echa On Chanukka, Purim, Yom HaAtzmaut don’t fcorget to insert Al hanissim into the Amida (p ). On Rosh Chodesh don’t forget to insert Ya’ale veyavo (p.84) Note: Our Nusach for Weekdays is a combination between Eastern and Western traditions, as it was the case in many places of the Western Tradition already in the early 20 th century. Only very few places preserved a pure Western Weekday tradition (Basel, Colmar). Klick here to hear on websiteprint

47 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Sjabbat Torah Reading (Tora Reading Shabbat Morning) Ein Kamochah Av haRachamim 96Vayehi binsoahMajor or composition Shema / echad / 96gadluMajor or composition 96Lecha AdonaiMajor or composition Brachah before the readingin Major (= Dutch tradition, inherited from portugese tradition) Calls (ya’amod / ta’amod), misheberachs in Major Brachah after the readingMajor (anticipates call for next one) [if Chatzi Kaddish before Maftir: study mode or Ahavah Rabbah] Vezot hatorahmelody in Major Bracha before Haftarahin Haftara trop (or read if Haftarah is read) Bracha after Haftarahspecial melody Misheberach for congregation Ashre 100Yehallelu and Hodo al eretzMajor 100Psalm 29Major/composition 102uvnucho yomarcomposition 46 Not on weekdays Psalm 24 on weekdays on Monday/Thursday Weekdays Not on weekdays ON WEEKDAYS ONLY 3 ALIYOT, ONLY SHORT TEXT IS READ (Traditionally the first Shabbat Aliya but split into 3 Aliyot, see the divisions in a Tikkun Kor’im.) ON ROSH CHODESH 4 Aliyot and special torah reading. We don’t have much time on weekdays, therefore don’t make it too long. print

48 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Mincha voor Weekdagen For the plan of the mincha service, see the LJG siddur page 119. The instructions for the continuation of the mincha service after the end of the Amida, see the LJG siddur page 152 and 154. It is nothing new, basically just Ashre and the Weekday Amida in the same nussach as in Weekday Shaharit. Therefore there is no extra slide necessary. Klick here to hear on Website. 47

49 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview The books that we used in our course: ‪ Lewandowski, Louis: Kol Rinnah U’T’fillah : Ein und zweistimmige Gesänge für den israelitischen Gottesdienst, Berlin, (for cantor and two voices.) = CD Lewandowski, Louis: Toda W’simrah: Vierstimmige Chöre und Soli für den israelitischen Gottesdienst mit und ohne Begleitung der Orgel. Erster Theil: Sabbath; Berlin,1882; Zweiter Theil: Festgesänge, 10. Aufl. Frankfurt a.Main (for cantor, four part choir and congregation.) = CD Ne’eman, Yehoshua L.: Nosah Lahazan : The Traditional Chant of the Synagogue according to the Lithuanian Jerusalem Musical Tradition, vol.1: Complete Service for the High Holidays, Jerusalem 1972/73.; vol. 2: Tefillat Shabbat, Jerusalem 1968/69. Spiro, Pinchas: Complete Weekday Service : a musical siddur. New York: Cantors Assembly, (book and also CDs are available from the Cantors Assembly Sulzer, Joseph: Schir Zion : Gesänge für den israelitischen Gottesdienst. 3. Aufl. Frankfurt a. Main, = CD And see the sheet music in the Muziekbibliotheek on See also: Andrew Bernard, The Sound of Sacred Time : A basic music theory textbook to teach the Jewish prayer modes, Charlotte, NC: private publication, (we have not used this in the course and this is based on the Eastern European tradition, not Dutch traditions. It is based on the traditional liturgy and the American Reform liturgy, but it’s interesting, only use with the awareness that this is not our tradition.) 48

50 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview To print Versions of the Slides The following slides are repetitions of the ones you just saw, but without animations, so that they can be printed. 49

51 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Sjabbat Avonddienst [if Candle lighting: don’t use a Chanukka tune if it’s not Chanukka, but a tune leading to Kabbalat Shabbat] Ma Tovu and songscompositions (free style) KABBALAT SHABBAT Psalms 95-99, 29Kabbalat Shabbat (Adonai Malach Nusach) Lecha Dodi composition (if Nusach, mostly Adonai Malach) Ps (= liturgical beginning of shabbat) Adonai Malach (= Western tradition) MA’ARIV LE-SHABBAT BARCHU and Shema and itsspecial Shabbat nusach with identifying motives Blessings 220VeShamruoften composition (Shabbat nusach) 220Chatzi Kaddishspecial Shabbat nusach with identifying motives Silent Amida 240Me’en Sheva (Magein Avot)Shabbat Evening Nusach (Magein Avot Nusach) 242Kaddish TitkabbalAdonai Malach Nusach 244KiddushAdonai Malach Nusach AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition Mourner’s Kaddishread 254Adon Olam or Yigdalcomposition 50 Note: During the 3 weeks before 9Av and in some traditions during the weeks of Sefirat haOmer it is traditional to use a melody in minor for Lecha Dodi.

