Presentation on theme: "Find a new seat Take out review calender AND March calendar Please write in your planner that you owe $5 to the student store per AP test Reviews are every."— Presentation transcript:
Find a new seat Take out review calender AND March calendar Please write in your planner that you owe $5 to the student store per AP test Reviews are every Monday or Tues
Classification of Fungi Chytridiomycota - uniflagellated spores - link to protists? Zygomycota - zygosporangia - black bread mold (Rhizopus stolonifer) Asomycota - spores produced in asci (sac-like structure) - truffles (Tuber melanosporum) Basidiomycota - spores formed in basidiocarps - mushrooms
Life cycle of bread mold http://bcs.whfreeman.com/thelifewire/content/chp31/31020.html Use these 10 terms to explain the life cycle of a bread mold 1.Hyphae 2.Sporangia 3.Spore 4.Asexual 5.Sexual 6.Pheromones 7.Zygosporangium 8.Nuclei 9.Haploid 10.Diploid
Above: The common mold Rhizopus decomposing strawberries Right: Pilobolus aiming its sporangia. Pilobolus, the hat thrower. Pilobolus is a dung-loving (coprophilous) fungus. Spores are dispersed up to 2 m away and stick to grass blades in the vicinity. The grass and caps are eventually eaten by herbivores.
(a) Antheridial elements of ascomycetes. The structures that donate nuclei during fertilization in ascomycetes are collectively called antheridial elements; (b) Asci after meiosis and shows the development of ascospores to a point where they have nearly reached full size, but still do not have fully mature spore walls; (c) The tips of two mature asci that are ready to shoot their mature Ascospores into the air.
Clockwise: Scarlet cup; the Yellow morel; truffels
Fungal gills, Hypholoma fasciculare (Basidiomycota). The gills hang down from the cap in a tightly packed array. By producing gills in this way the mushroom can increase the surface area of the fertile layer (hymenium) by a factor of 20 or more.
Molds, Yeasts, Lichens and Mycorrhizae - represent unique lifestyles that evolved independently Molds Penicillium on an orange, soft rot of citrus. The name Penicillium comes from penicillus = brush, and this is based on the brush-like appearance of the fruiting structure under the microscope.
Yeasts - unicellular fungi that inhabit moist habitats - Saccharomyces cerevisiae - baker/brewer yeast - Candida - inhabit human epithelial tissue - AIDS patients
Lichens - symbiotic association b/n fungi and algae - mutual exploitation - tough, resistant; but sensitive to air pollution
Mycorrhizae - mutualistic associations with plant roots - increases the absorptive surface area of plant roots - exchange of minerals between plant and fungus