6Tanning SalonThere's more evidence on the hazards of tanning beds. Baking under their artificial lamps as little as once a month can boost your risk of a deadly form of skin cancer by 55% -- and the danger is even greater when done in early adulthood.
7Significance to Optimal Health Spending time outdoors in the fresh air does wonders for the body and soul. Just remember that your skin needs extra protection from the sun.
8Types of Skin CancerBasal cell carcinomaSquamous cell carcinomas
10Other Effects From the Sun Skin DamageCataracts and Other Eye DamageImmune Suppression
11Other ProblemsIn terms of cancer types; skin cancer history was most strongly tied to liver cancer, followed by Hodgkin disease, leukemia, and lung cancer.Women who have had the most common forms of skin cancer are 2.3 times as likely to also get deadlier cancers such as breast, lung, and colon.
12Possible Solutions Don’t sunbathe Avoid sun exposure between 10:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.When outdoors use SPF 15 or higherwithout SPF 15 reddening takes 20 minswith SPF 15 reddening takes 5 hours (reapply every 2 hours & after swimming)Several sunburns over course of a lifetime can double/ triple melanoma risk no matter when sunburns occurred
13Possible SolutionsWear long pants, long-sleeved shirts, hats, UV- protective sunglassesStay away from artificial tanning devicesTeach children good sun protection habits at an early age. Damages that lead to adult skin cancers start in childhoodExamine self from head to toe once every 3 monthsTinted windows in automobile
14Year Round ProtectionDuring winter ( Reflections from snow can double the UV rays from the sun)UV radiation is not only associated with heatClouds/ Haze- water droplets magnify UV rays.Latitude- closer to the equator, more potent sun rays.Altitude- UV radiation increases 4-5% every 1000 ft. above sea level.Reflection- water, sand, concrete and snow reflect 90% of UV rays.Photosensitive Reactions- medicines for acne or antibiotics
15Variety of ApproachUVB causes basal, squamous cell carcinomas and melanoma.UVA causes wrinkling, leathering, photo aging because it penetrates deeper and exacerbates UVB effects.
16Youth Sun Care Avoid sunburns as a child. Babies under 6 months old should spend very little time in the sun. If exposed to the sun protective clothing and sunglasses should be worn.Children over 6 months should always wear a sunscreen of at least SPF 15.
17The ABCD’s of Skin Cancer A – AsymmetryB – BorderC – ColorD – Diameter
18Treatments Removal – Laser / Excision or cutting out Surgery – lymph nodesChemotherapy / ImmunotherapyBenign / Malignant
19Latest News of Sunscreens Long-term Effects Sunscreen as of now is tested with a significant and favorable impact on public health as part of an overall strategy to reduce UV exposure.
20Start Early Parents should educate their children immediately! Experts warn that even one severe sunburn during childhood or adolescence can increase the risk of skin cancer.Kids get 80% of their life time sun before age 18.Safety tips must be practiced constantly!
21Best ProtectionBesides using a sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher, a regularly scheduled full-body exam by your health care professional is key to prevention!This is because melanoma can occur on areas of your body that are not exposed to the sun.It often takes a trained eye to spot melanoma in early stages.
22Self Examination You should examine yourself regularly The best time to do this is after a bath or shower, standing in front of a full length mirror.Use a handheld mirror to help you view areas that are difficult to see.If you notice any odd-looking mole or marking, contact your doctor ASAP!
23Solution to the Problem Sun Avoidance is the best defense against skin cancerVisit your dermatologist at least once a yearEarly detection is the surest way to a cure!Sun Screen! Sun Screen! Sun Screen!
24If Not AddressedAbout 91,900 new cases of melanoma in the United States, in 20037,600 are expected to die from melanoma (4,700 men and 2,900 women)
25Prevention Sun Block Reduce your Exposure of the Sun Protective ClothingSelf ExamDermatology visitsEducation and Awareness
26Best Prevention Education and Awareness *Do a personal skin cancer profile.*For more information visit*Call the Skin Cancer Institute at
27The Dangers of Skin Cancer Presented by:Melissa AndersonFrancis LlaveJulia McElmoyleJeff PoeEri SaitoJeb Stewart