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Student Experiences with Information Technology and their Relationship to Other Aspects of Student Engagement Thomas F. Nelson Laird and George D. Kuh.

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Presentation on theme: "Student Experiences with Information Technology and their Relationship to Other Aspects of Student Engagement Thomas F. Nelson Laird and George D. Kuh."— Presentation transcript:

1 Student Experiences with Information Technology and their Relationship to Other Aspects of Student Engagement Thomas F. Nelson Laird and George D. Kuh Indiana University Center for Postsecondary Research

2 Purpose Expand our understanding of the relationships between student uses of information technology and several indicators of student engagement in educationally effective practices

3 Data Source  National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE)  2003 administration  Annual survey of college students at four-year institutions that measures students’ participation in educational experiences that prior research has connected to valued outcomes  In 2003, NSSE tested items on information technology with those students who took the survey online

4 Sample  60% female  56% are first-year students  16% transfer students  72% live on campus  94% are full-time students  74% are white  5% African American  6% Asian  4% Hispanic  1% Native American  11% other racial/ethnic background  Male  White or Asian American  Younger  Full-time Over 60,000 students from over 420 four-year institutions  Living on campus  Students with higher parental education  Transfer students  Engaged Compared to paper completers, web completers are more likely to be…

5 Measures  Information Technology Items  5 Engagement Scales  Academic challenge (  = 0.71)  Active & collaborative learning (  = 0.63)  Student-faculty interaction (  = 0.76)  Enriching educational experiences (  = 0.56)  Supportive campus environment (  = 0.76)  Items from question 1 on the core survey

6 Information Technology Items  How often do your instructors require you to use information technology (WWW, internet, computer conferencing, online testing, multimedia, etc.), other than word processing, to complete course assignments?  Used computer and information technology when making class presentations?  Communicated with classmates online to complete academic work?  Worked in teams during class using information technology?  Worked in teams outside of class using information technology to complete course assignments?  Used to ask an instructor to clarify an assignment?

7 Information Technology Items  Expressed ideas to a professor via that you did not feel comfortable saying in class?  Used your institution’s library website to obtain resources for your academic work?  Used another library (local library, another institution’s library) website to obtain resources for your academic work?  Used the WWW to obtain resources for your academic work?  Made judgments about the quality of information you find on the WWW for use in your academic work?  How often do your instructors use information technology in the classroom?

8 Analyses  Track 1  Descriptive comparisons at the item-level  Construction of an engagement with IT scale  Partial correlations between IT scale and 5 engagement scales  Track 2  Factor analysis with IT and core survey items

9 Descriptive Results

10 Descriptive Results (cont.)  Technology and higher order thinking  Of those students who frequently communicated with classmates online, 84% said courses regularly emphasized applying theories or concepts (compared to 70%)  Instructors use/assignment of IT and group work  Of those students who report that their faculty frequently use information technology in class, 59% indicate that they frequently work in groups outside of class (compared to 41%)

11 Information Technology Scale

12 Partial Correlations

13 Factor Analysis with Technology and Core Survey Items  In both analyses, four factor solution preferred  Factors:  F1: Student-faculty interaction  F2: Collaborative learning  F3: Diverse interactions  F4: Academic Effort  Same factors as in analyses done in past years

14 Factor Analysis with Technology and Core Survey Items

15 Implications  Engaging IT for academic purposes is effective educational practice  Measurement question: Do student uses of IT constitute a separate form of engagement, an avenue to existing forms of engagement, or both?  Measurement challenge: Can measures of student engagement be improved by tapping student uses of information technology?

16 For More Information   NSSE website: Copies of the paper and presentation as well as other papers and presentations are available through the website


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