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Understanding Gynecology in TCM Zhangqinhua Gynecology of Shuguang hospital.

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Presentation on theme: "Understanding Gynecology in TCM Zhangqinhua Gynecology of Shuguang hospital."— Presentation transcript:

1 Understanding Gynecology in TCM Zhangqinhua Gynecology of Shuguang hospital

2 link Menopause Menopause Infertility Infertility Extra eight meridians Extra eight meridians

3 physiological structures women have special physiological structures like the uterus that affect menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth and lactation. women have special physiological structures like the uterus that affect menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth and lactation. These organs especially need blood and qi to function with the meridians acting as communicating channels. These organs especially need blood and qi to function with the meridians acting as communicating channels. the physiological functions are dependent upon the promotional effects of the organs,meridians, blood and qi working together. the physiological functions are dependent upon the promotional effects of the organs,meridians, blood and qi working together.

4 Zang and fu physiological functions of the uterus are associated with the heart, liver, spleen and kidneys as well as the Conception and Thoroughfare Vessels. physiological functions of the uterus are associated with the heart, liver, spleen and kidneys as well as the Conception and Thoroughfare Vessels.heartliverspleen kidneysheartliverspleen kidneys The heart rules the blood. The heart rules the blood. The liver stores the blood. The liver stores the blood. The spleen governs the blood. The spleen governs the blood. The kidneys store essence. The kidneys store essence. The Conception and Thoroughfare Vessels control qi and blood in the uterus. The Conception and Thoroughfare Vessels control qi and blood in the uterus.

5 eight meridians Normal physiological functioning also depends on the proper regulation of the eight meridians. Normal physiological functioning also depends on the proper regulation of the eight meridians. Because the majority of uterine qi and blood travels within these meridians, the relationship of the uterus and the extra meridian network is extremely close. Because the majority of uterine qi and blood travels within these meridians, the relationship of the uterus and the extra meridian network is extremely close.

6 eight meridians Their main function is to strengthen the links between the twelve regular meridians and to regulate qi and blood circulation. Their main function is to strengthen the links between the twelve regular meridians and to regulate qi and blood circulation. They have special relationships with the liver, kidney, spleen, uterus, brain and marrow and thus influence these structures physiologically and pathologically. They have special relationships with the liver, kidney, spleen, uterus, brain and marrow and thus influence these structures physiologically and pathologically. liverkidney liverkidney

7 Blood and qi Menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth and lactation are unique to women. Menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth and lactation are unique to women. Blood is the elementary basis of these physiological functions hence there is the saying that "women take blood as primary." \ Blood is the elementary basis of these physiological functions hence there is the saying that "women take blood as primary." \ TCM believes that a woman is always in a state of blood insufficiency and is relatively excess qi inside the body. TCM believes that a woman is always in a state of blood insufficiency and is relatively excess qi inside the body. However, the blood and qi mutually generate and depend on each other However, the blood and qi mutually generate and depend on each other

8 Seven emotions The seven emotions exert their effects on various organs significantly. The seven emotions exert their effects on various organs significantly. Anxiety and anger damage the liver, which then fails to regulate blood and qi flow. Anxiety and anger damage the liver, which then fails to regulate blood and qi flow.liver Pensiveness damages the spleen, which then loses its role in consolidating the blood. Pensiveness damages the spleen, which then loses its role in consolidating the blood.

9 Pattern of chongren s dieases Cold sydrome in chongren Cold sydrome in chongren Shaofuzhuyu tang Shaofuzhuyu tang Heat sydrome in chongren Heat sydrome in chongren Qinliansiwu tang add zhixiangfu- true heat Qinliansiwu tang add zhixiangfu- true heat Danzhixiaoyaosan –emotion lead to fire Danzhixiaoyaosan –emotion lead to fire Liangditangempty yin Liangditangempty yin Indeficiency sydrome in chongren Indeficiency sydrome in chongren Dangguidihuang tang Dangguidihuang tang

10 Uncontrol syndrome in chongren Uncontrol syndrome in chongren Shoutai pill Shoutai pill stasis syndrome in chong ren stasis syndrome in chong ren Guizhifulin pill Guizhifulin pill Zhuyu tang Zhuyu tang Dampness and blood stasis in chong ren Dampness and blood stasis in chong ren Baijiangcao chaohu zhishi shaoyao gancao danshen gegen yimucao Baijiangcao chaohu zhishi shaoyao gancao danshen gegen yimucao Ezhu shenmiren Ezhu shenmiren

11 Penetrating vessel (Chong mai) The Penetrating vessel influences the supply and proper circulation of blood in the uterus controlling the cycle-length, quantity, quality, duration and coloration of menstruation. acts as a reservoir for the blood sea of blood.

