Presentation on theme: "Plagiarism –noun 1.the unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's."— Presentation transcript:
Plagiarism –noun 1.the unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work. 2.something used and represented in this manner.
Origin: 1590–1600; Kidnap Dictionary.com
When? Voluntary / Involuntary Without Citation or giving credit when: Quoting Paraphrasing Summarize
Quotations must be identical to the original, using a narrow segment of the source. They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author. Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source. Paraphrased material is usually shorter than the original passage, taking a somewhat broader segment of the source and condensing it slightly. Summarizing involves putting the main idea(s) into your own words, including only the main point(s). Once again, it is necessary to attribute summarized ideas to the original source. Summaries are significantly shorter than the original and take a broad overview of the source material.
Examples 1.) Use “ [quotations] “ when directly copying text, and cite source Example: According to some, dreams express "profound aspects of personality" (Foulkes 184), though others disagree.
2.) Cite sources when rephrasing sentences/paragraphs. Examples: Results show that children who attended pre- school are often times exhibit greater success with creating social networks than those who did not attend pre-school. Others, like Jakobson and Smith, hold the opinion that children who attend pre-school are better socially adjusted than those who do not (156).
3.) Cite sources when summarizing another’s ideas Example: According to Freud, actual but unacceptable desires are censored internally and subjected to coding through layers of condensation and displacement before emerging in a kind of rebus puzzle in the dream itself (page #s).
When do you not need to Cite? Common knowledge Your own ideas