Presentation on theme: "Imperialism in China and Latin America Ch. 16.3 and 16.4 Turn in Gandhi Q. Get textbook."— Presentation transcript:
Imperialism in China and Latin America Ch. 16.3 and 16.4 Turn in Gandhi Q. Get textbook
Gandhi What did Gandhi want? How did Gandhi go about getting it? Do you think this is the best way to get change? Explain. How has Gandhi influenced the world today? Why is it important to learn about Gandhi? In a paragraph half page Please share your thoughts on Gandhi. What you gained from watching Gandhi.
Wed 2/13 RAP Was imperialism necessary for nations to become more powerful? Explain. Today: Finish Gandhi China and Latin America Imperialism PPT
Gandhi Qs continued How has Gandhi influenced the world today? Why is it important to learn about Gandhi? In a paragraph half page Please share your thoughts on Gandhi. What you gained from watching Gandhi.
Title notes: China, Japan, and AmericaCh. 16.3 and 16.4 Please take notes as we review Imperialism in China, Japan, and the Americas. Open your book to page 491. Look at the map on the top right corner of page 491answer the question below the map.
China Unequal Treaties Britain merchants smuggled Opium into China instead of paying cash for tea, silk, etc. Opium War in 1842 Led to the treaty of Nanking Forced China to yield rights to Western powers. Great Britain received Hong Kong. British citizens lived under their own laws Effect Weakened dynastys control in China
China Unequal Treaties Open Door Policy United States came late to the imperial scramble, so … Leave China open to all nations for trade
Chinese Response 1800s-- Self strengthening Importing western tech and education Lack of government support led to war with Japan in 1894; exposing Chinese governments weakness. Japan won the island of Taiwan By late 1890s, anti foreign feelings in China Missionaries, diplomats, entrepreneurs … were to be removed. Led to Boxer Rebellion-group called the Righteous and Harmonious fists attacked westerners.
Revolution of 1911 Many did not want Emperor Western ideas – China was behind Sun Yat-sen 1912 – Chinese Republic Wanted democracy, nationalism, and livelihood- economic well being. Image of the Times – page 492-493
Japan *Matthew C. Perry U.S. commodore wanted Japan to trade with U.S. in 1853 In 1854 Japan signed a treaty to avoid a war as in China and began trade with the US. Unequal treaties – favored the imperialist powers Japanese people unhappy *Meiji leaders *Transform Japan Education Military Industrial Westernized government
Japanese industrial and world power Industrial – 1870 Modern currency system Telegraph, railroads, and port facilities Cheap labor; low prices 1914– Japan a World Power 1894 -- Sino –Japanese War Japan defeated Chinese to gain control of Korea. 1904 – Russo-Japanese War Russia signed a treaty with Japan in 1905 giving Japan control over Korea and nearby areas. Huge win for Japan – was viewed as racially inferior by Europeans. *Annexed Korea as a colony in 1910.
S. E. Asia Carved up between many European nations. Dutch, Portugal, Spain, --mainly for natural resources. British and French more for military than economic reasons.
The Americas The U.S. the western hemisphere protector *Monroe Doctrine 1823, President Monroe warned European powers to stay out of the Western Hemisphere. Latin American states would remain free to determine their own political destinies. Arbitration – third party settle disputes – President Teddy Roosevelt Spanish American War *Yellow journalism – journalists using sensationalist news. Get Spain out of Cuba! War lasted 4 months Victory for the US U.S. gained Guam, Puerto Rico, & the Philippines *Philippines became a colony of the U.S. after it won its freedom from Spain…the U.S. would not let them have self-rule after helping them defeat the Spaniards.
U.S. territorial gains U.S. bought Alaska in 1867 – from Russia U.S. annexed Hawaii in 1898American businessmen overthrew Queen. U.S. purchased the Virgin Islands from Denmark. 1904- 1914 America begins the *Panama Canal Helped Panama gain independence from Colombia Many died of diseasesyellow fever; malaria; etc. Connected the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
Mexico 1835, Americans and some Mexicans in Texas revolt against Santa Ana of Mexico. 1845, Republic of Texas joins the U.S. as a state Mexican / American War – Mexico loses Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) Mexico loses nearly half its territory to the U.S. 1863, French troops invade Mexico for not paying debt 1867, U.S. pressure French to leave 1872, Porfirio Diaz seizes power. Harsh rule Economic advances– building of roads, developing industries, expanding farmlands, opening new mines. Most profits went to foreign investors and wealthy landowners Rich get richer and the poor get poorer
Mexican Revolution Discontent with Diaz led to Revolution. 1911Diaz overthrown Francisco Madero comes into power He is murdered Victorian Huerta – one of Maderos generals comes into power He was taken down a year later by Mexican revolts and American intervention. Three people fought for control Emiliano Zapata- for farmers Francisco Pancho Villa-radical who fought for poor Venustiano Carranza- conservativeU.S. supportedPresident in 1915 U.S. battled Pancho Villa on U.S. / Mexican border for killing 18 Americans, until U.S. entry into WWI in 1917.
Study for Quiz! Ch. 16 PPT beginning of Imperialism Ch. 16.2 Partition of Africa Ch. 16.3 China, Japan, and the Americas. Work on your study guide if you have it!