12 One branchthe foot yangming channel which is rich in qi and blood One branch connects the Kidney channel which stores jing which is also an important source of blood. The Penetrating vessels pathway flows upwards, connecting these two blood-rich channels. This characteristic makes it possible for the Penetrating vessel to serve as a reservoir for blood, counterbalancing excessive or deficient blood supply to the uterus, and thus regulating menstruation.

13 Chinese herbs affect the Penetrating vessel strengthening the Penetrating vessel Gui Ban Bie Jia E Jiao,Zi He Che Zhi Mu Xuan Shen Huang Bai Sheng Di Huang Gou Qi Zi Regulating its qi. Yan Hu Suo, Chuan Lian Zi, Xiang Fu Yu Jin, Qing Pi and Xiao Hui Xiang.

14 Morning sickness results from rebellious qi in the Penetrating vessel. During pregnancy, especially the first three months, profound changes to the Penetrating vessel take place. The mothers blood, essence and Kidney energy are diverted to nourish the foetus, so qi and blood become relatively deficient in the Penetrating vessel and its qi rebels upwards towards the Stomach and chest.

15 easing morning sickness in pregnant women. subduing rebellious Penetrating vessel qi stop morning sickness Mu Xiang Sha Ren Chen Pi Su Ye

16 Case History A 42 year old patient had late periods for three consecutive months. Her menstrual bleeding was pale red in colour, thin in quality, scanty and without clots. She had had a digestive problem for three years with reduced appetite, fullness and copious abdominal gas, alternating constipation and diarrhoea a pale tongue with a thin white, slightly greasy tongue coating. diagnosis was delayed menstruation. The differentiation was Spleen deficiency.which caused qi and blood deficiency and emptiness of the Penetrating vessel Ba Zhen Tang plus E Jiao and Gou Qi Zi

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18 After three weeks of treatment, her period came on time (and was subsequently regular), and there was a great improvement in digestive function. Ba Zhen Tang is a formula which tonifies qi and blood; E Jiao and Gou Qi Zi tonify blood and are the herbs that strengthen the Penetrating vessel.

19 Conception vessel (Ren mai) The Conception vessel is very closely related to the uterus and to the female reproductive function. It regulates qi and blood in all the yin channels. helps to regulate menstruation directs the development and growth of the foetus, most important during pregnancy

20 The function of the Conception vessel is related to its course. It originates from the uterus in women and emerges at Huiyin in the perineum. It runs anteriorly to the pubic region and all the way up to the throat along the midline of the body. From the throat it ascends to curve around the lips and up to the eyes to meet the Stomach channel Along this path, it connects with the yin channels of the hand and foot, and the Yin Linking (Yin Wei) vessel many times. It connects all the yin channels of the human body, combining yin, essence and fluids, and so is called the sea of yin channels. This means that the Conception vessel provides the yin substances for all female physiological processes, including puberty, conception, pregnancy, childbirth and menopause.

21 The Conception vessel can be used to nourish the bodys yin energy, particularly in women after menopause, and to reduce the effects of empty-heat symptoms deriving from yin deficiency which is a common problem in the menopausal stage. It can also be used for problems relating to menarche, conception, fertility and pregnancy, especially for pregnancy, because the Conception vessel controls the foetus.

22 Conception vessel has meeting points with the Spleen, Liver and Kidney channels Spleen is the root of qi and blood Liver is responsible for the free flow of qi and stores blood Kidney stores essence and is responsible for reproduction.

23 herbs for nourishing the Conception vessel Gui Ban, Bie Jia, E Jiao, Zi He Che Zhi Mu, Xuan Shen, Huang Bai Sheng Di Huang Gou Qi Zi The same to those for nourishing the Penetrating vessel.

