3 Napoleon Comes to Power ● 1799 The Directory asks General Napoleon to help subdue uprisings● Afterwards Napoleon decides to assume power over the government: declares himself the new ruler of France(Had control of the army)
4 Napoleon Rules France1800 French people voted for Napoleon to be the leader if France (after he was already in power!!!)France achieved stability under Napoleon
5 Napoleon’s Achievements strong central governmentstabilizes the French economyeliminated government corruptionRelationship with the ChurchNapoleonic Code
6 French EconomyNapoleon set up an equal tax collection system (all 3 estates paid taxes!!!)Napoleon established a National Bank for the government to borrow $ from
7 Napoleon eliminated government corruption He fired corrupt government officialsSet up Lyces:government run public schools: for rich and poor childrenBecame a model for public schools in America
9 Relationship with the Church Napoleon signed a Concordat (agreement) with Pope Pius VIIChurch would keep its prestige in France but not itscontrol over French affairsagreement kept the French people happy, kept Napoleon inthe favor of the Catholic Church
10 Napoleonic CodeHis greatest achievement: a comprehensive system of lawsThe code promoted order and authority over individual rightsBrought order back to France
11 Napoleonic Code (con’t) Women lost the right to own/sell propertyFreedom of speech and the press were restrictedAllowed slavery again in French coloniesAll of these were rights the Directory had granted; and Napoleon lessoned
15 Battle of Trafalgar October 21, 1805: off the coast of Spain Naval Battle: Napoleon and Spanish allies vs. Great BritainFrance lost 22 ships; Great Britain lost 0!!!Great Britain’s victory ensures Napoleon will never invade Great Britain: beginning of Napoleon’s downfall
22 Peninsular War 1808-1814 February 1808 Napoleon Invades Spain Spanish fought the French usingGuerilla Tactics: Hit and Run,Hide and seek
23 Peninsular War (con’t) Great Britain sends aid to Spanish Guerillas for the first few yearsBy 1811 Great Britain and Portugal joinSpain againstNapoleonVS.
24 Peninsular War Results Spain and Portugal nearly destroyed: left in disarray until 1850sFrench Army severely weakened: allows Napoleon to be defeated laterAllows Great Britain to build other alliances against NapoleonAllows Great Britain to become preeminent power in Europe
25 Trade Embargo 1806Napoleon did not want any nation under his control trading with Great BritainAs a result he forbade France and all nations he controlled from any foreign trade whatsoeverTrade Embargo crippled French economyMost controlled nations ignored the embargo and traded with Britain any ways
27 Louisiana PurchaseNapoleon sells Louisiana Territory to America 1803: to raise money for his wars with Great Britain (Amer. Pres. Thomas Jefferson)America pays $15 million for 530 million total acres: Doubles America’s size
29 Napoleon Invades Russia 1812 Russia began to ignore Trade Embargo in 1811Napoleon was pissed: used as an excuse to invade RussiaJune 22, 1812 Napoleon takes 600,000 troops to invade Russia
30 Napoleon Invades Russia 1812 Russians continuously retreated deeper into Russia: burned everything as they retreated:Slash and Burn TacticsThis prevented Napoleon’sTroops from replenishingFood, supplies, water,Shelter Clothing, etc.
31 Napoleon Invades Russia 1812 By the time Napoleon reached Moscow it was destroyed and Russian government was goneNapoleon’s Invasion gained nothing!!!
32 Napoleon Invades Russia 1812 November 1812 Napoleon finally decides to retreat from Russia during a harsh winter
33 Napoleon Invades Russia 1812 Napoleon Invades Russia with 600,000+ Troops: He leaves with less than 40,000Most died from starvation,Hunger, freezing, not combatThe Russian Invasion permanently cripples Napoleon’s armyThe Russian Invasion Allows Napoleonto be ultimately defeatedsoon after
34 Napoleon’s DownfallNapoleon’s enemies take advantage of his weaknessesBritain, Prussia, Russia, Sweden, and Austria join forces against him
35 Battle of Leipzig October 1813, Germany Napoleon’s army was now weak and inexperiencedThe allies cut his army up easilyBeginning of the end for Napoleon
36 Napoleon’s DownfallMarch 1814 the Russian Czar and Prussian King parade through Paris
37 Napoleon’s Downfall Napoleon wanted to fight on, his generals refused April 1814, Napoleon agreed to surrenderwas exiled to Elba (a tiny island off the Italian coast)
40 News spread to Napoleon Napoleon’s ComebackKing Louis XVIII (brother of King Louis XVI) becomes king of Francehe quickly became unpopular amongst the peasants for trying to restore the old (pre-revolution) order to FranceNews spread to NapoleonNapoleon escaped Elba
47 Napoleon’s LegacyHe was a military genius and brilliant administratorMillions of lives were lost in his warsHis legal code and reforms in French government outlived himNapoleon’s defeat allowed European countries to establish the new government in France:They brought back King Louis XVIII to rule as a Constitutional Monarch
48 Congress of Vienna 1815Meeting of major powers of Europe after Napoleon’s 2nd DownfallPurpose was to bring stability to Europe with Napoleon out of the wayRedrew the map of EuropeTemporarily Resolved differences between European nationsMany weaker nations and France not happy with resultsRestores King Louis XVIII as ruler of France
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