Presentation on theme: "This unit is based on Christianity only"— Presentation transcript:
1This unit is based on Christianity only Believing in GodThis unit is based on Christianity only
2What you need to know:Key words — agnosticism, atheism, conversion, free will, miracle, moral evil, natural evil, numinous, omni-benevolent, omnipotent, omniscient, prayerThe main features of a religious upbringing in Christianity and how it may lead to belief in God.How religious experiences, as seen in the numinous, conversion, miracles and prayer, may lead to belief in God.The argument from design and causation and how it may, or may not, lead to belief in God.Why scientific explanations of the origins of the world may lead some people not to believe in God and how Christians responds to scientific explanations of the origins of the world.Why unanswered prayers may lead some people not to believe in God and how Christians respond to the problem of unanswered prayers.Why evil and suffering may lead some people not to believe in God and how one religion responds to the problem of evil and suffering.How two television and/or radio programmes and/or films about religion may affect a person’s attitude to belief in God.
3Match up the keywords Omniscient Benevolent Omnipotent Agnostic AtheistTheistGod is all lovingThe belief that God existsGod is all knowingThe belief the God does not existGod is all powerfulA person who is not sure if God exists or not
4Religious upbringing and how it can lead to belief in God Just after birth many Christians choose to baptise their children in to the faith. This is where parents promise to raise the child in the Christian faith.Children will be taught how to pray and will be brought up hearing stories from the Bible and so will hear from a young age that God exists, and that He is good.Children may go to youth organisations such as girl guides and scouts which teach children how to live a good Christian life by helping others.Children may go to faith schools which teaches children about God along side the usual school things.When becoming a teenager a Christian may be confirmed as a Christian which is when they confirm that they take seriously the promises made on their behalf at their baptism.
5How experiences can lead to belief in God 1. Miracles – when something happens which goes against nature and is thought to be impossible e.g Jesus walked on water. It must be God who does these things because he is omnipotent and can do the impossible.2. Conversion – when a person changes religion from another or no faith. In the Bible St Paul was converted from being a Christian hater to a person who spread the faith. A person gets an overwhelming feeling that God exists and must be followed.3. Numinous – a feeling that there must be something greater than us e.g when someone looks at a great building or landscape. This something is God.4. Prayer – this is a personal way of communicating with God. It can vary from praising God to asking for help. It may lead to belief, especially if they seem to get a response to their prayer.More on answered and unanswered prayers later on!
6Suffering from natural disasters! How could God allow it to happen? Scientific theories such as the Big Bang have ‘proven’ that God did not make the worldReasons people doNot believe in GodGod is supposed to care but he does not seem to answer prayersIf miracles happen why doesn’t everyone get one? Surely God loves us all?
7Unanswered prayersPeople may come to believe that God CAN’T exist if their prayers are not answered because:If God was omni-benevolent he should show his love by answering prayers. Many prayers are from those wanting to stop suffering yet most seem to go unanswered.Not everyone’s prayers get answered but if God was omnipotent he should have the power to help no matter how big the request is.
8What Christians may say in response to unanswered prayers: God has a plan and so won’t answer prayers that don’t fit with this plan, no matter how it may seem to usSome prayers ask for bad things so God can’t answer them e.g. wanting God to hurt or kill someoneNot all prayers need answering – some are prayers praising GodSome prayers contradict others e.g. if a football supporter asked for their team to win, what is God to do if a supporter from the opposite side prays for the same thing?God may have actually answered a prayer, but in a way that was unexpected.
91. The scientific Big Bang Theory Creation argumentsMany people argue that creation theories either do or don’t prove the existence of God. There are 4 main ideas:2. The Cosmological Argument4. The Christian Creation story1. The scientific Big Bang Theory3. The Design Argument
10Not all scientists agree on this, it is only a suggestion! The Big Bang TheoryMany scientists believe this although they can not actually prove it is true. They only think that it is likely, some don’t actually agree.Billions of years ago a singularity (smaller than an atom) exploded creating matter the size of a grapefruitOver time this expanded and cooled downGases clumped togetherOver millions of years the gases formed planetsMillions of years ago Earth was formed and eventually life evolvedNot all scientists agree on this, it is only a suggestion!