52 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Sjabbat Ochtenddienst 1 (Birchot haShachar – End of Amida) 4-39Birchot haShacharspecial Shabbat Psalm mode in Major 40-56Pesuke deZimraspecial Shabbat Psalm mode in Major (similar to Birchot haShachar) may contain some compositions for some parts, some could be in Minor Nishmat till beginning of Yotzer Or Yishtabach Mode [leaders sometimes change for SHOCHEN AD as the beginning of the cantorial part] End of Yotzer Or and Ahava Rabba Ahava Rabba Mode (Shabbat Morning style) Shmamelody in Major, and tora trope Ge’ula Ahavah Rabbah (Shabbat Morning style) Silent Amida In some congregations the Admida is not repeated but is said aloud in the Mussaf. Congregations that do not have Mussaf have to repeat the Amida here (it’s actually not an exact repetition, but contains extra pieces.) Loud Amida: Beginning till Yimloch Adonai: Adonai Malach LeDor vaDor till end: Ahavah Rabbah [if Rosh Chodesh or Festival: Half Hallel or Hallel, if Sukkot use Lulav in Hallel; some congregations do Hakkafot with Lulav here.] 298Kaddish Titkabbalin Major, leading to Torah Service [if this is a Shabbat during Pesach or Sukkot: read Shir haShirim/Kohelet here/ if 1 st day of Pesach/Sukkot falls on Shabbat, chant Shir haShirim/Kohelet on the last day of Pesach / on Shemini Azeret.] 51 For Shabbat Chol HaMoed see special slide.special slide

53 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Sjabbat Ochtenddienst 2 (Tora Reading Shabbat Morning) 300Ein KamochaAdonai Malach Nusach or composition Av haRachamimMinor or composition Vayehi binsoaMajor or composition 302Shema / echad / gadluMajor or composition Lecha AdonaiMajor or composition 304 Bracha before the readingin Major (= Dutch tradition, inherited from portugese tradition) Calls (ya’amod / ta’amod), misheberachs in Major Bracha after the readingMajor (anticipates call for next one) Chatzi Kaddish before Maftir: study mode (or Ahavah Rabbah) 304Vezot hatorahmelody in Major 328 Bracha before Haftarain Haftara trop (or read if Haftarah is read) Bracha after Haftaraspecial melody 332Misheberach for congregation Minor If last Shabbat in the month: p. 336 Mevarchin haChodesch, use typical melody of an event in the next month for Yechadshehu in the last passage. 338AshreMajor 338Yehallelu and Hodo al eretzMajor 338Psalm 29Major / or composition 340Uvnucho yomarcomposition 52

54 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Sjabbat Ochtenddienst 3 ([Mussaf] and end) 340Chatzi KaddishAdonai Malach Beginning of Mussaf Amida till yimloch adonai Adonai Malach 346-leDor vaDor till end of AmidaAhavah Rabba (same as in Shacharit, but of course with different text) 358Kaddish TitkabbalMajor If you don’t have Mussaf, skip this and continue on p. 360 Aleinu AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition 366Mourner’s Kaddishread 368final songcomposition 53

55 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Sjabbat Mincha OVERVIEW: SIDDUR P Ashre (Psalm 145)Magein Avot 130Chatzi KaddishMagein Avot with Mincha Leitmotiv short Torah-Reading (cf. weekday)as on Shabbat or with Mincha Leitmotiv 94Chatzi KaddishMagein Avot (study mode) 132Amida beginning till yimlochas on Weekdays (pentatonic) leDor vaDor till endShabbat Mincha mode 110Kaddish titkabbalMajor (if not special occusation) 112AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition 116Mourner’s Kaddishread final song (Adon Olam 254, or Yigdal 256 or En Kelohenu 368 or any other song) 54

56 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview 3Regalim Avonddienst avond weekdag [if Candle lighting: don’t use a Chanukka tune, but a tune leading to the Festival. The candles are “ner shel yom tov”.]] 180blueMa Tovucomposition copyShemot 23:14-17 (Shalosh regalim tachog / Driemaal per jaar …) 188blueCandlelighting tune as on Shabbat (if you use one) Shehecheyanu (if you have 2 days, you say it both evenings) blueBarchu, Shma and its blessingsFestival Evening Nusach (Adonai Eloheichem emet and Emet ve’emuna in Festival Ev. Nusach) 24Bentsh-book Vayedaber MosheFestival Evening Nusach Chatzi-KaddishFestival Evening Nusach blueSilent Amida beginsilent blue for 4th beracha for Festival, use text „ weekday version“ (on Shavuot add yourself the needed wording) complete text is found in green temporary siddur silent blueContinue with Retze till end of Amidasilent 55 On 1 st evening of Sukkot ( IF there is no morning service in the congregation): 546blue/262GREEN Beracha for Lulav 1 st time shaking blue/ GREENHallel -- /264GREEN Hakafot with Lulav 242blue/ 98GREEN Kaddish titkabbal (It’s a custom to use elaborate melodies) Bentsh-bookKiddush [On Sukkot in the Sukkah, on Pesach at the Seder, both after Aleinu, on Shavuot at the meal and study session if there is one.)Festival Melody 246blue/140GREENAleinu (Adonai Malach or comp.), Kaddish Yatom (read), Adon Olam (composition) On Erev Simchat Torah: Often a shortened Torah service specially tailored to the children, check local minhag. 266green Ata horeta lada‘at Hakafot On 1 st evening of Pesach: Keep service short (if there is a cong.service), people want to start the seder. On Erev Shavuot: Nothing special in the service for Shavuot (the service may be before, after or in the middle of the study session [Tikkun Leil Shavuot]) On Erev Simchat Torah: Year‘s Kaddish

57 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview 3Regalim Avonddienst avond weekdag (simple overview traditional) Intro BARCHU3Regalim Evening Nusach Shma and its blessings3Regalim Evening Nusach Mi kamocha in special melody for the festival: Pesach : Adir huh tune Shavuot : Akdamut tune Sukkot : Lulav tune Vayedaber Moshe3Regalim Nusach Chatzi Kaddish3Regalim Evening Nusach Silent Amida Kiddush3Regalim tune AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition Mourner’s Kaddishread Adon Olamcomposition 56

