Combine terms with OR smoking tobacco Smoking OR tobacco – either term can be present
Combine terms with AND Smoking AND cessation – both terms must be present cessation smoking
Quick tips Take a common word stem and look for spelling variations e.g. ◦smok* - will retrieve papers smoking, smoker, smokers… but also smoked salmon Phrase searching ◦Use double quote marks if you want words to appear next to each other e.g. “smoking cessation”
Develop a search strategy 1. pregnan* 2. smoking or smoker* 3. nicotine replacement OR nicotine patch* 4. cessation OR stop* OR quit* 5. 1 AND 2 AND 3 AND 4
Searching tips: PubMed Subject searching - use MeSH ◦Subject headings added to articles on Medline ◦Search the MeSH Database ◦See MeSH Tutorials for more information Finding similar articles – use the ‘Related articles’ link
Help Finding the Evidence tutorials: ◦EBM web-site – EBM tools – Finding the Evidence http://www.cebm.net http://www.cebm.net PubMed ◦Short online tutorials ◦Quick guides to PubMed – basics, MeSH search and MyNCBI http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/disted/pubmed.html
Hands-on Practice turning PICO into search strategy Take your focused question: Run further searches on PubMed http://www.pubmed.gov http://www.pubmed.gov
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