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6 Kingdoms Archaebacteria Eubacteria Protista Fungi Plantae Animalia These four kingdoms are believed to have evolved from the Archaebacteria. Formerly.

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Presentation on theme: "6 Kingdoms Archaebacteria Eubacteria Protista Fungi Plantae Animalia These four kingdoms are believed to have evolved from the Archaebacteria. Formerly."— Presentation transcript:

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2 6 Kingdoms Archaebacteria Eubacteria Protista Fungi Plantae Animalia These four kingdoms are believed to have evolved from the Archaebacteria. Formerly grouped as one kingdom known as the Monerans.

3 Cell Types Prokaryotes Eukaryotes No nucleus No membrane-bound organelles Found only in Archaebacteria and Eubacteria Kingdoms Has nucleus Many organelles Includes Protista, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia Kingdoms

4 Types of Nutrition Autotrophs: (able to make own food) 1.) Photosynthetic -organism that uses energy from the sun to make its own food 2.) Chemosynthetic -simple nonliving chemical nutrients such as H 2 S, sulfur, and iron are consumed and made into living tissue; makes its own food Heterotrophs : (unable to make own food) 1.) Ingestion: organism eats other organisms or their organic byproducts 2.) Absorption: produces enzymes that break down food particles outside the body, then absorb the digested molecules

5 Kingdom Archaebacteria Cell Type: prokaryotes (original life form on earth; gave rise to eukaryotes) Body Forms: unicellular Cell Structure: –Cell Wall –Genetic Material –NO Organelles Nutrition: autotrophs or heterotrophs Habitat: extreme environments such as deep sea volcanic vents, hot springs

6 Kingdom Archaebacteria Other Important Information: fewer than 100 species are believed to exist Sketches of Cellular Examples: Examples: methanic bacteria, halophile bacteria, anaerobic bacteria

7 Kingdom Eubacteria Cell Type: Prokaryotes - considered the “true bacteria” Body Forms: unicellular Cell Structure: –Cell Wall –Genetic Material –NO Organelles Nutrition: photosynthetic and chemosynthetic autotrophs; heterotrophic forms too Habitat: Common environments – land, water and air; live in and on organisms

8 Kingdom Eubacteria Other Important Information: extremely diverse – more than 5000 species exist. Ecologically important as decomposers. Symbiotic relationships with humans – mutualistic in gut; parasitic when they cause disease. Sketches of Cellular Examples: Examples: Anthrax, E. coli, Salmonella, Gonorrhea

9 Kingdom Protista Cell Type: Eukaryotes Body Forms: mostly unicellular, some multicellular, some colonial Cell Structure: –Cell Wall –Nucleus –Membrane-bound Organelles –Chloroplasts Nutrition: photosynthetic autotrophs and heterotrophs that use ingestion or absorption Habitat: freshwater and ocean water, in and on organisms

10 Kingdom Protista Other Important Information: the “catch-all kingdom”; range from microscopic to 150 feet long in size; some are animal-like, some are plant-like; some cause disease. Sketches of Cellular Examples: Examples: kelp, algae, slime mold, Paramecium, Amoeba, Euglena, diatoms

11 Kingdom Fungi Cell Type: Eukaryotes Body Forms: some unicellular, most multicellular Cell Structure: –Cell Wall made of chitin –Nucleus (sometimes more then 1) –Organelles (no chloroplasts) –Opening between adjacent cells Nutrition: heterotrophic (absorption) Habitat: most are terrestrial, some live on or in organisms

12 Kingdom Fungi Other Important Information: Ecological importance as decomposers. Many have relationships with other organisms. In humans- parasitic fungus cause athlete’s foot and ringworm. Mutualistic examples too: mychorrizae in plants and lichens with algae. Sketches of Cellular Examples: Examples: bread mold, yeast, mushrooms, mildew, mold, truffles

13 Kingdom Plantae Cell Type: Eukaryotes Body Forms: multicellular Cell Structure: –Nucleus –Organelles –Chloroplasts –Cell wall made of cellulose –Large Central Vacuoles Nutrition: photosynthetic autotrophs Habitat: mostly terrestrial

14 Kingdom Plantae Other Important Information: plants are the base of terrestrial food chains; more than 262,000 species exist Sketches of Cellular Examples: Examples: moss, ferns, pine trees, oak trees, shrubs, flowers, grass

15 Kingdom Animalia Cell Type: Eukaryotes Body Forms: multicellular Cell Structure: –Nucleus –Organelles –NO chloroplast –NO cell wall Nutrition: heterotrophic Habitat: land, water, air

16 Kingdom Animalia Other Important Information: the most diverse of all kingdoms in appearance; most are motile (they can move) Sketches of Cellular Examples Examples: sponges, worms, snails, insects (ants, grasshoppers), birds, snake, fish, elephant, human


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