Fight or Flight Pleasurable Experiences: Dopamine
100% 150% 350% 1100%
HRBx: Sexual Behaviors Other drug use Suicidal thoughts Relationships issues Engaging in other behaviors Delayed/Arrested Development
When asked how they obtained alcohol, the majority of students each year responded that someone had given it to them.
result of drinking more alcohol than the amount you can process affects thousands of people around the World In America alone, there are 50,000 cases of alcohol poisoning a year, and the numbers are just increasing.
Person cannot be roused Person appears in a stupor No response to pinching skin Vomiting while sleeping Seizures Slow breathing (less than 8 breaths per minute) Irregular breathing (more than 10 seconds between breaths) Low body temperature, bluish skin, paleness
Amnesty Policy: “TABC agents will not cite minors for the illegal possession or consumption of alcoholic beverages if an individual seeks assistance because of a medical emergency or because a person has been the victim of sexual assault or other violent crime.”
One drink is: BAC: 12 ounces of beer 4-5 ounces of wine 1.5 ounces of liquor 0=no alcohol! .08=legal limit for 21 and older when driving .47=lethal for most people
Rodeo Cook-off Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo Spring Break Senior Skip Day Prom Graduation Parties Graduation
MIP DUI DWI Intoxication Manslaughter Evading arrest/Resisting arrest Fake ID
What is your child’s regular curfew? Is there a legal curfew for your child in the area in which you live? What are the curfews of your child’s friends? Kids live up to expectations. Be clear. Behavior Modification Contract Know their friends. Know the parents of their friends. Know where they are. Who is driving? What would they do if their driver had drank alcohol? What would you want them to do, and do they know that?
Behavior Rewards Consequences
References Brown, S.A., Tapert, S.F., Granholm, E., & Delis, D.C. (2000). Neurocognitive functioning of adolescents: Effects of protracted alcohol use. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 242, Califano Jr., Joseph (2009),How to Raise a Drug-Free Kid, The Straight Dope for Parents. Giedd. J. N. (2004).Structural magnetic resonance imaging of the adolescent brain. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1021, Gogtay, N., Giedd, J.N., et al. (2004). Dynamic mapping of human cortical development during childhood through early adulthood. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 101 (21), 8174 – Grant, B.F., Dawson, D., et al. (2004). The 12-month prevalence and trends in DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence: United States, and Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 74, Johnston, L. D., O’Malley, P. M., & Bachman, J. G. (2006). Monitoring the Future national survey results on drug use, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. Spear, L. P. (2002). Alcohol’s effects on adolescents. Alcohol Health and Research World, 26 (4), Steinberg, L. (2008). A social neuroscience perspective on adolescent risk-taking. Developmental Review, 28, Suggested Reading Dahl, R.E. & Spear, L.P. (Eds.) (2004). Adolescent brain development: vulnerabilities and opportunities. New York: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Volume Dubuc, B. (n.d.).The brain from top to bottom. McGill University web site: Nestler, E. J., & Malenka, R. C. (2004, March). The addicted brain. Scientific American, 290 (3), Underwood, N. (2009). The teenage brain: Why adolescents sleep in, take risks, and won’t listen to reason. The Walrus Magazine. Walsh, D. (2004). Why do they act that way? A survival guide to the adolescent brain for you and your teen. New York: Free Press.