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Religion in America CA Standard 11.3 McElhaney2008-09.

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Presentation on theme: "Religion in America CA Standard 11.3 McElhaney2008-09."— Presentation transcript:

1 Religion in America CA Standard 11.3 McElhaney

2 Prior Knowledge Questions Prior Knowledge: Prior Knowledge: What is the status of religion in the US today? What is the status of religion in the US today? (Facts that you know about religion in America today.) (Facts that you know about religion in America today.) What is the nature of Religion and Government, politics, and their interaction? What is the nature of Religion and Government, politics, and their interaction? We are going to learn about the foundation of Religion in America: We are going to learn about the foundation of Religion in America:

3 11.3 Students analyze the role religion played in the founding of America, its lasting moral, social, and political impacts and issues regarding religious liberty. Essential Question: How has Religion impacted the development of the United States? 1. What are the basic facts related to religion in the colonial period? 2. How are religious values reflected in the American culture and government? Culture:Government: 3. How did the Religious revivals of the First and Second Great Awakening impact American culture? 4. Religion in America has not always been positive. How have Americans responded to Other Religions?

4 Key Terms/Vocabulary to know 1. Diversity of Religions = religious pluralism 2. English Religion- Protestants 3. Puritans (pg 24) 4. Sinners in the hands of an angry God 5. Church of England 6. Presbyterians 7. Maryland = Refuge for Roman Catholics 8. Pennsylvania-Quakers 9. Religious Values in Government 10. Anti-monarchy 11. Self-rule 12. Equality 13. Religious liberty 14. Civil and human rights 15. Abolition of Slavery 16. (anti-slavery) 17. Religious Values in Culture: 18. Family-centered communities 19. Individual responsibility 20. Work ethic 21. First Great Awakening (pg 35) 22. Evangelism 23. Jonathan Edwards 24. Abolition 25. Second Great Awakening 26. Sectarian (Religious) Intolerance 27. Mormons (pg. 131) 28. Anti-Catholic sentiment (142) 29. Anti-Semitism

5 Europe has major problems with religion Protestant Reformation (link) Protestant Reformation (link)link Martin Luther, Catholic Monk, complained about problems in the Catholic Church in Europe. Martin Luther, Catholic Monk, complained about problems in the Catholic Church in Europe. 95 Theses 95 Theses Excommunicated Excommunicated Germans support Luther Germans support Luther 30 Years War erupts 30 Years War erupts (huge problem) (huge problem) People coming to America People coming to America bring religion with them

6 Pink= Protestant Countries

7 New England Colonies: Religious Motives v. Money Puritans or very religious protestants known as Calvinists- rejected Catholicism (Roman Catholic religion) Puritans or very religious protestants known as Calvinists- rejected Catholicism (Roman Catholic religion) Were known as Separatists and or Pilgrims. Were known as Separatists and or Pilgrims Established Plymouth Colony in America Established Plymouth Colony in America

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9 Plymouth: Social Aspects Social Aspects Traveled in families- tight community Traveled in families- tight community Very religious- intolerant of differences Very religious- intolerant of differences Small population, grows to 300 after 10 years Small population, grows to 300 after 10 years Literacy important Literacy important Small landholdings Strong work ethic Work = religious piety Political Male dominated Election of governor Believed in equality for males with property and if they were religious

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11 Massachusetts Bay Colony Another Puritans community Very religious / Another Puritans community Very religious / Winthrop wanted to create the a holy model of purity- City upon a hill as an example to all Winthrop wanted to create the a holy model of purity- City upon a hill as an example to all All adult free men, part of a Puritan congregation (church members) could vote All adult free men, part of a Puritan congregation (church members) could vote Town hall meetings used to discuss and vote on local matters Town hall meetings used to discuss and vote on local matters

12 Puritan Values Puritans believed hard work was the way to salvation. Puritans believed hard work was the way to salvation. Puritans created the first universities in colonies- Puritans created the first universities in colonies- To educate the clergy. To educate the clergy Harvard 1636 Harvard

13 Rhode Island 1600s Dissented with Puritans Dissented with Puritans Massachusetts Bay Massachusetts Bay Roger Williams Roger Williams Founds Rhode Island Founds Rhode Island A place for A place for Religious tolerance Religious tolerance Jews and Catholics Jews and Catholics

14 Maryland 1632 Calvert was a catholic- allowed Catholics to move, Catholic Refuge but still a minority, mostly protestants. Calvert was a catholic- allowed Catholics to move, Catholic Refuge but still a minority, mostly protestants. 1649, Act of Toleration or Act Concerning Religion the Calverts persuaded the Assembly to adopt a law of religious toleration- but only for Christians 1649, Act of Toleration or Act Concerning Religion the Calverts persuaded the Assembly to adopt a law of religious toleration- but only for Christians

15 Maryland: English King Gave Lord Baltimore land English King Gave Lord Baltimore land Refuge for Catholics Refuge for Catholics

16 Pennsylvania

17 Pennsylvania (1681) Proprietary Colony- William Penn Refuge for Quakers: Society of Friends Proprietary Colony- William Penn Refuge for Quakers: Society of Friends Beliefs: equality (including gender), no kneeling, no oaths, pacifists, anti-violence, plain clothes Beliefs: equality (including gender), no kneeling, no oaths, pacifists, anti-violence, plain clothes Large colony Large colony Freedom of worship Diverse population- German, Swedes, Fins Elected assembly- to help govern Friendly relations with Indians

