The Need and Mission State Superintendent of Education Paul Pastorek
RSD: The Need 3 The WHY In 2005, prior to Transfer of New Orleans Schools to RSD, 22 Percent of Schools SPS Below 40. 66 percent of schools SPS Below 60. SPS 60 Represents School Where More than 60 Percent of Students Not on Grade-Level. 62 Percent of Students in New Orleans Trapped in These Schools And Only 30 Percent of 4 th, 8 th and 10 th Grade Students Proficient in Math and ELA. In 2005, Annual High School Dropout Rate In New Orleans – 11.4 Percent.
RSD: The Need 4 The WHY More Than 230,000 Students (One Third) of Louisiana Students Not Grade Level Proficient Only 2/3 of High School Students Graduated in Traditional Four Year Time Frame Legislature adopted Senator Nevers’ Bill to Raise Graduation Rate to 80 Percent by 2014 Despite Significant Growth, 239 Schools With SPS Below 75, Meaning That More Than 50 Percent of Students Below Grade Level 917 Schools With SPS Below 103, Meaning That at Least 25 Percent of Students Not Grade-Level Proficient Statewide, 17,560 Students Attend 43 Academically Unacceptable Schools (SPS Below 60); But 10 Schools Came Off the AUS List in 2008, 29 Came Out in 2009 and 12 Schools in 2010.
RSD: The Need 5 Based on 2010 School Performance Score SPS Range Number of Schools in Range Percent of Students Basic & Above Average Graduation Rate Average Grad. Rate Range - +1 Stand Deviation 120.0 – 2007588 – 100%91.986.1 – 97.7 105.0 – 119.923676 – 87%82.475.4 – 89.4 90.0 – 104.937564 – 75%76.967.7 – 86.1 65 – 89.951339 – 63%66.253.8 – 78.6 0 – 64.9810 – 38%51.638.8 – 64.4
RSD: The Need 6 The WHY Schools Systems Have Historically Been Unsuccessful at Boosting Low-Performing Schools Not a Matter of Money – Study of 32 AUS Schools Reviewed in 2008-2009 Revealed Average Funding Through Title I School Allocations for Previous 2-3 Years - $450,000 with Some Schools Receiving as Much as 700,000 Not a Matter of Resources – Prior to Transfer Schools Receive Additional Support from LDOE Distinguished Educator, Technical Assistance to Develop School Improvement Plan, Scholastic Audit
RSD: The Need 7 The WHY Not a Matter of Intent or Effort on Part of Districts and Schools Results from Lack of Knowledge and Expertise Necessary to Improve Schools with Long History of Failure Historically, Culture and Requirements Restrict Ability of School Systems to Implement Innovative Instructional Practices. But RSD and LDOE Committed to Driving Change Directly and Indirectly.
RSD: The Need 8 What We’re Doing to Enrich District and School Capacity to Improve and Schools from Declining and Becoming AUS or Eligible for Takeover LDOE Re-Organization Aligned Around Support – Not Compliance Critical Goal Offices Office of Innovation (Trailblazer Program) Support for Academic Watch List Schools
Louisiana’s Department of Education is Actively Transforming into a Capacity- Building, Service-Delivery Entity ComplianceService LDOE Reorganization 9
Principal Teacher PrincipalTeacher LDOE and RSD: Extending Intervention to Academic Watch Schools and Schools in Decline to Decrease Rate of Failure Before Schools Get to RSD. Driving Statewide District/School Improvement Feedback Statewide Support Goal Offices: College & Career Readiness, Literacy, STEM Specialists SDU: Planning, Implementation, Monitoring Innovation: Human Capital Pipeline, Turnaround Specialists, District Support District Capacity School Capacity LEA 10
Watch List Schools by LEA 11 Though there are 46 LEAs with Watch List schools, 6 LEAs contain over 50%. The top 15 LEAs contain almost 75% of Watch List Schools.
Trailblazer Districts and Watch List Impact 12 About 60% of Watch List Schools Are Located in Trailblazer Districts.
