Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

An Introduction to The Catcher in the Rye Advanced Composition & Novel Mrs. Snipes.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "An Introduction to The Catcher in the Rye Advanced Composition & Novel Mrs. Snipes."— Presentation transcript:

1 An Introduction to The Catcher in the Rye Advanced Composition & Novel Mrs. Snipes

2 J.D. Salinger Alienation from society is a major theme of Jerome David Salingers work and no less a force in his own life. He seems determined to retreat from society and has succeeded in obscuring most of his private life. Alienation from society is a major theme of Jerome David Salingers work and no less a force in his own life. He seems determined to retreat from society and has succeeded in obscuring most of his private life.

3 Born January 1, 1919 to the family of a prosperous Manhattan food dealer, Salinger had one older sister. He was educated in New York City except for the last two years of high school. These final years were spent at Valley Forge Military Academy in Pennsylvania. Born January 1, 1919 to the family of a prosperous Manhattan food dealer, Salinger had one older sister. He was educated in New York City except for the last two years of high school. These final years were spent at Valley Forge Military Academy in Pennsylvania. Information about his first six years after graduation is vague. Salinger may have visited Europe and is known to have studied sporadically at New York University, Ursinus College, and Columbia University, concentrating on writing courses. During this time, Salinger published several short stories in popular magazines. Information about his first six years after graduation is vague. Salinger may have visited Europe and is known to have studied sporadically at New York University, Ursinus College, and Columbia University, concentrating on writing courses. During this time, Salinger published several short stories in popular magazines.

4 Drafted in 1942 and trained in England, Salinger participated in the D-Day invasion. He continued to write during this period and more stories appeared in print. There was also an alleged marriage to a Frenchwoman, which supposedly ended in divorce in Drafted in 1942 and trained in England, Salinger participated in the D-Day invasion. He continued to write during this period and more stories appeared in print. There was also an alleged marriage to a Frenchwoman, which supposedly ended in divorce in Salinger moved to rural New Hampshire and lived as a recluse. He only saw local youngsters, whose company he enjoyed. Although the success of his one novel, The Catcher in the Rye (1951), brought him unwanted attention, he kept the public eye at bay by refusing all visitors. However, whenever he was trapped, he offered conflicting information and often totally false biographical data. Salinger moved to rural New Hampshire and lived as a recluse. He only saw local youngsters, whose company he enjoyed. Although the success of his one novel, The Catcher in the Rye (1951), brought him unwanted attention, he kept the public eye at bay by refusing all visitors. However, whenever he was trapped, he offered conflicting information and often totally false biographical data.

5 In 1955, Salinger wed an Englishwoman, Claire Douglas. The Salingers lived in Cornish, New Hampshire, in a fenced-off, isolated farmhouse with their two children. Salinger used a nearby concrete bunker as his writing office. Although the marriage ended in divorce in 1967, Salinger remained in Cornish. He continued to refuse all contact with society, communicating with the world only through his published works. He passed away on January 27, In 1955, Salinger wed an Englishwoman, Claire Douglas. The Salingers lived in Cornish, New Hampshire, in a fenced-off, isolated farmhouse with their two children. Salinger used a nearby concrete bunker as his writing office. Although the marriage ended in divorce in 1967, Salinger remained in Cornish. He continued to refuse all contact with society, communicating with the world only through his published works. He passed away on January 27, 2010.

6 The Philosopher: In Salingers work, contemporary society is permeated by hypocrisy, injustice, and a lack of love. In this world of artificiality and indifference, Salingers sensitive characters invariably suffer. In Salingers work, contemporary society is permeated by hypocrisy, injustice, and a lack of love. In this world of artificiality and indifference, Salingers sensitive characters invariably suffer. One of the few saving graces in Salingers corrupt world is the purity of childhood. Yet this beautiful, desirable, pristine innocence is short lived. And since childhood innocence is corrupted by passage into adulthood, Salinger offers little hope for a meaningful existence. One of the few saving graces in Salingers corrupt world is the purity of childhood. Yet this beautiful, desirable, pristine innocence is short lived. And since childhood innocence is corrupted by passage into adulthood, Salinger offers little hope for a meaningful existence.

7 Yet even the changes of maturation can be dealt with if the character develops an all- encompassing love. In a climactic moment in The Catcher in the Rye, Holden is transformed as he watches Phoebe on a carousel. Through love, he is at last able to accept the inevitability of change and forgive the wrongdoing of others. Yet even the changes of maturation can be dealt with if the character develops an all- encompassing love. In a climactic moment in The Catcher in the Rye, Holden is transformed as he watches Phoebe on a carousel. Through love, he is at last able to accept the inevitability of change and forgive the wrongdoing of others.

8 Some readers object that Salingers message is based on negative, reactionary attitudes. For example, Holdens ideals are defined by his disgust with evil, rather than his reverence for good. Yet, when faced with such overwhelming corruption and such varied reasons for despair, even cautious optimism and the chance for salvation is cheering. Some readers object that Salingers message is based on negative, reactionary attitudes. For example, Holdens ideals are defined by his disgust with evil, rather than his reverence for good. Yet, when faced with such overwhelming corruption and such varied reasons for despair, even cautious optimism and the chance for salvation is cheering.

9 The Technician: Salinger is a writer, first and last. He adamantly rejects the role of a public figure. He also rejects the position of teacher, refusing to talk about his writing or instruct others on his methods. Salinger is a writer, first and last. He adamantly rejects the role of a public figure. He also rejects the position of teacher, refusing to talk about his writing or instruct others on his methods. Although Salinger has retreated from the world, his work offers great immediacy and reality. This is partly due to his stylistic gift for recreating idiomatic expression. In addition, his ability to capture the motivations and desires of the soul show that he has an intuitive grasp of the human character. Although Salinger has retreated from the world, his work offers great immediacy and reality. This is partly due to his stylistic gift for recreating idiomatic expression. In addition, his ability to capture the motivations and desires of the soul show that he has an intuitive grasp of the human character.

10 Salinger works like a sculptor, obsessing himself with a single character or theme and reshaping it in a number of ways. He continues to approach the character or theme from various angles until the final forms emerge. Holden Caulfield evolved in this manner. Salinger works like a sculptor, obsessing himself with a single character or theme and reshaping it in a number of ways. He continues to approach the character or theme from various angles until the final forms emerge. Holden Caulfield evolved in this manner.

11 At present, Catcher is Salingers only novel. He considers himself a short story writer. He has written one collection entitled Nine Stories (1953) and three novelettesFranny and Zooey, Seymour: An Introduction, and Raise High the Roofbeam, Carpentersissued as a single work in He also published approximately twenty other magazine stories. At present, Catcher is Salingers only novel. He considers himself a short story writer. He has written one collection entitled Nine Stories (1953) and three novelettesFranny and Zooey, Seymour: An Introduction, and Raise High the Roofbeam, Carpentersissued as a single work in He also published approximately twenty other magazine stories. Although his output seems meager, Salingers widespread popular and critical acclaim make every effort seem more valuable. Although his output seems meager, Salingers widespread popular and critical acclaim make every effort seem more valuable. The fact that The Catcher in the Rye continues to sell over a quarter of a million copies annually in the U.S. alone testifies to Salingers continuing popularity. The fact that The Catcher in the Rye continues to sell over a quarter of a million copies annually in the U.S. alone testifies to Salingers continuing popularity.

12 The novel offers realism in its use of language, its use of social criticism where it is due, and its presentation of real problems which adolescents face in the process of achieving maturity. The book also offers romanticism in its view of the innocence of childhood, its quest for truth, idealizing the past, and its emphasis on individual discovery and growth. The novel offers realism in its use of language, its use of social criticism where it is due, and its presentation of real problems which adolescents face in the process of achieving maturity. The book also offers romanticism in its view of the innocence of childhood, its quest for truth, idealizing the past, and its emphasis on individual discovery and growth.

13 Salinger borrows traditional structures for telling Holdens story. As in Chaucers Canterbury Tales or Welles Time Machine, he utilizes a frame story structure. The outside frame is Holdens talking to a psychoanalyst: the inside story is Holdens own narrative, with flashbacks of the events, the madman stuff that has led to his arrival at a rest home in California. Salinger borrows traditional structures for telling Holdens story. As in Chaucers Canterbury Tales or Welles Time Machine, he utilizes a frame story structure. The outside frame is Holdens talking to a psychoanalyst: the inside story is Holdens own narrative, with flashbacks of the events, the madman stuff that has led to his arrival at a rest home in California. Since this narrative is in first person, autobiographical and episodic, it is picaresque. Since this narrative is in first person, autobiographical and episodic, it is picaresque. It is psychological in that the events narrated are accompanied be Holdens thoughts. It is also a quest narrative in which Holden seeks to discover truth, values, and, ultimately, himself and his place in the world. It is psychological in that the events narrated are accompanied be Holdens thoughts. It is also a quest narrative in which Holden seeks to discover truth, values, and, ultimately, himself and his place in the world.

14 Salinger labored on the novel for 10 years, but the intimacy of Holdens voice feels effortless. Part of this comes from Salingers extraordinary ear for speech. Which you also get in, for instance, his great Glass family stories. But its not just technique operating here. Its an inhabitation of character so complete that it amounts to soul ventriloquismfull blown…I dont think theres a single other book in American literature in which the narrator so badly needs the reader to understand him and cure his solitude, and theres no American book in which the novelist creates the illusion of solidarity between his character and the reader more successfully. In fact, the illusion is so strong that it doesnt feel like illusion at all: Salinger dreamed Holden Caulfield right into our lives, and 50 years later, he still feels right here, red hat on, striding the American blast, needing us more than ever. –Cornel Bonca Salinger labored on the novel for 10 years, but the intimacy of Holdens voice feels effortless. Part of this comes from Salingers extraordinary ear for speech. Which you also get in, for instance, his great Glass family stories. But its not just technique operating here. Its an inhabitation of character so complete that it amounts to soul ventriloquismfull blown…I dont think theres a single other book in American literature in which the narrator so badly needs the reader to understand him and cure his solitude, and theres no American book in which the novelist creates the illusion of solidarity between his character and the reader more successfully. In fact, the illusion is so strong that it doesnt feel like illusion at all: Salinger dreamed Holden Caulfield right into our lives, and 50 years later, he still feels right here, red hat on, striding the American blast, needing us more than ever. –Cornel Bonca

15 Picaresque Novel: The picaresque is a chronicle, usually autobiographical, presenting the life story of a rascal of low degree engaged in menial tasks and making his living more through his wits than industry. It tends to be episodic and structureless. The picaro, or central figure, through various pranks and predicaments and by his association with people of varying degree, affords the author an opportunity for satire of the social classes. Romantic in the sense of being an adventure story, the picaresque novel nevertheless is strongly marked by realism in petty detail and by uninhibited expression. The picaresque is a chronicle, usually autobiographical, presenting the life story of a rascal of low degree engaged in menial tasks and making his living more through his wits than industry. It tends to be episodic and structureless. The picaro, or central figure, through various pranks and predicaments and by his association with people of varying degree, affords the author an opportunity for satire of the social classes. Romantic in the sense of being an adventure story, the picaresque novel nevertheless is strongly marked by realism in petty detail and by uninhibited expression. Cervantes Don Quixote is one of the best-known examples of this genre. Cervantes Don Quixote is one of the best-known examples of this genre.

16 Consider: how is Salingers The Catcher in the Rye a perfect example of a picaresque novel? As you read, be looking for evidence and examples. Consider: how is Salingers The Catcher in the Rye a perfect example of a picaresque novel? As you read, be looking for evidence and examples. Also consider, what is Salingers message to his audience and how is Holden a vehicle to convey this message? Also consider, what is Salingers message to his audience and how is Holden a vehicle to convey this message?

17 Much of the power of Salingers novel arises from the honesty and convincingness of his main character. Holdens narrative voice lures readers to become actively involved with his actions and attitudes. Through a skillful use of vernacular and truthful observations, Salinger makes us believe in and ache for Holden. He becomes on the one hand, a unique character and on the other, a universal Everyman. Much of the power of Salingers novel arises from the honesty and convincingness of his main character. Holdens narrative voice lures readers to become actively involved with his actions and attitudes. Through a skillful use of vernacular and truthful observations, Salinger makes us believe in and ache for Holden. He becomes on the one hand, a unique character and on the other, a universal Everyman. In this respect, Holden serves as a character like Shakespeares Hamlet, who can be reinterpreted each generation. The comparison with Hamlet is particularly apt since, like the Prince, Holdens major dilemma is trying to cope with societys corruption and deceit. In both cases, the characters do find peace, but only within their own souls. In this respect, Holden serves as a character like Shakespeares Hamlet, who can be reinterpreted each generation. The comparison with Hamlet is particularly apt since, like the Prince, Holdens major dilemma is trying to cope with societys corruption and deceit. In both cases, the characters do find peace, but only within their own souls.

18 Read in this light, The Catcher in the Rye becomes a coming- of-age story. Like Huckleberry Finn, A Separate Peace, Lord of the Flies, and The Great Gatsby, Catcher implies that a loss of innocence is essential if a child is to become an adult. This process is painful, but inevitable. Read in this light, The Catcher in the Rye becomes a coming- of-age story. Like Huckleberry Finn, A Separate Peace, Lord of the Flies, and The Great Gatsby, Catcher implies that a loss of innocence is essential if a child is to become an adult. This process is painful, but inevitable. Other critics have categorized Catcher as a picaresque novela book dealing with the adventurers of a wanderer. Still others see Holden as a Christ figure, lunatic even Peter Pan. The diversity of views only increases the novels literary merit. Other critics have categorized Catcher as a picaresque novela book dealing with the adventurers of a wanderer. Still others see Holden as a Christ figure, lunatic even Peter Pan. The diversity of views only increases the novels literary merit.

