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U.S. GOVERNMENT CHAPTER 2 ORIGINS OF AMERICAN GOVERNMENT MR. ALLEN.

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Presentation on theme: "U.S. GOVERNMENT CHAPTER 2 ORIGINS OF AMERICAN GOVERNMENT MR. ALLEN."— Presentation transcript:

1 U.S. GOVERNMENT CHAPTER 2 ORIGINS OF AMERICAN GOVERNMENT MR. ALLEN

2 OUR POLITICAL BEGINNINGS MID 1500s – explorers, traders and settlers came to N. America The English came in the largest numbers Our government is heavily influenced by English thought

3 3 Ideas brought by the English Ordered Government Limited Government Representative government

4 LANDMARK ENGLISH DOCUMENTS THE MAGNA CARTA THE PETITION OF RIGHT THE BILL OF RIGHTS

5 13 COLONIES 13 SCHOOLS OF GOVERNMENT ESTABLISH SEPERATELY ALL COLONIES ESTABLISHED 3 WAYS ROYAL COLONIES-Direct crown control PROPRIETARY COLONIES-King gave a person a grant of land CHARTER COLONIES-Charters going to the colonists themselves. Laws made not subject to governors' veto or the crown.

6 CHAPTER 2 SECTION 2 PARLIAMENT LEFT MANAGEMENT TO THE CROWN HOWEVER, IN THIS TIME THE COLONIES WERE LEFT ALONE COLONIAL LEGISLATURES ASSUMED BROAD POWERS

7 KING GEORGE COMES TO POWER NEW TAXES TO SUPPORT TROOPS TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION COLONIES HAD GOTTEN USED TO TAKING CARE OF THEMSELVES

8 THE FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS Formed in response to the intolerable acts The colonies discussed the worsening situation Called for a boycott of trade with England

9 THE SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS British government refused to compromise Gathered after “the shot heard round the world” at Lexington and Concord This congress became by necessity the nation’s first government Fought a war, raised money, made treaties

10 DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE Written by Thomas Jefferson Taken in part from John Locke People have the right to overthrow an unjust government

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