24 Case History A 45 year old female patient Hot flushes, night sweating and irritability for six months, accompanied by soreness of the lower back, heavy and irregular periods with red blood which was thick in quality with few clots. tongue was red with little coating Pulse was fine and rapid. diagnose as suffering from menopausal syndrome differentiated as Kidney yin deficiency with empty heat. Zuo Gui Wan plus Gui Ban and Zhi Mu.

25 After two weeks of treatment, she felt much better, except for continuing mild night sweats. Zhi Bai Di Huang Wan was then prescribed About three months later, she had no further symptoms. Zhi Bai Di Huang Wan and Zuo Gui Wan are traditional formulas for nourishing Kidney yin, and the former can also clear empty heat. Gui Ban and Zhi Mu are the herbs which nourish the Conception vessel and clear empty heat.

26 The Governing vessel originates in the uterus and descends to Huiyin REN-1. This is common to all three of the Governing, Conception and Penetrating vessels, which is why Li Shi-zhen calls them three branches of one vessel. The Governing vessel primary pathway runs posteriorly along the midline of the sacrum, its first branch curls around the vagina and the interior of the spinal column and enters the Kidneys, and its abdominal (second) branch ascends the midline of the abdomen and has an influence on the genital system in women.

27 Some herbs Fu Zi Rou Gui Gan Jiang Chuan Jiao Gui Zhi possess heating qualities that are in keeping with the Governing vessels yang nature.

28 Case History A 34 year old woman in her 31st week of pregnancy,suddenly for no apparent reason felt contraction of her uterus, lower abdominal pain, dull pain and soreness in the lower back that was also occasionally sharp in nature, and excessive thin white odourless vaginal discharge. There was no vaginal bleeding. The tongue was pale red with little coating the pulse was slippery and fine; the chi (root) positions of the pulse were weak. Diagnose was preterm labour. The Chinese medicine diagnosis was restless foetus differentiated asKidney qi deficiency. Shou Tai Wan add Dang Shen and Bai Zhu

29 Three days later, she reported no further pain in the abdomen, with only slight remaining soreness in her lower back. However there was redness at the tip of her tongue which indicated the presence of heat, so this time I added Huang Qin to the formula.

30 at her due date she bore a healthy baby. This case is restless foetus caused by Kidney qi deficiency. Shou Tai Wan is a formula for consolidating Kidney qi. Dang Shen and Bai Zhu added to tonify the Spleen and dry dampness in order to treat the excessive vaginal discharge. Because of her red tongue tip showing heat, Huang Qin was added to the formula, especially because Huang Qin and Bai Zhu in combination are very good at calming the foetus.

31 Girdle vessel (Dai mai) The Girdle vessel is the only horizontal vessel of the body. It encircles the waist like a belt. The Girdle vessel encircles and influences all the channels in a longitudinal direction,and directly affects female physiology and pathology.

32 The Kidneys functions of storing essence and lowering and holding qi the Spleens function of raising qi The Livers function of smoothing the flow of qi all rely on the Girdle vessels encircling of the body. Impairment of the Girdle vessels function can lead to a decline in the Spleens ability to transform and transport food and drink. contributing to dampness which may infuse downwards and cause excessive vaginal discharge.

33 Deficiency of the Girdle vessel results in the sinking of Spleen qi, which can induce a prolapse of the uterus. The foetus depends not only on the Kidneys and the Conception vessel, but also on the Girdle vessel If the Girdle vessel is slack, it fails to restrain essence, causing an unstable foetus, and the mother may have vaginal bleeding during pregnancy, a restless foetus or even miscarriage.

34 The Girdle vessel can be used in gynaecology to treat irregular periods, painful periods (dysmenorrhoea) and excessive vaginal discharge. Sheng Ma affects the Girdle vessel. has an ascending movement, and can be used to treat pathological conditions of the Girdle vessel. Certain astringent herbs will enter the Girdle vessel, including Wu Wei Zi, Shan Yao, Qian Shi,Fu Pen Zi, Sang Piao Xiao Dang Gui, Bai Shao, Xu Duan Long Gu, Ai Ye and Gan Cao.

