Presentation on theme: "The Colonization of Australia by the United Kingdom"— Presentation transcript:
1The Colonization of Australia by the United Kingdom
2What were the four reasons for the British to colonize Australia? British wanted to relieve overcrowding in Great Britain’s jails.British government recognized the importance of having its navy stationed in Australia in the southern hemisphere.The British viewed Australia as an economic base to expand trade.The British government did not want its rivals to start a colony on the Australian continent.
3Colonization of Australia Question:Who claimed Australia for Great Britain?Answer:James Cook
4Colonization of Australia Question:Which coast of Australia did James Cook claim for England in 1770?Answer:Eastern
5Colonization of Australia Question:What type of people were the first British colonists in Australia?Answer:Prisoners
6Colonization of Australia Question:Why was there a need to establish this new penal colony?Answer:Georgia was established as a penal colony and it was no longer a colony of Great Britain.
7The impact of European Empire Building in Africa and Asia on the outbreak of World War I
8What were the reasons for the Scramble for Africa? Economic development – Europe needed new sources of raw materialsResources such as gold, diamonds, and oil.Politics – European nations showed national pride by competing for colonies in Africa.
9Reasons for the Scramble Cont. European worldwide view – Europeans viewed themselves as the world’s most advanced civilization. Felt it was necessary to “civilize” people in the rest of the world.
10The impact on Africa Questions: Explain how economics played a role in European colonies in the nineteenth century.Answer:Europe wanted more sources of raw materials needed for manufacturing.
11The impact on Africa Question: What role did nationalism play in Europe’s competition to colonize Africa and Asia?Answer:Europeans felt a need to “civilize” other parts of the world. Having more colonies made countries feel more powerful.
12The impact on AfricaWhat war was a result of militarism and nationalism in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries?Answer:World War IWhich group of nations formed the Central Powers?Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire (Turkey and its colonies), and Bulgaria
13Use the map: The impact on Africa Questions:During the Scramble for Africa during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, which two European powers controlled the most African land?Answer:Great Britain and France
14The impact on Africa Question: What physical feature covered most of French West Africa?Answer:desertWhich European power controlled most of northwest Africa during the colonial era?France