58 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview 3Regalim Ochtenddienst 1 (Birchot haShachar – End of Hallel) 32-38greenBirchot haShacharas on Shabbat (Psalm mode) 38-58greenPsuke deZimraas on Shabbat (Psalm mode) weekday/shabbat have different texts but all sung in shabbat nusach UNTIL 58greenHA-EL BETA’ATZUMOTspecial melody for 3Regalim continued for shochen and befi yesharim (= Western tradition) 58-76greenYishtabach till BARCHU andnusach as on Shabbat (Yishtabach Mode) Shma and its blessings weekday/shabbat have different texts in JOTZER but all sung in Yishtabach Mode) 78-80Amida Avot and Gevurot as on Shabbat (Adonai Malach Nusach) 84Kedusha (na’aritzcha… leDor)begin as on Shabbat, at leDor vaDor switch to Festival Nusach green4 th beracha Kedushat Hayom for FestivalFestival Nusach 88-92greenRetze till end of AmidaFestival Nusach on Sukkot: 546blue/262GREEN Beracha for Lulav 1st time shaking (some congr. don‘t shake on Shabbat) greenHallel melodies with special seasonal melodies for Ps 118: 1-4 and 25 Pesach : Adir huh tune Shavuot : Akdamut tune Sukkot : Lulav tune / and shake Lulav (note: on Pesach (except 1 st day) skip Psalm 115:1-11 and 116:1-11) --IF Bracha after Hallel: end with 3Regalim Cadence 264on Sukkot: if Hakafot with Lulav (“Hoshanot”) here OR after Mussaf 98Kaddish Titkabbalas on Shabbat / on Simchat Torah: Year’s Kaddish 57

59 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview 3Regalim Ochtenddienst 2 (Torah Service and Mussaf) 100greenTorah Service can be as on Shabbat, except adonai adonai el rachum vechanun (same melody for all festivals) on Simchat Torah expanded and with 266green Ata horeta lada‘at Hakafot on weekdays Ps 24 /// on Shabbat Ps 29 copies→ [ADD on 7 th day of Pesach, Shavuot, Shemini Azeret YISKOR with its own melodies] greenYehallelu and end of torah service as on Shabbat 58 JUST FOR GENERAL KNOWLEDGE - IF THERE IS MUSSAF: 118greenChatzi Kaddish for Mussaf as on Shabbat (but some use special melodies) on 1st day Pesach/Sh’mini Azeret Tal/Geshem melody greenMussaf Amida: beginning (Avot, Gevurot) Adonai Malach, on 1 st Pesach/ShemAz: Tal/Geshem Mi Sinai Melody 272green Tefillat Tal [on 1 st Pesach]; (Geshem [on ShemAz.] not in book) Replace p126 with Kedusha till yimloch adonai as on Shabbat le dor va dor till end 3Regalim Nusach → [on Sukkot: Hoshanot / Simchat Tora Hakkafot with their own melodies] 138greenKaddish titkabbal as on Shabbat (or elaborate one) but on Simchat Torah may be Year’s Kaddish 270greenOn Simchat Torah: Leshoni Konanta 140greenAleinu (Adonai Malach or comp.), Mourner’s Kaddish (read), Ein Kelohenu (comp) as on Shabbat 274greenKiddush (on Sukkot in Sukkah, on Pesach with Matzot) Festival Melody end of service)

60 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Sjabbat Chol Hamo’ed Avonddienst [if Candle lighting: don’t use a Chanukka tune, but a tune leading to the Festival. The candles are “ner shel shabbat”.] Ma Tovu and songscompositions (free style) KABBALAT SHABBAT Psalms 95-99, 29Kabbalat Shabbat (Adonai Malach Nusach) Lecha Dodi composition (if Nusach, mostly Adonai Malach) Ps (= liturgical beginning of shabbat) Adonai Malach (= Western tradition) MA’ARIV LE-SHABBAT BARCHU and Shema and itsspecial Shabbat nusach with festival identifying motives Blessings 220VeShamruoften composition (Shabbat nusach) 220Chatzi Kaddishspecial Shabbat nusach with festival identifying motives Silent Shabbat Amida with Ya’aleh veyavo (p. 228 blue) 240Me’en Sheva (Magein Avot)Shabbat Evening Nusach (Magein Avot Nusach) 242Kaddish TitkabbalAdonai Malach Nusach 244Kiddush for ShabbatAdonai Malach Nusach AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition Mourner’s Kaddishread 254Adon Olam or Yigdalcomposition 59

61 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Shabbat Chol Hamo’ed Ochtenddienst 32greenAdon Olam[0n Pesach to melody Adir Huh] 34-38greenBirchot haShacharspecial Shabbat Psalm mode in Major as every Shabbat 38greenBaruch she’amarspecial Shabbat Psalm mode in Major as every Shabbat 48greenPsalm 92as on Shabbat (skip p [Psalm 150, Baruch Adonai le’olam, Ki L’Adonai, Nishmat in a Chol haMoed Service!) greenPsalm 136 as on Shabbat 58green HA-EL BETA’ATZUMOTspecial melody for 3Regalim continued for shochen and befi yesharim (= Western tradition) 58-76greenYishtabach till BARCHU andnusach as every Shabbat (Yishtabach Mode) Shma and its blessings but Shma 1 st line sung to Festival tune, rest torah trope Mi chamocha to seasonal melody of Festival (see below) 78ffSilent Amida Amida is not repeated if there is a Mussaf (Dutch Minhag). If there is no Mussaf: repeat: 78-80greenAmida Avot and Gevurot as on Shabbat (Adonai Malach Nusach) 84greenKedusha (na’aritzcha… leDor)begin as on Shabbat, at leDor vaDor switch to Ahavah Rabba as on Shabbat green4 th beracha Kedushat Hayom for Shabbat Ahavah Rabba as on Shabbat BUT INSERT YA’ALE VEYAVOin Festival Nusach 88-92greenRetze till end of AmidaAhavah Rabba as on Shabbat greenHallel melodies with special seasonal melodies for Ps 118: 1-4 and 25 Pesach : Adir huh tune Shavuot : Akdamut tune Sukkot : Lulav tune / and shake Lulav (note: on Pesach skip Psalm 115:1-11 and 116:1-11) --IF Bracha after Hallel: end with 3Regalim Cadence 98greenKaddish Titkabbalas on Shabbat on Pesach or Sukkot: read Shir haShirim/Kohelet here greenToraservice as on Shabbat (but special readings) 120ff, replace IF Mussaf, chant beginning as on Shabbat, but say atta vechartanu text for Shabbat with Festival p. 126 with Nusach and continue till end in Festival nusach greenAleinu, Kaddish, Ein Kelohenu as on Shabbat 60 Show pages in BLUE book Show pages in GREEN book 34 blue blue 40 blue 50 blue 260 (ha-el) blue blue blue 288 blue blue 298 blue blue 348, but go to for Atavechartanu, don’t say Ya’ale veYavo, continue with Reze on p blue

