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12.1 – Arithmetic Sequences and Series. An introduction………… Arithmetic Sequences ADD To get next term Geometric Sequences MULTIPLY To get next term Arithmetic.

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Presentation on theme: "12.1 – Arithmetic Sequences and Series. An introduction………… Arithmetic Sequences ADD To get next term Geometric Sequences MULTIPLY To get next term Arithmetic."— Presentation transcript:

1 12.1 – Arithmetic Sequences and Series

2 An introduction………… Arithmetic Sequences ADD To get next term Geometric Sequences MULTIPLY To get next term Arithmetic Series Sum of Terms Geometric Series Sum of Terms

3 Find the next four terms of –9, -2, 5, … Arithmetic Sequence 7 is referred to as the common difference (d) Common Difference (d) – what we ADD to get next term Next four terms……12, 19, 26, 33

4 Find the next four terms of 0, 7, 14, … Arithmetic Sequence, d = 7 21, 28, 35, 42 Find the next four terms of x, 2x, 3x, … Arithmetic Sequence, d = x 4x, 5x, 6x, 7x Find the next four terms of 5k, -k, -7k, … Arithmetic Sequence, d = -6k -13k, -19k, -25k, -32k

5 Vocabulary of Sequences (Universal)

6 Given an arithmetic sequence with x NA -3 X = 80

7 ?? x 6 353

8 Try this one: x NA 0.5

9 9 x 633 NA 24 X = 27

10 NA x

11 Find two arithmetic means between –4 and 5 -4, ____, ____, NA x The two arithmetic means are –1 and 2, since –4, -1, 2, 5 forms an arithmetic sequence

12 Find three arithmetic means between 1 and 4 1, ____, ____, ____, NA x The three arithmetic means are 7/4, 10/4, and 13/4 since 1, 7/4, 10/4, 13/4, 4 forms an arithmetic sequence

13 Find n for the series in which 5 x y X = 16 Graph on positive window

14 12.2 – Geometric Sequences and Series

15 Arithmetic Sequences ADD To get next term Geometric Sequences MULTIPLY To get next term Arithmetic Series Sum of Terms Geometric Series Sum of Terms

16 Vocabulary of Sequences (Universal)

17 Find the next three terms of 2, 3, 9/2, ___, ___, ___ 3 – 2 vs. 9/2 – 3… not arithmetic

18 1/2 x 9 NA 2/3

19 Find two geometric means between –2 and 54 -2, ____, ____, NA x The two geometric means are 6 and -18, since –2, 6, -18, 54 forms an geometric sequence

20 -3, ____, ____, ____

21 x 9 NA

22 x 5

23 *** Insert one geometric mean between ¼ and 4*** *** denotes trick question 1/4 3 NA

24 1/2 7 x

25 Section 12.3 – Infinite Series

26 1, 4, 7, 10, 13, …. Infinite Arithmetic No Sum 3, 7, 11, …, 51 Finite Arithmetic 1, 2, 4, …, 64 Finite Geometric 1, 2, 4, 8, …Infinite Geometric r > 1 r < -1 No Sum Infinite Geometric -1 < r < 1

27 Find the sum, if possible:

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32 The Bouncing Ball Problem – Version A A ball is dropped from a height of 50 feet. It rebounds 4/5 of it’s height, and continues this pattern until it stops. How far does the ball travel? / /5

33 The Bouncing Ball Problem – Version B A ball is thrown 100 feet into the air. It rebounds 3/4 of it’s height, and continues this pattern until it stops. How far does the ball travel? / /4

34 Sigma Notation

35 UPPER BOUND (NUMBER) LOWER BOUND (NUMBER) SIGMA (SUM OF TERMS) NTH TERM (SEQUENCE)

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39 Rewrite using sigma notation: Arithmetic, d= 3

40 Rewrite using sigma notation: Geometric, r = ½

41 Rewrite using sigma notation: Not Arithmetic, Not Geometric

42 Rewrite the following using sigma notation: Numerator is geometric, r = 3 Denominator is arithmetic d= 5 NUMERATOR: DENOMINATOR: SIGMA NOTATION:


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