Presentation on theme: "Imperialism in China and Latin America Ch and 16.4"— Presentation transcript:
1Imperialism in China and Latin America Ch. 16.3 and 16.4 Turn in Gandhi Q.Get textbook
2Gandhi What did Gandhi want? How did Gandhi go about getting it? Do you think this is the best way to get change? Explain.How has Gandhi influenced the world today?Why is it important to learn about Gandhi?In a paragraph— half pagePlease share your thoughts on Gandhi.What you gained from watching Gandhi.
3Wed 2/13 RAP Today: Finish Gandhi Was imperialism necessary for nations to become more powerful?Explain.Today:Finish GandhiChina and Latin America Imperialism PPT
4Gandhi Q’s continued How has Gandhi influenced the world today? Why is it important to learn about Gandhi?In a paragraph— half pagePlease share your thoughts on Gandhi.What you gained from watching Gandhi.
5Title notes: China, Japan, and America—Ch. 16.3 and 16.4 Please take notes as we review Imperialism in China, Japan, and the Americas.Open your book to page 491.Look at the map on the top right corner of page 491—answer the question below the map.
6China Unequal Treaties Britain merchants smuggled Opium into China instead of paying cash for tea, silk, etc.Opium War in 1842Led to the treaty of NankingForced China to yield rights to Western powers.Great Britain received Hong Kong.British citizens lived under their own lawsEffectWeakened dynasty’s control in China
7China Unequal Treaties Open Door PolicyUnited States came late to the imperial scramble, so …Leave China open to all nations for trade
8Chinese Response 1800s-- Self strengthening Importing western tech and educationLack of government support led to war with Japan in 1894; exposing Chinese governments weakness.Japan won the island of TaiwanBy late 1890s, anti foreign feelings in ChinaMissionaries, diplomats, entrepreneurs … were to be removed.Led to Boxer Rebellion-group called the Righteous and Harmonious fists attacked westerners.
9Revolution of 1911 Many did not want Emperor Western ideas – China was behindSun Yat-sen1912 – Chinese RepublicWanted democracy, nationalism, and livelihood-economic well being.Image of the Times – page
10Japan*Matthew C. PerryU.S. commodore wanted Japan to trade with U.S. in 1853In 1854 Japan signed a treaty to avoid a war as in China and began trade with the US.Unequal treaties – favored the imperialist powersJapanese people unhappy*Meiji leaders*Transform JapanEducationMilitaryIndustrialWesternized government
11Japanese industrial and world power Modern currency systemTelegraph, railroads, and port facilitiesCheap labor; low prices1914– Japan a World PowerSino –Japanese WarJapan defeated Chinese to gain control of Korea.1904 – Russo-Japanese WarRussia signed a treaty with Japan in 1905 giving Japan control over Korea and nearby areas.Huge win for Japan – was viewed as racially inferior by Europeans.*Annexed Korea as a colony in 1910.
12S. E. Asia Carved up between many European nations. Dutch, Portugal, Spain, --mainly for natural resources.British and French more for military than economic reasons.
13The Americas The U.S. the western hemisphere protector *Monroe Doctrine1823, President Monroe warned European powers to stay out of the Western Hemisphere.Latin American states would remain free to determine their own political destinies.Arbitration – third party settle disputes – President Teddy RooseveltSpanish American War*Yellow journalism – journalists using sensationalist news.Get Spain out of Cuba!War lasted 4 monthsVictory for the USU.S. gained Guam, Puerto Rico, & the Philippines*Philippines became a colony of the U.S. after it won its freedom from Spain…the U.S. would not let them have self-rule after helping them defeat the Spaniards.
14U.S. territorial gains U.S. bought Alaska in 1867 – from Russia U.S. annexed Hawaii in 1898—American businessmen overthrew Queen.U.S. purchased the Virgin Islands from Denmark.America begins the *Panama CanalHelped Panama gain independence from ColombiaMany died of diseases—yellow fever; malaria; etc.Connected the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
15Mexico1835, Americans and some Mexicans in Texas revolt against Santa Ana of Mexico.1845, Republic of Texas joins the U.S. as a stateMexican / American War – Mexico losesTreaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848)Mexico loses nearly half its territory to the U.S.1863, French troops invade Mexico for not paying debt1867, U.S. pressure French to leave1872, Porfirio Diaz seizes power.Harsh ruleEconomic advances– building of roads, developing industries, expanding farmlands, opening new mines.Most profits went to foreign investors and wealthy landownersRich get richer and the poor get poorer
16Mexican Revolution Discontent with Diaz led to Revolution. 1911—Diaz overthrownFrancisco Madero comes into powerHe is murderedVictorian Huerta – one of Madero’s generals comes into powerHe was taken down a year later by Mexican revolts and American intervention.Three people fought for controlEmiliano Zapata- for farmersFrancisco “Pancho” Villa-radical who fought for poorVenustiano Carranza- conservative—U.S. supported—President in 1915U.S. battled Pancho Villa on U.S. / Mexican border for killing 18 Americans, until U.S. entry into WWI in 1917.
17Study for Quiz! Ch. 16 PPT beginning of Imperialism Ch Partition of AfricaCh China, Japan, and the Americas.Work on your study guide if you have it!