Dr. Robert Marzano Dr. Janet AllenDr. Camille L. Z. Blachowicz Dr. Kathy Ganske Laurie Kagan & Dr. Spencer Kagan Dr. Mary E. Curtis Experts in Vocabulary Instruction
Explain what you will be doing and why you are doing it Model it Provide multiple opportunities for guided practice and feedback Provide multiple opportunities for application Revisit & reflect often*
K-1 Children know between 5,000 to 10,000 words (depending on the exposure to language and early literacy) By grade 6, that number has doubled to 20,000 to 30,000 By grade 12, that number has doubled again to about 60, 000 The average college sophomore knows about 120,000 words
Tier 1-2-3 Words (Averil Coxhead, 2000) Tier 1: Basic Vocabulary pencil, book, apple map, sad, blue Tier 2: High Frequency/Multiple Meaning evaluate, various, occur compare, estimate, candidate Tier 3: Low Frequency, Content- Specific photosynthesis, anarchy, veto mitosis, area, perimeter
Word Cube Vocabulary Ring Flip BookGraphic Organizers WordoTaboo Cards Bang Word Chain
Allen, J. (1999) Words, words, words: teaching vocabulary in grades 4-12. Portland, ME: Stenhouse Publishers. www.janetallen.orgwww.janetallen.org Blachowicz, C. L. Best practices in vocabulary instruction. Scott Foresman Publishing. www.sfreading.com www.sfreading.com Coxhead, A. (2000) "A new academic word list." TESOL Quarterly, 34(2), 213-238. Curtis, M. E. and Longo, A. M. (May 1997) “Reversing reading failure in young adults.” Focus on Basics Connecting Research and Practice, Volume 1, Issue B. www.ncsall.net/?id=466 www.ncsall.net/?id=466 Ganske, J. (2000) Word journeys: assessment-guided phonics, spelling, and vocabulary instruction. New York, NY: The Guilford Press. Kagan, S. (1994) Cooperative Learning. SanClemente, CA: Kagan Publishing. www.KaganOnline.com www.KaganOnline.com Marzano, R. J., Pickering, D. J. (2005). Building academic vocabulary for student achievement: Teacher’s manual. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. www.MarzanoResearch.comwww.MarzanoResearch.com
One forgets words as one forgets names. One's vocabulary needs constant fertilizing or it will die. Evelyn Waugh Evelyn Waugh
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