Presentation on theme: "Roles and Responsibility National Disaster Operations Centre"— Presentation transcript:
1 Roles and Responsibility National Disaster Operations Centre Major S K SaneAtMobilizing People in Emergencies Wksp,28-29 June 2007 Safari Park, Nairobi
2 National (Disaster) Operations Centre Introduction Government formulated a National Policy on Disaster Management and DRR Policy aims at addressing the increasing incidences and emergence of disasters. Currently, the Ministry of Special Programmes in the Office of the President is charged with the management of disasters in Kenya
3 Mandate The mandate of the ministry is as follows: Special Programme policiesArid and Semi Arid Lands Resource Management Projects (ALRMP)Coordination of Disaster Risk Reduction ProgrammesCoordination of campaign against HIV/AIDSDisaster and emergency response coordination
4 National Disaster Operations Centre (NOC) Established on 21 January 1998 following the adverse effects of El Nino rains.Coordinates disaster management in the country.Manned by officers drawn from various Ministries/Departments of the Government on a 24 hour basis.
5 Responsibilities Coordination of all disaster activities, before, during and after occurrence.Informing all stakeholders of the national disaster contingency plans.Translating the decisions of the National Disaster Coordination Committee (NDCC) into action or instructions and ensure that those instructions are transmitted and carried out by the Ministries /Departments to whom they are directedPreparing of all inventories for national resources.
6 Responsibilities (cont.) Arranging for clearance of relief activities from outside the country.Preparing media programmes for public information.Carrying out annual evaluation of disaster activities.Issuing daily Situation Reports to stakeholders.Prioritizing of relief action.
7 NATIONAL DISASTER OPERATION CENTRE NATIONAL DISASTER OPERATION CENTRE LINKAGE CHARTNATIONAL DISASTER OPERATION CENTREUN,NGO,CBOMINISTRIESPROVINCES x 8DISTRICT x 72DIVISIONSUB-LOCATIONLOCATIONVILLAGE
8 Kenya has experienced several kinds of disasters These include: MAJOR HAZARDS IN KENYAKenya has experienced several kinds of disastersThese include:DroughtFloodsFiresTerrorismLandslidesHIV/ AIDS and disease epidemicsTransport accidents
9 Other Hazards Water hyacinth Frost, fog, strong winds and hailstones Technological hazardsOceanic shoreline changes and the likely effects on the environment and settlements
10 DISASTER MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES Ministry of Special ProgrammesThe executive arm of government has created and mandated the Minister in the office of the President for Special Programmes to implement measures and plans for disaster management in consultation with other organs of Government. These measures are carried out within the prevailing legal framework and government policies and guidelines
11 National Disaster Management Institutions National Disaster Management Executive Committee (NDMEC)Body established to design programmes for disaster intervention. It is the highest institution in disaster systems and falls under the Cabinet Office. It is chaired by a Cabinet Minister and has members drawn from Government ministriesNational Disaster Coordination Committee (NDCC)This next top level organ in disaster management. The National Disaster Coordination Committee is chaired by the Permanent Secretary, Special Programmes.
12 DM Institutions contd Provincial Disaster (Management) Committee (PDC) This is charged with all disaster issues in the province. It is chaired by the Provincial Commissioner (PC) to manage disasters in their respective AOR.District Disaster (Management) Committee (DDC)This is chaired by the District Commissioner (DC) to manage disasters in their respective AOR. Members include technical representatives at the district level and the security teams.Kenya Food Security CommitteeThe Ministry of Agriculture, the Arid and Semi Arid Resource Management Project, WFP, FEWSNET and USAID collect data monthly on key agricultural, livestock, economic, social and climatic indicators to generate reports for Kenya food Security Coordination System.UN AgenciesThe United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has been responsible for coordinating the interventions of all UN agencies towards disaster situations in Kenya, under the umbrella of the United Nations Disaster Management Team (UNDMT)
13 DM Institutions contd Local Agencies/NGOs A number of independent agencies are involved in disaster management in Kenya. These bodies work in coordination with the national disaster management system. They include the followingKenya Red CrossSt Johns AmbulanceICRCIFRCAMREF
14 DISASTER MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES Line Ministries; Each ministry is expected to initiate mechanisms to address prevention, early warning and preparedness, immediate relief, maintenance and rehabilitation.Provincial AdministrationPoliceSearch and Rescue- MilitaryAnti-terrorismEvacuation planning and management- Ministry of Health, Krcs, St. John Ambulance, AmrefEnforcement of crowd controlConflict resolution andFire fighting.
15 Strategies contdThe Necessity of Employing a Multi-Sectoral Approach; disaster management is multi-sectoral and multi-disciplinary approachThe Role of CommunitiesThe primary cell for disaster management is the individual building- up to the community then to the nationRegional Perspectives and StrategiesRecognizes that some hazards are not confined to national borders e.g. drought
16 Stakeholders This includes Government Ministries and departments like; Department of DefenceProvincial AdministrationKenya Police ForceMinistry of HealthMinistry of AgricultureLivestock and Rural DevelopmentMinistry of TransportMinistry Of Environment And Natural ResourcesMinistry Of Local Government,Ministry Of Roads And Public Works
17 Stakeholders contdKenya Red CrossSt Johns AmbulanceICRCIFRCAMREF
18 UN AGENCIESThe United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has been responsible for coordinating the interventions of all UN agencies towards disaster situations in Kenya, under the umbrella of the United Nations Disaster Management Team (UNDMT)composed of:The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)The United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR)The World Food Programme (WFP)Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)World Health Organization (WHO)United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF)United Nations Office in Nairobi (UNON)Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)World Bank andUnited Nations Fund for Women (UNIFEM)
19 Drought of 2005/6 Began in 2003 to April 2006 Affected 26 districts rising to 37Affected 1.2 million rising to 3.2Government, International Agents involved in response.Government invested over Kshs. 4 billion
20 The role of NOC during the drought situation The Director of NOC has participated in all the activities of the disaster from 22nd December 2005 reconnaissance.Initiated disaster management through established channelsParticipated in formulation of strategies for management of the disasterInitiated approach based on humanitarian principles and principles of Civil – Military Coordination (CMCoord)Attached three On Site Disaster Coordination Teams to Wajir, Mandera, Marsabit and Moyale districts for humanitarian activities.Coordination of relief supplies through Road and Air movementLiaised with the NGO and international community on the matterProvided information as it becomes availableLiaison with DOD and KAFLiaison with Kenya Red Cross
21 Lessons learned Lack of effective early warning Early warning systems over decentralizedResponse mechanism uncoordinatedLack of legislation to empower the Ministry charged with the responsibility for disaster response coordinationLack of disaster fund
23 Collapsed Building A lone building came down in January 2006 Caused by poor construction14 dead and 90 woundedRespond at National and international level, included USA, UK, Israel
24 And Lessons Learnt Collapsed Building Search Rescue Response slow & uncoordinatedCapacitySearch and rescue -fire brigade only and lackingSearch and rescue- military lackingManpower unskilled in SARSearch and rescue equipment lackingConflict in legal jurisdictions
25 Continued Lessons Learnt Ambulance services inadequateHospitals- inadequate spaceInadequate equipment in i.c.u
26 REQUIREMENTCapacity building all round for Search and Rescue for human resourceAcquisition of equipment for Search & Rescue Nairobi, Mombasa and KisumuICU capacity improvement and enhancement in Mombasa, Nairobi & KisumuMobile Emergency medical units for rapid response in situ for Mombasa, Nairobi & KisumuFire fighting capability in urban areas
27 Thank you for your attention Q & AThank you for your attentionAhsante