Presentation on theme: "LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN THE 21ST CENTUARY ; ON CORRUPTION, FRAUD AND ETHIC"— Presentation transcript:
1 LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN THE 21ST CENTUARY ; ON CORRUPTION, FRAUD AND ETHIC BRIEF ON GHANA LOCAL GOVERNMENT SYSTEMPRESENTED BY KETOR KENNETH YAOH, PLANNING UNIT, ACCRA METROPOLITAN ASSEMBLY, GHANA
2 Ghana in african context GHANA IS BORDERED TO THE :NORTH – BURKINA FASSOSOUTH – GULF OF GUINEAWEST – COTE D’IVOIREEAST – REP. OF TOGOGHANA COVERS A LAND AREA OF 238,533KM2AVERAGE DAILY TEMPERATURE 21OC – 33OCPOPULATION OF GHANA IS 24.6MIT IS HOME TO MORE THAN 100 DIFFERENT ETHNIC GROUPS (AKAN – 48%, EWE, GA-ADAGME, GONJA, MAMPRUSI, MOLE DAGBANI ETC …)POPULAR STABLE FOODS : FUFU, AKPLE, TUO ZAAFI
3 BRIEF ON GHANA THE HIGHEST MOUNTAIN IS MOUNT AFADZATO (830M) THE LARGEST RIVER IS RIVER VOLTA WHICH IS HOME TO THE LARGEST MAN MADE LAKE IN THE WORLD LAKE VOLTAGHANA IS A UNITARY STATE WITH MULTIPARTY DEMOCRACYSHE IS THE FIRST SUB-SAHARA NATION TO GAIN INDEPENDENCE 0N 6TH MARCH, 1957
4 DECENTRALIZATION IN GHANA Before independence, the Colonial master (British) used the indirect ruleUse of traditional authority (Chief)They were used as channels of communicationThey were used to collect tolls from the local peopleThe current decentralisation programme started in 1988
5 LOCAL GOVERNMENT SYSTEM IN GHANA Ghana has a three tier Municipal and District and a four tier Metropolitan Assembly SystemGhana is divided into Ten administrative Regions (known as Regional Coordinating Councils [RCCs])RRCs supervise the Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs)
6 THE STRUCTURE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT SYSTEM IN GHANA CENTRAL GOVERNMENTTEN REGIONAL COORDINATING COUNCILSMETROPOLITAN ASSEMBLY (ABOVE 250,00)MUNICIPAL ASSEMBLY (95, ,000)DISTRICT ASSEMBLY (75,000 – 95,000)SUB-METROPOLITAN DISTRICT COUNCILTOWN COUNCILURBAN COUNCILZONAL COUNCILUNIT COMMITTEE
7 DISTRICT ASSEMBLY SYSTEM IN GHANA There are (170)216 Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDA)An MMDA is the highest local political authorityThey have legislative, executive and deliberative functions
8 Composition of district assembly District Chief Executive (Appointed by the President and approved by 2/3 of members present and voting)Two-Third Elected Assembly Members representing each Electoral Area30% Government AppointeesMembers of Parliament from the DistrictSpeaker of the Assembly is known as Presiding Member elected by 2/3 of all members
9 SUBSIDIARY (sUB) COMMITTEE In the performance of its functions, the Assembly works through the Executive and its subsidiary Committees.The Executive Committee (Metropolitan Authority) performs the executive functions of the AssemblyMetropolitan Authority is composed of not more than 1/3 of the total membership of the Assembly excluding the Presiding Member .The meetings of the Metropolitan Authority are presided over by the Metropolitan Chief ExecutivePresiding Member chairs the Public Relations Complain Committe .
10 SUBSIDIARY (sUB) COMMITTEE (CONT’D) There are Subsidiary Committees of the Metropolitan Authority.Mandatory ones are;Finance and Administration,Development Planning,Works,Social Services,Education,Environmental ManagementRevenue MobilizationAssemblies have the authority to established more Sub-Committee
11 SUB-STRUCTURES OF THE ASSEMBLY Each Sub-Metro consists of between 25 and 30 members made up of all elected members of the Assembly in the Sub-Metro and such other persons resident in the Sub-Metro appointed by the Regional Minister acting on behalf of the President.There are Town Councils within each Sub-Metro and each Town Council made up of not more than 5 persons elected from among the members of the Assembly and not more than 10 representatives from Unit Committees which are within the Town Councils.The Unit Committee made up of 5 elected persons ordinarily resident in the Unit and not more than 5 persons resident in the unit and nominated by the Metropolitan Chief Executive acting on behalf of the President.
13 FUNCTIONS OF THE DISTRICT ASSEMBLIES THE DISTRICT ASSEMBLIES ARE THE HIGHEST POLITICAL AUTHORITY IN DISTRICT. THE FUNCTIONS OF THE ASSEMBLIES ARE DELIBERATIVE, LEGISLATIVE AND EXECUTIVE. SECTION 10 OF ACT 462 SPELLS OUT EXTENSIVELY THEIR FUNCTIONSRESPONSIBLE FOR THE OVERALL DEVELOPMENT OF THE DISTRICT (METROPOLIS)EFFECTIVE MOBILIZATION AND UTILIZATION OF HUMAN, PHYSICAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES FOR ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENTDEVELOPMENT, IMPROVEMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF HUMAN SETTLEMENTSMAINTENANCE OF SECURITY AND PUBLIC SAFETYENSURE ACCESS TO THE COURTS IN THE DISTRICT FOR THE PROMOTION OF JUSTICE
14 ADVANTAGES / RESULT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT Local governance has led to popular participation in decision making by the grass root people through;Public hearingCommunity ConsultationCommunity technical interfaceCommunity involvement in decision making has become one of the major criteria for assessing Assembly’s performance
15 ADVANTAGES / RESULT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT Accountability on the part of duty bearersPlatform for checking corruptionMedium for promoting good ethic with public administrationPublic accountability has also become one of condition for assessing Metropolitan and Municipal Assemblies under Urban Development Grant (UDG)
16 ADVANTAGES / RESULT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT Improvement in distribution of national wealth and developmentDistrict Assembly Common Fund (DACF)Geo-social development fund / projects eg SADASocio-economic facilities and infrastructure (District Hospital, Polytechnics etc)Performance based resource allocation (DDF/ UDG)Community and citizen contribution towards development of their local areasEmpowerment of the youth and also serves as the basis for capacity building
17 disadvantages / challenges / shortcoming OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT Non regularized payment of Assembly Members (Councilors)Poor financial status of MMDAs and poor infrastructurePerceived poor conditions of service of staffBureaucracy and political interference
18 ATTEMPTS TO ADDRESS THESE CHALLENGES District Assembly Common FundPerformance Assessment through Functional Organzational Assessment Tool (FOAT) / DDF and UDGEstablishment of Local Government Service to improve human capacity of DistrictsComposite Budgeting
19 conclusionLocal Government is a system which requires collective efforts of all stakeholders, both local and international, to address the bias of development as a result of centralized governance. Though, decentralization is an ancient system of governance, the world is yet to fully surmount its challenges .
20 Platforms such as these serve as the avenue to exchange experiences from various countries and learn other from each other.We, from Ghana, are grateful for the opportunity to be part of this experience and will take knowledge gained here back home.