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Erika Kraemer-Mbula Research Fellow Institute for Economic Research on Innovation, South Africa Informal manufacturing of personal and home care products.

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Presentation on theme: "Erika Kraemer-Mbula Research Fellow Institute for Economic Research on Innovation, South Africa Informal manufacturing of personal and home care products."— Presentation transcript:

1 Erika Kraemer-Mbula Research Fellow Institute for Economic Research on Innovation, South Africa Informal manufacturing of personal and home care products in South Africa

2 Objectives of the study 1. Map the key actors in the innovation system surrounding informal manufacturing 2. Develop an understanding of the obstacles that hinder the performance of micro-enterprises situated in the informal economy. 3. Identification of innovation activities – learning, knowledge flows, technology transfer 4. Understand mechanisms of knowledge appropriation, role of IP and policy implications

3 Informal manufacturing of personal and home care products in SA Personal care products: cosmetics, toiletries, perfumes, oral care, foam bath, etc Home care products: dishwasher, bleach, air fresheners, floor polish, etc.

4 Innovations Incremental, new to the firm but not new to the world Reactive ( to customers and to suppliers), Proactive Collaborative

5 Knowledge appropriation  Formal mechanisms of knowledge appropriation are not commonly used – informal mechanisms (e.g. secrecy) are more common.  Lack of knowledge and know-how are key obstacles to innovation & lack of technology – exchange of ideas & tech with other producers, suppliers and formal technology transfer organisations seen as a key for business survival (who owns the ideas?)  Interest in knowledge appropriation emerges as informal manufacturers reach a critical business/market size or when products is highly differentiated - Lack of familiarity with IP regulatory framework  Need to bring IP framework closer to the reality and constraints of micro manufacturers – consultative process.

6 Thank you Obrigado/ Спасибо/ शुक्रिया / 谢谢 / ngiyabonga    Faculty of Economics & Finance, Tshwane University of Technology, 159 Nana Sita Street, Pretoria CBD, 0002, Gauteng Province, Republic of South Africa.


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