Presentation on theme: "SUFFIXES AND PREFIXES It’s helpful to have a good understanding of what prefixes and suffixes are. Knowing their meanings and when they are generally used."— Presentation transcript:
1 SUFFIXES AND PREFIXESIt’s helpful to have a good understanding of what prefixes and suffixes are.Knowing their meanings and when they are generally used can help you figure out unknown words and can also help you make your writing better.
2 Suffixes are attached to the end of a word to form a new word or to alter the grammatical function of the original word.For example, the verb read can be made into the noun reader by adding the suffix -er; read can be made into the adjective readable by adding the suffix -able.Understanding the meanings of the common suffixes can help us deduce the meanings of new words.
3 A prefix comes before a root word and changes the meaning of a word. For example, if you take the root word game and add a prefix, it becomes something different. pregame- before the game postgame- after the game
4 It’s helpful to know the meaning of a prefix to help you figure out a word. Take a look at the following prefixes and the root words they’re attached to. un- means not: unhappy, untied over- means excessive or completely: overconfident, overjoyed
5 A suffix goes at the end of a root word A suffix goes at the end of a root word. It can tell you when something happened by changing the tense of a verb, modify the root word, or change the meaning. run- running strong- strongest care- careless
6 Learning prefixes To learn prefixes and suffixes takes practice.Be sure to use learning tools, like dictionaries and books that you read every day.The table below defines and illustrates 26 common suffixes.
7 Common Suffixes NOUN SUFFIXES SUFFIX MEANING EXAMPLE -acy state or qualityprivacy-alact or process ofrefusal, rebutal-ance,-enceState or quality ofmaintenance, eminence-domplace or state of beingfreedom, boredom, kingdom-er, -orone who does something as a professionprotector, teacher, trainer
8 Common Suffixes NOUN SUFFIXES SUFFIX MEANING EXAMPLE -ism doctrine, beliefCommunism, budhism, capitalism-istone whochemist, typist, biologist,-ity,-tyquality ofveracity- mentcondition ofargument–nessstate of beingheaviness
9 Common Suffixes NOUN SUFFIXES –ship position held fellowship, scholarship-tionstate of beingconcession, transitionI DON’T CARE WHAT YOU ARE AS LONG AS YOU SHARE YOUR OWN STUFF!I’M NOT A COMMUNIST. I’M A PHILANTHROPISTWe’re dancers!
10 Common Suffixes VERB SUFFIXES -ate become eradicate -em enlighten -ify, -fymake or becometerrify-ize, -isecivilize
11 ADJECTIVE SUFFIXES-able, -iblecapable of beingedible, presentable-alpertaining toregional-esquereminiscent ofpicturesque-fulnotable forfanciful-ic, -icalmusical, mythic-ious, -ouscharacterized bynutritious, portentous-ishhaving the quality offiendish-ivehaving the nature ofcreative-lesswithoutendless-ysleazy
12 Common negative prefixes Un Il Ir Dis-ACCEPTABLE – UNACCEPTABLECONSIDERATE – INCONSIDERABLEPOLITE – IMPOLITEPROPER – IMPROPERRESPECTFUL – DISRESPECTFULRESPONSIBLE – IRRESPONSIBLELEGAL – ILLEGALREAL – UNREALMany wordsstarting with m- and p- for their negative with prefix im-.Many words starting with r- form their negative with the prefix ir-For example, impossible, immobile, irreplaceable.Exceptions: displeased, disrespectful
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