Presentation on theme: "Use of Betray in Greek Word paradidwmi is NEVER translated as betray in Classical Greek Word paradidwmi occurs numerous times in the Septuagint (LXX) but."— Presentation transcript:
Use of Betray in Greek Word paradidwmi is NEVER translated as betray in Classical Greek Word paradidwmi occurs numerous times in the Septuagint (LXX) but never in the setting of betrayal In Josephus (Jewish historian / Army General who betrayed Jews to Rome) uses paradidwmi 293 times but never as betrayal. He uses prodidwmi or prodosia
Use of Betray in Gospels Word paradidwmi occurs 122 times Word paradidwmi occurs 59 times relating to Jesus death hand over not z27 times it is translated hand over when it is not used in reference to Judas betray z32 it is translated as betray when it is used in reference to Judas.
Use of Betray in Paul zJudas is NEVER mentioned by Paul zIn several contexts the same term is used 1 Cor 11:23 - General reference Rom 4:25 - Passive (us or God) Rom 8:32 - God Gal 2:20 - Jesus Himself
Who Was Judas? zJudas name is mentioned twenty (20) times in the four Gospels and two (2) in Acts. And it has five different forms. 1. Judas, the hellenized form of the Hebrew name.( VIou,daj ; Yehudah; hd'Whyi ) Mark 14:43; Matt 26:25; Luke 22:47; John 13:29
Who Was Judas? 2. Judas Iscariot, the semetic form of Iscariot. ( Viou,dan Viskariw,q ) Mark 3:19; Luke 6:16 3. Judas, the Iscariot ( Viou,daj o` Viskariw,thj ) Matt 10:4; Luke 22:3; John 6:71
Who Was Judas? 4. Judas, the one called Judas Iscariot ( o` lego,menoj VIou,daj Viskariw,thj ) Matt 26:14; Luke 23:3; John 6:71 5. Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot ( to.n VIou,dan Si,mwnoj Viskariw,tou ) John 13:2
What Might Iscariot Mean? 1. That the term means the false one and is derived from the Hebrew word shacar ( rqv, ): WHO HE IS 2. That the term means the deliverer and is derived from the Hebrew word sakar ( rKs ): WHAT HE DOES z3. That the term indicates his hometown, from the village of Kerioth (Joshua 15:25?): THE PLACE OF HIS ORIGIN
What Might Iscariot Mean? z4. That the term is a reference to Judas belonging to the militant group Sicarii perhaps a branch of the Zealots. THE LIFE HE LIVED
What Do We Know About Judas? z1. He was one of the Twelve z2. He paid a price to follow Jesus z3. He witnessed the coming Kingdom in Jesus z4. He cast out demons z5. He heard the master-teacher, first hand z6. Judas seemed to be on good terms with the other disciples. z7. Jesus loved him to the end.
What is Missing from Marks Judas? 1. Jesus does not name Judas as the betrayer. # NOT, in the anointing paragraph (14:3-9) # NOT, in the betrayal prediction (14:17-21) # NOT, in the cry of woe (14:21) z2. No connection between Judas and the demonic
What is Missing from Marks Judas? 3. No motive for the betrayal is discussed # Psychology is out, theology is in! # Scripture is the basis for action Explicitly: 14:27; 14:49; 15:34 Implicitly: e.g. Psalm 41:9; Psalm 22; Zech 13:7
What is Missing from Marks Judas? 4. Judas is not the real villain; Simon Peter is! # The text goes so far as to imply that any one of the disciples could have been the betrayer. z5. Judas death is not recorded in Mark
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