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The Industrial Revolution Setting the Scene Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330.

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Presentation on theme: "The Industrial Revolution Setting the Scene Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Industrial Revolution Setting the Scene Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330

2 The Industrial Revolution Setting the Scene Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330

3 The Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution Begins Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330

4 The Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution Begins What was the Industrial Revolution? A change or revolution in the way goods are produced. Machines replaced hand tools, new sources of power such as water and steam replaced human and animal power, the economy slowly shifted from farming to manufacturing, and many people moved from rural to urban areas. Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330

5 It all started with clothes… In the mid 1700s, British inventors designed machines to speed up the process of making textiles or cloth. Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330 The Industrial Revolution New Technology

6 3 basic steps to make cloth, 4 steps to make clothes.  Clean the cotton  Spin the cotton into thread Weave the thread into cloth  Sew the cloth into clothes Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330 The Industrial Revolution Making TEXTILES (Cloth)

7 Cotton has little seeds inside of it... Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330 The Industrial Revolution

8 OLD WAY NEW WAY clean the cotton by hand Cotton Gin  Clean the cotton Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330 The Industrial Revolution New Technology

9 THE COTTON GIN Eli Whitney helped design the Cotton Gin. Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330 The Industrial Revolution New Technology

10 Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330 The Industrial Revolution New Technology

11 OLD WAY NEW WAY hand spinning, The Spinning Jenny the spinning wheel  Spin the cotton into thread Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330 The Industrial Revolution New Technology

12 Hand Spun  Spin the cotton into thread Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330 The Industrial Revolution New Technology

13 The Spinning Wheel  Spin the cotton into thread Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330 The Industrial Revolution New Technology

14 The Spinning Jenny  Spin the cotton into thread Invented by James Hargreaves in Britain in 1764 Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330 The Industrial Revolution New Technology

15 OLD WAY NEW WAY hand loom power loom Weave the thread into cloth Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330 The Industrial Revolution New Technology

16 Hand weaving / Hand Loom Weave the thread into cloth Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330 The Industrial Revolution New Technology

17 Power loom Weave the thread into cloth Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330 The Industrial Revolution New Technology Invented by Edmund Cartwright in the 1780s.

18 Power loom Weave the thread into cloth Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330 The Industrial Revolution New Technology

19 Power loom Weave the thread into cloth Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330 The Industrial Revolution New Technology

20 OLD WAY NEW WAY hand sewing sewing machine  Sew the cloth into clothes Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330 The Industrial Revolution New Technology

21 Hand Sewing  Sew the cloth into clothes Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330 The Industrial Revolution New Technology

22 Sewing Machines  Sew the cloth into clothes Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.330 The Industrial Revolution New Technology

23 Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.331 The Industrial Revolution New Technology

24 Factory System = Bring the workers, machinery, and raw materials together in one place to make a finished product. Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.331 The Industrial Revolution New Technology

25 Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.331 The Industrial Revolution The Factory System

26 Capital / Money Capitalist / entrepreneur Machines Workers A factory building (usually large) Power (water, animal, human) Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.331 The Industrial Revolution The Factory System

27 At first, most factories used water power to run the machines. This is called a MILL. Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.331 The Industrial Revolution The Factory System

28 Pg.336

29 You can use a river or waterfall to create power to run machines using a water wheel. Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.331 The Industrial Revolution The Factory System

30 You can use a river or waterfall to create power to run machines using a water wheel. Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.331 The Industrial Revolution The Factory System

31 Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.331 The Industrial Revolution The Factory System

32 Two types - Overshot & Undershot… gravity fed or force fed. Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.331 The Industrial Revolution The Factory System

33 Inventors in Britain developed many of the new machines and ideas in the textile industry and the government wanted to keep the ideas secret and only in Britain. Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.331 The Industrial Revolution A Revolution Crosses the Atlantic

34 Samuel Slater Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.331 The Industrial Revolution A Revolution Crosses the Atlantic

