Presentation on theme: "Foodborne Illness Can Cause More than a Stomach Ache!"— Presentation transcript:
1 Foodborne Illness Can Cause More than a Stomach Ache! This was an American PowerPoint found onI have adapted it to use ◦C instead of F, and reduced the number of slides.
2 Dehydration (sometimes severe) Signs and symptomsFeverDiarrheaUpset stomachDehydration (sometimes severe)Vomiting
3 Don’t count on these to test for food safety! SightSmellTaste
4 Even IF tasting would tell … Why risk getting sick? A “tiny taste” may not protect you … as few as 10 bacteria could cause some foodborne illnesses!
5 Why gamble with your health? It takes about ½ hour to 6 weeks to become ill from unsafe foods.You may become sick later even if you feel OK after eating.
6 Is the food safe for everyone at the table? Why risk other people’s health?Is the food safe for everyone at the table?Some people have a greater risk for foodborne illnesses. A food you safely eat might make others sick.
7 People with a higher risk of foodborne illness InfantsYoung children and older adultsPregnant womenPeople with weakened immune systems and individuals with certain chronic diseases
8 Be a winner!Increase your odds of preventing a foodborne illness in YOUR HOME!
9 Recommendation 1: CLEAN Clean hands, food-contact surfaces, fruits and vegetables.Do NOT wash or rinse meat and poultry as this could spread bacteria to other foods.
10 Hand washing is the most effective way to stop the spread of illness. Wash your hands!Hand washing is the most effective way to stop the spread of illness.
11 How to wash hands Wet hands with WARM water. Soap and scrub for 20 seconds.Rinse under clean, running water.Dry completely using a clean cloth or paper towel.
12 Wash hands after … AND before ... Sneezing, blowing nose & coughing Handling petsSneezing, blowing nose & coughingUsing the toilet or changing nappiesAND before ...Touching a cut or open soreHandling food
13 Clean during food preparation Wash cutting boards, knives, utensils and counter tops in hot soapy water after preparing each food and before going on to the next.
14 Avoid spreading bacteria Use paper towels or clean cloths to wipe up kitchen surfaces or spills.Wash cloths often in the hot cycle of your washing machine and dry in a hot dryer.
15 Dirty dishcloths spread bacteria Wet or damp dishcloths are ideal environments for bacterial growth.Have a good supply of dishcloths to avoid reusing them before laundry day.There are more germs in the average kitchen than the bathroom. Sponges and dishcloths are worst offenders. ~ research by Dr. Charles Gerba
16 Recommendation 2: SEPARATE Separate raw, cooked, and ready-to-eat foods while shopping, preparing or storing foods.
17 Use different cutting boards Use one cutting board for fresh produce and a separate one for raw meat, poultry and seafood.
18 When groovy isn’t a good thing Replace cutting boards if they become excessively worn or develop hard-to-clean grooves.
19 Use clean platesNEVER serve foods on a plate that previously held raw meat, poultry or seafood unless the plate has first been washed in hot, soapy water.
20 Recommendation 3: COOKCook foods to a safe temperature to kill micro-organisms.
21 Chicken and turkeyThermy™ says: Cook chicken and turkey (whole birds, legs, thighs & wings) to 82 degrees C.
22 Minced meatsThermy™ says: Cook hamburger, minced beef and other minced meats to 71 degrees C and minced poultry to 74 degrees C.
23 The ONLY way to know food has been cooked to a safe internal temperature is to use a food thermometer!
24 Which minced beef patty is cooked to a safe internal temperature? Source: United States Department of Agriculture/Food Safety & Inspection Service
25 ABThis is NOT a safely cooked hamburger. Though brown inside, it’s undercooked.Research shows some ground beef patties look done at internal temperatures as low as 57 degrees C.This IS a safely cooked hamburger, cooked to an internal temperature of 71 degrees C, even though it's pink inside.Source: United States Department of Agriculture/Food Safety & Inspection Service
26 1 out of 4 hamburgers turns brown before it has been cooked to a safe internal temperature Source: United States Department of Agriculture/Food Safety & Inspection Service
28 The TWO-hour ruleRefrigerate perishable foods so TOTAL time at room temperature is less than TWO hours or only ONE hour when room temperature is above 32 degrees C.Perishable foods include:Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, tofuDairy productsPasta, rice, cooked vegetablesFresh, peeled/cut fruits and vegetables
29 Bacteria multiply rapidly between DANGER ZONEBacteria multiply rapidly between4 and 60°C.
30 Bacteria numbers can double in 20 minutes! A multiplication quizBacteria numbers can double in 20 minutes!How many bacteria will grow from 1 BACTERIA left at room temperature 7 hours?
