Presentation on theme: "Don R. Taaffe, Gospel preacher, Dunedin, Florida 11/22/2009"— Presentation transcript:
1 Don R. Taaffe, Gospel preacher, Dunedin, Florida 11/22/2009 The churches of Christ in the New Testament 7 of 17 “church in Galatia” Galatians 1:6-10 Acts 13:51-14:7Don R. Taaffe,Gospel preacher,Dunedin, Florida11/22/2009
2 Galatians 1:6-106 I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting the one who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel — 7 not that there is another gospel, but there are some who are confusing you and want to pervert the gospel of Christ. 8 But even if we or an angel from heaven should proclaim to you a gospel contrary to what we proclaimed to you, let that one be accursed! 9 As we have said before, so now I repeat, if anyone proclaims to you a gospel contrary to what you received, let that one be accursed! 10 Am I now seeking human approval, or God's approval? Or am I trying to please people? If I were still pleasing people, I would not be a servant of Christ. (NRSV)
3 Acts 13:51-14:751 So they shook the dust off their feet in protest against them, and went to Iconium. 52 And the disciples were filled with joy and with the Holy Spirit.1 The same thing occurred in Iconium, where Paul and Barnabas went into the Jewish synagogue and spoke in such a way that a great number of both Jews and Greeks became believers. 2 But the unbelieving Jews stirred up the Gentiles and poisoned their minds against the brothers. 3 So they remained for a long time, speaking boldly for the Lord, who testified to the word of his grace by granting signs and wonders to be done through them. 4 But the residents of the city were divided; some sided with the Jews, and some with the apostles. 5 And when an attempt was made by both Gentiles and Jews, with their rulers, to mistreat them and to stone them, 6 the apostles learned of it and fled to Lystra and Derbe, cities of Lycaonia, and to the surrounding country; 7 and there they continued proclaiming the good news. (NRSV)
4 churches of Christ in the New Testament – 17 Lessons Origin of Lord’s churchThe church in AntiochThe church in ColosseThe church in CorinthThe church in CreteThe church in EphesusThe church in GalatiaThe church in JerusalemThe church in LaodiceaThe church in PergamumThe church in PhiladelphiaThe church in PhilippiThe church in RomeThe church in SardisThe church in SmyrnaThe church in ThessalonicaThe church in ThyatiraThe church in Dunedin?
5 The Region of Galatia “Galatia” was a name used both geographically and politically in the first century after Christ - ISBE“Geographically,” it was used to describe thenorthern part of central plateau of Asia minor - ISBE“Politically,” it designated a large province of theRoman empire, included parts of Pontus, Phrygiaand Lycaonia, i.e., more southern regions of centralAsia Minor - ISBEBoth Peter and Paul most likely had reference to“politically,” (a Roman province of Galatia35 B.C.)Galatia = ga-la-sha
6 The Region of GalatiaFour churches of Galatia according to Luke: Derbe,Lystra, Tarus, and Iconium. (Maybe “Antioch”)About 278 years before Christ, the Gauls (Galatia inGreek) came from Europe, an took power in whatbecame known as Galatia.They were very aristocracy, clung stubbornly totheir own Celtic religions, tongue, were proud, evenboastful, and independent.These new churches started quickly, unlikely theywere Gauls.Galatia = ga-la-sha
8 THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE CHURCHES IN GALATIA Under the leading of the Holy Spirit, Barnabas and Paul had been separated for the work of evangelizing new territories by the congregations of the Lord at Antioch Syria ( Acts 13:1)During their first missionary journey (45-47 A.D.), Paul and Barnabas had the opportunity to establish several churches in the Roman province of Galatia (Acts 13:14-14:23)On Paul's second trip (51-54 A.D.), he and Silasvisited them again – (Acts 16:1-5)On Paul's third trip (54-58 A.D.), he visitedthem yet again (Acts 18:23)