35 Samuel Slater Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.331 The Industrial Revolution A Revolution Crosses the Atlantic

36 But, Samuel Slater figured out a way around that and brought the ideas to America. Samuel Slater Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.331 The Industrial Revolution A Revolution Crosses the Atlantic

37 Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.332 The Industrial Revolution A Revolution Crosses the Atlantic

38 Pawtucket, Rhode Island - First successful textile mill in America was built and run by Samuel Slater. Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.332 The Industrial Revolution A Revolution Crosses the Atlantic

39 Textile Mill Makes cloth out of cotton. Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.332 The Industrial Revolution Other Types of Mills

40 Saw Mill Makes lumber out of trees. Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.332 The Industrial Revolution Other Types of Mills

41 Saw Mill Makes lumber out of trees. Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.332 The Industrial Revolution Other Types of Mills

42 New Way Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.332 The Industrial Revolution Other Types of Mills Old Way Saw Mill Cut using a hand saw

43 Grist Mill Grinds up grains like wheat to make flour. Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.332 The Industrial Revolution Other Types of Mills Grind Stones

44 New Way Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.332 The Industrial Revolution Other Types of Mills Old Way Grist Mill Grind grains by hand

45 Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.332 The Industrial Revolution Interchangeable Parts

46 Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.332 The Industrial Revolution Interchangeable Parts

47 Eli Whitney Eli Whitney developed the idea of interchangeable parts for manufacturing. It started with guns, but spread to other items and eventually also to parts for machines. Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.332 The Industrial Revolution Interchangeable Parts

48 Eli figured out all of the parts need to make a rifle, then designed and built machines to make each part. Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.332 The Industrial Revolution Interchangeable Parts

49 Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.332 The Industrial Revolution

50 Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.332 The Industrial Revolution

51 The Lowell Mills Lowell, Massachusetts: A Model Factory Town Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.332 The Industrial Revolution

52 A factory town is one where the company that owns the factory builds houses for the workers to rent and stores for the workers to shop at so that the company makes money back from the workers after paying them. Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.332 The Industrial Revolution Lowell, Massachusetts: A Model Factory Town

53 Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.332 The Industrial Revolution

54 The Lowell Mills Lowell, Massachusetts: A Model Factory Town Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.332 The Industrial Revolution

55 The Lowell Mills did give some girls (women) the chance to feel a sense of worth and independence by allowing them to earn their own money. The girls that went to work at the mill became known as “Lowell Girls”. Lowell, Massachusetts: A Model Factory Town Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.333 The Industrial Revolution

56 Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.334 The Industrial Revolution

57 Daily Life During the Industrial Revolution Child Labor Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.334 The Industrial Revolution

58 Daily Life During the Industrial Revolution Child Labor Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.334 The Industrial Revolution

59 Child Labor Daily Life During the Industrial Revolution Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.334 The Industrial Revolution

60 Daily Life During the Industrial Revolution Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.334 The Industrial Revolution

61 Long Hours Average work day in early factories was 12 hours a day, 6 days a week for a total of 72 hours a week. Average work day today is 8 hours a day, 5 days a week for a total of only 40 hours a week. Daily Life During the Industrial Revolution Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.334 The Industrial Revolution

62 Daily Life During the Industrial Revolution Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.334 The Industrial Revolution

63 Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.335 The Industrial Revolution Daily Life During the Industrial Revolution

64 Growing Cities Urbanization = the movement of a large population of people from farms into cities. Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.335 The Industrial Revolution Daily Life During the Industrial Revolution

65 Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.335 The Industrial Revolution Growing Cities

66 Hazards Garbage in the streets. Wild hogs wandering eating waste. Bacteria and diseases like cholera and influenza spread quickly. Muddy roads - bumpy, ruts, and you can get stuck. Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.335 The Industrial Revolution Growing Cities

67 Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.335 The Industrial Revolution Growing Cities

68 Attractions The Circus Fashion Theaters and plays Chapter 11 section 1 Pg.335 The Industrial Revolution Growing Cities


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