35 Case History A 34 year old woman suffered from excessive vaginal discharge for four months. The discharge was white, occasionally slightly yellow in colour, thick in quality and odourless. She had a bearing-down sensation in the vagina, a sallow complexion, cold limbs, oedema of the medial aspect of the ankles, lassitude and loose stools. The tongue was pale with a thin white greasy tongue coating soggy and weak pulse. examined by a gynaecologist, and no positive signs were found. The diagnosis was deficiency and sinking of Spleen qi. Wan Dai Tang add Sheng Ma and Long Gu

36 After one week of treatment, the patient felt much better. Three weeks later, she recovered totally. Wan Dai Tang is a formula which treats the Spleen qi deficiency pattern of leucorrhoea; Sheng Ma directs the flow of Spleen qi upward, and Long Gu consolidates the Girdle vessel and astringes the leucorrhoea.

37 menopause TCM doesn't recognize menopause as one particular syndrome. Instead, it aims in treating the particular symptoms that are unique to each individual. For example, if ten women are treated with TCM for hot flashes and night sweats, each of these ten women will likely receive a unique, customized treatment with different acupuncture points, different herbs, and different lifestyle & diet recommendations. This gives a very effective result. TCM doesn't recognize menopause as one particular syndrome. Instead, it aims in treating the particular symptoms that are unique to each individual. For example, if ten women are treated with TCM for hot flashes and night sweats, each of these ten women will likely receive a unique, customized treatment with different acupuncture points, different herbs, and different lifestyle & diet recommendations. This gives a very effective result.

38 Diagnosis of menopause +/- 49 years young, menses stop. Around this time symptoms & signs start to appear. Cycle becomes irregular, dizziness, blurred vision, tinnitus, hot flashes, red complexion coming & going in waves, very emotional (anger, irritated, sadness, anxiety, etc.), edema, low back & knee weakness / pain, digestive problems, cold limbs, & urinary disorders. +/- 49 years young, menses stop. Around this time symptoms & signs start to appear. Cycle becomes irregular, dizziness, blurred vision, tinnitus, hot flashes, red complexion coming & going in waves, very emotional (anger, irritated, sadness, anxiety, etc.), edema, low back & knee weakness / pain, digestive problems, cold limbs, & urinary disorders. These do not come all at once, some women only get a few & some women encounter many. This may last for weeks to years in some cases. These do not come all at once, some women only get a few & some women encounter many. This may last for weeks to years in some cases.

39 TCM diagnosis can be divided into 3; TCM diagnosis can be divided into 3; 1. menstrual cycle gets very irregular, bleed a lot, may be serious hemorrhage. Then may experience very occasional menses until they cease completely. May lose hair from blood. 1. menstrual cycle gets very irregular, bleed a lot, may be serious hemorrhage. Then may experience very occasional menses until they cease completely. May lose hair from blood. 2. Yang symptoms Yang rises due to Yin (relative Yang ). WM says this is due to blood vessels contraction. Sudden heat break sweat (hot flashes), dizziness, palpitations & rapid pulse. 2. Yang symptoms Yang rises due to Yin (relative Yang ). WM says this is due to blood vessels contraction. Sudden heat break sweat (hot flashes), dizziness, palpitations & rapid pulse. 3. emotional imbalances easy to anger, sadness etc.. Manic behavior, depressed, abnormal, violence, & insomnia are all common. A blood test may show high FSH meaning ovary function has ceased. 3. emotional imbalances easy to anger, sadness etc.. Manic behavior, depressed, abnormal, violence, & insomnia are all common. A blood test may show high FSH meaning ovary function has ceased.

40 Etiology 1. KI Yin - pregnancy, menses, breastfeeding & abortions consume Essence & Tian Gui, Chong & Ren cant be nourished. This creates hyper Yang rising. 1. KI Yin - pregnancy, menses, breastfeeding & abortions consume Essence & Tian Gui, Chong & Ren cant be nourished. This creates hyper Yang rising. 2. KI Yang - use of a lot of KI Qi for pregnancy, menses, breastfeeding & abortion consume the Ming Men Fire KI Yang is --cold signs. 2. KI Yang - use of a lot of KI Qi for pregnancy, menses, breastfeeding & abortion consume the Ming Men Fire KI Yang is --cold signs.

