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A Comparison of Turkish Mehter Music and W.A. Mozart Presentation by Matt Craven.

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Presentation on theme: "A Comparison of Turkish Mehter Music and W.A. Mozart Presentation by Matt Craven."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Comparison of Turkish Mehter Music and W.A. Mozart Presentation by Matt Craven

2 Turkish music Folk music specific to janissary bands and Turkish troubadours Jannisary bands were a fad in Europe for a time, they had zil, davul, kos, zurna Jannisary bands were a fad in Europe for a time, they had zil, davul, kos, zurna Other folk music dominated by the saz, a type of long-necked lute Other folk music dominated by the saz, a type of long-necked lute Also used are the ney and kanun Also used are the ney and kanun Employ makams, a type of scale system Employ makams, a type of scale system Known to have irregular meters, such as Known to have irregular meters, such as 5/8, 7/8, 8/8, 7/4, 8/4

3 Makams Combination of tetrachords and pentachords Combination of tetrachords and pentachords Rules of melodic progression Rules of melodic progression Three types of makams Three types of makams Simple, Transposed, Compound Simple, Transposed, Compound Three types of progression, seyir Three types of progression, seyir Ascending, Descending, Ascending-Descending Ascending, Descending, Ascending-Descending

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5 Janissary bands Called mehter by the Turks First military bands of modern style Incorporated zurna, davul, boru, nakkare, zil, and kos Melodies are monophonic Melodies are monophonic Incisive timbre Incisive timbre Shifts in modes Shifts in modes Many repeated sections Many repeated sections Several subdivisions of basic pulse Several subdivisions of basic pulse Fast, ornamental patterns Fast, ornamental patterns

6 Janissary bands Symbol of the Ottoman Turks Symbol of the Ottoman Turks Used to define social status Used to define social status Cagana or cevgen used as a ceremonial instrument Cagana or cevgen used as a ceremonial instrument Influenced two music styles in western music Influenced two music styles in western music Predecessor of first marching bands Predecessor of first marching bands

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8 hildID1=487&miMore=1#PageContent hildID1=487&miMore=1#PageContent

9 W. A. Mozart ( ) Born January 27 Born January 27 Started playing keyboard at 3, composing at 5 Started playing keyboard at 3, composing at , wrote first 3 symphonies 1764, wrote first 3 symphonies 1768 wrote first opera 1768 wrote first opera 1777 concertmaster of archbishop of Salzburg, fell in love with Aloysia Weber 1777 concertmaster of archbishop of Salzburg, fell in love with Aloysia Weber 1781 moved to Vienna 1781 moved to Vienna 1782 married Constanze Weber, wrote Abduction from Seraglio 1782 married Constanze Weber, wrote Abduction from Seraglio 1786 Marriage of Figaro 1786 Marriage of Figaro 1787 became composer of Imperial and Royal Chamber, his father died 1787 became composer of Imperial and Royal Chamber, his father died 1791 composed music for Vienna court began to feel ill in Prague 1791 composed music for Vienna court began to feel ill in Prague Dec 5, 1791 died of rheumatic fever Dec 5, 1791 died of rheumatic fever

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11 Mozarts Music After he played for Empress of Austria at 6, his father devoted himself to Mozarts education After he played for Empress of Austria at 6, his father devoted himself to Mozarts education Some influences were JS Bach; Sammartini, an early composer of symphonies Some influences were JS Bach; Sammartini, an early composer of symphonies Foremost influence was Franz Josef Haydn, Mozart dedicated a set of six string quartets to him Foremost influence was Franz Josef Haydn, Mozart dedicated a set of six string quartets to him Famous Works Early ( ): La finta simplice; Bastien und Batienne; Mitridate, re di Ponto Early ( ): La finta simplice; Bastien und Batienne; Mitridate, re di Ponto Middle( ): Missa in C Middle( ): Missa in C Late( ): Idomeneo re di Creta; The Abduction from Seraglio; The Marriage of Figaro; Don Giovanni; Cosi fan tutte; La Clemenza de Tito; The Magic Flute; Requiem Late( ): Idomeneo re di Creta; The Abduction from Seraglio; The Marriage of Figaro; Don Giovanni; Cosi fan tutte; La Clemenza de Tito; The Magic Flute; Requiem

12 Piano Sonata No movement Sonata, probably written around movement Sonata, probably written around st movement, 6 variations on a theme. 2 nd movement, minuet 1 st movement, 6 variations on a theme. 2 nd movement, minuet Last movement called Alla Turca (Turkish Rondo) Allegretto in A minor Last movement called Alla Turca (Turkish Rondo) Allegretto in A minor

13 Melodies are monophonic Melodies are monophonic Incisive timbre Incisive timbre Shifts in modes Shifts in modes Many, repeated sections Many, repeated sections Several subdivisions of basic pulse Several subdivisions of basic pulse Fast, ornamental patterns Fast, ornamental patterns

14 Works Cited mappery.com/maps/Turkey-Country-Map.mediumthumb.jpg&imgrefurl=http://mappery.com/map-name/Turkey- Country- Map&usg=__ILENK3XgsD3LuWAGQbo6AL2LBXM=&h=399&w=600&sz=95&hl=en&start=3&um=1&tbnid=UuI0K Sv0MxF_LM:&tbnh=90&tbnw=135&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dturkey%2Bcountry%2Bpictures%26hl%3Den%26saf e%3Dactive%26rls%3Dcom.microsoft:*%26um%3D1 mappery.com/maps/Turkey-Country-Map.mediumthumb.jpg&imgrefurl=http://mappery.com/map-name/Turkey- Country- Map&usg=__ILENK3XgsD3LuWAGQbo6AL2LBXM=&h=399&w=600&sz=95&hl=en&start=3&um=1&tbnid=UuI0K Sv0MxF_LM:&tbnh=90&tbnw=135&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dturkey%2Bcountry%2Bpictures%26hl%3Den%26saf e%3Dactive%26rls%3Dcom.microsoft:*%26um%3D cevgen.jpg cevgen.jpg

15 Works cited


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