Presentation on theme: "Duple, Triple, Quadruple Simple and Compound"— Presentation transcript:
1 Duple, Triple, Quadruple Simple and Compound MeterDuple, Triple, QuadrupleSimple and CompoundFor online lectures and resources regarding simple and compound meters visit the following links:Images and review materials frommusictheory.net and music-theory.ascensionsounds.com
2 What is Meter?A groups of strong (>) and weak (u) beats that are consistent throughout a passage
3 Duple, Triple, or Quadruple? Refers to the number of beats in each measure
4 Duple MeterDuple is the alteration of strong and weak beats where there are 2 beats per measure.
5 Triple MeterTriple has 3 beats per measure, the first is usually the strong beat.
6 Quadruple MeterQuadruple has 4 beats per measure, the 1st and 3rd beats are stressed, but the 1st is usually stronger than the 3rd .
7 Simple or Compound? Simple or Compound? Answer: Simple Duple Beat Beat SubclassDuple, triple, and quadruple meters can be organized in different ways based on the divisions of the beat. We will call these divisions the beat subclass.So is this meter simple or compound? Simple! quarter notes, unless specifically indicated by triplets, always divide into eighth notes. And seriously, who wants to hand write bunch of triplets? There is a better way to write 2 groups of 3 (Compound Duple).Simple or Compound?Answer: Simple Duple
8 Beat Beat Subclass Simple Meter Compound The rhythm subclass divides the main rhythm class by 2The rhythm subclass divides the main rhythm class by 3These are all simple meters. Simple Duple (2/2, 2/4, 2/8) Simple Triple (3/2, 3/4, 3/8) and Simple Quadruple (4/2, 4/4, 4/8)BeatBeat Subclass
9 The rhythm subclass divides the main rhythm class by 2 Simple MeterCompoundThe rhythm subclass divides the main rhythm class by 2The rhythm subclass divides the main rhythm class by 3These are all compound meters. Compound Duple (6/2, 6/4, 6/8, 6/16), Compound Triple (9/2, 9/4, 9/8, 9/16), and Compound Quadruple (12/2, 12/4, 12/8, 12/16).Why do we not see anything with 3 as the numerator?
10 HypermeterIn order for something in 3/2, 3/4, 3/8, or 3/16 to be felt as a compound meter, we must zoom out and look at more than one measure at a time.In this example, we can easily sing and clap the “strong, weak, weak” beats of simple triple meter. Let’s try it.However, when we think about 2 measures at one time, we find that there is another pattern of strong and weak beats at the measure level. This pattern of strong and weak beats at the measure level is call the hypermeter.So we could say that “Take Me Out to the Ballgame” is a song that is in Simple Triple Meter with a Compound Duple Hypermeter.Or we could just rewrite in 6/8….
11 Review Meter Duple, Triple, and Quadruple Simple v. Compound HypermeterHomework:Read Chapter 2 p.30-35Do Self Test 2-3 A (1-5) and B (2-3)Do Self Test 2-4 A (1-5) and B (3)You will need staff paper to do the exercises for B