Presentation on theme: "Direct Object Pronouns I Pronomi Diretti Italian 1 4/8/14."— Presentation transcript:
Direct Object Pronouns I Pronomi Diretti Italian 1 4/8/14
What is a Direct Object? A direct object is the person or thing in a sentence that receives the action of the verb directly and answers the question what? or whom?
How to Spot the Direct Object I invite the boys. Whom do I invite? The boys He reads the book. What does he read? The book. **The nouns boys and books are direct objects. They answer the question what? or whom?
Where is the Direct Object ? REMEMBER THESE SENTENCES* Lui chiama il cameriere. – He calls the waiter. Noi vediamo Lucia. – We do not see Lucia. Io compro i regali. – I buy gifts. Silvana lava le tazze. – Silvia cleans the cups.
Replacing the Direct Object Direct Object Pronoun Remember the sentences ? I invite the boys. He reads the book Direct object pronouns replace direct object nouns. I invite the boys. I invite them. He reads the book. He reads it.
Forms of the Direct Object Pronouns (i pronomi diretti) SINGULAR PLURAL mi me ci us ti you (informal) vi you all (informal) lo him, it li them (male) la her, it le them (female) La you all (formal) Li, Le you all (formal)
Direct Object changes to Direct Object Object Lui chiama il cameriere. Lui lo chiama. Noi vediamo Lucia. Noi la vediamo.
Direct Object changes to Direct Object Object Io compro I regali. Io li compro. Silvana lava le tazze. Silvana le lava.
Where does the Direct Object Pronoun go? Direct Object Pronouns come before the conjugated verb. Innegative sentences, the word NON must precede the DOP. Esempi: Mangio la frutta. La mangio. Non scrivo il compito. Non lo scrivo.
DOP & Infinitives If a sentence includes an infinitive, the DOP is usually attached to the infinitive ending after the final –e is dropped. Two ways the sentence can be created. Esempio: Devo finire i compiti. Devo finirli. (or) Li devo finire.