Presentation on theme: "CA Standard 11.3 McElhaney 2008-09 Religion in America CA Standard 11.3 McElhaney 2008-09."— Presentation transcript:
1 CA Standard 11.3 McElhaney 2008-09 Religion in AmericaCA Standard 11.3McElhaney
2 Prior Knowledge Questions What is the status of religion in the US today?(Facts that you know about religion in America today.)What is the nature of Religion and Government, politics, and their interaction?We are going to learn about the foundation of Religion in America:
3 11.3 Students analyze the role religion played in the founding of America, its lasting moral, social, and political impacts and issues regarding religious liberty.Essential Question:How has Religion impacted the development of the United States?What are the basic facts related to religion in the colonial period?How are religious values reflected in the American culture and government?Culture:Government:How did the Religious revivals of the First and Second Great Awakening impact American culture?Religion in America has not always been positive. How have Americans responded to “Other Religions?”
4 Key Terms/Vocabulary to know Diversity of Religions = religious pluralismEnglish Religion- ProtestantsPuritans (pg 24)“Sinners in the hands of an angry God”Church of EnglandPresbyteriansMaryland = Refuge for Roman CatholicsPennsylvania-QuakersReligious Values in GovernmentAnti-monarchySelf-ruleEqualityReligious libertyCivil and human rightsAbolition of Slavery(anti-slavery)Religious Values in Culture:Family-centered communitiesIndividual responsibilityWork ethicFirst Great Awakening (pg 35)EvangelismJonathan EdwardsAbolitionSecond Great AwakeningSectarian (Religious) IntoleranceMormons (pg. 131)Anti-Catholic sentiment (142)Anti-Semitism
5 Europe has major problems with religion Protestant Reformation (link)Martin Luther, Catholic Monk, complained about problems in the Catholic Church in Europe.95 ThesesExcommunicatedGermans support Luther30 Years War erupts(huge problem)People coming to Americabring religion with them
7 New England Colonies: Religious Motives v. Money Puritans or very religious protestants known as Calvinists- rejected Catholicism (Roman Catholic religion)Were known as Separatists and or Pilgrims.1620- Established Plymouth Colony in America
9 Plymouth: Social Aspects Small landholdings Traveled in families- tight communityVery religious- intolerant of differencesSmall population, grows to 300 after 10 yearsLiteracy importantSmall landholdingsStrong work ethicWork = religious pietyPoliticalMale dominatedElection of governorBelieved in equality for males with property and if they were religious
11 Massachusetts Bay Colony Another Puritans community Very religious /Winthrop wanted to create the a holy model of purity- “City upon a hill” as an example to allAll adult free men, part of a Puritan congregation (church members) could voteTown hall meetings used to discuss and vote on local matters
12 Puritan Values Puritans believed hard work was the way to salvation. Puritans created the first universities in colonies-To educate the clergy.1636 Harvard
13 Rhode Island 1600s Dissented with Puritans Massachusetts Bay Roger WilliamsFounds Rhode IslandA place forReligious toleranceJews and Catholics
14 Maryland 1632Calvert was a catholic- allowed Catholics to move, “Catholic Refuge” but still a minority, mostly protestants.1649, Act of Toleration or “Act Concerning Religion” the Calverts persuaded the Assembly to adopt a law of religious toleration- but only for Christians
15 Maryland:English King Gave Lord Baltimore landRefuge for Catholics
17 Pennsylvania (1681)Proprietary Colony- William Penn Refuge for Quakers: “Society of Friends”Beliefs: equality (including gender), no kneeling, no oaths, pacifists, anti-violence, plain clothesLarge colonyFreedom of worshipDiverse population- German, Swedes, FinsElected assembly- to help governFriendly relations with Indians
18 Diversity of Religions = religious pluralism How has Religion impacted the development of the United States? 1. What are the basic facts related to religion in the colonial period?Diversity of Religions = religious pluralismEnglish Religion- ProtestantsPuritansQuakersRoman CatholicsReligious freedom generallyProblem still Sectarian Hostility = against Catholics and Jews
19 The First Great Awakening 1730s-1740s Great Awakening= “Awakening” to religionRefers to reviving religious beliefsStated man is not helpless in achieving regeneration; his will can be an effective force in his being savedCharacteristics:Evangelism = strong, energetic preachersSermons emphasized starting new relationship with GOD.Jonathan Edwards famous evangelist of the first Great Awakening.