62 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Additional remarks on Shabbat Chol Hamo’ed Ochtenddienst  LULAV ON SHABBAT  It depends on local minhag, if the lulav is taken on Shabbat. If so, use it before Hallel and then during Hallel. You may do the Hakkafot before Kaddish Titkabbal, if you did not do them on the 1 st day. Beracha for Lulav: p. 262 green Hakkafot with Lulav: p. 264green  MEGILLAH  The Megilla is read on Shabbat Chol haMoed, but if there is none, that is, if the 1 st day of Pesach/Sukkot falls on Shabbat, chant Shir haShirim/Kohelet on the last day of Pesach/on Shemini Atzeret.]  KIDDUSH  The Kiddush on Chol haMoed Shabbat is said as on a regular Shabbat (also on Friday night.) 61

63 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview How to wave the lulav  While standing, hold the lulav with the spine (the long green thick line) towards you, the 2 willows (aravim) should be at your left, the 3 myrtles (hadassim) at your right. While saying the blessing, hold the pitom (the tip) pointing down. After the blessing turn it over, so that the pitom is on top.  Wave the lulav after the bracha after the Amida and during Hallel for some verses in Psalm 118 (1-2, 25, and 29). Start wawing it 3 times in to your front (= east, as you are facing east) and continue clockwise. Never wave at “adonai”. 62 HODU LADONAI KI TOV KI LEOLAM HASDO Front -- right back left up down YOMAR NA YISRAEL KI LEOLAM HASDO Front right back left up down ANA ADONAI HOSHIANA NA, ANA ADONAI HATSLICHA NA. Front -- right back left -- up down 3x

64 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Notes on Chol Chol Hamo’ed Weekdag Avonddienst As on all weekday evenings; however in the silent Weekday Amidah add YA’ALEH veYAVO. Ochtenddienst Till end of Amida as on all weekday mornings; however in the Weekday Amidah add YA’ALEH veYAVO. [IF tefillin are worn, they are removed after the Amidah. [On Sukkot: use the lulav.] Chant Hallel after Weekday Amida./ On Pesach Half-Hallel. On Sukkot: If you don’t do Mussaf, do Hoshanot after Hallel. Conclude this part with Kaddish Titkabal.) There is a Torah reading for Chol hamoed (4 aliyot). IF you do Mussaf, recite the Festival Mussaf. [On Sukkot: After Mussaf do Hoshanot.] 63

65 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Rosj Hasjana Avonddienst avond weekdag [if Candle lighting: don’t use a Chanukka tune, but a tune preparing the athmosphere of the day. The candles are “ner shel yom tov”.] 9Ma tovucomposition (Grote Ma tovu by Lewandowski) 12BarchuMi Sinai High Holiday tune for Evenings 12-13Maariv Aravim - Ahavat OlamAdonai Malach nusach for High Holidays, the chatimot use Mi Sinai HH evening leitmotiv 14ShemaHigh Holiday melody Veahavta etc.High Holiday torah trope if possible, otherwise regular trop, or silent 16-19Adonai elohechem emet till Hashkiveinu Adonai Malach nusach for High Holidays, p. 18 mi kamocha in Mi Sinai HH Evening leitmotiv 20Tik’u bachodesh shofar composition (Adonai Malach) 20Chatzi KaddishHigh Holiday Nusach with Mi Sinai HH Evening leitmotiv 21-30silent High Holiday Amida 30Kiddush3Regalim Nusach, may change to a HHtune at end or composition 31AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition (but NOT the “great Alenu”) 33-34Mourner’s Kaddishread 34-35Adon Olamcomposition/note High Holidays melodies 64

66 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Rosj Hasjana Avonddienst avond Sjabbat (3 additions) [if Candle lighting: don’t use a Chanukka tune, but a tune preparing the athmosphere of the day. The candles are “ner shel shabbat ve yom tov”.] 9Ma tovucomposition (Grote Ma tovu by Lewandowski) 9-11Ps (= liturgical beginning of shabbat) Adonai Malach (= Western tradition) 12BarchuMi Sinai High Holiday tune for Evenings 12-13Maariv Aravim - Ahavat OlamAdonai Malach nusach for High Holidays, the chatimot use Mi Sinai HH evening leitmotiv 14ShemaHigh Holiday melody Veahavta etc.High Holiday torah trope if possible, otherwise regular trop, or silent 16-19Adonai elohechem emet till Hashkiveinu Adonai Malach nusach for High Holidays, p. 18 mi kamocha in Mi Sinai HH Evening leitmotiv 20VeshamruAs on Shabbat (Magein Avot Nusach Shabbat Evening Nusach) 20Tik’u bachodesh shofar Composition (Adonai Malach) 20Chatzi KaddishHigh Holiday Nusach with Mi Sinai HH Evening leitmotiv 21-30silent High Holiday Amida 30VayechuluShabbat Evening Nusach (Magein Avot Nusach) 30Kiddush3Regalim Nusach, may change to a HHtune at end 31AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition (but NOT the “great Alenu”) 33-34Mourner’s Kaddishread 34-35Adon Olamcomposition/note High Holidays melodies 65