19 Criticism & Controversy: The Catcher in the Rye is not without its detractors and critics. They attack the books use of colloquial slang, its cynical central character as an inappropriate role model, its use of profanity and seedy scenes and its lack of didacticism. The Catcher in the Rye is not without its detractors and critics. They attack the books use of colloquial slang, its cynical central character as an inappropriate role model, its use of profanity and seedy scenes and its lack of didacticism. While these are points to consider, a thorough and objective analysis of the book as a whole can lea to the conclusion that the book is a balance between realism and romanticism that is designed to encourage readers to form their own opinions in relation to, in juxtaposition with, Holdens opinions. While these are points to consider, a thorough and objective analysis of the book as a whole can lea to the conclusion that the book is a balance between realism and romanticism that is designed to encourage readers to form their own opinions in relation to, in juxtaposition with, Holdens opinions.

20 Until 2006, The Catcher in the Rye was one of the most frequently banned books. Until 2006, The Catcher in the Rye was one of the most frequently banned books. It is in the sense that it teaches without preaching that Catcher is perhaps the best book in the 20 th century to address the adolescent stage of human development and may explain its enduring popularity and controversy. It is in the sense that it teaches without preaching that Catcher is perhaps the best book in the 20 th century to address the adolescent stage of human development and may explain its enduring popularity and controversy. Holden Caulfield is such a composite sketch of an American teenager that nearly all readers identify with or see some of their friends reflected in different aspects of Holdens character. Holden Caulfield is such a composite sketch of an American teenager that nearly all readers identify with or see some of their friends reflected in different aspects of Holdens character.

21 Young readers see in Holden Caulfield a little bit of what they are, while older readers see in Holden a bit of what they once were. Young readers see in Holden Caulfield a little bit of what they are, while older readers see in Holden a bit of what they once were. Ultimately, we all know that in some way, Holden is one of us. Ultimately, we all know that in some way, Holden is one of us.

22 Catcher & John Lennon: On December 8, 1980 Mark David Chapman killed John Lennon outside his Dakota apartment building. On December 8, 1980 Mark David Chapman killed John Lennon outside his Dakota apartment building. He was carrying a copy of The Catcher in the Rye with him at the time of the murder and even sat down and read a few pages following the shooting, while waiting for the police to arrive. He was carrying a copy of The Catcher in the Rye with him at the time of the murder and even sat down and read a few pages following the shooting, while waiting for the police to arrive. He was obsessed with the book and Holden Caulfield and believed that the book expressed who he was. He thought of himself as a catcher in the rye and thought he needed to kill John Lennon, who he saw as a phony. He was obsessed with the book and Holden Caulfield and believed that the book expressed who he was. He thought of himself as a catcher in the rye and thought he needed to kill John Lennon, who he saw as a phony. Part of his statement following the murder is as follows: Part of his statement following the murder is as follows: Then this morning I went to the bookstore and bought The Catcher in the Rye. Im sure the large part of me is Holden Caulfield, who is the main person in the book. The small part of me must be the Devil. Then this morning I went to the bookstore and bought The Catcher in the Rye. Im sure the large part of me is Holden Caulfield, who is the main person in the book. The small part of me must be the Devil. Creepy, huh? Creepy, huh?

23 Some Values & Themes in Catcher: The need for inner direction and commitment to action The need for inner direction and commitment to action A sensitive awareness of lifes compensations: a necessary balance of sympathy and rejection, joy and sorrow A sensitive awareness of lifes compensations: a necessary balance of sympathy and rejection, joy and sorrow The recognition of superficial standards of behavior; the challenge of seeking positive change in ones moral environment The recognition of superficial standards of behavior; the challenge of seeking positive change in ones moral environment The ability to feel compassion and to expect justice for all The ability to feel compassion and to expect justice for all The therapeutic worth of honesty in communication with others; the treatment of every person as an individual The therapeutic worth of honesty in communication with others; the treatment of every person as an individual The learning of universal love and empathy in ones individual struggle against hypocrisy and worldly corruption The learning of universal love and empathy in ones individual struggle against hypocrisy and worldly corruption

24 Dominant Symbols in Catcher : The carousel The carousel The red hunting cap The red hunting cap The catchers mitt The catchers mitt The ducks in Central Park pond The ducks in Central Park pond The Museum of Natural History The Museum of Natural History Pencey Prep Pencey Prep

25 Sources: Perfection Learning Corporation Curriculum Unit: The Catcher in the Rye. Perfection Learning Corporation Curriculum Unit: The Catcher in the Rye. Center for Learning Curriculum Unit: The Catcher in the Rye. Center for Learning Curriculum Unit: The Catcher in the Rye. Contemporary Classics Curriculum Unit: The Catcher in the Rye. Contemporary Classics Curriculum Unit: The Catcher in the Rye. Dr. Cornel Bonca: He Just Wants to Make Us Happy: Salingers Holden Caulfield at 50. Dr. Cornel Bonca: He Just Wants to Make Us Happy: Salingers Holden Caulfield at 50.


Download ppt "An Introduction to The Catcher in the Rye Advanced Composition & Novel Mrs. Snipes."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google