11The Design ArgumentIf a C question asks you to explain why God may exist based on the argument by Design, these are the 4 points you need to make:Complex things aren’t a random chance, they have a designer. William Paley said this about a pocket watch – if you had never seen one you would not assume it came together by chanceThe world is complex too and so can’t be random chance, it must have had a designer. Complex things such as they eye, the human body, the eco-system seem too perfect to be randomOnly a thing know that is big enough and powerful enough to have made a world is GodTherefore there must be an assumption that God exists
12The Cosmological Argument This can sometimes be called the causation argument or the argument for God based on cause and it goes like this:Everything has a cause, including EarthEither the cause of Earth goes back forever to infinity OR there must have been a first cause which itself did not have oneLogic says that there must have been a first cause at some point (called the uncausable cause)Religious people says that this must be God as he is the only thing capable of being this powerful (omnipotent) and so God must existMany Christians argue that God is the cause of the Big Bang, based on this argument
13The Creation storyThis is the Christian version of how the world was made and is recorded in the first book in the Bible – Genesis. Many Christians believe that it did not literally happen, it just represents what God did. However, others believe this is exactly how it happened and that God put fossils in the earth to fool peopleThis story says that God created the world in 7 days.He formed the earth and made day and nightHe created the plants and treesHe created the animals, and lastly he created humans to look after everythingOn the 7th day he rested
14Test yourself! What does ‘numinous’ mean? How can experiences lead to belief in God?What is conversion?List 3 things that Christian families do to raise their children as Christians which can make them believe in GodGive 2 reasons why people may not believe that God existsWhat is another name for the cosmological argument?What did William Paley say about design?Give examples of things in nature that some people say are too complex to be random chanceWhat do Christians think about the Big Bang theory?
15The problem of evil and suffering Many people question the existence of God based on the problem of evil and suffering. They may ask:If God was omnipotent (all powerful) couldn’t he get rid of it? He would surely stop natural disasters from happening???If God was omniscient (all Knowing) wouldn’t he know what was going to happen and stop it? Surely he would warn people of natural disasters or moral evil??If God was benevolent (all loving) wouldn’t he want to stop people suffering? Surely he wouldn’t let children die of diseases etc???This is a problem as all of this makes people question if God exists and lead to some no longer believing.
16Natural Evil: suffering caused by natural disasters Volcanoes, floods and drought etc cause thousands of people to suffer each year.They are usually in the poorest regions and people have no control over themOver 200 million people a year die of malnutrition, they have no control over where they are born or the circumstances they are inMany people all over the world die of incurable diseases such as cancer
17Moral evil: suffering caused by people MurderRapeAssaultTheft
18The Christian response to suffering Suffering is a consequence of human sin in some cases e.g. getting lung cancer through smoking. Sin was only introduced when Adam and Eve disobeyed God in the book of Genesis in the Bible – it was not part of God’s plan. Suffering was part of God’s punishment.Suffering comes from an evil power opposite to God. Christians call this power Satan. (In argument to this some ask where this opposite power came from?)Only God knows the meaning of suffering. Some Bible passages show us this e.g. in the book of Job, in the Old Testament, Job was tested by God, and Job still showed complete faith to God even in the worst of times.Suffering is the beginning not the end. God did not leave humans on their own to suffer, he sent down his son Jesus. God shared in suffering in this way.Jesus suffered on the cross, but this was only so that humans could then find an end to suffering once they die and reach heaven. Death itself means that people can be united with God.
19Test yourself What is natural and moral evil? Why is evil and suffering a problem to some people when considering if God exists?Explain 4 Christian responses to evil and suffering (why do they say God can exist even though suffering exists?)
20How two television and/or radio programmes and/or films about religion may affect a person’s attitude to belief in God.Songs of PraiseThis programme is weekly and showshymns, sermons and discusses how tobe a good Christian. It is a Christian programmeaimed at ChristiansIt may affect a person’s belief in God because:It features people saying how God has helped them, or made their lives betterIt shows many people worshipping so may inspire people to believe that he existsIt shows people singing hymns which say how good and loving God is which may lead people to want to know moreIt teaches about Christianity and what it means to be a follower
21Root of all EvilThis is a documentary presented by atheist Richard Dawkins. It may affect a person’s belief/attitudetowards God because it is very biased that Goddoes not exist:It uses emotive language which pokes fun religious people and hints that they are or have the potential to do evil. It calls followers ‘sheep’ and ‘deluded’.It gives examples of bad things religious people have done in the past but does not mention any good things that religion does.It tries to show that religion is not based on anything which can be proven e.g. says that official teachings were made up by popes, that the Creation story is wrong based on scientific evidence of evolutionThe tone of the presenter’s voice implies that it would be wrong and silly to be religious
22Who Wants to be a R.S -Believing in God Millionaire Instructions: click once to get to the next slide and wait for the Q and possible answers. Click again to find out the correct answer50:5015£1 Million14£500,00013£250,00012£125,00011£64,00010£32,0009£16,0008£8,0007£4,0006£2,0005£1,0004£5003£3002£2001£100
24What is an atheist? 15 £1 Million 14 £500,000 13 £250,000 12 £125,000 11£64,00010£32,0009£16,0008£8,0007£4,0006£2,0005£1,0004£5003£3002£20050:501£100B: Someone who does not believe in GodA: A ChristianC: Someone who believes in GodD: Someone who is not sure if there is a God or not
26B: Someone who believes in God C: Someone who does not believe in God 15£1 Million14£500,00013£250,00012£125,000What is an agnostic?11£64,00010£32,0009£16,0008£8,0007£4,0006£2,0005£1,0004£5003£3002£20050:501£100B: Someone who believes in GodA: A ChristianC: Someone who does not believe in GodD: Someone unsure if they believe in God or not
28A: The Cosmological Argument 15£1 Million14What is this theory called?:Nothing happens by itself, everything needs a cause. Therefore the universe must have a cause. As the universe is so big only God can be the cause, therefore God exists£500,00013£250,00012£125,00011£64,00010£32,0009£16,0008£8,0007£4,0006£2,0005£1,0004£5003£3002£20050:501£100A: The Cosmological ArgumentB: The Design ArgumentC: Big Bang TheoryD: The Creation story
30C: All religious people 15£1 MillionWho believes in the Big Bang Theory?14£500,00013£250,00012£125,00011£64,00010£32,0009£16,0008£8,0007£4,0006£2,0005£1,0004£5003£3002£20050:501£100A: A scientistB: A ChristianC: All religious peopleD: No one
32A: Religious upbringing 15£1 Million14£500,00013£250,00012£125,000Which is the odd one out?11£64,00010£32,0009£16,0008£8,0007£4,0006£2,0005£1,0004£5003£3002£20050:501£100A: Religious upbringingB: ConversionC: EducationD: Miracles
33This is because the others often lead people to believe in God, yet education only (or should) teach people about what religious people think and do.
