Presentation on theme: "Andes Music and Debussy. Music of The Andes Ecuador."— Presentation transcript:
Andes Music and Debussy
Music of The Andes Ecuador
Demographics Ethnicities: Andean Indian (Incan decent), Spanish Religions: Roman Catholic, Catholicism blended with local tradition Languages: -Spanish (official),-Amerindian languages (especially Quechua) Population: million
Inca Influence Began in Cuzco, Peru, in the 1100s Empire stretched down the coast along the Andes Mt. Civilization was ended in the mid 1500s by the Spanish who were looking for gold. Ultimately stretched from top of Ecuador down to bottom of Chile.
Inca Culture Religion: pantheistic Spartan Art. Valued functionality over esthetics Kingdom was widely spread. Culture varies. Like their tapestries: each are slightly different with unique traits woven in. No written records. History is all oral.
Religion in Ecuador Like much of S. America, Catholicism becomes synchronized with local traditions and indigenous customs Roman Catholic 95%, other 5% Andean music plays a large part in religion, tying old traditions in with the Spanish-brought Catholicism.
Recourses Ecuador contains 42 species of bamboo Bamboo located around tree line on mountains. Armadillo
My father My parents Me free-climbing Pinchincha Valcano
Peak of Mt Chimborazo is the furthest point from the earths core. Weather in the mountains changes rapidly.
Charango Evolved from the Spanish guitar 5 pairs of strings Tuned to an Am7 chord, or gg, cc, eE, aa, ee. Originally made from Armadillos
Pan Flute or Zampoña Vary in size from a few cm to a meter, allowing for wide pitch range. Tuned to the G scale. Dates back 5,000 years Sound reflects Mt. wind.
San Juanito 3dxyhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=daTXFS 3dxy
Music Theory In 4/4 duple time. Solid 106 bpm tempo Key of G (or Em) Using primarily G Major (E minor)pentatonic scale Repeated melodies and themes
Song consists of two chords: Em and G. Melody carried primarily by zampoña and the quena.
Music Reflects Heritage History of people unclear, only oral. Myth and fact blend and mix Music built on the simplicity and familiarity of the pentatonic scale. Peoples tradition is old and familiar, retold. Flutes and trills swell and fade, like stories and myths amid reality.
Sound reflects Environment A song is lengthy, moves easily, subtly from one section to another. Reflects weather and seasons. Airy flutes emulate winds. Tinkle of Charangos double strings imitates sound of water. Quena mimics birds singing Overall lack of breaks and stoppage in songs reflects pace and flow of society and region.
Music in Culture Dance music often does not have lyrics Mood of music primarily melancholy. Subjects include death, lost love, loneliness, but all embrace tradition Andean music dismissed by younger generation, following instead western music.
Claude Debussy French Impressionist Composer *(sexy pose courtesy of Claude Debussy)
Claude Debussy Life , residing primarily in France Entered the Paris Conservatory at the age of ten. Traveled as a teacher through Europe and Russia. At 22 he won the Prix de Rome, a competition for composers.
His Music Considered French music to serve primarily on the sensuous plane "The primary aim of French music is to give pleasure. This idea lead him away from traditional music theory (i.e. alternate scales, harmonies, and structure)
Debussys Influences Writer and poet Edger Allen Poe Oriental and Russian Music German Romantic composer Richard Wagner ( ). Imitated his styles and moods, but not his flambunctuality. Debussy was more subtle.
Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun Written HWUMhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9_7loz- HWUM
Background of Prelude Based of a poem by French poet Stéphane Mallarmé Portrays the thoughts and dreams of a Faun. The faun plays a flute.
Music Theory No continious beat or pulse; swells and falls. Chromaticism: moving by half steps, free from the traditional church modes. Somewhat ambiguous melodic lines serve to paint a bigger mood and feeling, as apposed to conveying ideas through individual melodic lines. Thru-composed. Builds up then fades away.
¿Whats a French Impressionist got in common with Incan Tradition?
Andean Music and Impressionism Impressionistic music uses clusters of notes to paint a pictureImpressionistic music uses clusters of notes to paint a picture Similarly, Andean music layers rhythms and melodiesSimilarly, Andean music layers rhythms and melodies Andean music paints a picture of the Andes by utilizing instruments that portray aspects of it.Andean music paints a picture of the Andes by utilizing instruments that portray aspects of it.
Mood and Effect The Prelude contains an air of uncertainty and drifting; unpredictability not found in Andean music. The Prelude contains an air of uncertainty and drifting; unpredictability not found in Andean music. Piece lacks concrete theme; the overall mood and feeling of the piece becomes the theme. Piece lacks concrete theme; the overall mood and feeling of the piece becomes the theme. However, both convey an overarching setting and picture. However, both convey an overarching setting and picture. In a sense, the music of the Andes becomes impressionistic. It conveys the and spirit of the altiplano. In a sense, the music of the Andes becomes impressionistic. It conveys the and spirit of the altiplano.
Instrumentation Opening flute compares to the sound of the quena. The gentle harp relates to the Charango. Piece contains no brass instruments, like Andean music.
Bottom Line The music of Claude Debussy and the Andes, while composed using different instruments, both serve to echo the culture and feelings of their respective authors, yet differ as the work of Debussy breaks free from tradition while Andean music embraces its ancestry.
Work Cited Andean tribeshttp://www.native-languages.org/andean-culture.htm Incan Religionhttp://www.deathreference.com/Ho-Ka/Incan-Religion.html Instrumentshttp://www.about-peru-history.com/inca-music.html composers of the 20th centuryhttp://library.thinkquest.org/15413/history/history-mod-comp.htm Mp3shttp://boleadora.com/andes.htm Instumentshttp://www.about-peru-history.com/inca-art.htm l https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ec.html zampoñashttp://www.markamusic.com/ZamponaBook.htm Debussy Biohttp://www.essentialsofmusic.com/composer/debussy.html Chordshttp://www.andrewclem.com/CultureTravel.php Prelude analysishttp://www.kennedy-center.org/calendar/?fuseaction=composition&composition_id=2466 Debussy Biohttp://www.notablebiographies.com/De-Du/Debussy-Claude.html ncd/bio/bio5_03-09.php&usg= Debussy Photo Andes of Ecuadorhttp://www.destination360.com/south-america/ecuador/ecuador-andes
Media Preparations 1. Opening Quena: (Stop at 0:22!) 2. San Juanito: 3. Dancing with live band: Vasijo de Varro 4. Prelude: 5. San Juanito 2: MRwG0&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mej5w- MRwG0&feature=related