18 How has Religion impacted the development of the United States? 1. What are the basic facts related to religion in the colonial period? Diversity of Religions = religious pluralism Diversity of Religions = religious pluralism English Religion- Protestants English Religion- Protestants Puritans Puritans Quakers Quakers Roman Catholics Roman Catholics Religious freedom generally Religious freedom generally Problem still Sectarian Hostility = against Catholics and Jews Problem still Sectarian Hostility = against Catholics and Jews

19 The First Great Awakening 1730s-1740s Great Awakening= Awakening to religion Refers to reviving religious beliefs Stated man is not helpless in achieving regeneration; his will can be an effective force in his being saved Characteristics: Evangelism = strong, energetic preachers Sermons emphasized starting new relationship with GOD. Jonathan Edwards famous evangelist of the first Great Awakening.

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21 Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God by Jonathan Edwards The awakening sermons said: The weight of sin will cause gods wrath God will execute justice upon the sinner The wrath of God is like great waters that are dammed for the present; they increase more and more, and rise higher and higher, till an outlet is given, and the longer the stream is stopped, the more rapid and mighty is its course, when once it is let loose. Tis true, that judgment against your evil works has not been executed hitherto; the floods of Gods vengeance have been withheld; but your guilt in the meantime is constantly increasing, and you are every day treasuring up more wrath; the waters are continually rising and waxing more and more mighty; and there is nothing but the mere pleasure of God that holds the waters back that are unwilling to be stopped, and press hard to go forward; if God should only withdraw his hand from the floodgate, it would immediately fly open, and the fiery floods of the fierceness and wrath of God would rush forth with inconceivable fury, and would come upon you with omnipotent power; and if your strength were ten thousand times greater than it is, yea ten thousand times greater than

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23 How has Religion impacted the development of the United States? 3. How are religious values reflected in the American culture and government? Culture: Government: Culture: Civil and human rights (anti-slavery) Civil and human rights (anti-slavery) Family-centered communities Family-centered communities Individual responsibility Individual responsibility Puritan Work Ethic Puritan Work Ethic Government: Anti-monarchy Self-rule Equality Religious liberty First Amendment to the US Constitution: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof;…

24 3. How did the Religious revivals of the First and Second Great Awakening impact American culture? Revivals = giving new life to bring back to life specifically Popular Religion First Great Awakening 1730s-1740s First Great Awakening 1730s-1740s More people participated in Religion More people participated in Religion Caused people to question traditional authority of churches Caused people to question traditional authority of churches Stressed the importance of the individual Stressed the importance of the individual Happened just before the revolution Happened just before the revolution Second Great Awakening Widespread Christian Movement Awaken sentiments that last from s Revival meetings= new life Emotional Sermons Increased the amount of people participating in churches Abolition Movement Rises Spread Christian ideas of equality, written law, and morality. Spread Christian ideas of equality, written law, and morality.

25 Religion in American has not always been positive. How have Americans responded to Other Religions? Hostility- Hostility- Jews Jews Mormons Mormons Catholics Catholics

26 Religious Intolerance for Jews America has a long history of hostility to other religions- America has a long history of hostility to other religions- Anti-Semitism or hatred of Jews was imported with the earliest colonists. Anti-Semitism or hatred of Jews was imported with the earliest colonists. Most British colonies were hostile toward Jews (Massachusetts, New England area, Virginia, Georgia, South and North Carolina…) Most British colonies were hostile toward Jews (Massachusetts, New England area, Virginia, Georgia, South and North Carolina…) Tolerance for Jews #1 Rhode Island- freedom of worship, Tolerance for Jews #1 Rhode Island- freedom of worship, Pennsylvania- first Synagogue Philadelphia, Pennsylvania- first Synagogue Philadelphia, New York New York This was also a bi-product of European hatreds. This was also a bi-product of European hatreds.

27 Religious Intolerance for Catholics Catholics were hated much like Jews, Indians, and blacks Catholics were hated much like Jews, Indians, and blacks Culture from England, a Protestant country, was against Catholics- Culture from England, a Protestant country, was against Catholics- Reformation- fight between Catholics and Protestants Reformation- fight between Catholics and Protestants The United States developed this same hostility against Catholics. 1840s large population of Catholics come to America Irish come to America 3million come it 4 years Irish Potato Famine German Catholics also come

28 Anti-Mormon Views Joseph Smith- American protestant- Joseph Smith- American protestant has a vision of God and Jesus and Founds a church in has a vision of God and Jesus and Founds a church in Smith gains followers Smith gains followers

29 Mormons New Testament to the Bible (this creates hostility to the majority group that believes in the Bible) New Testament to the Bible (this creates hostility to the majority group that believes in the Bible) Values- Polygamy, exclusive in business and family relations, strict lifestyle – no drinking, caffeine, tobacco… Values- Polygamy, exclusive in business and family relations, strict lifestyle – no drinking, caffeine, tobacco… Established religion was hostile to the Mormons Established religion was hostile to the Mormons Joseph Smith was arrested then lynched (murdered by mob) Joseph Smith was arrested then lynched (murdered by mob) Begin in NY and move to Ohio, then Missouri, Illinois Brigham Young is the leader of the Mormons after Smith Then to Utah- where they establish a strong permanent community.


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