Presentation on theme: "Student Experiences with Information Technology and their Relationship to Other Aspects of Student Engagement Thomas F. Nelson Laird and George D. Kuh."— Presentation transcript:
Student Experiences with Information Technology and their Relationship to Other Aspects of Student Engagement Thomas F. Nelson Laird and George D. Kuh Indiana University Center for Postsecondary Research
Purpose Expand our understanding of the relationships between student uses of information technology and several indicators of student engagement in educationally effective practices
Data Source National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE) 2003 administration Annual survey of college students at four-year institutions that measures students’ participation in educational experiences that prior research has connected to valued outcomes In 2003, NSSE tested items on information technology with those students who took the survey online
Sample 60% female 56% are first-year students 16% transfer students 72% live on campus 94% are full-time students 74% are white 5% African American 6% Asian 4% Hispanic 1% Native American 11% other racial/ethnic background Male White or Asian American Younger Full-time Over 60,000 students from over 420 four-year institutions Living on campus Students with higher parental education Transfer students Engaged Compared to paper completers, web completers are more likely to be…
Information Technology Items How often do your instructors require you to use information technology (WWW, internet, computer conferencing, online testing, multimedia, etc.), other than word processing, to complete course assignments? Used computer and information technology when making class presentations? Communicated with classmates online to complete academic work? Worked in teams during class using information technology? Worked in teams outside of class using information technology to complete course assignments? Used to ask an instructor to clarify an assignment?
Information Technology Items Expressed ideas to a professor via that you did not feel comfortable saying in class? Used your institution’s library website to obtain resources for your academic work? Used another library (local library, another institution’s library) website to obtain resources for your academic work? Used the WWW to obtain resources for your academic work? Made judgments about the quality of information you find on the WWW for use in your academic work? How often do your instructors use information technology in the classroom?
Analyses Track 1 Descriptive comparisons at the item-level Construction of an engagement with IT scale Partial correlations between IT scale and 5 engagement scales Track 2 Factor analysis with IT and core survey items
Descriptive Results (cont.) Technology and higher order thinking Of those students who frequently communicated with classmates online, 84% said courses regularly emphasized applying theories or concepts (compared to 70%) Instructors use/assignment of IT and group work Of those students who report that their faculty frequently use information technology in class, 59% indicate that they frequently work in groups outside of class (compared to 41%)
Information Technology Scale
Factor Analysis with Technology and Core Survey Items In both analyses, four factor solution preferred Factors: F1: Student-faculty interaction F2: Collaborative learning F3: Diverse interactions F4: Academic Effort Same factors as in analyses done in past years
Factor Analysis with Technology and Core Survey Items
Implications Engaging IT for academic purposes is effective educational practice Measurement question: Do student uses of IT constitute a separate form of engagement, an avenue to existing forms of engagement, or both? Measurement challenge: Can measures of student engagement be improved by tapping student uses of information technology?
For More Information NSSE website: Copies of the paper and presentation as well as other papers and presentations are available through the website