RSD: The Mission 13 Created by Louisiana Legislature in 2003. State’s Accountability System Determines Which Schools Are Failing. Five New Orleans Schools Entered the RSD Prior to Hurricane Katrina in 2005. In Fall 2005, After Katrina, Legislators Passed Act 35, Extending Eligibility to Districts. As a Result, 107 More New Orleans Schools Transferred to the RSD, Although Not All These Schools Reopened. Currently RSD Operates 23 Direct-run and 46 Type 5 Charter Schools in Orleans Parish. Outside New Orleans, the RSD Provides Oversight to 35 Schools in 11 Parishes Via Type 5 Charters, Management Agreements or Memorandums of Understanding. Primary Objective: Transforming and Then Returning Chronically Low-Performing Schools to Local Control
Schools Enter RSD After 4 Consecutive Years of Failure 14 Option #1: Restart the School Via a Charter or Contract Freedom to Create New Culture Strict Performance Requirements Community Involvement Option #2: Direct-Run the School Stabilize School Grant Autonomy to Staff Over Time, Potentially Phase the School Out to a Charter Option #3: Close the School & Send Students to Higher Performing Option RSD Manages a Portfolio of School Using 3 Models for Turnaround:
Current RSD Oversight 15 12 Parishes 104 Schools 69 schools in New Orleans (Direct Run, Charters & Pre-GED program) 35 schools outside of New Orleans (Charters, MOUs and Management Agreements)
What is the RSD? 16 Through RSD, Louisiana Employing Unique Approach to School Turnaround (National Model) QUALITY Creating high-performing “best practice” schools, supported by data-driven, research- based models that address individual academic, behavioral or social needs. ACCOUNTABILITY Developing and implementing comprehensive accountability systems that ensure all schools are held to the same high standards CHOICE Offering parents and guardians the freedom to select the RSD school of their choice, and guaranteeing that access to quality school programs is equitable and attainable. AUTONOMY Ensuring that RSD schools have autonomy over site-based budgeting and staffing; creating and maintaining alternative governance arrangements, such as Advisory Boards, Steering Committees or Board of Directors. MODERN CLASSROOMS AND OUTSTANDING FACILITIES Creating and maintaining safe, clean schools in which every child can be educated in a classroom that is modern and well-equipped for 21st Century learning.
The Results Recovery School District Superintendent Paul Vallas
How Do You Measure a School Intervention Program’s Value? 18 What is the intent of the program and is it successful in its mission? Is the program financially efficient? Is the program producing tangible benefits beyond it’s primary mission? What is the process for returning schools to local control and are improvements sustainable? Ask Four Questions
Question 1 19 What is the Intent of the Program and Is It Succeeding in Its Mission?
Results & Benefits 20 Key Strategies Governing Authority Effective Teachers Data-driven Instruction New Schools School Choice School Autonomy Optimizing Budgetary Resources Modernized Facilities Successful Stability and Transformation of School District, Including: Locally Controlled Leadership Team Committed to the Implementation of School Reforms. Creation of Sustainable Reforms Despite Significant But Temporary Funding Resources. Construction of Secure Facilities that Meet the Demand of All Returning Students. All Students in Modern Classrooms with Technology Assets and Tools. Created an Environment of Self-Sustaining Improvement.
RSD Has Faced Unique Challenges in New Orleans: 21 Unlike traditional school districts, the RSD has no borrowing power or cash reserves As a state agency, the RSD is bound by procurement policies, data systems and procedures that are not well suited to a school district The RSD initially lacked essential infrastructure, such as a payroll system and procurement system. Facilities Academics Financial Public Schools Devastated by One of the Nation’s Worst Natural Disasters More than 100 school buildings damaged, some completely 90% of the buildings in Poor Condition Before Katrina The RSD fully supplied 70 schools with contents, including furniture, instructional material desktop and laptop computers Many returning students missed months or years of school More than 80% of students entering RSD schools were 1½ or more years below grade level More than 20 percent of students two or more years older than typical for grade level Influx of federal funds to open schools was temporary; aggressive academic reforms had to be sustainable.
Academic Improvements in the RSD 22 Test Scores in the RSD Have Improved in Every Grade and Every Subject for Three Consecutive Years, Resulting in RSD Leading State in Growth from 2009-2010 as well as for the last three years, with a gain of 20 points from 2007-2010. Since 2007, the passing rate for first time 4 th grade test-takers in the RSD increased from 36% to 58%. The passing rate for 8 th grade first-time test takers grew from 32% to 50%. In 2010, Growth in the RSD exceeded the growth in the state in 25 of 30 categories in LEAP, iLEAP and GEE.
Gains in Percentage of Students Scoring Basic and Above 23 2007 to 2010 (RSD New Orleans Charters and Direct-Run Schools)
Graduation Rates Significantly Improving 24 In the 2006-2007 school year, 544 of 1,081 eligible seniors graduated (50%). By the 2009-2010 school year, 1,139 of 1,319 eligible seniors (86%) received diplomas.
Question 2 25 Is the Program Financially Efficient?
The Cost of Reform 26 While RSD Most Improved School District in State and Reach Expanded to More Schools and Districts, Allocations from State General Fund to RSD Reduced by Nearly 30 Percent From Last Fiscal Year. RSD Has Decreased Reliance on State General Funds, While Tasked With Elevating the Academic Achievement of Students Enrolled in Chronically Low-Performing Schools and, in Many Cases Students Two, Three and Four Years Below Grade Level. Per Pupil Revenue Ranks 20 th out of Louisiana’s 70 School Districts. RSD General Costs $10,538
Question 3 27 Is the Program Providing Lasting Benefits Beyond Its Primary Mission?
