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Chapters 1-4.  A. Deoxyribose  B. Adenine  C. Glucose  D. Phosphate.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapters 1-4.  A. Deoxyribose  B. Adenine  C. Glucose  D. Phosphate."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapters 1-4

2  A. Deoxyribose  B. Adenine  C. Glucose  D. Phosphate

3  A. Deoxyribose

4  A. Ribose, phosphate, and uracil  B. Phosphate, ribose, and adenine  C. Phosphate, deoxyribose, and uracil  D. Thymine, deoxyribose, and phosphate

5

6  Nitrogenous bases  Transfer RNA molecules  DNA nucleotide sequence  Amino acids

7  DNA nucleotide sequence

8  Cytosine and thymine  Adenine and thymine  Adenine and uracil  Cytosine and uracil

9  Adenine and thymine

10  DNA polymerase  DNA restriction enzymes  DNA ligase  DNA helicase

11

12  Cloning  Genetic counseling  Artificial selection  Genetic engineering

13

14  Hydrolysis  DNA replication  Recombinant DNA formation  Genetic screening

15  Recombinant DNA formation

16  The bacterial cell to produce a human protein  The cloning of the human that donated that DNA fragment  Humans to become immune to an infection by this type of bacteria  The cloning of this type of bacteria

17  The bacterial cell to produce a human protein

18  Using radiation to trigger mutations  Genetic mapping of bacterial DNA to activate the gene for insulin production  Deleting many DNA segments from bacterial DNA  Inserting a portion of human DNA into the ring-shaped DNA of bacteria

19

20

21  Act as a template for repeated replication

22  There are many ethical problems involved in cloning humans  The technology to clone humans has not been explored  Human reproduction is very different from that of other mammals  Cloning humans would take too long.

23  Rennen  Chymosin  Buttermilk  Whole Milk

24  Chymosin

25  1. Produce large quantities.  2. Cheaper.

26  Starch  Glucose  Fats  Proteins

27

28  Rusty yellow.  Clear  Purple/blue  Yellow/orange

29  Change the pH of the soil  Plant seeds of a different kind of plant  Move the tomato plants to an area with less sunlight  Reduce the amount of water available to the plant

30  Change the pH of the soil

31  Field of vision is smaller under low power than under high power  Field of vision is larger under low power than under high power  Specimen does not need to be stained for observation under low power but must be stained for observation under high power  Portion of the specimen that can be observed under low power is less than the portion that can be observed under high power.

32  Field of vision is larger under low power than under high power

33  Micropipet  Pipet  graduated cylinder  Balance  Microcentrifuge tube

34  Graduated cylinder

35  500  5000  

36  5000

37  5 in, 3 kg, 40 oz  5 mm, 3 g, 40 lb  5 in, 3 lb, 40 mL  5 mm, 3 g, 40 mL

38

39  20x  5x  10x  44x

40  5x

41  Carbons  Starches  Amino acids  enzymes

42  Amino acids

43  Cytoplasm  Nucleus  Endoplasmic reticulum  Lysosome

44  nucleus

45  Transformation enzyme  Restriction enzyme  DNA ligase  DNA polymerase  Nuclease enzyme

46  DNA ligase

47  Is ready for clinical testing to begin.  Is being produced on a large scale by the manufacturing department  Has been determined safe and effective  Needs to be reviewed regularly with a comprehensive product development plan.

48  Needs to be reviewed regularly with a comprehensive product development plan

49  Universities  Medical clinics  Companies  Government agencies

50  Medical clinics

51  Engage in “pure science”  Cure all the diseases of the world  Publish results in scientific journals  Provide a product of service that is useful to society and results in earnings

52

53  Different cell lines (CHO & HeLa cells) are more suited to producing certain kinds of recombinant proteins.  Prokaryotic cells specialize in certain tasks and can therefore grow more rapidly than eukaryotic cells.  There is great cell variety in multicellular organisms in which different kinds of cells have different jobs to do.  All of the above

54  There is great cell variety in multicellular organisms in which different kinds of cells have different jobs to do

55  µg/µL  mg/mL  µM  All of these

56  all

57  The proportion of solute to solvent increases  The proportion of solvent to solute increases  The normality of the solution shifts  Re-ionization begins to occur

58  The proportion of solvent to solute increase

59  Hydrogen bonds  Antiparallel bonds  Peptide bonds  Phosphodiester bonds

60

61 12341234

62 33

63  3%  2%  0.8%  All choices would work

64 .08%

65  Break the phosphodiester bonds between nucleotides  Break open the nuclear membrane  Break apart the cellulose in the plant cells.  Break apart the cell membrane.

66  Break apart the cellulose surrounding plant cells.

67  Bacteria  Yeast  Chinese hamster ovary cells  All of the above

68  all

69  P-1000  P-200  P-20

70  Metric conversions

71  DNA ligase  DNA helicase  DNA emporase  Restriction enzymes

72  DNA ligase

73  14X  400X  40X  4X

74  40X

75  Water  Gravity  Salt  Electricity

76

77  Kill the bacteria.  Make the DNA glow.  Separate the DNA strands.  Move the DNA in the gel.

78  Separate the DNA strands

79  The strands cross each other  The strands run parallel to each other but run in opposite directions  The strands run the same directions and are parallel  Strands run at right angles to each other

80  The strands run parallel to each other but run in opposite directions

81  Restriction endonuclease  RNA polymerase  DNA polymerase  DNA ligase

82  Restriction endonuclease

83


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