9 THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE CHURCHES IN GALATIA It is quite likely that the churches of Galatia included those established on his first journey, E.g., Iconium, Lystra, Derbe, Tarsus, (Acts 16:1-6)Paul’s reception Iconium it was no less exciting and tumultuous. (Acts 14:1-7)In Lystra, they were met by a man crippled from birth, healed through Paul by the Holy Spirit, and had to reject being worshiped – (Acts 14:8-15)
10 PROBLEMS IN PARADISE OR IN CHURCHES OF GALATIA Galatians 1:6-96 I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting the onewho called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to adifferent gospel — 7 not that there is another gospel, butthere are some who are confusing you and want to pervert thegospel of Christ. 8 But even if we or an angel from heavenshould proclaim to you a gospel contrary to what weproclaimed to you, let that one be accursed! 9 As we havesaid before, so now I repeat, if anyone proclaims to you agospel contrary to what you received, let that one beaccursed! (NRSV)Galatians 4:1717 They make much of you, but for no good purpose;they want to exclude you, so that you may make muchof them. (NRSV)The presence of Judaizers in the church:Paul opens his Epistle with a strongly worded warning against anyone who would preach a gospel contrary to that which the Galatians had originally received – Galatians 1:6-9This was a real problem in the church, Judaizers (unnamed teachers) raising themselves – Galatians 4:17Wishing to boast that the Gentiles had been circumcised – Galatians 6:13Galatians 6:1313 Even the circumcised do not themselves obey thelaw, but they want you to be circumcised so that theymay boast about your flesh. (NRSV)
11 PROBLEMS IN PARADISE OR IN CHURCHES OF GALATIA The presence of Judaizers in the church:These Judaizers also wanted the Gentiles the keep the law of Moses – Acts 15:1Paul recognized this doctrine would jeopardize the salvation of those souls who accepted it – Galatians 5:4These enemies of the Gospel of Christ try to undermine Paul’s authority as an apostle – Galatians 1:1Acts 15:11 Then certain individuals came down from Judea andwere teaching the brothers, "Unless you arecircumcised according to the custom of Moses, youcannot be saved (NRSV)Galatians 11 Paul an apostle — sent neither by human commissionnor from human authorities, but through Jesus Christand God the Father, who raised him from the dead —(NRSV)Galatians 5:44 You who want to be justified by the law have cutyourselves off from Christ; you have fallen away fromgrace. (NRSV)
12 A BRIEF OUTLINE OF THE EPISTLE TO THE GALATIA Paul’s defense of his apostleship – Galatians chapter one and two:His introduction and warning of the Judaizing teachers – (Galatians 1:1-10)The divine origin of his gospel – (Galatians 1:11-17)His relationship to the other apostles – (Galatians 1: :21)
13 A BRIEF OUTLINE OF THE EPISTLE TO THE GALATIA Paul’s defense of the gospel of justification by faith – Galatians chapter three and four:Paul’s personal arguments – ( Galatians 3:1-5)Scriptural teaching as arguments – (Galatians 3:6-25)Practical teaching – (Galatians 3:26 – 4:7)Sentimental doctrines – (Galatians 4:8-20)The use of allegory’s – (Galatians 4:21-31)
14 A BRIEF OUTLINE OF THE EPISTLE TO THE GALATIA Paul’s calls for the church to stand fast in the liberty of the gospel – Galatians chapter five and six:Liberty that excludes circumcision – (Galatians 5:1-6)Liberty that fulfilled the law of Moses – (Galatians 5:7-15)Liberty to be led by the spirit and a sense of responsibility – (Galatians 5:16- 6:10)Conclusion – (Galatians 6:11-18)
15 THE EPISTLE CONFIRMS THE CHURCH Why should I believe the “church of Christ” is the right church according to the New Testament ???
