Presentation on theme: "Africa in Crisis from Henry Bruns The World Today."— Presentation transcript:
Africa in Crisis from Henry Bruns The World Today
The Six Challenges in Africa Civil wars and dictatorships Political corruption and economic mismanagement AIDS epidemic has swept the continent Less than half of the people living south of the Sahara have basic health care Nearly two-thirds lack safe drinking water African life expectancy is fifty-two years
The Other Five Challenges in Africa Illiteracy Population Growth Resources High Infant Mortality Rate Political Corruption
Colonialism Africa – Rich in resources 1. People – Humans 2. Materials Colonialism: one countrys control over anothers territory and people. –Implies economic domination. –Superiority and inferiority – indigenous – less power –Take over = more power
When the country pulls out… Colonialist country pulls out = power vacuum –Indigenous people fight for power –Resources Civil war – Power and Control split on Ethnic, Religious, Race –Ingredients for genocide Imperialism: The policy of extending a nation's authority by territorial acquisition or by the establishment of economic and political hegemony over other nations.
Rwanda Dem. Rep. Congo (Zaire)
Rwanda Belgium colony 2 Ethnic Groups Indigenous –Tutsis: minority 1/7 of population –Hutus: majority Tutsis Power – Belgium allows them to have power 1959 Hutus killed hundreds of thousands of Tutsis
Hutu Power An estimated 500,000 people died in the genocide Ethnic Cleansing: a campaign of forced expulsion, often involving beatings, rape, and murder, in order to clear an area of unwanted inhabitants. The U.N. was in Rwanda the entire time.
Hotel Rwanda Synopsis Ten years ago some of the worst atrocities in the history of mankind took place in the country of Rwanda--and in an era of high-speed communication and round the clock news, the events went almost unnoticed by the rest of the world. In only three months, one million people were brutally murdered. In the face of these unspeakable actions, inspired by his love for his family, an ordinary man summons extraordinary courage to save the lives of over a thousand helpless refugees, by granting them shelter in the hotel he manages. - Written by Sujit R. VarmaSujit R. Varma
Hotel Rwanda Paul Rusesabagina (Don Cheadle) –Hotel Manager, Hutu –Owners of the Hôtel Des Milles Collines are Belgium –Married a Tutsi U.N. Colonel Oliver (Nick Nolte) General Bizimungu (Fana Mokoena) –Hutu general –Paul bargains for protection
Hotel Rwanda Continued George Rutaganda (Hakeem Kae-Kazim) –Hutu distributor –Paul gives him cigars, liquor Distributor gives Paul food Tatiana Rusesabagina (Sophie Okonedo) –Pauls wife –A Tutsi