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Scientific Classification of Plants 17.00: Apply procedures used in horticultural plant identification including scientific classification.

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Presentation on theme: "Scientific Classification of Plants 17.00: Apply procedures used in horticultural plant identification including scientific classification."— Presentation transcript:

1 Scientific Classification of Plants 17.00: Apply procedures used in horticultural plant identification including scientific classification

2 Objective  Classify plants using the scientific classification system.

3 Taxonomy  The science of classifying and identifying plants  Scientific names are used because the same common name is used for different plants in different areas of the world.

4 Karl von Linne  Swedish botanist that developed the binomial system of naming plants using two Latin words to indicate the genus and species.  Linne changed his name to the Latin name Carolus Linneaus.

5 Scientific Names  Latin is the language used for scientific classification.  The first word is the genus and the second word is the species. If there are additional words, they indicate a variety or cultivar.

6 Genus vs. Species  Plants in the same genus have similar characteristics.  Plants in the same species consistently produce plants of the same type.

7 Scientific Classification  The broadest category of scientific classification is the Kingdom-- either plant or animal.  The broadest category in the plant kingdom is division or phylum.

8 Divisions  The four most important divisions of the plant kingdom are: –Thallophites –Bryophytes –Pteriophytes –Spermatophytes

9 Spermatophytes  Contains flowering or seed-bearing plants  Two subdivisions are: –Gymnosperms and Angiosperms

10 Common Plant Genus  Pinus-Pine  Acer-Maple  Ilex-Holly  Ficus-fig  Cornus-dogwood  Rhododendron- rhododendron  Quercus-oak

11  Classify plants using the scientific classification system.


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