34You’ve Reached the £1,000 Milestone! Congratulations! Congratulations!
36D: Praying at meal times 15£1 Million14£500,000Which event/s will most likely help someone having a religious upbringing believe?13£250,00012£125,00011£64,00010£32,0009£16,0008£8,0007£4,0006£2,0005£1,0004£5003£3002£20050:501£100B: Baptism and Sunday SchoolA: RS lessons at schoolC: Being prayed forD: Praying at meal times
38What means an experience which arouses a deep spiritual feeling? 15£1 Million14£500,000What means an experience which arouses a deep spiritual feeling?13£250,00012£125,00011£64,00010£32,0009£16,0008£8,0007£4,0006£2,0005£1,0004£5003£3002£20050:501£100A: AweB: ConversionC: MiracleD: Numinous
4015£1 Million14£500,000In the Design argument, what did William Paley compare the design of the world to?13£250,00012£125,00011£64,00010£32,0009£16,0008£8,0007£4,0006£2,0005£1,0004£5003£3002£20050:501£100A: A pocket watchB: A clockC: A radioD: A tv
42What can lead some people to question if God exists? 15£1 Million14£500,000What can lead some people to question if God exists?13£250,00012£125,00011£64,00010£32,0009£16,0008£8,0007£4,0006£2,0005£1,0004£5003£3002£20050:501£100A: The BibleB: PeopleC: Suffering and evilD: Not going to church
44What is natural evil? 15 £1 Million 14 £500,000 13 £250,000 12 £125,000What is natural evil?11£64,00010£32,0009£16,0008£8,0007£4,0006£2,0005£1,0004£5003£3002£20050:501£100A: suffering from car crashesB: when people hurt each otherD: suffering from natural disasters e.g floodsC: Mental illness
45You’ve Reached the £32,000 Milestone! Congratulations!
4715£1 MillionWhich word means that God is all powerful and nothing is beyond his power?14£500,00013£250,00012£125,00011£64,00010£32,0009£16,0008£8,0007£4,0006£2,0005£1,0004£5003£3002£20050:501£100A: BenevolentB: OmnipotentC: OmniscientD: Strong
48One way to remember this might be to remember the P’s OmniPotent = Powerful
50Which is NOT a Christian response to suffering? 15£1 Million14£500,00013£250,00012£125,000Which is NOT a Christian response to suffering?11£64,00010£32,0009£16,0008£8,0007£4,0006£2,0005£1,0004£5003£3002£20050:501£100A: God alone knows the meaning of sufferingB: Suffering comes from an opposite power - SatanC: God can’t stop sufferingD: Suffering is a result of sin brought in to the world by humans
52What is 1 Christian approach to suffering? 15£1 Million14£500,00013£250,00012£125,000What is 1 Christian approach to suffering?11£64,00010£32,0009£16,0008£8,0007£4,0006£2,0005£1,0004£5003£3002£20050:501£100B: You have to have downs to feel the ups in lifeA: Deal with it – it’s lifeC: Suffering is all part of the Bible and it’s what God wantsD: God joined in suffering by sending Jesus
54Which is a programme we studied which may affect someone’s attitude towards God? 15£1 Million14£500,00013£250,00012£125,00011£64,00010£32,0009£16,0008£8,0007£4,0006£2,0005£1,0004£5003£3002£20050:501£100A: Songs of PraiseB: East is EastC: Bruce AlmightyD: Coronation Street
56Which is the odd one out? 15 £1 Million 14 £500,000 13 £250,000 12 £125,000Which is the odd one out?11£64,00010£32,0009£16,0008£8,0007£4,0006£2,0005£1,0004£5003£3002£20050:501£100A: Bangladesh cycloneB: Rhys Jones shotD: Children born with incurable diseasesC: 20 million dying of malnutrition
57This is because the others are forms of natural evil, yet Reece Jones being murdered is an act of moral evil