2WordsImperialismSphere of influenceProtectoratecolony
3Housekeeping Okay, you’ve finished sicko. I will pass back your essays today.Some of you didn’t pass them in!Also, I have some progress reports for those of you that didn’t attend Parent Teacher interviews.I am feeling a little better, however, my voice is still a little weak. So, I will need you to be relatively quiet today.
4The Essay First, DO NOT COPY (Plagiaries) . Also, this is 10-1, it’s not enough to just copy my notes back at me.I am looking for independent thought.Watch for grammatical errors.Avoid colloquial work choice.Let’s pass them back, if you didn’t pass it in, it is now a ZERO!
5Review What is industrialization? How did it change the workplace? What are some pros and cons?What did Henry Ford do?
10ContinuedImperialism takes place when a strong country takes over a weaker country or region and dominates its economic, political, or cultural life.Over the entire human history we have seen groups try and take over others.This is known as Imperialism and is directly related to the growth of globalization.
15American Manifest Destiny the historical belief that the United States is destined and divinely ordained by God to expand across the North American continent, from the Atlantic seaboard to the Pacific Ocean. Sometimes Manifest Destiny was interpreted so widely as to include the eventual absorption of all North America: Canada, Mexico, Cuba and Central America.
17Why? Thinking about the idea we have already talked about: Why would any group want to take over, or influence, another
18Empire BuildingThe Empire we just looked at are all examples of Imperialism. They have the common trait of being the effect of a powerful military taking control of another. Throughout the course of human history many other empires have and will rise and fall. Some argue that we are currently watching the fall the American Empire and the rise of the Chinese.
19European Imperalism Has its roots in early mercantilism. Caused a massive increase in trade and exploration.It led to cultural contact with people that had never had relations.By 1815, the European powers had been expanding for 400 years.The word Imperialism came into existence as people noticed the vast amount of the globe controlled by European powers.
22Imperialism and Industrializing European countries become more industrialized.New industry creates more waste and needs more resources.To keep it up, they need:Raw Materials - as to create goods.Markets – People to sell to.
24Review What is Imperialism? How does it relate to globalization? Where does the word come from?What are some examples?Why did it happen?
25WarsThe Empire became so valuable the countries fought over them.
26Imperialism and WW1: British concern over German growth. Economic rivalry between Britain, France, and Germany.French and British desire to take away German colonies in Africa.
27ImperialismBy the 1900s the British Empire extended over 5 continents.France had control of large areas in Africa.This caused a rivalry with Germany.Germany had entered the “competition” to acquire colonies. Small areas in Africa.
28Imperialism – and everything else! Look for Capitalism, Mercantilism,And Industrialization.
29Colonya colony is a territory under the immediate political control of a state.People who migrated to settle permanently in colonies controlled by their country of origin were called colonists or settlers.
30ContinuedHowever, a country does not have to have colonial control over another, but can still control it.The term "informal colony" is used by some historians to describe a country which is under the de facto control of another state,De facto is a Latin expression that means "concerning the fact" or "in practice but not necessarily ordained by law".
31USAMany historians argue that the USA has De facto Colonies all over the globe.As their Politics, Military, Social, and Economic movements usually cause changes on a global scale.There is a reason the President is know as “the leader of the free world.”
32Other forms of Imperialism As well as Colonies, people can be controlled with Protectorates, Spheres of Influence, and Company Land Grants.
33Protectorateany free territory that is protected politically or militarily by a stronger state.In exchange the protectorate usually accepts specified obligations, which may vary greatly, depending on the real nature of their relationship.However, it retains sovereignty (Freedom) and some ability to control its government.
34ContinuedA protectorate can be both Amicable (willing) or Colonial (not as willing).
35Puerto RicoOn July 25, 1898, during the Spanish-American War, Puerto Rico was invaded by the United States.Puerto Rico began the 20th century under the military rule of the U.S.They use the US Dollar and are controlled by the US.However, they can not vote and technically are not citizens of the US.
36Sphere of InfluenceA region in which an outside country influences politically, economically, militarily, or Socially.Has an impact on the societies culture.country within the "sphere of influence" of another more powerful country may become a de facto colony.It’s kind of like peer pressure or hanging out with the “cool people”.
37What are some examples we can think of from now?
38Finally, Company Land Grant A Region granted to a company for economic gain.Such as Rupert’s Land (HBC) (Modern Day Alberta and Fort Mcmurray)This place was a company land grant that the British gave the HBC to control what would become Canada.
39Review What is a: Colony Protectorate Sphere of Influence Company Land Grant