Presentation on theme: "Scientific Classification of Plants"— Presentation transcript:
1Scientific Classification of Plants 17.00: Apply procedures used in horticultural plant identification including scientific classification
2Objective 17.01Classify plants using the scientific classification system.
3Taxonomy The science of classifying and identifying plants Scientific names are used because the same common name is used for different plants in different areas of the world.
4Karl von LinneSwedish botanist that developed the binomial system of naming plants using two Latin words to indicate the genus and species.Linne changed his name to the Latin name Carolus Linneaus.
5Scientific NamesLatin is the language used for scientific classification.The first word is the genus and the second word is the species. If there are additional words, they indicate a variety or cultivar.
6Genus vs. SpeciesPlants in the same genus have similar characteristics.Plants in the same species consistently produce plants of the same type.
7Scientific Classification The broadest category of scientific classification is the Kingdom--either plant or animal.The broadest category in the plant kingdom is division or phylum.
8Divisions The four most important divisions of the plant kingdom are: ThallophitesBryophytesPteriophytesSpermatophytes
9Spermatophytes Contains flowering or seed-bearing plants Two subdivisions are:Gymnosperms and Angiosperms
10Common Plant Genus Pinus-Pine Acer-Maple Ilex-Holly Ficus-fig Cornus-dogwoodRhododendron-rhododendronQuercus-oak
11Classify plants using the scientific classification system.