Presentation on theme: "English IV AP/IB Mrs. Snipes"— Presentation transcript:
1 English IV AP/IB Mrs. Snipes IB Oral CommentaryEnglish IV AP/IBMrs. Snipes
2 General Information: 15% of the Language A1 diploma requirements Preparation time = 20 minutesRecording time = 10 – 15 minutesCandidates are provided with an extract for commentary from one of the Part II works: Hamlet, Macbeth, poetry of Keats, or poetry of FrostGuiding questions will be provided by the teacherThe commentary is recorded and externally evaluated/assessed
3 What IB Says About Commentary: “Commentary” refers to a close detailed analysis of writing, showing an understanding of both what is said and how it is said. It requires students to demonstrate close detailed knowledge and appreciation of: (1) elements such as subject matter and theme, (2) the means (literary and style technique) by which these elements are explored and presented, and (3) the effects of such exploration, or presentation, for the development of the work as a whole, and for the reader’s understanding
4 Basically, you should be able to: Demonstrate thorough knowledge and understanding of the works studiedDistinguish details and elements that are significant to the overall purpose of the work from those that are notDeduce meaning and make valid interpretations from relevant textual material
5 Discern, where appropriate, the writer’s particular view(s) or attitude(s) toward the issues he/she raises, explores or alludes toAppreciate the role played by language and style (including diction, imagery, symbols, tone, sound, and sentence structure) in achieving the writer’s purposeUnderstand and discuss how, and to what purpose, elements such as characters, events, situations, and settings are created and to what effect
6 Discuss the use of relevant literary techniques in a manner that shows understanding of how they create and develop meaning in the textBecome aware of the ways in which writers use the features of particular genres for effectCompare and contrast in effective waysMake consistent and effective use of the most persuasive textual evidence to illustrate claims
7 Offer individual insights and independent perspectives on the works studied Appreciate as fully as possible the close relationship between form and contentWHEW!
9 Step I: Read the passage/poem carefully three times: 1. silently, for first impression of total effect2. aloud—noting shifts of pattern, thought, voice, tone, flow3. again, to reinforce or adjust first impression
10 Step 2:Establish how this extract fits into the larger work: what is this excerpt doing on its own? In the whole?Ask yourself: why did the teacher/examiner choose this passage?
11 Step 3: Go through CLOSE READING questions: WHO is speaking? TO WHOM? WHAT? WHY? (Situation, purpose)HOW? (tone, style)PATTERNS? (structure, form)TENSION? (contrasts, conflicts, ironies)SO WHAT? (dominant effect)
12 STOP BAD FIT Symbol Theme Organization Progression Big 3 (speaker, audience, situation)AtmosphereDictionFigurative languageImageryTone
13 Dramatic context: how does the passage build on the existing dramatic tension? Unresolved questions: what don’t you understand the passage or its context?Personal response: what part of the passage stands out to you?How is the passage structured?What are the most significant patterns?What are the most significant stylistic devices?Is the passage consistent throughout? Is there anything unresolved?
14 If you were to explain the excerpt to a friend, what would you say If you were to explain the excerpt to a friend, what would you say? Keep it simple but include everything that your consideration of the passage has revealed to be important.
15 Step 4:Compose and be ready to deliver the commentary: make notes and organize the structure of the commentaryLook again at the SO WHAT and taking this dominant effect as your thesis, select relevant details of evidence to support your argument and to include in your commentaryBe sure to include no detail without relating it to its specific effect and place it in the whole
16 Organize your commentary in any way that suits your argument, but let the passage or poem guide you to the shaping of your commentary
17 Caveats: There is not one formula This is an exploration and not a “Watch me, Mom!” display of all you knowDon’t forget that the characters are fictional; the writer is/was not—therefore focus on authorial intent and literary features and techniques used to achieve that intent
18 Guiding Questions:The purpose of the guiding questions is to offer candidates a starting point for organizing the commentaryThey will help you explore such aspects asthe presentation & role of charactersrelationshipsthemesuse of languagesignificance of the extract to the development of the larger workeffects of structure, style, technique
19 Guiding questions should not: refer to fine detail, or any particularinterpretation of the extractrestrict the candidate’s ability to exploreindependently all significant aspectsdealt with in the extract
20 Types of Guiding Questions: In what ways do you think this extract defines the role of X, a character in the extract? What do you think the extract reveals about X’s state of mind?What is established in this opening passage? By what means has this been achieved?To what extent is our perception of the relationship between X and Y developed in this passage?What is the primary significance of this passage?
21 Which literary/stylistic techniques are used and to what effect? What are the effects of the dominant images in this extract?What are the dominant themes in this extract?
22 Delivery and Subsequent Discussion: Candidates will be allowed to deliver their commentaries without interruptionTeachers may not distract candidates or attempt to rearrange their commentariesTeachers will only intervene if a candidate panics and needs positive encouragement or if he/she is off target or is finding it difficult to continue
23 Teachers may engage in a discussion with candidates to probe further into their knowledge and understanding of the work or topicTeachers may inquire about a candidate’s understanding of specific words, phrases, and allusionsTeachers must be satisfied with the candidate’s understanding of the relationship between the extract and the whole work
24 Criterion: Knowledge and interpretation of extract of work(s) Interpretation and personal response--5Presentation (organization)Use of languageEach category worth up to a score of 5
25 Some tips:For Hamlet and Macbeth, don’t forget about dramatic features as well as poetic/stylistic devices; for Frost and Keats, remember poetic/stylistic devices, structure, etc.Refer to specific line numbers in your analysisAvoid a colloquial/informal tone
26 More tips:Stay within the context of the passage: “You must not be tempted to discuss everything you know about the whole text. Your commentary must focus on the specific extract that you are given for discussion. You should relate it to the work only where relevant—for example, to establish context, or discuss its importance to the work as a whole” (IB Handbook)
27 More tips: Avoid doing a line by line analysis Organize your commentary by idea, not in the order of the extractFor Hamlet, remember to go beyond just translating. For example, if you are doing “to be or not to be,” you need to go past just saying, “in this extract, Hamlet is debating whether or not he should commit suicide. He doesn’t know if he should exist or not exist.” A way to extend beyond a translation is to do just what you do for everything else you read: analyze technique. Example: “Shakespeare highlights Hamlet’s unbalanced mental state by incorporating many examples of antithesis into this soliloquy. The most obvious of these is ‘to be or not to be’ in line 1” (and then develop from there).
28 Final thought:Relax! I know; it’s hard to actually relax after reading this looooooong list of tips and listening to Mrs. Snipes drone on and on about it. But remember how capable you actually are. It’s good to feel some nerves, but remember that at the end of the day, it’s only a test. While your IOC is an important part of IB English, your score will not define your life or who you are. The process is more important than the end result. Simply going through an assessment like this will make you a better communicator and more interesting person. Remember that not all rewards in life come in the form of a grade.
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