Lasting Benefits 28 RSD has Become a State and National Model for Education Reform Reforms Aligned to National Education Agenda As a Result, Louisiana Better Positioned to Secure Additional Federal and Foundation Funding Reforms Attracting High Quality School Providers and Talent to Louisiana
Meeting the Turnaround Challenge Chris Meyer Director of Policy
Question 4 31 What is the Process of Returning Schools and Are Improvements Sustainable?
Exit Plan from Turnaround Zone 32 State Law Requires a School that Enters RSD to Remain in RSD for Minimum of Five Years After 5 years, Should We Automatically Return a School Without Any Consideration of the School’s Performance or that of the Previous District? BESE says “No” – Performance and Choice Should Guide Decision-Making So We Don’t Repeat History of Failure
Eligible Schools 33 If School is Doing Well Under RSD (Meets Performance Target) Then School Eligible to Return Eligibility = Choice to Transfer – Charter: Vote of Charter Board – Direct-Run: Recommendation of RSD Superintendent with Input from Parents & Staff Schools that Stay With RSD Remain There Until End of Next Transfer Period (Up to Five Years)
Non-Eligible Schools 34 If School Not Doing Well After Five Years in RSD, then Competition Occurs for Right to Operate Schools – Previous District – Other Charters – Alternative Governing Authorities – RSD Plans Submitted to and Reviewed by BESE (and 3 rd Party Evaluator) to Determine Who Operates School
Benefits of Plan 35 1.Competition Among School Systems to Offer Best Types of Support for Turnaround Schools 2.Choice of People Closest School 3.Students First, Not Adults or Political Interests 4.Rewards Success and Maintains Consequences for Failure 5.Sustainable
RSD Capital Update Ramsey Green Deputy Superintendent of Operations
Capital Program Highlights 38 Jointly BESE and OPSB Plan Adopted in 2008 Largest Public-Sector Re-Building Program on the Gulf Coast Since Katrina and the Largest FEMA Funded School Rebuilding Program in US History. Secured a Lump Sum Settlement From FEMA to Fund $1.8 Billion Master Plan RSD Has Opened and Rebuilt 5 new schools and 13 Others in Various Phases of Design Process. A total of 87 Permanent Schools Will Be designed for 21st Century Learning RSD Currently Has More than $200 million in Open Construction Contracts Working to Leverage Over $400 in New Market Tax Credits All New Schools Within the Master Plan are Green Schools Built with LEED Silver standards. Projects Providing Considerable Economic Benefits in Tax Revenues, Jobs and State and Local Revenues During Period of Sluggish Economy Activity
Background – Master Plan 39 Over 200 Community Engagement Meetings Technical Studies Demographic Study Building Assessments Standards Developed
Basis of Plan 40 Elementary Schools: PreK-8 ½ mile Walking Distance 50% of students from Neighborhood 50% of Students Outside Neighborhood 450-600 Students 160 Sq. Ft./Student 3-5 Acres (New Acquisition)
Basis of Plan 41 High Schools: 9-12 City Wide No Neighborhood Boundaries 600-1100 Students (Comprehensive) 450-600 Students (Boutique) 180 Sq. Ft./Student 10 Acres (New Acquisition)
Basis of Plan 43 Low Projection Moderate Projection High Projection Population372,683383,641404,420 Student Population41,17346,71155,690 2008 GCR Projection of Population for the 2016-2017 School Year Planned for Moderate Projection Demographics Updated Every Two Years Currently Cnderway
Basis of Plan 44 Community Desire for School Buildings to Maximize Public Assets (Joint Use) Flexibility to Reconfigure in Future Over 6600 seats in Temporary Facilities Modular Buildings Leased Spaces Phase 1 is Designed to Create Permanent Seats
Master Plan 45 Phase Elementary Schools High SchoolsTotal 110,8607,17618,036 29,5162,90612,422 35,2859566,241 44,4642,5937,057 53,5498714,420 65,1120 Total38,78614,50253,288 Number of Students Impacted Maximum Building Capacity
46 Phase Elementary Schools High SchoolsTotal 121930 216622 39110 4729 5718 6808 Total681987 Master Plan Number of Projects
47 SFMOP Type of Projects PhaseNewRenovationsTotal 1191130 213922 3559 4369 5268 6268 Total444387
Construction Status 48 Cash Flow FY ‘08 -- $133 Million FY ‘09 -- $66 Million FY ’10 -- $146 Million FY’ 11 -- $170 Million Projected
Construction Status 49 Program Schedule: Major Projects
50 Construction Status Program Schedule: Major Projects