Presentation on theme: "The Most Powerful Women in History"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Most Powerful Women in History The Female PharaohsThe Most Powerful Women in History
2 Their History Total of four Female Pharaohs in Egyptian history Hatshepsut (18th Dynasty) , Nefertiti (18th Dynasty), Cleopatra (Ptolemaic Dynasty) – Three Most ImportantDuring their reign – major accomplishments in Egyptian history
3 The Women Who Would Be King Daughter of Thutmose I and AhmeseMarried half-brother King Thutmose IIThutmose II died in 1490 BCE Hateshepst’s stepson(Thutmose III) became PharaohHatshepsut served as regentWith support of Amon’s priests, Hatshepsut was crowned PharaohHatshepsutThe Women Who Would Be KingEncouraged trade and expeditions to other lands (e.g. Punt)Sponsored many monumental building projects in EgyptBuilt herself a great memorial temple, Deir el-Bahri
4 Forgotten Into History NefertitiForgotten Into HistoryWife of Pharaoh Akhenaten (ruled 1367 to 1350 BCE)First Pharaoh to preach monotheismNefertiti supported her husbands beliefsNefertiti/Akhenaten’s reign known as Amarna RevolutionChanges in art, religion, social practicesRumoured that after Akhenatan’s death Nefertiti ruled under the name of the name of the next Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty – Name of ‘Nefertiti’ erased from history
5 Enchantress of the Nile Cleopatra69 BCE Born in AlexandriaHad two younger brothers, one younger sister, two older sistersFather was Ptolemy XIIEnchantress of the NileCleopatra VII was the last ruler of the Ptolemaic DynastyAfter death Egypt became Roman Province50 BCE Cleopatra meet Caesar – She was 19, he 52 – had an affair44 BCE Caesar was assassinated41 BCE Cleopatra meet Antony37 BCE she married Marc Antony (Roman General) – Both died in 30 BCE (committed Suicide)
7 Other Interesting Info Cleopatra was said to be Macedonian (descended from)Cleopatra wasn’t really as beautiful as people sayHatshepsut was the longest ruling Female PharaohOther Interesting InfoAlexander the Great founded the capital of Alexandria in EgyptCleopatra was first Ptolemaic ruler to learn EgyptianAfter his death Egypt was ‘given’to the Ptolemies (Cleopatra’s bloodline)
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