4Demographics Ethnicities: Andean Indian (Incan decent), Spanish Religions: Roman Catholic, Catholicism blended with local traditionLanguages: -Spanish (official),-Amerindian languages (especially Quechua)Population: million
5Inca Influence Began in Cuzco, Peru, in the 1100s Empire stretched down the coast along the Andes Mt.Civilization was ended in the mid 1500s by the Spanish who were looking for gold.Ultimately stretched from top of Ecuador down to bottom of Chile.
6Inca Culture Religion: pantheistic “Spartan” Art. Valued functionality over estheticsKingdom was widely spread. Culture varies.Like their tapestries: each are slightly different with unique traits woven in.No written records. History is all oral.
7Religion in EcuadorLike much of S. America, Catholicism becomes “synchronized” with local traditions and indigenous customsRoman Catholic 95%, other 5%Andean music plays a large part in religion, tying old traditions in with the Spanish-brought Catholicism.
8Recourses Ecuador contains 42 species of bamboo Bamboo located around tree line on mountains.Armadillo
18Music Theory In 4/4 duple time. Solid 106 bpm tempo Key of G (or Em) Using primarily G Major (E minor)pentatonic scaleRepeated melodies and themes
19Song consists of two chords: Em and G Song consists of two chords: Em and G. Melody carried primarily by zampoña and the quena.
20Music Reflects Heritage History of people unclear, only oral.Myth and fact blend and mixMusic built on the simplicity and familiarity of the pentatonic scale. People’s tradition is old and familiar, retold.Flutes and trills swell and fade, like stories and myths amid reality.
21Sound reflects Environment A song is lengthy, moves easily, subtly from one section to another. Reflects weather and “seasons.”Airy flutes emulate winds.Tinkle of Charango’s double strings imitates sound of water.Quena mimics bird’s singingOverall lack of breaks and stoppage in songs reflects pace and flow of society and region.
22Music in Culture Dance music often does not have lyrics Mood of music primarily melancholy. Subjects include death, lost love, loneliness, but all embrace traditionAndean music dismissed by younger generation, following instead western music.
23Claude Debussy French Impressionist Composer *(sexy pose courtesy of Claude Debussy)
24Claude Debussy Life 1962-1918, residing primarily in France Entered the Paris Conservatory at the age of ten.Traveled as a teacher through Europe and Russia.At 22 he won the Prix de Rome, a competition for composers.
25His MusicConsidered French music to serve primarily on the “sensuous plane”"The primary aim of French music is to give pleasure.“This idea lead him away from traditional music theory (i.e. alternate scales, harmonies, and structure)
26Debussy’s Influences Writer and poet Edger Allen Poe Oriental and Russian MusicGerman Romantic composer Richard Wagner ( ). Imitated his styles and moods, but not his flambunctuality. Debussy was more subtle.
29Background of Prelude Based of a poem by French poet Stéphane Mallarmé Portrays the thoughts and dreams of a Faun. The faun plays a flute.
30Music Theory No continious beat or pulse; swells and falls. Chromaticism: moving by half steps, free from the traditional church modes.Somewhat ambiguous melodic lines serve to paint a bigger mood and feeling, as apposed to conveying ideas through individual melodic lines.Thru-composed. Builds up then fades away.
31¿What’s a French Impressionist got in common with Incan Tradition?
32Andean Music and Impressionism Impressionistic music uses “clusters” of notes to “paint” a pictureSimilarly, Andean music layers rhythms and melodiesAndean music “paints a picture” of the Andes by utilizing instruments that portray aspects of it.
33Mood and EffectThe Prelude contains an air of uncertainty and “drifting;” unpredictability not found in Andean music.Piece lacks concrete theme; the overall mood and feeling of the piece becomes the “theme.”However, both convey an overarching setting and picture.In a sense, the music of the Andes becomes “impressionistic.” It conveys the and spirit of the altiplano.
34Instrumentation Opening flute compares to the sound of the quena. The gentle harp relates to the Charango.Piece contains no brass instruments, like Andean music.
35Bottom LineThe music of Claude Debussy and the Andes, while composed using different instruments, both serve to echo the culture and feelings of their respective authors, yet differ as the work of Debussy breaks free from tradition while Andean music embraces its ancestry.
36Work CitedAndean tribesIncan ReligionInstrumentscomposers of the 20th centuryMp3sInstumentslhttps://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ec.htmlzampoñasDebussy BioChordsPrelude analysisDebussy BioDebussy PhotoAndes of Ecuador
37Media Preparations1. Opening Quena: (Stop at 0:22!)2. San Juanito:3. Dancing with live band:Vasijo de Varro4. Prelude:5. San Juanito 2: