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Vietnam War ch25. Vietnam Rule of ‘Nam  1800’2  WWII France  WWII Japan  WWII  1954 France.

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Presentation on theme: "Vietnam War ch25. Vietnam Rule of ‘Nam  1800’2  WWII France  WWII Japan  WWII  1954 France."— Presentation transcript:

1 Vietnam War ch25

2 Vietnam

3 Rule of ‘Nam  1800’2  WWII France  WWII Japan  WWII  1954 France

4 Ho Chi Minh  Communist Revolutionary  Fought to free Vietnam before WWII against France  Fought Japanese in WWII  Wanted to make Vietnam an Independent Communist country

5 Guerilla Warfare  North Vietnamese & Vietcong used against France and later US  Vietnam was largely jungle territory  War fighters used traps, the terrain, & blended in to the civilian population  Made it difficult to know who you were fighting against

6 French Fall  1954 French pulled out of Vietnam  Vietnam was temporarily split in half at the 17 th parallel  North was Communist, South was Anti-Communist  US stepped in and backed the South  Vietnam War was fought to stop the spread of Communism

7 Escalation  In the early 1960’s the US was sending thousands of “military advisors” to aid the South Vietnamese  US backed South  JFK was killed in 1963, leaving LBJ to deal with ‘Nam  In 1964 Vietnamese torpedoed US ships in the Gulf of Tonkin  (those US ships were aiding the South’s military actions)  Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave LBJ war powers  LBJ expanded US in Vietnam with Operation Rolling Thunder  (hence the movie called “Tropic Thunder”)

8  US fought limited war  stop spread of Communism  Had to identify enemy before they could fight  Guerilla Warfare  Vietcong & North Vietnamese fought on their own soil  Had more to fight for  US casualties grew from 65  68 and peaked in 1968 War

9  War peaked in 1968 with the Tet Offensive  Tet Offensive: Vietcong attacked basically every US base in Vietnam, US was driven back, recovered weeks later and drove out Vietcong  After Tet US found that Vietcong had executed thousands of civilians  North Vietnamese were noted for having terrorized and slaughtered their own people in the North

10 Tet Offensive

11 Draft  US implemented a draft during ‘Nam  Later into the war the draft became a Lottery  Lottery is when people were given a number and had to go fight when their number was called  Many people fled to Canada to avoid going to war, or just refused to serve and went to jail  Others were not passed medically, but most went  Draft caused a lot of uproar in society

12 Protest  Vietnam war took place during the 60’s & 70’s which was a time of great cultural unrest  Hippie movement, Women’s liberation, Civil Rights movement– everybody had a “cause”  Vietnam was also the first “televised war” –for the first time people actually saw the atrocities of war  Buddhist monk set himself on fire to protest S. Vietnam Government  1967-young men burned Draft Cards  Kent State Massacre  Tons of smaller protests

13 Kent State

14 Burning Monk

15 Draft Cards

16 Nixon & ‘Nam  Nixon was elected in 1968 after LBJ  Promised to end the Vietnam War  Re-elected in 1972  Ended war in 1973  Resigned after Watergate in 1974

17 End of the War  December 1972 US bombed North Vietnam for 12 days straight  Only pause in bombing was Christmas  became known as the “Christmas Bombing”  January 1973 (1 month later) Agreement was signed to end the war  1975 North invaded South  South fell under Communist rule

18 POW/MIA  Many troops either went missing or were taken prisoner  Captured POW’s often lived through terrible treatment  After war the Vietnam Veterans Memorial was built  Long wall of names

19 POW/MIA 

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