41 Pathogenesis Differentiation & Treatment 1. KI Yin - occasional menses scanty cease completely. Vaginal dryness & itchiness 1. KI Yin - occasional menses scanty cease completely. Vaginal dryness & itchiness Plus – Yin sym. dizzy, tinnitus, insomnia, night sweats, afternoon heat feelings, back/knee pain/weakness, hot flashes w/ sweating, whole body itchiness. Plus – Yin sym. dizzy, tinnitus, insomnia, night sweats, afternoon heat feelings, back/knee pain/weakness, hot flashes w/ sweating, whole body itchiness. T- red w/ scanty coat P- thin rapid T- red w/ scanty coat P- thin rapid P/T – nourish KI Yin P/T – nourish KI Yin Zou Gui Wan (essence) or… Zou Gui Wan (essence) or… Liu Wei Di Huang Wan + Huang Bai, Zhi M Liu Wei Di Huang Wan + Huang Bai, Zhi M = Zhi Bai Di Huang Wan = Zhi Bai Di Huang Wan + E Jiao, Gui Ban, Bie Jia, He Shou Wu, Nu Zhen Zi + E Jiao, Gui Ban, Bie Jia, He Shou Wu, Nu Zhen Zi

42 KI Yang KI Yang HEAVY periods, irregular uterine bleeding, then gradually finish menses completely HEAVY periods, irregular uterine bleeding, then gradually finish menses completely T- pale P- deep thin T- pale P- deep thin Plus – Yang sym. cold, soft stools, frequency of urine, incontinence, Plus – Yang sym. cold, soft stools, frequency of urine, incontinence, low back/knee weakness/pain, Edema of lower limbs &/or face. low back/knee weakness/pain, Edema of lower limbs &/or face. P/T – warm KI Yang – strengthen SP P/T – warm KI Yang – strengthen SP You Gui Wan + Li Zhong Wan You Gui Wan + Li Zhong Wan

43 Usually KI Yin & Yang deficiencies are complicated… Usually KI Yin & Yang deficiencies are complicated… P/T – nourish KI Yin & Yang P/T – nourish KI Yin & Yang Er Xian Tang (this may be taken long term) Er Xian Tang (this may be taken long term) EMERGENCY HEMORRHAGE EMERGENCY HEMORRHAGE Shen Fu Tang Shen Fu Tang + stop bleeding herbs (Xian He Cao, Ai Ye Cao, Bai Ji, Han Lian Cao) + stop bleeding herbs (Xian He Cao, Ai Ye Cao, Bai Ji, Han Lian Cao)

44 Benefits of TCM for Fertility Increases blood flow to the uterus Increases blood flow to the uterus Can regulate hormones and entire endocrine system Can regulate hormones and entire endocrine system Promotes ovulation Promotes ovulation Helps thicken the lining of the uterus if it is too thin Helps thicken the lining of the uterus if it is too thin Relaxes the uterus Relaxes the uterus Improves function of the ovaries Improves function of the ovaries Reduces stress Reduces stress Strengthens the immune system Strengthens the immune system Supports a healthy pregnancy and prevents miscarriages Supports a healthy pregnancy and prevents miscarriages Treats the side effects of western pharmaceutical medications Treats the side effects of western pharmaceutical medications For men, it improves the quality and quantity of sperm For men, it improves the quality and quantity of sperm

45 Causes of infertility Kidney Deficiency Kidney Deficiency This kind of infertility involves irregular menstruation with scanty light flow. It is accompanied with general fatigue, dizziness, tinnitus, and lower back & knees soreness. This kind of infertility involves irregular menstruation with scanty light flow. It is accompanied with general fatigue, dizziness, tinnitus, and lower back & knees soreness. Blood Deficiency Blood Deficiency This kind of infertility involves scanty flow of light red blood and delayed cycles. It is accompanied by loss of weight, dull complexion, dizziness, and general fatigue. This kind of infertility involves scanty flow of light red blood and delayed cycles. It is accompanied by loss of weight, dull complexion, dizziness, and general fatigue.

46 Cold in the Uterus Cold in the Uterus Sometimes the menstruation is delayed with dark red flow with clots. The flow is often dilute. It is accompanied by cold extremities, cold pain in lower abdomen alleviated by warmth, and frequent profuse urination. Sometimes the menstruation is delayed with dark red flow with clots. The flow is often dilute. It is accompanied by cold extremities, cold pain in lower abdomen alleviated by warmth, and frequent profuse urination. Phlegm-Dampness Phlegm-Dampness This is often in overweight people with prolonged menstruation or even no periods and profuse discharge of sticky leucorrhea. This is often in overweight people with prolonged menstruation or even no periods and profuse discharge of sticky leucorrhea.

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