Presentation on theme: "Sponge #11 K-W-L Chart: Air pollution, acid rain, and nuclear disaster"— Presentation transcript:
1Sponge #11 K-W-L Chart: Air pollution, acid rain, and nuclear disaster Create a K-W-L chart, and under your k-column, write down anything you already know about air pollution, acid rain, and/or nuclear disaster. Next, write down anything you would like to know about the topics.K- Already KnowW-Would Like to KnowL
2What New Things Are We About to LEARN??????? Standard: SS6G9: The student will discuss the environmental issues in Europe.What Should You Be Able to do with this Standard??????-EXPLAIN how acid rain (Germany), air pollution (UK), and nuclear disaster (Ukraine) have impacted European countries.
3Note-taking: Create a Flip Booklet Please listen carefully to my instructions!!!
4Environmental Issues In Europe Acid Rain in GermanyAir Pollution in the United KingdomNuclear Disaster in Chernobyl, Ukraine
5Acid Rain In Germanyis rain, snow, sleet, or other wet precipitation that is polluted by acids such as sulfuric and nitric acids.caused chiefly from the burning of coal, gas, and oil by cars, factories, and power plants
6Effects of Acid Rain In Germany harms the environment over large areas:a) can damage statues, buildings, and bridges,b) has killed entire fish populations in lake, &c) can harm forests and soil
8Areas Where Acid Rain Is A Major Problem Central Europe- Germany is hit particularly hard by this problem because of their large industrial based of their economy.ScandinaviaEastern North America
9Pollution ManagementGerman government passed laws to reduce emissions from automobiles and factories.Some factories developed devices that remove harmful particles from smokestack emissions, such as filters, by traps that use static electricity, or by devices called scrubbers that wash out particles with chemical sprays.
10Checking For Understanding (CFU) Q/A How has acid rain harmed Germany’s environment??? Explain.
11Video Clip: Acid RainPlease listen attentively to the video. Also, any additional facts you obtain from the video, write them down in your flipbook on the back cover (additional notes).
12Air Pollution in the United Kingdom Smog is a form of air pollutionfirst used in 1905 to describe the combination of smoke and thick fog that at times hung over London and other cities in the United Kingdomalso refers to a condition caused by the action of sunlight on the exhaust gases from automobiles and factories
15Effects of SmogCan kill (About 4,000 Londoners died within five days as a result of a thick smog in 1952)destroys plant lifecauses building materials to deteriorate faster than usual
16London-Type Smogoccurs when moisture condenses with smoke produced by the burning of coalforms smog dropletssulfur dioxide is in air in London--attacks the lungs and makes breathing difficult (called sulfur smog)
17What is Being Done to Reduce Air Pollution in the UK???? The Uk has been working hard to reduce air pollution since the Great London Smog occurred.The government has:tightened emissions standards for vehicles,endorsed the use of cleaner fuels, andurged citizens to use public transportation like buses and subway systems.
18CFU Stand-Up/Sit DownIf you think the statement below is true, stand up. If you think the statement is false, stay seated.The term smog is a derived from the words smoke and fog.
19Video Clip: Air Pollution Please listen attentively to the video. Also, any additional facts you obtain from the video, write them down in your flipbook on the back cover (additional notes).
20Chernobyl Disaster in the Ukraine the worst nuclear accident in historyApril 26, 1986Chernobyl nuclear power station in Ukraine (then part of the Soviet Union)caused numerous deaths and injurieswidespread environmental contaminationNote: In the 1980’s many countries were using nuclear power. Nuclear power plants were producing cheaper energy without filling the air with pollution and without using up Earth’s supply of fossil fuels.
22How Did The Disaster Happen? had four nuclear reactors (devices that produce and control nuclear energy) in serviceoperators shut off several safety systems and began to power down the fourth reactor for a test of the plant’s emergency electrical power supplypower surge caused fuel in the reactor to overheat, resulting in a steam explosion and fireproduced a radioactive cloud more than 3,280 feet in heightradioactive substances spread over parts of what are now Ukraine, Russia, and BelarusAir Currents/Winds carried the radioactive material into northern and central Europe.
23Radiation Found In the Ground After Chernobyl Disaster
24The Cover-UpSoviet leaders concealed the accident from the public for nearly two days and refused outside helpEventually, nearby towns were evacuatedCleanup workers covered the reactor with a concrete shell
25Effects of Chernobyl Disaster 31 people reportedly died from radiation sickness or burnsmore than 200 others were seriously injuredFallout (radioactive material) from the accident caused a number of health and environmental problemsincreased rate of cancer, skin diseases, respiratory ailments, and heart problems
26CFU: Q/AIn your own words, explain how the nuclear disaster happened in Chernobyl, Ukraine.
27Video Clip: Nuclear Disaster Please listen attentively to the video. Also, any additional facts you obtain from the video, write them down in your flipbook on the back cover (additional notes).
28Sponge #12Write all the statements/problems that are below. Then, put a check mark next to each problem caused by acid rain in Germany.1.) ___ Trees damaged or killed2.) ___ Fish die3.) ___ Brick and stonework buildings damaged4.) ___ Average temperature getting colder5.) ___ Fewer schools built
29Homework CheckTake your flipbook out. Sit quietly and wait until I come around to check your COMPLETED flipbook!!!!! If flipbook is NOT complete, place your agenda on your desk and fill out a “Pink Slip.”
30Check Your Answers Questions Acid Rain (Germany) Air Pollution (UK) Nuclear Disaster (Chernobyl, Ukraine)What is the problem?Acid RainAir Pollution (Smog) combination of smoke and thick fog.Nuclear DisasterWhat are the causes of the problem?Sulfuric and Nitric Acids =caused from the burning of coal, gas, and oil by cars, factories, and power plantscaused by sunlight on the exhaust gases from automobiles and factoriesfour nuclear reactors were in service at Chernobyl nuclear power plant.power surge caused fuel in the reactor to overheat, resulting in a steam explosion and fireproduced a radioactive cloud more than 3,280 feet in heightAir Currents/Winds carried the radioactive material into northern and central EuropeHow has the problem affected the country?Damage statues, buildings, and bridges,Killed entire fish populations in lake, &Harm forests and soilCan killDestroys plant lifeCauses building materials to deteriorate faster than usual31 people reportedly died from radiation sickness or burnsincreased rate of cancer, skin diseases, respiratory ailments, and heart problemsWhat are solutions to the problem?laws to reduce emissionsfactories developed devices: filters and scrubberstightened emissions standards for vehiclesuse of cleaner fuelsnearby towns were evacuatedCleanup workers covered the reactor with a concrete shellCheck Your Answers
31Video ClipPlease listen attentively to the video. Also, any additional facts you obtain from the video, write them down in your flipbook on the back cover (additional notes).
32Whole-Class CRCT Reading As a class, we will read pgs in CRCT workbook. Any information you find interesting or important, write it down on the last page in your flipbook!!!! -Answer questions: Write all questions, write your answers out, and write the paragraph number that you found your answer!!!!
33Sit quietly and wait for my instructions!!! Computer LabSit quietly and wait for my instructions!!!