Lost Empire When Rome fell knowledge, law, culture and technology fell with it. The army was lost too leaving the people with no protection. Europe broke up into a bunch of kingdoms each with their own laws and leaders.
Invaders Attack Western Europe Map p. 359 Magyars and Muslims Attack from the East and South – Magyars (Hungarian nomads) invade western Europe in late 800s – Muslims strike north from Africa, attacking through Italy and Spain – Viking, Magyar, Muslim invasions cause widespread disorder, suffering
Survival People lived in small villages and nearly everyone had to farm to provide enough food. (agriculture!) If everyone is farmer, there are no artists, lawyers, teachers, etc. This made the loss of knowledge even worse.
Feudalism Feudalism- a system of rule where people trade their work for protection One guy owns the land, another works on it. Each group of people had specific jobs to complete.
Why? No Roman Empire means no Roman Army. No army means no protection. People willingly (usually…) gave up their land to be protected. It was all about survival.
Imagineland 1. The King officially owns all of the land of the country. He usually builds a large castle in his capital city. 2. To get nobles to support him the king divides his land and puts nobles in charge of their own area. 3. The nobles divide their land and use that to pay knights who then protect the land and serve the king. 4. Peasants are allowed to live on the land and build farms. They pay taxes to the nobles and can’t leave. 5. Taxes ultimately end up going to the king. Peasants work, knights protect, nobles collect, king gets rich.