21 “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” by Jonathan Edwards ‘and you are every day treasuring up more wrath; the waters are continually rising and waxing more and more mighty; and there is nothing but the mere pleasure of God that holds the waters back that are unwilling to be stopped, and press hard to go forward; if God should only withdraw his hand from the floodgate, it would immediately fly open, and the fiery floods of the fierceness and wrath of God would rush forth with inconceivable fury, and would come upon you with omnipotent power; and if your strength were ten thousand times greater than it is, yea ten thousand times greater thanThe awakening sermons said:The weight of sin will cause god’s wrathGod will execute justice upon the sinner“The wrath of God is like great waters that are dammed for the present; they increase more and more, and rise higher and higher, till an outlet is given, and the longer the stream is stopped, the more rapid and mighty is its course, when once it is let loose. Tis true, that judgment against your evil works has not been executed hitherto; the floods of God’s vengeance have been withheld; but your guilt in the meantime is constantly increasing,
23 Civil and human rights (anti-slavery) Family-centered communities How has Religion impacted the development of the United States? 3. How are religious values reflected in the American culture and government? Culture: Government:Culture:Civil and human rights (anti-slavery)Family-centered communitiesIndividual responsibilityPuritan Work EthicGovernment:Anti-monarchySelf-ruleEqualityReligious libertyFirst Amendment to the US Constitution: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof;…”
24 3. How did the Religious revivals of the First and Second Great Awakening impact American culture? Revivals = “giving new life” to bring back to life specifically Popular ReligionSecond Great AwakeningWidespread Christian MovementAwaken sentiments that last from sRevival meetings= new lifeEmotional SermonsIncreased the amount of people participating in churchesAbolition Movement RisesFirst Great Awakening 1730s-1740sMore people participated in ReligionCaused people to question traditional authority of churchesStressed the importance of the individualHappened just before the revolutionSpread Christian ideas of equality, written law, and morality.
25 Hostility- Jews Mormons Catholics Religion in American has not always been positive. How have Americans responded to “Other Religions?”Hostility-JewsMormonsCatholics
26 Religious Intolerance for Jews America has a long history of hostility to other religions-Anti-Semitism or hatred of Jews was imported with the earliest colonists.Most British colonies were hostile toward Jews (Massachusetts, New England area, Virginia, Georgia, South and North Carolina…)Tolerance for Jews #1 Rhode Island- freedom of worship,Pennsylvania- first Synagogue Philadelphia,New YorkThis was also a bi-product of European hatreds.
27 Religious Intolerance for Catholics The United States developed this same hostility against Catholics.1840s large population of Catholics come to AmericaIrish come to America 3million come it 4 yearsIrish Potato FamineGerman Catholics also comeCatholics were hated much like Jews, Indians, and blacksCulture from England, a Protestant country, was against Catholics-Reformation- fight between Catholics and Protestants
28 Anti-Mormon Views Joseph Smith- American protestant- has a vision of God and Jesus and Founds a church in 1830.Smith gains followers
29 MormonsNew Testament to the Bible (this creates hostility to the majority group that believes in the Bible)Values- Polygamy, exclusive in business and family relations, strict lifestyle – no drinking, caffeine, tobacco…Established religion was hostile to the MormonsJoseph Smith was arrested then lynched (murdered by mob)Begin in NY and move to Ohio, then Missouri, IllinoisBrigham Young is the leader of the Mormons after SmithThen to Utah- where they establish a strong permanent community.