Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Colonization of Australia by the United Kingdom.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The Colonization of Australia by the United Kingdom."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Colonization of Australia by the United Kingdom

2 What were the four reasons for the British to colonize Australia?  British wanted to relieve overcrowding in Great Britain’s jails.  British government recognized the importance of having its navy stationed in Australia in the southern hemisphere.  The British viewed Australia as an economic base to expand trade.  The British government did not want its rivals to start a colony on the Australian continent.

3 Colonization of Australia  Question:  Who claimed Australia for Great Britain?  Answer:  James Cook

4 Colonization of Australia  Question:  Which coast of Australia did James Cook claim for England in 1770?  Answer:  Eastern

5 Colonization of Australia  Question:  What type of people were the first British colonists in Australia?  Answer:  Prisoners

6 Colonization of Australia  Question:  Why was there a need to establish this new penal colony?  Answer:  Georgia was established as a penal colony and it was no longer a colony of Great Britain.

7 The impact of European Empire Building in Africa and Asia on the outbreak of World War I

8 What were the reasons for the Scramble for Africa? Economic development – Europe needed new sources of raw materials Economic development – Europe needed new sources of raw materials  Resources such as gold, diamonds, and oil.  Politics – European nations showed national pride by competing for colonies in Africa.

9 Reasons for the Scramble Cont.  European worldwide view – Europeans viewed themselves as the world’s most advanced civilization. Felt it was necessary to “civilize” people in the rest of the world.

10 The impact on Africa  Questions:  Explain how economics played a role in European colonies in the nineteenth century.  Answer:  Europe wanted more sources of raw materials needed for manufacturing.

11 The impact on Africa  Question:  What role did nationalism play in Europe’s competition to colonize Africa and Asia?  Answer:  Europeans felt a need to “civilize” other parts of the world. Having more colonies made countries feel more powerful.

12 The impact on Africa  What war was a result of militarism and nationalism in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries?  Answer:  World War I  Which group of nations formed the Central Powers?  Answer:  Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire (Turkey and its colonies), and Bulgaria

13 Use the map: The impact on Africa  Questions:  During the Scramble for Africa during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, which two European powers controlled the most African land?  Answer:  Great Britain and France

14 The impact on Africa  Question:  What physical feature covered most of French West Africa?  Answer:  desert  Question:  Which European power controlled most of northwest Africa during the colonial era?  Answer:  France


Download ppt "The Colonization of Australia by the United Kingdom."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google