67 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Rosj Hasjana Ochtenddienst 1 (Birchot haShachar – End of Amida) 39-40Adon Olam, composition (there are special High Holiday compositions) shachar avakeshchacomposition 41-46Birchot haShacharpsalm mode as on Shabbat 46-57Psuke deZimraHH shacharit nusach 57HAMELECHMi Sinai tune 58YishtabachHH shacharit nusach 58BARCHUHH shacharit nusach 58-61Yotzer, Ahavah RabbahHH shacharit nusach 62Shemaspecial melodie as on evening 62-65Veahavta etc.Torah trop or silent 65-66Adonai elohechem emet etcHH shacharit nusach 67-82silent High Holiday Amida 82Avinu Malkenucomposition as minhag hamakom 85Kaddish TitkabalMajor (before Torareading) 66

68 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Rosj Hasjana Ochtenddienst 2 (Torah service) 87-89opening Torah serviceas on Shabbat BUT note: before Shema: Adonai Adonai in tune as Minhag haMakom Chant Shma in High Holiday Tune Gadlu and Havu L’Adonai by Sulzer (not by Lewand. as on Shabbat) 89-90there are special melodies for Brachot before Aliyot, but most people don’t use them use special High Holiday trope for Torah reading Haftarah is chanted/read as normal prayers after Torah reading as normal on Shabbat TEKIYOT: 126shofar blessingsspecial Nusach 127shofar callsspecial melody 128Psalm 145as on shabbat (by Sulzer) 130end of Torah serviceas on shabbat Yehallelu and Hodo (by Sulzer) 67

69 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Rosj Hasjana Ochtenddienst 3 (Mussaf till end) 131Chatzi Kaddish before Mussaf (in nusach leading to Amida) Rosh HaShana Mussaf Amida several High Holiday Nusschaot with Tekiyot Here (p. 144) – only here - is the place for the “Great Alenu”.) 155Mourner’s Kaddishread 157Ein Kelohenucomposition 68

70 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Jom Hakipoeriem Avonddienst avond weekdag [if Candle lighting: don’t use a Chanukka tune, but a tune preparing the athmosphere of the day. The candles are “ner shel yom tov”.] In some congregation: introduction 136 Kol NidreMi Sinai Tune Venislach – shehecheyanu Adonai Malach for HH, use: tunes as minhag hamakom 167BarchuMi Sinai High Holiday leitmotiv for Evenings Maariv Aravim - Ahavat OlamAdonai Malach nusach for High Holidays, chatimot in HH evening Mi Sinai leitmotiv 169ShemaHigh Holiday melody Veahavta etc.HH torah trope if possible, or normal trop, or silent Adonai elohechem emet till Hashkiveinu Adonai Malach nusach for High Holidays, p. 171 mi kamocha in Mi Sinai HH Evening leitmotiv 172Ki vayom hazeh Adonai Malach for High Holidays 173Chatzi KaddishHigh Holiday Nusach with Mi Sinai Evening HH Leitmotiv silent High Holiday Amida Slichot and Vidui special nusach for Slichot and special nusach for Vidui AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition (but NOT the “great Alenu”) Mourner’s Kaddishread Adon Olamcomposition/note High Holidays melodies 69

71 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Jom Hakipoeriem Avonddienst avond Sjabbat (3 additions) [if Candle lighting: don’t use a Chanukka tune, but a tune preparing the athmosphere of the day. The candles are “ner shel shabbat ve yom tov”.] In some congregation: introduction 136 Kol NidreMi Sinai Tune Venislach – shehecheyanu Adonai Malach for HH, use: tunes as minhag hamakom Ps (= liturgical beginning of shabbat) Adonai Malach (= Western tradition) 167BarchuMi Sinai High Holiday leitmotiv for Evenings Maariv Aravim - Ahavat OlamAdonai Malach nusach for High Holidays, chatimot in HH evening Mi Sinai leitmotiv 169ShemaHigh Holiday melody Veahavta etc.HH torah trope if possible, or normal trop, or silent Adonai elohechem emet till Hashkiveinu Adonai Malach nusach for High Holidays, p. 171 mi kamocha in Mi Sinai HH Evening leitmotiv 172VeshamruMagein Avot (Shabbat Evening Nusach) 172Ki vayom hazeh Adonai Malach for High Holidays 173Chatzi KaddishHigh Holiday Nusach with Mi Sinai Evening HH Leitmotiv silent High Holiday Amida Slichot and Vidui special Nusach for Slichot and special Nusach for Vidui AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition (but NOT the “great Alenu”) Mourner’s Kaddishread Adon Olamcomposition/note High Holidays melodies 70

72 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Jom Hakipoeriem Ochtenddienst 1 (Birchot haShachar – End of Amida) Shachar avakeshcha, Adon Olamcomposition Birchot haShacharpsalm mode as on Shabbat Psuke deZimraHH shacharit nusach HAMELECHMi Sinai tune 253YishtabachHH shacharit nusach 254BARCHUHH shacharit nusach Yotzer, Ahava RabbahHH shacharit nusach 259Shemaspecial melodie as on evening Veahavta etc.Torah trop or silent 262Adonai elohechem emet etcHH shacharit nusach silent High Holiday Amida Chazarat HaTefillahseveral HH nuschaot 85Kaddish TitkabalMajor (before Torareading) 71

73 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Jom Hakipoeriem Ochtenddienst 2 (Torah service) opening Torah serviceas on Shabbat BUT note: before Shema: Adonai Adonai in tune as Minhag haMakom Chant Shma in High Holiday Tune Gadlu and Havu L’Adonai by Sulzer (not by Lewand. as on Shabbat) 328there are special melodies for Brachot before Aliyot, but most people don’t use them use special High Holiday trope for Torah reading Haftarah is chanted/read as normal prayers after Torah reading as normal on Shabbat Psalm 145as on shabbat (by Sulzer) 347end of Torah serviceas on shabbat Yehallelu and Hodo (by Sulzer) 72

74 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Jom Hakipoeriem Mussaf 361Chatzi Kaddish before Mussaf (in nusach leading to Amida) silent Amida Chazarat Hatefillah Mussaf Amida for Yom Kippur several High Holiday Nuschaot with Avodah with special melodies 432Mourner’s Kaddishread Continues with Mincha (starting with Torahreading p. 433, see next slide) 73 This is the most important part of the whole day ! Be aware of that when you do it.