31 Refrigerate perishable foods within TWO hours. Answer: 2,097,152!Refrigerate perishable foods within TWO hours.
32 How to be cool – part 1Cool food in shallow containers. Limit depth of food to 2 inches or less.Place very hot foods on a rack at room temperature for about 20 minutes before refrigeration.
33 How to be cool – part 2It’s OK to refrigerate foods while they’re still warm.Leave container cover slightly open until the food has cooled.
34 Recommended refrigerator & freezer temperatures Set refrigerator at 5 degrees C or below.Set freezer at -18 degrees C.
35 Place an appliance thermometer in your refrigerator AND freezer
36 The THAW LAW Plan ahead to defrost foods. The best way to thaw perishable foods is in the refrigerator.
37 When to leave your leftovers Refrigerated leftovers may become unsafe within 3 to 4 days.If in doubt, toss it out!
38 ~ seen on a refrigerator magnet Time to toss …"If it walks out, let it go!"~ seen on a refrigerator magnet
39 Cleaning fruits & vegetables Remove and discard outer leaves.Rinse under clean, running water just before preparing or eating.Rub briskly – scrubbing with a clean brush or hands – to remove dirt and surface micro-organisms.Don’t use soap or detergent.
40 Cleaning fruits & vegetables After washing, dry with a clean cloth or paper towel.Moisture left on produce may promote survival and growth of microorganisms. Drying is critical if food won’t be eaten or cooked right away.Cut away bruised and damaged areas.
41 Separate fruits & vegetables from other foods Keep fruits and vegetables separate from raw meat, poultry and seafood while shopping, preparing or storing them.
42 Read labelsRead labels on bagged produce to determine if it is ready-to-eat.Ready-to-eat, pre-washed, bagged produce can be used without further washing if kept refrigerated and used by the “use-by” date.
43 Do NOT drink milk directly from the carton. Dairy do’s and don’tsAvoid raw (unpasteurized) milk or milk products such as some soft cheeses.Refrigerate dairy foods promptly. Discard dairy foods left at room temperature for more than two hours – even if they look and smell good.Do NOT drink milk directly from the carton.
44 Avoid washing raw meat & poultry Do NOT wash raw meat and poultry. Washing is not necessary.Washing increases the danger of cross-contamination, spreading bacteria present on the surface of meat and poultry to ready-to-eat foods, kitchen utensils, and counter surfaces.
45 Refrigerator storageStore raw meat, poultry and seafood on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator so juices don’t drip onto other foods.
46 Cook to safe temperatures Avoid raw or partially cooked eggs or foods containing raw eggs and raw/undercooked meat and poultry.Scrambled, poached, fried and hard-cooked eggs are safe when cooked so both yolks and whites are firm, not runny.
48 Should you keep or toss … Pizza left on the counter overnight?
49 Toss it out!Even if you reheat pizza left on the counter overnight, some bacteria can form a heat resistant toxin that cooking won’t destroy.
50 Should you keep or toss … Beef burger thawed on the kitchen counter?
51 Toss it out!As with pizza left out more than TWO hours, bacteria may have formed heat- resistant toxins.The best way to thaw perishable foods is in the refrigerator.Thaw packages of meat, poultry and seafood on a plate on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator to prevent their juices from dripping on other foods.
52 Should you keep or toss … Perishable food left out from the mid-day meal until the evening meal?
53 Toss it out!Perishable foods – such as meats, gravy and cooked vegetables – should be refrigerated within TWO hours.
54 Should you keep or toss … Cut/peeled fruits and vegetables at room temperature for over TWO hours?
55 Toss it out!Once you have cut through the protective skin of fruits and vegetables, bacteria can enter.Refrigerate cut or peeled fruits and vegetables within TWO hours.
56 Should you keep or toss … Leftovers in the refrigerator for over a week?
57 Toss it out!Refrigerated leftovers may become unsafe within 3 to 4 days.You can’t always see or smell if a food is unsafe. It may be unsafe to taste a food.
58 Should you keep or toss … A FULL pot of chicken soup stored in the refrigerator while still hot?
59 …(can you guess?)How long would it take an 8-inch stock pot of steaming chicken soup to cool to a safe temperature in your refrigerator?
60 Would you believe … 24 hours! TOSS IT OUT!Remember: Transfer hot foods to shallow containers to speed cooling.
61 Should you keep or toss … A turkey in your freezer for five years?
62 You decide!Food kept frozen at -18 degrees C is still safe to eat. However, it may not taste as good.To assure best flavour, eat a frozen turkey within a year.