16 THE EPISTLE CONFIRMS THE CHURCH Today, we prove:New Testament worship is what is acceptable in God’s eyes todayAndWhy Old Testament worship is not needed today
17 WE ARE JUSTIFIED BY FAITH IN CHRIST, NOT THE OLD LAW Five easy points to believe:1. The Old law serve its purpose – Gal. 3:192. We are NEVER justified by the Old law –Gal. 3:173. People will practice parts of the Old law –(Ignorantly and willfully) – Gal. 4:214. We should worship and glorify ONLY in the cross of Christ – Gal. 6:145. We are saved by baptism in Christ –Gal. 3:27Galatians 3:1717 My point is this: the law, which came four hundredthirty years later, does not annul a covenant previouslyratified by God, so as to nullify the promise. (NRSV)Galatians 3:1919 Why then the law? It was added because oftransgressions, until the offspring would come towhom the promise had been made; and it was ordainedthrough angels by a mediator. (NRSV)Galatians 3:2727 As many of you as were baptized into Christ haveclothed yourselves with Christ. (NRSV)Galatians 4:2121 Tell me, you who desire to be subject to the law, willyou not listen to the law? (NRSV)Galatians 6:1414 May I never boast of anything except the cross ofour Lord Jesus Christ, by which the world has beencrucified to me, and I to the world. (NRSV)
18 WE ARE JUSTIFIED BY FAITH IN CHRIST, NOT THE OLD LAW Galatians 5:1-61 For freedom Christ has set us free. Stand firm, therefore, anddo not submit again to a yoke of slavery. 2 Listen! I, Paul, amtelling you that if you let yourselves be circumcised, Christ willbe of no benefit to you. 3 Once again I testify to every man wholets himself be circumcised that he is obliged to obey the entirelaw. 4 You who want to be justified by the law have cut your-selves off from Christ; you have fallen away from grace. 5 Forthrough the Spirit, by faith, we eagerly wait for the hope ofrighteousness. 6 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision noruncircumcision counts for anything; the only thing that countsis faith working through love. (NRSV)Galatians 3:10-1210 For all who rely on the works of the law are under a curse;for it is written, "Cursed is everyone who does not observe andobey all the things written in the book of the law." 11 Now it isevident that no one is justified before God by the law; for "Theone who is righteous will live by faith." 12 But the law doesnot rest on faith; on the contrary, "Whoever does the works ofthe law will live by them.“ (NRSV)Not justified in a cursed law which never brought salvationGalatians 3:10 –12If you keep one part of the law, you have to keep it all – but it still will never justify!Galatians 5:1–6
19 WHY DO WE FIND, SINGING AND PLAYING TO GOD Only in the Old Testament? – 1 Chronicles 13:1-14 (25:1-8)How do we worship today?Ephesians 5:19 – Colossians 3:16Melody in our hearts – teaching – admonishing – praising – using the words of the PsalmistColossians 3:1616 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly; teach andadmonish one another in all wisdom; and withgratitude in your hearts sing psalms, hymns, andspiritual songs to God. (NRSV)Ephesus 5:1919 as you sing psalms and hymns and spiritual songs amongyourselves, singing and making melody to the Lord in yourhearts, (NRSV)
20 SUMMARY: WHY DID THIS CHANGE IN THE NEW LAW? Because people became Idol and Sang VAINLY under the Old lawAmos 6: 5Because the Old law was by no means a perfect lawHebrews 8: 7, 8,13Because Christ is the End of the lawRomans 10:4-5
21 SUMMARY:WE LEARNED THAT WORSHIP AND GLORY ARE IN THE CROSS OF CHRIST! Galatians 4:21-31“Free from Bondage”Galatians 5:16-26“Walk in spirit NOT law”Galatians 6:11-16“Glory only in the cross”
22 SUMMARY: WE ARE SAVED IN CHRIST THROUGH BAPTISM Galatians 3:26-2726 for in Christ Jesus you are all children of God through faith. 27 As many of you as were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ. (NRSV)(Not before baptized)(But in baptism)
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.