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LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN THE 21ST CENTUARY ; ON CORRUPTION, FRAUD AND ETHIC

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Presentation on theme: "LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN THE 21ST CENTUARY ; ON CORRUPTION, FRAUD AND ETHIC"— Presentation transcript:

1 LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN THE 21ST CENTUARY ; ON CORRUPTION, FRAUD AND ETHIC
BRIEF ON GHANA LOCAL GOVERNMENT SYSTEM PRESENTED BY KETOR KENNETH YAOH, PLANNING UNIT, ACCRA METROPOLITAN ASSEMBLY, GHANA

2 Ghana in african context
GHANA IS BORDERED TO THE : NORTH – BURKINA FASSO SOUTH – GULF OF GUINEA WEST – COTE D’IVOIRE EAST – REP. OF TOGO GHANA COVERS A LAND AREA OF 238,533KM2 AVERAGE DAILY TEMPERATURE 21OC – 33OC POPULATION OF GHANA IS 24.6M IT IS HOME TO MORE THAN 100 DIFFERENT ETHNIC GROUPS (AKAN – 48%, EWE, GA-ADAGME, GONJA, MAMPRUSI, MOLE DAGBANI ETC …) POPULAR STABLE FOODS : FUFU, AKPLE, TUO ZAAFI

3 BRIEF ON GHANA THE HIGHEST MOUNTAIN IS MOUNT AFADZATO (830M)
THE LARGEST RIVER IS RIVER VOLTA WHICH IS HOME TO THE LARGEST MAN MADE LAKE IN THE WORLD LAKE VOLTA GHANA IS A UNITARY STATE WITH MULTIPARTY DEMOCRACY SHE IS THE FIRST SUB-SAHARA NATION TO GAIN INDEPENDENCE 0N 6TH MARCH, 1957

4 DECENTRALIZATION IN GHANA
Before independence, the Colonial master (British) used the indirect rule Use of traditional authority (Chief) They were used as channels of communication They were used to collect tolls from the local people The current decentralisation programme started in 1988

5 LOCAL GOVERNMENT SYSTEM IN GHANA
Ghana has a three tier Municipal and District and a four tier Metropolitan Assembly System Ghana is divided into Ten administrative Regions (known as Regional Coordinating Councils [RCCs]) RRCs supervise the Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs)

6 THE STRUCTURE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT SYSTEM IN GHANA
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT TEN REGIONAL COORDINATING COUNCILS METROPOLITAN ASSEMBLY (ABOVE 250,00) MUNICIPAL ASSEMBLY (95, ,000) DISTRICT ASSEMBLY (75,000 – 95,000) SUB-METROPOLITAN DISTRICT COUNCIL TOWN COUNCIL URBAN COUNCIL ZONAL COUNCIL UNIT COMMITTEE

7 DISTRICT ASSEMBLY SYSTEM IN GHANA
There are (170)216 Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDA) An MMDA is the highest local political authority They have legislative, executive and deliberative functions

8 Composition of district assembly
District Chief Executive (Appointed by the President and approved by 2/3 of members present and voting) Two-Third Elected Assembly Members representing each Electoral Area 30% Government Appointees Members of Parliament from the District Speaker of the Assembly is known as Presiding Member elected by 2/3 of all members

9 SUBSIDIARY (sUB) COMMITTEE
In the performance of its functions, the Assembly works through the Executive and its subsidiary Committees. The Executive Committee (Metropolitan Authority) performs the executive functions of the Assembly Metropolitan Authority is composed of not more than 1/3 of the total membership of the Assembly excluding the Presiding Member . The meetings of the Metropolitan Authority are presided over by the Metropolitan Chief Executive Presiding Member chairs the Public Relations Complain Committe .

10 SUBSIDIARY (sUB) COMMITTEE (CONT’D)
There are Subsidiary Committees of the Metropolitan Authority. Mandatory ones are; Finance and Administration, Development Planning, Works, Social Services, Education, Environmental Management Revenue Mobilization Assemblies have the authority to established more Sub-Committee

11 SUB-STRUCTURES OF THE ASSEMBLY
Each Sub-Metro consists of between 25 and 30 members made up of all elected members of the Assembly in the Sub-Metro and such other persons resident in the Sub-Metro appointed by the Regional Minister acting on behalf of the President. There are Town Councils within each Sub-Metro and each Town Council made up of not more than 5 persons elected from among the members of the Assembly and not more than 10 representatives from Unit Committees which are within the Town Councils. The Unit Committee made up of 5 elected persons ordinarily resident in the Unit and not more than 5 persons resident in the unit and nominated by the Metropolitan Chief Executive acting on behalf of the President.