75 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Jom Hakipoeriem Mincha 432Chatzi Kaddish Magein Avot with Shabbat Mincha Leitmotiv Torah Serviceas on Shabbat Mincha but with Haftara (Jonah) [often lead by the youth in the congregation] 452Chatzi KaddishMagein Avot silent High Holiday Amida Chazarat HaTefillahseveral High Holiday Nuschaot 507Kaddish TitkabbalMajor 74 Mincha prepares us for the normal life AFTER this day.

76 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Yizkor Yizkor is often inserted before Neila, although it originally belonged to Torah Service (remember Lecture by Eli about Yizkor.) Has special melodies/compositions. See the material we got in the course. 75

77 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Jom Hakipoeriem Neila 510El Norah Alilatraditional Portuguese melody AshreMagein Avot for High Holidays Uvah leZionMagein Avot for High Holidays Yah shimchacomposition 517Chatzi Kaddish for NeilaNeila Mi Sinai Tune Silent Neila Amida Chazarat haTefillahAvot and Gevurot in Neila Tune Rest Nusach as in other HHservices BUT NOTE DIFFERENT TEXT ! and special traditions as Amsterdam (Deutsche) Kedusha, melodies for Ptach Lanu Sha’ar and other Piyutim Avinu Malkenucomposition 567Kaddish TitkabbalMajor / “Sukkot Kaddish” in preparation for the next festival (special Dutch tradition) 569FINALspecial Havdalah as on end of Shabbat (Weekday mode) 76

78 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Avonddienst voor Weekdagen → On special days start with special readings, overview see p Intro 120BarchuAhava Rabba Ma’ariv aravim and Ahavat Olam Ahava Rabba Shema Major (= liberal tradition), and torah trope Adonai elohechem emet, Geula Eastern Ahava Rabba and Hashkivenu 130Chatzi Kaddish Eastern Ahava Rabba Silent Weekday-Amida Silent (On Chanukka, Purim, Yom HaAtzmaut don’t forget to insert Al hanissim into the silent Amida (p. 162,164). On Rosh Chodesh don’t forget to insert Ya’ale veyavo (p. 164). 154Kaddish TitkabbalMagein Avot (study mode) → On Purim: Megillat Ester, on Tisha beAv: Echa and Kinot, between Pesach and Shavuot: count the omer, on Chanukkah: light candles; on Saturday evening make Havdalah. special readings on special days, Yom HaShoa (and 4 May), Yom HaZikaron and Yom HaAtzmaut, overview see p. 154, in Elul add Psalm AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition 116Mourner’s KaddishRead → for Shiva Service: see p. 618 or (preferably) use special book. 77

79 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview The Weekday Morning Service Ma Tovu/ Yigdal/ Adon Olam/ Shachar avakeshcha composition Birchot haShacharMagein Avot Study mode (as Brachot before Pesuke deZimraMagein Avot Study mode Torahreading) End of Pesuke deZimra: Yishtabach Ahavah Rabba mode, but much simpler than Shab. Chazi KaddishAhavah Rabba mode, but much simpler than Shab. BarchuAhavah Rabba mode, but much simpler than Shab. YotzerAhavah Rabba mode, but much simpler than Shab. Ahava RabbahAhavah Rabba mode, but much simpler than Shab. ShemaAhavah Rabba or Major (=“liberale” tradition) and Torah Trop. Adonai elohechemAhavah Rabba mode, but much simpler than Shab. GeulaAhavah Rabba mode, but much simpler than Shab. Weekday Amida Amida is repeated by ChazzanWeekday Nusach (pentatonic) On Chanukka, Purim, Yom HaAtzmaut don’t fcorget to insert Al hanissim into the Amida (p ). On Rosh Chodesh don’t forget to insert Ya’ale veyavo (p.84) 78 → On Monday and Thursday and on Rosh Chodesh: Short Torah Reading [same Nusach as on Shabbat]. → On Rosh Chodesh / Chanukka: [Half] Hallel (half = RCh, full = Chanukka.) Kaddish TitkabbalMagein Avot Study mode AleinuAdonai Malach Nusach or composition Mourner’s KaddishRead → On Purim and Tisha beAv: Megillat Esther/Echa

80 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview The Sound of the Morning Service on a Weekday on Shabbat Birchot haShacharWeekday Minor / Study ModeMajor (special motives) / Psalm Mode Pesuke deZimraWeekday Minor / Study ModeMajor (special motives) / Psalm Mode Yishtabach Weekday Ahavah RabbahYishtabach Mode an elaborate festive version of the Shabbat mode “Magen Avot”. The change into this mode starts already with Nishmat kol chai – the specific shabbat ending of Pesuke deZimra. Chazi Kaddish Weekday Ahavah Rabbah Yishtabach Mode Barchu Weekday Ahavah Rabbah Yishtabach Mode Yotzer Weekday Ahavah Rabbah Yishtabach Mode but after the piyyut el adon change into Ahavah Rabba where the first time “shabbat” is praised. (Some cantors only change at the words “kulam ahuvim”) Ahava Rabbah Weekday Ahavah RabbahShabbat Ahavah Rabbah (elaborate!) ShemaMajor [German] / Weekday Ahavah Rabbah Shabbat Ahavah Rabbah Adonai elohechem Weekday Ahavah Rabbah Shabbat Ahavah Rabbah Geula Weekday Ahavah Rabbah Shabbat Ahavah Rabbah AmidahWeekday Nusach (pentatonic)1-3 Adonai Malach [change in Kedusha] 4-7 Kedushat haYom till end: Ahavah Rabbah 79 Torah Service (sounds the same Weekday and Shabbat but note that Shabbat has a DIFFERENT TEXT !) Frame all in Adonai Malach / Brachot for Aliyot: Eastern Trad: Study Mode [Minor] Western Trad.: Major (in UK often used by Bar/Bat Mitzvahs) Kaddish TitkabbalStudy Mode AleinuAdonai Malach or composition Mourner’s KaddishRead

