1By Collence Chisita & Munyaradzi Shoko Impact of ICT’s on library and Information Science professionals in Zimbabwe’s academic institutionsBy Collence Chisita & Munyaradzi Shoko
2IntroductionA myriad of possibilities and opportunities for Information Professionals through advances in ICT’s.Revolutionalisation of all aspects of LIS workRadical changes aided by the convergence of technologyFrom mere gatekeepers of information to vigorous disseminators of information.
3Introduction Cont’d Adapting to ICT’s as a survivalist strategy. “…The challenge is to maintain, nurture and optimize resources of libraries with the help of new technology. Hence we must be ready ...emotionally, professionally and financially to accept and make good use of new technology” Kawatra(2004)
5New Dawn for Information Professionals Diffusion of InnovationsInformation/Knowledge at the epicentre of developmentTransition from traditional to modern –techno driven Information ManagementRole of Information Professional at the push for transitionuse of integrated library systems to improve service delivery
6Challenges of the Digital era High cost of developing ICT infrastructureDwindling library budgets,Poor internet connectivityHigh cost of hardware and softwareBridging the digital divideTurning digital divide into digital dividendLife wide learning
7Challenges of the Digital era cont’d “…the Internet holds the greatest promise for humanity … It offers the best chance yet for developing countries to take their rightful place in the global economy ... ensure access … the gulf between the haves and the have-nots will be the gulf between the technology-rich and the technology-poor…” Kofi Annan (1999)
8Traditional to techno -driven LIS From physical to virtually recorded information/knowledge management .Access to information irrespective of location and formatProgression from paper to paperless librariesAccess to information without regard to location and format
9Library Consortia ICT’s and the “Information deluge” Library autarchy (self sustenance)Formation of library consortia to facilitate resource sharingShift from being "all alone" to collaboration .ICT’s as the engine for the 21st.Century online communities .“The miracle is this, the more we share the more we have."Nimoy ,L .
10Major Library consortia for academic libraries Zimbabwe University Library Consortium (ZULC)College and Research Library Consortium (CARLC)ever mounting cost of library resourcesdiminishing budgets/limited fiscal supportcompetition from free Web Based resourcesdigital divide
12Adapting new technologies Creation and development of institutional repositories like UZSpace, using FOSSEnlistment in the OpenDOAR.Digital repository searchable from any of the major search enginesEnhanced visibility.Global Accessibility.Overcoming institutional insularity
15New Skills for Librarians digital literacynegotiating skills,intellectual property rights (IPR), creative commonsopen access initiativesPublishing.Content ManagementCopyright
16Major Trends Shift from print to digital collections and services . From “repository maintenance” to user-centered approachFrom a holdings ideology to an access strategy based on content subscriptions .Formation of consortia for resource sharingRising demands of techno generation
18Integrated Library Systems Millennium Innopac for cataloguing, acquisitions, serial checking, circulation and patron servicesAdjusting to ICT Standards and protocols. e.g. Internet Protocolsprotocol for the exchange of bibliographic information e.g. Z39Remote database searching i.e. inter and intra-institutional cooperation
19Major ChallengesUsing ICT’s to broaden LIS and prevent cultural homogenizationAdaptation of business management principlesAdapting to market oriented approach.Using ICT’s for to promote standardizationUse of ICT’s to break monopoly of informationDemocratization of access to information through social media
20Benefits of ICT’s in libraries Using ICT’s for “creagement”Liberating Information professional from repetitive tasksFacilitating association of dissimilar ideasPromoting information sharing through social media.Quantifying usage patterns through OPAC, Web Based Databases and Web sites.
21Shifting vocabulary and nomenclature Language as a form of professional identity.New LIS lexicography e.g.- Information navigation,-Information Economy-evidence based information practice,-e-resources librarian,- metadata management,-e-learning resource management
22Alignment and realignment Changing Information Science LandscapeChanging focus areasImpact of ICT’sFrom Library Studies to Library and Information ScienceInformation and DocumentationInformation and Communication.
23Information Literacy: A new Pedagogy Information Literacy covering following subjects:information sourcessearching toolselectronic informationsearching techniquesmanagement of Informationevaluation of e-resources ,scholarly communication e.t.cStandardized information literacy manual
24Education and Continuous Professional Development Rapid changes in ICT’s call for CPDCPD to overcome redundancy, and irrelevancy.Constant renewal of professional skills and knowledgeLearning organizationsLearning cultureConstant review of LIS curricular.
25New Roles in the Digital Age Knowledge mediator, information architect, hybrid librarian and knowledge preserver.Masters of copyright, licensing and electronic redistribution regimesEnhanced service provision.Advanced forms of content handling(subject specialisation)Communication media and KM management centers
26New Roles in the Digital Age cont’d “We have new roles to fill. While the format of our resources may change, while access to information may change, while styles of service may change, the vision of high quality, service-oriented, information centers still fits the library's mission. We will serve our user communities best if we incorporate this into the digital library.” MacMillan (1999)
27ConclusionCreating digital platforms forIRopen accessE-journal portalsComplementing e-learning through access to e-resourcesPPPs and community engagementEnhancing access to e-resources“Adaptability is not imitation. It means power of resistance and assimilation” (Gandhi 1948)