12 DEPARTMENTAL ORGANOGRAM
MMDCE Internal Audit MMDCD MMDPCU (MPMDO = Secretary) Social Sector Infrastructure Sector Financial Sector Environmental Sector Economic Sector Education, Youth & Sports Dept. SW & CD Dept. District Health Dept. Works Dept. Physical Planning Dept. Trade, Industry &Tourism Dept. Agric Dept. Disaster Prevention Dept. Waste Mgt. Dept. Natural Resources Conservation Treasury Revenue Mobilization Education Section Sports Section SW Section CD Section DMOH Section R. Birth & Death Section Building section (Works & R. Housing) Water Section Feeder Roads Section T&CP Section P&G Section Coop Section Cottage Industry Section Fire Section NADMO Section Refugee Section Game & Wildlife Section Forestry Section Animal Health and Production Section Crop Services Section Agric Extension Section Agric Engineering Section Fisheries Section Youth Section Basic Education Unit Library section Urban Roads Dept. Finance Dept. Transport Dept. Budget & Rating Dept. Internal Disaster Environ Health Central Administration Dept. Legal Department METRO – 16 MUN. = 13 DIST = 11 PAU (Public Affairs Unit) Admin, Plan. & Budget Sectors Estate, Loges Procurement Administration HR Mgt Store Records Tourism Section Planning Food & Nutrition MIS Non-Formal Education Unit

13 FUNCTIONS OF THE DISTRICT ASSEMBLIES
THE DISTRICT ASSEMBLIES ARE THE HIGHEST POLITICAL AUTHORITY IN DISTRICT. THE FUNCTIONS OF THE ASSEMBLIES ARE DELIBERATIVE, LEGISLATIVE AND EXECUTIVE. SECTION 10 OF ACT 462 SPELLS OUT EXTENSIVELY THEIR FUNCTIONS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE OVERALL DEVELOPMENT OF THE DISTRICT (METROPOLIS) EFFECTIVE MOBILIZATION AND UTILIZATION OF HUMAN, PHYSICAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES FOR ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT DEVELOPMENT, IMPROVEMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF HUMAN SETTLEMENTS MAINTENANCE OF SECURITY AND PUBLIC SAFETY ENSURE ACCESS TO THE COURTS IN THE DISTRICT FOR THE PROMOTION OF JUSTICE

14 ADVANTAGES / RESULT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT
Local governance has led to popular participation in decision making by the grass root people through; Public hearing Community Consultation Community technical interface Community involvement in decision making has become one of the major criteria for assessing Assembly’s performance

15 ADVANTAGES / RESULT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT
Accountability on the part of duty bearers Platform for checking corruption Medium for promoting good ethic with public administration Public accountability has also become one of condition for assessing Metropolitan and Municipal Assemblies under Urban Development Grant (UDG)

16 ADVANTAGES / RESULT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT
Improvement in distribution of national wealth and development District Assembly Common Fund (DACF) Geo-social development fund / projects eg SADA Socio-economic facilities and infrastructure (District Hospital, Polytechnics etc) Performance based resource allocation (DDF/ UDG) Community and citizen contribution towards development of their local areas Empowerment of the youth and also serves as the basis for capacity building

17 disadvantages / challenges / shortcoming OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT
Non regularized payment of Assembly Members (Councilors) Poor financial status of MMDAs and poor infrastructure Perceived poor conditions of service of staff Bureaucracy and political interference

18 ATTEMPTS TO ADDRESS THESE CHALLENGES
District Assembly Common Fund Performance Assessment through Functional Organzational Assessment Tool (FOAT) / DDF and UDG Establishment of Local Government Service to improve human capacity of Districts Composite Budgeting

19 conclusion Local Government is a system which requires collective efforts of all stakeholders, both local and international, to address the bias of development as a result of centralized governance. Though, decentralization is an ancient system of governance, the world is yet to fully surmount its challenges .

20 Platforms such as these serve as the avenue to exchange experiences from various countries and learn other from each other. We, from Ghana, are grateful for the opportunity to be part of this experience and will take knowledge gained here back home.

21 THANK YOU 21


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