81 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview The Weekday Morning Service Main differences to a Shabbat Morning Service:  is generally much simpler and quicker (people need to go to work). Even if it contains hallel on Rosh Chodesh, this hallel is usually done in the psalm mode for hallel, not with much congregational singing. But this depends on the group and there is freedom in adding songs and texts if all agree and each minyan develops its style.  The Weekday Service has NO “Yishtabach” mode. [Yishtabach mode is the typical feature for Festivals incl. Shabbat. Yishtabach Mode is an elaborate variant of Magen Avot mode (used for example for Ma’ariv Shabbat and Kiddush Shabbat) with elaborate modulations into major – very festive! Nothing to mark an odd normal weekday. On Weekdays the nusach changes with Yishtabach, too – the blessing after Pesuke deZimra leads over to the next part - but into Weekday Ahavah Rabbah mode [something related to how the last passages of the Amidah are chanted on Shabbat or how El Male Rachamim is done, and others – but, as it is weekday, it is kept very simple.] This mode it kept until the end of the shema section, that is until the Amidah starts. So Yishtabach is on weekdays chanted in a simple Ahavah Rabbah Mode!  The Weekday Service has NO Adonai Malach Mode for the first three sections of the Amidah. This very majestic major mode is reserved for Shabbat and Festivals. On weekdays there also is no nussach change, the whole weekday Amidah (1-19) is chanted in a very specific mode for the Amidah, a nusach based on a pentatonic scale.There is a composed kedushah that was introduced in the cantorial school at HUC – this is indeed based on the Weekday Amidah Mode, although very elaborate but uses the scale of the mode.  Different start. This is usually not a problem as many people use the Weekday birkhat haShachar on Shabbat! But Shabbat has its very own nusach for Birchot haShachar and Psuke deZimra – but as this is usually done by lay shlichey tzibbur, they usually do on shabbat what they know from Weekdays, pity... (on shabbat it’s all in major, not in minor as on weekdays.) 80

82 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview The Weekday Morning Service Main differences between Liberal, Reform, Masorti, Traditional in the UK 81 Character of service Progressive services tend to contain more songs than traditional services. In a Progressive service you may encounter prayer that are not chanted but read, a custom that started already in the 19 th cent. The likelihood that a modern meditation is inserted into the service is more likely in the progressive service; traditional services may have short study units at the end; masorti services sometimes use a prayerbook that offers a variety of mediations for free choice by the person praying for him/herself. Traditional services are chanted. The Weekday tunes are very different from the shabbat tunes (nusach is the “sound of time”, thus each time has its sound.) A progressive service is clergy lead, the others join in with exactly the same words/tune/rhythm or listen. A traditional service is more congregational lead: everybody mumbles their prayers and the prayer leader tries to coordinate and synchronize where necessary. A traditional service lives form the togetherness of different voices. Progressive WEEKDAY services are seldom It is seldom that a liberal or progressive synagogue offers regular daily morning services Some liberal or reform synagogues offer during term times Weekday Services on Sunday mornings before or parallel to the start of the children’s cheder. Some Rabbinical Seminaries offer regular daily services.

83 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview The Weekday Morning Service Main differences between Liberal, Reform, Masorti, Traditional in the UK 82 Textual differences Traditional vs Progressive (SUMMARY)  The main differences are at the beginning and at the end. Inbetween note some textual variants, especially in the Yotzer (the progressive trad. has no Kedushah) and in the Weekday Amidah (especially the last passages).  Pesuke deZimra may be abridged in a masorti service. It is definitely abridged in a Reform service and there also contains alternative texts and very different in a Liberal Weekday service. Whereas Progressive services have a congregational start, traditional services have a relaxed beginning, as Birkhat haShakhar is people’s private preparation, everybody comes in at his/her time and prepares in his/her own time, until people spiritually unite for Barchu. Liberal and Reform services, however, usually start together with a commonly chanted “Mah Tovuh” – a tradition that started in 19 th century Germany (majestic choral intro piece while clergy enters the room). In a traditional service Mah Tovuh is never sung or even heard.  After the Amidah follows in a traditional service private meditative time (“Tachanun”), prayers about the fragility of live, our limitations and our hope. A traditional service concludes slowly... Ashrei... Uvah leTzion Goel (a third Kedushah corresponding to the Kedushah in the Yotzer, so that the congregational praise of God’s holiness is framed by two private ones) and several study texts (Aleinu and the psalm of the day) to give people the opportunity to say Kaddish. A Progressive Service concludes quickly: just Aleinu, Kaddish (usually said together and this is usually also the only Kaddish in the whole service). Progressive Services usually end similarly as they have started: with a jointly sung congregational hymn (very often Adon Olam, but many other modern songs can be chosen on weekdays as well.)

