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Revision Functional Groups and Organic Chemistry ICS Madrid.

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Presentation on theme: "Revision Functional Groups and Organic Chemistry ICS Madrid."— Presentation transcript:

1 Revision Functional Groups and Organic Chemistry ICS Madrid

2 IB Chemistry - Revision l What is the name of the functional group in the following? O CH 3 – O – C – CH 2 – CH 3

3 IB Chemistry - Revision l What is the name of the following compound? CH 3 CH 3 – C – Br CH 3

4 answer 2 bromo-methyl propane

5 IB Chemistry - Revision l Which substance reacts with an alkane by a substitutuion reaction? l What type of compound is: CH 3 – O – CH 2 – CH 2 – CH 3 and, O CH 3 – C – CH 2 – CH 3

6 IB Chemistry - Revision l The most important way to classify organic compounds is by ______. l Which of the following halogenoalkanes has the highest boiling point: a) 1-chloropropane, or b) 1,2,3-trichloropropane?

7 IB Chemistry - Revision l Name this compound: Cl Cl – C – Cl H

8 IB Chemistry - Revision l Give the common name for: OH CH 3 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH-CH 3 l What substance is used to test for degree of unsaturation?

9 IB Chemistry - Revision l Name the following compound: CH 3 -CH 2 -CH 2 -CH 2 -O-C 3 H 7 and, CH 3 -CH 2 -O-CH 2 -CH 2 CH 3

10 IB Chemistry - Revision l What type of alcohol is: OH CH 3 -CH 2 -CH-CH 3

11 IB Chemistry - Revision l Which of the following would you expect to be most soluble in water: a) CH 3 CH 2 Cl or, b) CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 OH l Phenols are characterized by having a(n) _______.

12 IB Chemistry - Revision l What is glycerol? l What type of alcohol is a main breakdown product of fats and oils?

13 IB Chemistry - Revision l What is the alcohol used in antifreeze? l Based on your knowledge of intermolecular forces, which of these would you expect to have the highest boiling point: a) propanone, or b) 1-propanol

14 IB Chemistry - Revision l Show the mechanism of the reaction between C 3 H 6 + HBr. l In an addition reaction, which bond of the reactant is broken? l What type of compound is the following: C-C-C-O-C-C-C l Which has the lowest boiling point: a) 4-octanol, or b) ethoxyethane

15 IB Chemistry - Revision l What is the name of the following compound: O CH 3 – C – CH 2 – CH 2 – CH 3

16 IB Chemistry - Revision l Name this compound: O CH 3 CCH 2 CH 3

17 IB Chemistry - Revision l Which of the following has the highest boiling point: a) pentane, or b) 2-pentanone l What is a carboxyl group? l Name the following: O CH 3 – C – OH

18 IB Chemistry - Revision l Carboxylic acids with long hydrocarbon chains are called _______. l Which of the following compounds is the most soluble in water: a) propanoic acid, or b) propane l A carboxylic acid with 6 straight carbons would be named ____.

19 IB Chemistry - Revision l If an alkanal is oxidized, what type of molecule does it become? l When an oxygen atom is attached to a carbon atom, the carbon atom becomes more ___. l Which of the following compounds is most reduced: a) ethene, or b) ethane

20 IB Chemistry - Revision l Which of the following compounds will produce the most energy when completely oxidized: a) butane, or b) butanol l Look up bond energy values and work out the correct answer l What is a test for alcohols? l What is the expected product when 1-propanol is oxidized?

21 IB Chemistry - Revision l What type of compound is: O C – C – C – C – C – O – C – C l Which of the following has the highest boiling point: a) butane, or b) butanoic acid

22 IB Chemistry - Revision l Esters contribute which property to fruits? l Which compound reacts with a carboxylic acid to form an ester?


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