THE POEM Content Imagery RhythmRhymeDictionVoice Tone and Mood Form Features of Poetry
Purpose of poetry Entertain Describe Arouse emotion Tell a story Provoke thought Inform Console Celebrate Express Grief
Tone, mood, and atmosphere Tone is the attitude by the writer (or speaker) towards the material in the poem and sometimes the receiver or hearer of the poem. Mood refers to the atmosphere that the poem creates. Tone and mood are closely linked.
Some poets will disrupt expectations to create their effects. __a___ lived in a pretty __b__ town (with __c__ so floating many bells __d___) Spring summer autumn winter he sang his _e__ he danced his _f__. ABCDEF someonesmalllightdinsongjig BillquietgleamingdownDidntround shehowupbrightturndance theyhotdownclamornotesdid anyoneslowchimesclashsolofavorite
Imagery Figurative language can add layers to what is meant by the speaker in the poem. Kennings-word or phrase that made up to identify a particular object or thing without naming it directly Ex. Foaming field, swan's road Candle of the world, our center Use similes and metaphors. Helps create a literal image.
Aural Imagery Some imagery rely not on pictures they create in the mind of the reader, but on the effects they have in the ear, or a combination of both. Alliteration Assonance Onomatopoeia
Form and structure Sonnet Ballad Odes Free Verse Techniques Enjambment End Stop Caesura
Rhythm Syllable stress Emphatic stress Phrasing and punctuation
Metre Iambic Trochaic Dactylic Anapestic Spondaic Know how to identify and the meaning of each type of metre.
Rhyme Helps unify a poem and draw it together. Internal rhyme Sight rhymes Half rhyme, Slant rhyme, or Para-rhyme Effects: -make it sound musical -jarring effect -add emphasis to certain words -unifying influence -finality (sense of an ending) -subconscious effect-groups certain words, images,