84 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview The Weekday Morning Service Main differences between Liberal, Reform, Masorti, Traditional in the UK 83 Differences in detail in the opening part Singer’s [Masorti customs]... [private, people are coming, donning tallit and tefillin, begin their prayer] leader usually starts to lead with morning blessings p. 16 ויהי רצון... יהי רצון מלפניך... לעולם לא על צדקותינו till first shema [private]. ]very short silence for private study[ p. 36 Ps 30 Mizmor shir chanukkat habayit Kaddish Yatom [if minyan] p. 40 BARUKH SHE-AMAR 1Chron 16:8-36 various psalm verses, mostly from psalm Psalm 100 Daily Hallel (Ashre till Psalm 150) p. 54 Vayevarech David... (1 Chron 29:10- 13; Neh 9:6-11; Exod 14:30-15:19 (shirat haYam) p. 58 YISHTABACH Chazi Kaddish to prepare Barchu. Sed haTefillot [Reform] p. 32 congregational MAH TOVU [sometimes preceded by a niggun] “Entering Ourselves” containing a choice of the traditional texts as אשר יצר את אדם, אלהי נשמה, morning blessings, either שתרגילנו or שתצילנו, לא על צדק often read in English. Study passage “Preparing to encounter God” p. 39 BARUKH SHE-AMAR evtl. psalm, often congregationally sung Psalm 150 (Hallelu...) the siddur offers the trad. daily psalms, Ashrei, shirat haYam [without intro] and Vayevarech David after Ps 150 before p. 53 YISHTABACH the siddur prints Chazi Kaddish, but often omitted. Lev Chadash [Liberal] p. 29 congregational MAH TOVU while standing Modern meditation in English “Teach us to see each new day as a token of your love...” song: shachar avakeshcha passage from creation story for the day p. 36 BARUKH SHE-AMAR [abridged] one psalm for the day [new choices] p. 48 YISHTABACH [abridged]

85 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview The Weekday Morning Service Main differences between Liberal, Reform, Masorti, Traditional in the UK 84 Differences in texts There are variants between the movements, the most imporant differences is the version of the Yotzer (the 1st blessing before the Shema) and the versions of the Weekday Amidah. It is worth to compare these texts in detail to understand the differences. Singer’s [Masorti customs] Yotzer can be found on pages 62 – 67 in the green centenary edition. The Weekday Amidah עמידה can be found on pages Sed haTefillot [Reform] Yotzer can be found on page 55 “The Creator of the Universe”. The Daily Amidah עמידה לימות החול can be found on pages Lev Chadash [Liberal] Yotzer can be found on page 49 “We praise you...”. The Daily Prayer תפלה can be found on pages

86 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview The Weekday Morning Service Main differences between Liberal, Reform, Masorti, Traditional in the UK 85 Differences in the concluding part Singer’s [Masorti customs] After the Amidah follow very personal prayers, said in silence, tachanun. It has become custom to sing “shomer Yisrael” p. 116, together with a composed tune. p. 132 ASHREI p. 134 Lamenatzeach mizmor leDavid (Ps 20) p. 136 Uvah LeTzion Goel... (= Kedushah deSitra) KADDISH TITKABBAL p. 140 Aleinu KADDISH YATOM psalm of the day KADDISH YATOM evtl. other psalm(s) or study KADDISH YATOM Reform p. 310 Aleinu (either new version with asher bachar anu... or the traditional text.) KADDISH YATOM often said together SONG Liberal p. 520 Aleinu (with asher sam chelkeinu leyached et shemo...) “Vorspruch” (meditation before Kaddish) KADDISH YATOM said together SONG Adom Olam or other FINAL BLESSING

87 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview The Weekday Morning Service Main differences between Liberal, Reform, Masorti, Traditional in the UK 86 Differences After Amidah and Weekday Torah Service Monday/Thursday Singer’s [Masorti customs] After the Amidah follow very personal prayers, said in silence, tachanun. It has become custom to sing “shomer Yisrael” p. 116, together with a composed tune. Then follows Ashrei, Uva Letzion,... or Monday and Thursday: torah reading with text of first Aliyah of shabbat with 3 Call ups: Kohen, Levi and one Israel. The leyning is done quickly. The framing is short and quick: just Vayehi bino’a and gadlu and procession at the beginning; hagbaah, yehallelu and Ladonai Haaretz (Ps 24) [quickly, no dramatic tune!] at the end. Reform After the Amidah – (which can be done with repetition or only the first three passages aloud or one loud Amidah altogether) follows immediately Aleinu or the torah service, p The text is identical with the traditional liturgy. Usually there is only one Aliyah. Usually Reform congregations do not have Kohen and Levi (but EDRS for eG has). The text can be chanted or read. Any passsage of the parashah can be chosen. Liberal After the Amidah – (which is done loud altogether, most of the texts read in English) follows immediately Aleinu. The Reading of the Torah on Weekdays (p ) begins with “Hakhel et ha-am” Assemble the people... (Deut 31:12f), followed by the congregational song “vehaer eneinu”, the Shema with echad, gadlu and procession. It concludes with yehallelu, Psalm 24 and “Vezot haberit” This is the covenant... (Jer 31:31f), ending with the congregational song “hashiveinu”. note the different text!

88 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Sjabbat Torah Reading (Tora Reading Shabbat Morning) Ein Kamochah Av haRachamim 96Vayehi binsoahMajor or composition Shema / echad / 96gadluMajor or composition 96Lecha AdonaiMajor or composition Brachah before the readingin Major (= Dutch tradition, inherited from portugese tradition) Calls (ya’amod / ta’amod), misheberachs in Major Brachah after the readingMajor (anticipates call for next one) [if Chatzi Kaddish before Maftir: study mode or Ahavah Rabbah] Vezot hatorahmelody in Major Bracha before Haftarahin Haftara trop (or read if Haftarah is read) Bracha after Haftarahspecial melody Misheberach for congregation Ashre 100Yehallelu and Hodo al eretzMajor 100Psalm 29Major/composition 102uvnucho yomarcomposition 87 Not on weekdays Psalm 24 on weekdays on Monday/Thursday/ Rosh Chodesh Weekdays Not on weekdays ON WEEKDAYS ONLY 3 ALIYOT, ONLY SHORT TEXT IS READ (Traditionally the first Shabbat Aliya but split into 3 Aliyot, see the divisions in a Tikkun Kor’im.) ON ROSH CHODESH 4 Aliyot and special torah reading.

89 ©Annette M. Boeckler 2014 HOME Colour Overview Nusach in Colour dr Annette M. Boeckler with rabbijn David Lilienthal and prof. dr. Eli Schleifer Training of shelichay tzibbur Final Version: 08/06/2009


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