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ACHAEMENID EMPIRE (PERSIA) BY HEATHER MCTAGGART, KIAN LOO, DAKOTA WONG, WASSEM EL-AGHA AND ZAHRA PALIWALLA.

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Presentation on theme: "ACHAEMENID EMPIRE (PERSIA) BY HEATHER MCTAGGART, KIAN LOO, DAKOTA WONG, WASSEM EL-AGHA AND ZAHRA PALIWALLA."— Presentation transcript:

1 ACHAEMENID EMPIRE (PERSIA) BY HEATHER MCTAGGART, KIAN LOO, DAKOTA WONG, WASSEM EL-AGHA AND ZAHRA PALIWALLA

2 THE LEGACY OF THE PERSIAN (ACHAEMENID) EMPIRE BCE

3 MILITARY Well regarded in illustrations, monuments and various descriptions Several Greek representations of Persian warriors have emerged with evidence of Alexander Sarcophagus from Sidon Many Persepolitan representations, prove that the closer a nation was to the Persians These life sized "Immortal Guard" in richly ornamental robes wear the twisted headband typical of native Iranians from Susa.

4 TRAINING Trained and skilled in arts of the chase (both afoot and on horseback), archery, throwing the spear and javelin, and of sustaining forced marches in unfriendly climate At 20 their military careers began "Trained am I both with hands and with feet. As a horseman I am a good horseman. As a bowman I am a good bowman both afoot and on horseback. As a spearman I am a good spearman both afoot and on horseback"

5 ARMOR AND TACTICS There were several symbols of Kingship Battle axes and advanced armor were common in a Persian army and Northern Iranians Using ditches and ramps became common in the face of an enemy

6 ART AND ARCHITECTURE : POTTERY Pottery is one of the oldest Persian art forms The “Animal Style,” which was big in the Persian culture first appeared in their pottery.

7 Persian’s found metal was a more admiring and appreciative way to enjoy art, as well as its use. Some examples of metal-ware art were gilded silver cups and dishes decorated with royal hunting scenes from the Sassanian dynasty. METAL

8 PAINTINGS Earliest known distinctive style of Persian paintings dates back to the Seljuk period. Early paintings were used to decorate manuscripts and versions of the Holy Quran – which had been drawn from the same art style used for pottery. With that, you see pottery art derives from all over Persia.

9 ARCHITECTURE Persian architecture has made the greatest contribution to the world’s culture. Although Persian architecture styles differ from any Islamic styles today, they have influenced many building work through much of the Islamic world. Persian style of architecture also has influenced Islam, Central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India as well in structures all over their history.

10 SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Some of the most sound roads and ports A predecessor to the Suez Canal, Darius the Great created a canal that connected the Red Sea to the Nile Saith King Darius: I am a Persian. Setting out from Persia, I conquered Egypt. I ordered this canal dug from the river called the Nile that flows in Egypt, to the sea that begins in Persia. When the canal had been dug as I ordered, ships went from Egypt through this canal to Persia, even as I intended. —Darius I

11 QANAT

12 COUNTRIES North Africa Egypt Libya Tunisia Algeria Morocco Europe Turkey Armenia Greece Italy Spain Luxembourg Asia Afghanistan China India Indonesia Iran Iraq Jordan Pakistan Syria

13 GOVERNMENT The persian government was built upon the Assyrian model. The system was more efficient and humane.

14 The empire was divided into twenty provinces, or satrapies. Each province was ruled by a governor called a satrap. The satraps ultimately we’re the eyes for the king.

15 The Persian empire was the first to attempt to govern many different racial groups primarily based on the principles of equal responsibilities and the rights for all people. The Persian empire provided the modern world with traits and values which the society today carries out. The Government maintains the word only if the subjects paid their taxes and kept peace.

16 $1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 $100 Welcome to Who Wants to be a Persian Millionaire 50:50

17 $1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 $100

18 A: Brass armor C: Chain mail B: Metal Helmets D: Ball Gown 50: $1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 $100 What did some of the Iranians wear as protection?

19 $1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 $100

20 A: Provinces C: Satrapies B: States D: Strapies 50: $1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 $100 What were the provinces called? ?

21 $1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 $100

22 A: Building homes C: Building roads B: Transporting water D: creating fertile land 50: $1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 $100 What was a Qanat used for?

23 $1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 $100

24 A: Southern Iranians C: Northern Iranians B: Eastern Iranians D: Western Iranians 50: $1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 $100 What part of Iran used Battle axes?

25 $1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 $100

26 $1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 How do the laws and government differ from the other governments in that era? Name 3 Religious freedom Human treatment System gave everyone a certain point of equality Maintained their word if taxes were paid More efficient system Were divided into Satrapies

27 $1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 $100

28 A: Royal C: Animal B: Sassanian D: Seljuk 50: $1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 $100 What style first appeared in Persian pottery?

29 $1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 $100

30 A: Similar laws C: Similar voting system B: Similar rulers D: Similar government system 50: $1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 $100 How has the ancient government system influenced the governments today ?

31 $1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 $100

32 A: Cyprus the Great C: Darius II B: Darius I D: Darius III 50: $1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 $100 Who created the canal from the Red Sea to the Nile?

33 $1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 $100

34 A: 13 th century C: 8 th century B: 14 th century D: 12 th century 50: $1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 $100 What century did the Quran start using most Persian art?

35 $1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 $100

36 $1 Million $500,000 $250,000 $125,000 $64,000 $32,000 $16,000 $8,000 $4,000 $2,000 $1,000 $500 $300 $200 $100 Name 10 countries that have provinces Afghanistan Algeria Argentina Armenia Belarus Belgium Bolivia Bulgaria Cambodia Canada Chile China Costa Rica Colombia Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador Equatorial Guinea Fiji Finland Gabon Greece Indonesia Iran Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Kenya Kyrgyzstan Laos Madagascar Netherlands South Korea Norway Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Rwanda São Tomé and Príncipe port Saudi Arabia Solomon Islands South Africa South Korea Spain Sri Lanka Tajikistan Thailand Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Zambia Zimbabwe

37 YOU WIN!


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