Presentation on theme: "By: Steffanie Rodgers April 10, 2012. Throughout time in Mesoamerica, many different civilizations formed and were destroyed or invaded. Yesteryear Today."— Presentation transcript:
Throughout time in Mesoamerica, many different civilizations formed and were destroyed or invaded. Yesteryear Today
Some of the Mesoamerican civilizations included the Aztecs, the Mayans, and the Olmec. Out of all the civilizations of Mesoamerica the majority of them have unknown endings.
The history of Mesoamerica includes some conquests, but there are few foreign conquests of civilizations of Mesoamerica.
Around the 1500s Europeans started taking an interest in the land surrounding them. Especially the Spanish conquistadors who came to the land of Mesoamerica to conquer in the name of the Spanish Crown. con·quis·ta·dor /k ɒ n ˈ kw ɪ st ə ˌ d ɔ r, k ɒ ŋ-; Sp. k ɔ ŋ ˌ kist ɑˈ ð ɔ r/ Show Spelled[kon- kwis-tuh-dawr, kong-; Sp. kawng-kees-tah-thawr]
Spanish conquistadors began coming over to the Mesoamerican region in 1511, when Cuba was conquered by Diego Velázquez. Velázquez [veh-LAS-kez] con·quis·ta·dor /k ɒ n ˈ kw ɪ st ə ˌ d ɔ r, k ɒ ŋ-; Sp. k ɔ ŋ ˌ kist ɑˈ ð ɔ r/ Show Spelled[kon-kwis- tuh-dawr, kong-; Sp. kawng-kees-tah-thawr]
Through the years, Spain conquered many lands in the name of the Spanish Crown. These lands included native civilizations such as the Aztec, Inca, and Huastec civilizations. Huas·tec [wahs-tek]
February 15, 1519; Hernán Cortés sailed to Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital in hopes of conquering this land. Hernán Cortés did just that and by 1521, the Aztec civilization was dead and now a part of Spain. Te·noch·ti·tlán [te-nawch-tee-tlahn] Cor·tés [kawr-tez] Hernán [h ER n uh n ]
The conquest of the Inca civilization and land began by Francisco Pizarro. The Inca civilization and land were then conquered around 1532 A.D. Pi·zar·ro [pi-zahr-oh] Fran·cis·co [fran-sis-koh]
The Huastecs were conquered in the name of the Spanish crown around 1519 and the 1530s. Huas·tec [wahs-tek]
This Chart shows a progression of the Spanish or European occupation in Mesoamerica through the years of Spains/Europes Conquest.
By conquering these lands the Europeans/Spaniards didnt just gain the wealth of the territory they conquered, they also gained vassal civilizations. Some of these vassal civilizations include the Mixtec civilization, which paid tribute to Spain after conquering the Aztecs.
Ultimately after invading the Mesoamerican area, the Spaniards took it over and it never again went back to the way it was. Thus, the ending of an era.
The Conquest of Mesoamerica: Part One. suite101.com. Kathy OHalleran, 30 June 2000. Web. 22 Mar. 2012.. THE CONQUEST OF THE AZTEC EMPIRE:. The European Voyages of Exploration. The European Voyages of Exploration / The Applied History Research Group / The University of Calgary, 1997. Web. 22 Mar. 2012.. The Conquest of the Inca Empire. infoperu.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2012.. Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc.,, 2012. Web. 31 Mar. 2012.. European Influence and conquest of the Maya. Maya and Aztec. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2012.. GoogleImages. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Apr. 2012.. HISTORY OF MESOAMERICAN CIVILIZATION. History World. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2012.. Huastec people. Huastec people. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2012.. Mesoamerica. ORACLEThinkQuest. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2012.. Mesoamerica Timeline. About.com. 2012 About.com, n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2012.. Mixtec Civilization. Crystalinks. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2012.. Nelson, Miranda, Greg Sandford, and Reed H. Larson. The End of Mayan Civilization. Central and South American Chronology. David W. Koeller, 21 Sept. 1999. Web. 30 Mar. 2012.. Palmerlee, Luke, and Lea Hollis. The Toltec Empire. Central and South American Chronology. David W. Koeller, 17 Nov. 2000. Web. 30 Mar. 2012.. Pre-Columbian Civilizations in Mexico. Explorando Mexico. Explorando México, Todos los Derechos Reservados, n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2012.. (Pre-Hispanic History of México). Casa de Mexico. Casa de Mexico, 2007. Web. 30 Mar. 2012.. Thorn, David L. LITTLEWOLF ANTHROPOLOGY. N.p., 23 Mar. 2003. Web. 31 Mar. 2012.. What dates marked the beginning and the end of the Inca Empire? Answers.com. 2012 Answers Corp., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2012.. When did the aztec civilization begin and end? YAHOOAnswers. Yahoo! Inc. All Rights Reserved, n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2012..